Water

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Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Silver ion (1+) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Ag+ + H2O = (Ag+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr139.kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr119.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr106.kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr93.3J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.8kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.4J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.3kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr123.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 4Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 5Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.3kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr127.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 5Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 6Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 6H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr55.6kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr135.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Al+ + H2O = (Al+ • H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
104. (+15.,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Al+ • H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 2H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
67.4 (+5.0,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Al+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
63.6 (+7.5,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Al+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
52.3 (+5.9,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

Bismuth ion (1+) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Bi+ + H2O = (Bi+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.1kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr107.J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.6kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.2kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.3J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 4Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 5Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.9kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.0J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 5Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 6Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 6H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.7J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

Bromine anion + Water = (Bromine anion • Water)

By formula: Br- + H2O = (Br- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.14kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr49.0 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr52.72kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Δr53.1kJ/molHPMSCaldwell, Masucci, et al., 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr77.0J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Δr82.8J/mol*KMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; FLAME SOURCE, 1600 K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.5 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr29. ± 12.kJ/molTDAsBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; B
Δr29. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 2Water)

By formula: (Br- • H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr51.04kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr51.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr51.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr75.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr95.8J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr23. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr22.6kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr24. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 2Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 3Water)

By formula: (Br- • 2H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr28.9kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr48.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr48.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.1J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr104.J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20. ± 4.6kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr17. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr17.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr18. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 3Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 4Water)

By formula: (Br- • 3H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.02 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr26. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr45.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr112.J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.0 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr12.1kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr14. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 4Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 5Water)

By formula: (Br- • 4H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr45.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr26. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr119.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.6 ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • 5Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 6Water)

By formula: (Br- • 5H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr25. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr118.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.5 ± 8.8kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • 6Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 7Water)

By formula: (Br- • 6H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Δr10. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr120.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.44kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(Bromine anion • 7Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 8Water)

By formula: (Br- • 7H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 8H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.7 ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 8Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 9Water)

By formula: (Br- • 8H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 9H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 9Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 10Water)

By formula: (Br- • 9H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.7 ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 10Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 11Water)

By formula: (Br- • 10H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.7 ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 11Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 12Water)

By formula: (Br- • 11H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 12Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 13Water)

By formula: (Br- • 12H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 13H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.5 ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 13Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 14Water)

By formula: (Br- • 13H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 14H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 14Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 15Water)

By formula: (Br- • 14H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 15H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr-2. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 15Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 16Water)

By formula: (Br- • 15H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 16H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.6 ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

Trifluoromethyl cation + Water = (Trifluoromethyl cation • Water)

By formula: CF3+ + H2O = (CF3+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.kJ/molHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr78.7J/mol*KHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M

CF3O- + Water = CH2F3O2-

By formula: CF3O- + H2O = CH2F3O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28. ± 4.2kJ/molN/AAmelynck, Van Bavel, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CF3O3S- + Water = (CF3O3S- • Water)

By formula: CF3O3S- + H2O = (CF3O3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CF3O3S- • Water) + Water = (CF3O3S- • 2Water)

By formula: (CF3O3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CF3O3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr45.2 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

HCO2 anion + Water = (HCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: CHO2- + H2O = (CHO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr66.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Δr35.1 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Δr38.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(HCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (HCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (CHO2- • H2O) + H2O = (CHO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr28.9 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(HCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (HCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (CHO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CHO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.6 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr21.8 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CHO3- + Water = CH3O4-

By formula: CHO3- + H2O = CH3O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.69 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr35.6 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

(CH2N+ • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CH2N+ • Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CH2N+ • CHN) + H2O = (CH2N+ • H2O • CHN)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CH2N+ + Water = (CH2N+ • Water)

By formula: CH2N+ + H2O = (CH2N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr115.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr124.kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr120.J/mol*KN/ABerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
87.9300.ICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2N+ • Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CH2N+ • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CH2N+ • H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 2H2O • CHN)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr70.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CH2N+ • Water) + Water = (CH2N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH2N+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr89.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr106.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CH2N+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH2N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH2N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr72.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CH2NO5- + Water + Formic acid = CH4NO6-

By formula: CH2NO5- + H2O + CH2O2 = CH4NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.4 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CH2O2S- + 2Water = CH4O3S-

By formula: CH2O2S- + 2H2O = CH4O3S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr44.8 ± 8.4kJ/molN/ASurber and Sanov, 2002gas phase; Stated electron affinity is the Vertical Detachment Energy; B

CH2O4- + 2Water = CH4O5-

By formula: CH2O4- + 2H2O = CH4O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH2OH+ + Water = (CH2OH+ • Water)

By formula: CH3O+ + H2O = (CH3O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr119.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Davidson, Sunner J., et al., 1979, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Δr117.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2O)2H+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1976, Wolf, Staley, et al., 1977; M
Δr119.kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr120.kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr120.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KN/ABerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr113.J/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr112.J/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr85.4kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr85.8kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr83.3kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr82.8kJ/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr110.J/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.6kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr73.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr70.7kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr71.1kJ/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr107.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr109.J/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr109.J/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.kJ/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 6Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 7Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH3O- • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH3O- • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH3O- + Water = (CH3O- • Water)

By formula: CH3O- + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr106. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Δr100.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M,B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Δr95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr71.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
64.4296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)H2O, DG>; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • 2Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 2H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr63.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr116.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH3O- • Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr80.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr106.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)2H2O; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • 2Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)3H2O; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • 3Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr83.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH3O3S- + Water = (CH3O3S- • Water)

By formula: CH3O3S- + H2O = (CH3O3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.2 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CH3O3S- • Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.9 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CH3O3S- • 2Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.4 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

CH3O4- + 2Water = CH5O5-

By formula: CH3O4- + 2H2O = CH5O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.34 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

MeS anion + Water = (MeS anion • Water)

By formula: CH3S- + H2O = (CH3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.76 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.7J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.4 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

(MeS anion • Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.5kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.3J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

(MeS anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.4kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr85.8J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

(MeS anion • 3Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40.kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr80.3J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

CH4NO+ + Water = (CH4NO+ • Water)

By formula: CH4NO+ + H2O = (CH4NO+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr89.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr114.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr114.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr58.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr95.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr49.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr87.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr84.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr107.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr107.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

CH4O5- + 3Water = CH6O6-

By formula: CH4O5- + 3H2O = CH6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.8 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

(CH5O+ • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr77.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 4Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • 4Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • 4CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH5O+ + Water = (CH5O+ • Water)

By formula: CH5O+ + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr115.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr100.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr123.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr96.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr107.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • Water • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr79.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.3J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • 4Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 5Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 5H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.269.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr82.8kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr87.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr114.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr121.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr59.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr61.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr48.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr92.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr86.6J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr77.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr92.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 6Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.269.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH5O2- + 2Water = CH7O3-

By formula: CH5O2- + 2H2O = CH7O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr80.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.0 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

CH5O5- + 3Water = CH7O6-

By formula: CH5O5- + 3H2O = CH7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH5S+ + Water = (CH5S+ • Water)

By formula: CH5S+ + H2O = (CH5S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Δr56.5kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.476.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH6N+ + Water = (CH6N+ • Water)

By formula: CH6N+ + H2O = (CH6N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr70.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr78.7kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr78.7kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr91.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr44.8kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr61.1kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr61.1kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr112.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr112.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr31.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr51.9kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr51.9kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH6N+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr85.4J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.269.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH6N+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.4J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.259.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH7O3- + 3Water = CH9O4-

By formula: CH7O3- + 3H2O = CH9O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr31.4 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

CH7O6- + 4Water = CH9O7-

By formula: CH7O6- + 4H2O = CH9O7-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.1 ± 3.8kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH9O4- + 4Water = CH11O5-

By formula: CH9O4- + 4H2O = CH11O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.0 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.3 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

(CN- • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr82.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 2Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 2CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • 2CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr52.3J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 3Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • 3Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 3CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • 3CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CN- + Water = (CN- • Water)

By formula: CN- + H2O = (CN- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.1 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr61.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,B,M,M
Δr57.74kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B,M
Δr61.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr82.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr75.J/mol*KPHPMSLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr82.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr82.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Δr82.8J/mol*KHPMSPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr36. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; B
Δr36. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Δr33.1kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B

(CN- • Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr73.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 2Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • H2O • 2CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O • 2CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CN- • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 3Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 2H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 3H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(CN- • Water) + Water = (CN- • 2Water)

By formula: (CN- • H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.0 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Δr49.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr75.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr75.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 2Water) + Water = (CN- • 3Water)

By formula: (CN- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr44.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B,M
Δr44.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr33. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B

(CN- • 3Water) + Water = (CN- • 4Water)

By formula: (CN- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CO3- + Water = CH2O4-

By formula: CO3- + H2O = CH2O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.99 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Δr48.1 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; B
Δr<161.1kJ/molPDisSmith, Lee, et al., 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Δr28.0 ± 1.7kJ/molIMREFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; B

CO3- + Water = (CO3- • Water)

By formula: CO3- + H2O = (CO3- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr59.0kJ/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(CO3- • Water) + Water = (CO3- • 2Water)

By formula: (CO3- • H2O) + H2O = (CO3- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9kJ/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr124.J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(CO3- • 2Water) + Water = (CO3- • 3Water)

By formula: (CO3- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CO3- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.8kJ/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr136.J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

C2Cl3O2- + Water = (C2Cl3O2- • Water)

By formula: C2Cl3O2- + H2O = (C2Cl3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

CF3CO2 anion + Water = (CF3CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2F3O2- + H2O = (C2F3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.7 ± 6.3kJ/molN/ABlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr57.3 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr27. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

(CF3CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (CF3CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2F3O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2F3O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H- + Water = (C2H- • Water)

By formula: C2H- + H2O = (C2H- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr67.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr77.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr44.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C2HCl2O2- + Water = (C2HCl2O2- • Water)

By formula: C2HCl2O2- + H2O = (C2HCl2O2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C2HCl2O2- • Water) + Water = (C2HCl2O2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C2HCl2O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2HCl2O2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.8 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2HF2O2- + Water = (C2HF2O2- • Water)

By formula: C2HF2O2- + H2O = (C2HF2O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr60.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr31.4 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(C2HF2O2- • Water) + Water = (C2HF2O2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C2HF2O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2HF2O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2HO4- + Water = (C2HO4- • Water)

By formula: C2HO4- + H2O = (C2HO4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

ClCH2CO2 anion + Water = (ClCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2ClO2- + H2O = (C2H2ClO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

FCH2CO2 anion + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2FO2- + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr34.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(FCH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H2FO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(FCH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H2FO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H2F3O2+ + Water = (C2H2F3O2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H2F3O2+ + H2O = (C2H2F3O2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr118.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.5J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
89.5309.ICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

ICH2CO2 anion + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2IO2- + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr59.4 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(ICH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H2IO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(ICH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H2IO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.3 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.0 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H2N- + Water = (C2H2N- • Water)

By formula: C2H2N- + H2O = (C2H2N- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr55.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr73.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr33. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C2H2O+ + Water = (C2H2O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H2O+ + H2O = (C2H2O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5kJ/molEIPostma, Ruttink, et al., 1986gas phase; based on AE(CH2CO+)H2O from (HOCH2)2CO+; M

C2H3O+ + Water = (C2H3O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H3O+ + H2O = (C2H3O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.kJ/molHPMSDavidson, Lau, et al., 1978gas phase; forms CH3COOH2+; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr138.J/mol*KHPMSDavidson, Lau, et al., 1978gas phase; forms CH3COOH2+; M

C2H3O- + Water = (C2H3O- • Water)

By formula: C2H3O- + H2O = (C2H3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr81.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

(MeCO2 anion • CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • Water • CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • C6H11NO3) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • H2O • C6H11NO3)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr55.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr106.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

MeCO2 anion + Water = (MeCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H3O2- + H2O = (C2H3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.6 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Δr66.5 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr66.9 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Δr68.6 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr66.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr94.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; ion given as C2H3COO- in paper by error; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38. ± 5.9kJ/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Δr39.8kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr39. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Δr39.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr57.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr53.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr54.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr79.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr85.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.3kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr28.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr51.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr49.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KN/AMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr21.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr25.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H4F3O+ + Water = (C2H4F3O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H4F3O+ + H2O = (C2H4F3O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr128.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.6J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
97.9309.ICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

(C2H4N+ • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr66.5kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.J/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

C2H4N+ + Water = (C2H4N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H4N+ + H2O = (C2H4N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.5 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDHonma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
Δr95.4kJ/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Δr104.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.J/mol*KPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Δr119.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • Water • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.0kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

(C2H4N+ • Water • 2Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water • 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O • 2C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • 2C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/ADeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.316.PHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C2H4N+ • 2Water • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 3Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 3H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr93.3J/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

(C2H4N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.8 ± 7.1kJ/molCIDHonma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
Δr73.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr104.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr91.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr42.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr107.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H4NO2- + Water = C2H6NO3-

By formula: C2H4NO2- + H2O = C2H6NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr72.5 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Δr66.9 ± 1.3kJ/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Δr34.3 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B

C2H4NO5- + Water + Acetic acid = C2H6NO6-

By formula: C2H4NO5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C2H6NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C2H5F2O+ + Water = (C2H5F2O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5F2O+ + H2O = (C2H5F2O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C2H5F3N+ + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5F3N+ + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.3kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr126.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H5F3N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5F3N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr72.4kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr125.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H5F3N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5F3N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr59.4kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr122.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

C2H5O+ + Water = (C2H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O+ + H2O = (C2H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr115.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr70.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr71.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr117.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr89.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr78.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 6Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H5O+ + Water = (C2H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O+ + H2O = (C2H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr91.6kJ/molHPMSDavidson, Sunner J., et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr45.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr85.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H5O2+ + Water = (C2H5O2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O2+ + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr67.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr111.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr89.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.4J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.334.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C2H5O2+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.7J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.280.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H5O4- + 2Water = C2H7O5-

By formula: C2H5O4- + 2H2O = C2H7O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.8 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H6NO2+ + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H6NO2+ + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H6NO2+ • Water) + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H6NO2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H6NO2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H6NO2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.2kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr162.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M

C2H7O+ + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7O+ + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.9kJ/molPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr100.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr94.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr114.J/mol*KPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr121.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr111.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • 2Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • 2Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • 2C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • 2C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr127.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • 3Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • 3Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • 3C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • 3C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr127.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr112.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0kJ/molPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr57.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.0J/mol*KPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr106.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr42.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr79.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

C2H7O+ + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7O+ + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr111.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr100.kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr128.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr78.2kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr80.3kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr120.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.1kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr59.4kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.3kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr52.3kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.4J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.8kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr120.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

C2H7O2- + Water + Methyl Alcohol = C2H9O3-

By formula: C2H7O2- + H2O + CH4O = C2H9O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr42.3 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C2H7O5- + 3Water = C2H9O6-

By formula: C2H7O5- + 3H2O = C2H9O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H7O5S- + 2Water = C2H9O6S-

By formula: C2H7O5S- + 2H2O = C2H9O6S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H7S+ + Water = (C2H7S+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7S+ + H2O = (C2H7S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Δr54.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

(C2H7S+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7S+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7S+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7S+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C2H7S+ + Water = (C2H7S+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7S+ + H2O = (C2H7S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C2H8N+ + Water = (C2H8N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H8N+ + H2O = (C2H8N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr62.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr103.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr105.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr35.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.7J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.255.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H8N+ + Water = (C2H8N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H8N+ + H2O = (C2H8N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr73.2kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.5kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr124.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr55.2kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr129.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

C2H8O8S2-2 + 3Water = C2H10O9S2-2

By formula: C2H8O8S2-2 + 3H2O = C2H10O9S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr31.4 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H9N+ + Water = (C2H9N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H9N+ + H2O = (C2H9N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C2H9O3- + 2Water + Methyl Alcohol = C2H11O4-

By formula: C2H9O3- + 2H2O + CH4O = C2H11O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr63.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.9 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C2H10O9S2-2 + 4Water = C2H12O10S2-2

By formula: C2H10O9S2-2 + 4H2O = C2H12O10S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H12O10S2-2 + 5Water = C2H14O11S2-2

By formula: C2H12O10S2-2 + 5H2O = C2H14O11S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H14O11S2-2 + 6Water = C2H16O12S2-2

By formula: C2H14O11S2-2 + 6H2O = C2H16O12S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C3H2F3O- + Water = (C3H2F3O- • Water)

By formula: C3H2F3O- + H2O = (C3H2F3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C3H2F3O- + Water = (C3H2F3O- • Water)

By formula: C3H2F3O- + H2O = (C3H2F3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr72.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C3H2N+ + Water = (C3H2N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H2N+ + H2O = (C3H2N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.5kJ/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.6J/mol*KPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M

C3H2NO2- + Water = (C3H2NO2- • Water)

By formula: C3H2NO2- + H2O = (C3H2NO2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr59.83kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C3H2NO2- • Water) + Water = (C3H2NO2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H2NO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H2NO2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

imidazolide anion + Water = (imidazolide anion • Water)

By formula: C3H3N2- + H2O = (C3H3N2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr63.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(imidazolide anion • Water) + Water = (imidazolide anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H3N2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H3N2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr76.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(imidazolide anion • 2Water) + Water = (imidazolide anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H3N2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H3N2- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr122.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

C3H3O4- + Water = (C3H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C3H3O4- + H2O = (C3H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H3O4- • Water) + Water = (C3H3O4- • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H3O4- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H3O4- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C3H4N2+ + Water = (C3H4N2+ • Water)

By formula: C3H4N2+ + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(C3H4N2+ • Water) + Water = (C3H4N2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H4N2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr52.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(C3H4N2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H4N2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H4N2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr125.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

C3H4O5- + Water + Acetic acid = C3H6O6-

By formula: C3H4O5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C3H6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C3H5O+ + Water = (C3H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H5O+ + H2O = (C3H5O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr66.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr115.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr45.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C3H5O+ + Water = (C3H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H5O+ + H2O = (C3H5O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr99.2kJ/molPHPMSDavidson, Meza-Hojer, et al., 1979gas phase; forms protonated propanoic acid; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr147.J/mol*KPHPMSDavidson, Meza-Hojer, et al., 1979gas phase; forms protonated propanoic acid; M

(C3H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.1kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M

C3H5O- + Water = (C3H5O- • Water)

By formula: C3H5O- + H2O = (C3H5O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr66.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

EtCO2 anion + Water = (EtCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O2- + H2O = (C3H5O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.2 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr35.1 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(EtCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (EtCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr28.9 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(EtCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (EtCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.6 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr21.3 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

MeCH(OH)CO2 anion + Water = (MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O3- + H2O = (C3H5O3- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr61.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.5 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

MeOCH2CO2 anion + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O3- + H2O = (C3H5O3- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.3 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.0 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeOCH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.8 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeOCH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C3H5O5- + 2Water = C3H7O6-

By formula: C3H5O5- + 2H2O = C3H7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C3H6+ + Water = (C3H6+ • Water)

By formula: C3H6+ + H2O = (C3H6+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.5kJ/molCIDHolmes, Mommers, et al., 1984gas phase; structure confirmed as ion-dipole complex in Shao, Baer, et al., 1987; M

C3H6NO2- + Water = C3H8NO3-

By formula: C3H6NO2- + H2O = C3H8NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.0 ± 1.7kJ/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.6 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B

C3H7+ + Water = (C3H7+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7+ + H2O = (C3H7+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr73.6kJ/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; ΔrH inconsistent with (CH3)2CHOH2+ product; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr116.J/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; ΔrH inconsistent with (CH3)2CHOH2+ product; M

C3H7O+ + Water = (C3H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7O+ + H2O = (C3H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr85.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr109.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr56.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr53.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr91.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.3J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C3H7O+ + Water = (C3H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7O+ + H2O = (C3H7O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr78.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M

C3H9O+ + Water = (C3H9O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9O+ + H2O = (C3H9O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr117.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr110.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr54.4kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr46.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr86.6J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

C3H9O+ + Water = (C3H9O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9O+ + H2O = (C3H9O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.2kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small ΔrH and ΔrS; M
Δr56.5kJ/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small ΔrH and ΔrS; M
Δr53.1J/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr68.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr62.3kJ/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr90.0J/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr52.3kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr98.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr91.6J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr89.1J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 6Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr33.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr52.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.347.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr60.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.446.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.418.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9Si+ + Water = (C3H9Si+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + H2O = (C3H9Si+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr126. ± 7.9kJ/molPHPMSStone and Wojtyniak, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr113.J/mol*KPHPMSStone and Wojtyniak, 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9Si+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9Si+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9Si+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9Si+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr83.3kJ/molPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr118.J/mol*KPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M

C3H9Sn+ + Water = (C3H9Sn+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + H2O = (C3H9Sn+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr108.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr115.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.9525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-) + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water • 2Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2C3H9N) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O • 2C3H9N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M

C3H10N+ + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H10N+ + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr60.7kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Δr60.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr60.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr102.J/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • Water • Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water • Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O • C3H9N) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O • C3H9N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr34.kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr100.J/mol*KN/AEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.225.PHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C3H10N+ • Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr47.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr104.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr104.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr35.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr90.4J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.254.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

C3H10N+ + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H10N+ + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.3kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Δr63.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr95.4J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Δr90.0J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr48.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr89.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
27.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr104.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C3H11N2+ + Water = (C3H11N2+ • Water)

By formula: C3H11N2+ + H2O = (C3H11N2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
26.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C3H11O3- + Water + 2Methyl Alcohol = C3H13O4-

By formula: C3H11O3- + H2O + 2CH4O = C3H13O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr57.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.8 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C4H3O4- + Water = (C4H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H3O4- + H2O = (C4H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C4H3O4- + Water = (C4H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H3O4- + H2O = (C4H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr31.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

pyrrolide anion + Water = (pyrrolide anion • Water)

By formula: C4H4N- + H2O = (C4H4N- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

(pyrrolide anion • Water) + Water = (pyrrolide anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H4N- • H2O) + H2O = (C4H4N- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr50.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C4H4O+ + Water = (C4H4O+ • Water)

By formula: C4H4O+ + H2O = (C4H4O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H4S+ + Water = (C4H4S+ • Water)

By formula: C4H4S+ + H2O = (C4H4S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr40.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr74.1J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H5N+ + Water = (C4H5N+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5N+ + H2O = (C4H5N+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr64.9J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(C4H5N+ • Water) + Water = (C4H5N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H5N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C4H5N+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr63.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H5O+ + Water = (C4H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5O+ + H2O = (C4H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.5kJ/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr42.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr67.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.J/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr82.4J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr130.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.382.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

C4H5O4- + Water = (C4H5O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H5O4- + H2O = (C4H5O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C4H5O4- • Water) + Water = (C4H5O4- • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H5O4- • H2O) + H2O = (C4H5O4- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C4H5O5- + 2Water = C4H7O6-

By formula: C4H5O5- + 2H2O = C4H7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C4H5S+ + Water = (C4H5S+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5S+ + H2O = (C4H5S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr41.8kJ/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr42.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr86.2J/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr83.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H6N+ + Water = (C4H6N+ • Water)

By formula: C4H6N+ + H2O = (C4H6N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr58.6kJ/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr57.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr67.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr97.5J/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr92.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr130.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.344.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

(C4H6N+ • Water) + Water = (C4H6N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H6N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C4H6N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr43.5kJ/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr45.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.6J/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr99.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H7N2O3- + Water = C4H9N2O4-

By formula: C4H7N2O3- + H2O = C4H9N2O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr51.5 ± 2.1kJ/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18. ± 4.6kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B

C4H7O2- + Water = C4H9O3-

By formula: C4H7O2- + H2O = C4H9O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr36.0 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

iPrCO2 anion + Water = (iPrCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C4H7O2- + H2O = (C4H7O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr65.7 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr96.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr37. ± 6.7kJ/molIMREMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.514.PHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H7O4- + Water + 2Water = C4H9O5-

By formula: C4H7O4- + H2O + 2H2O = C4H9O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr49.4 ± 2.9kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B

C4H7O5- + 2Water = C4H9O6-

By formula: C4H7O5- + 2H2O = C4H9O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C4H8N+ + Water = (C4H8N+ • Water)

By formula: C4H8N+ + H2O = (C4H8N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr80.3kJ/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr87.0J/mol*KPHPMS