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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1001 to 1050

C2Na2 (cr) + 2Water (l) = 2(Sodium hydroxide bullet 1418Water) (solution) + Acetylene (g)

By formula: C2Na2 (cr) + 2H2O (l) = 2(HNaO bullet 1418H2O) (solution) + C2H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-161.8 ± 1.5kJ/molRSCJohnson, van Deventer, et al., 1973Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977.; MS

C14H10F6MoO4 (cr) + 2(Hydrogen chloride bullet 4.40Water) (solution) = C10H10Cl2Mo (cr) + 2Trifluoroacetic acid (l)

By formula: C14H10F6MoO4 (cr) + 2(HCl bullet 4.40H2O) (solution) = C10H10Cl2Mo (cr) + 2C2HF3O2 (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 2.5kJ/molRSCCalado, Dias, et al., 1981Please also see Calhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1986.; MS

Butanedioic acid, ion(2-) + Water = C4H6O5-2

By formula: Butanedioic acid, ion(2-) + H2O = C4H6O5-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34. ± 18.kJ/molN/ADing, Wang, et al., 1998gas phase; Affinity is EA difference from next lower solvated ion.; B

Water + Acetic acid, chloro-, methyl ester = Methyl Alcohol + Acetic acid, chloro-

By formula: H2O + C3H5ClO2 = CH4O + C2H3ClO2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-57.3 ± 2.9kJ/molEqkGuthrie and Cullimore, 1980liquid phase; Using Hf(s,ClCH2COOH)=-122.0±2.0 kcal/mol; ALS

C2HCs (cr) + Water (l) = (Cesium hydroxide bullet 1031Water) (solution) + Acetylene (g)

By formula: C2HCs (cr) + H2O (l) = (HCsO bullet 1031H2O) (solution) + C2H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-54.0 ± 0.8kJ/molRSCAder and Hubbard, 1973Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977.; MS

C14H10F6O4Ti (cr) + 2(Hydrogen chloride bullet 4.40Water) (solution) = Titanocene dichloride (cr) + 2Trifluoroacetic acid (l)

By formula: C14H10F6O4Ti (cr) + 2(HCl bullet 4.40H2O) (solution) = C10H10Cl2Ti (cr) + 2C2HF3O2 (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.8 ± 2.3kJ/molRSCCalado, Dias, et al., 1981Please also see Calhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1986.; MS

C14H10F6O4W (cr) + 2(Hydrogen chloride bullet 4.40Water) (solution) = C10H10Cl2W (cr) + 2Trifluoroacetic acid (l)

By formula: C14H10F6O4W (cr) + 2(HCl bullet 4.40H2O) (solution) = C10H10Cl2W (cr) + 2C2HF3O2 (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.9 ± 1.9kJ/molRSCCalado, Dias, et al., 1981Please also see Calhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1986.; MS

C2HNa (cr) + Water (l) = (Sodium hydroxide bullet 1418Water) (solution) + Acetylene (g)

By formula: C2HNa (cr) + H2O (l) = (HNaO bullet 1418H2O) (solution) + C2H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-54.2 ± 0.8kJ/molRSCJohnson, van Deventer, et al., 1973Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977.; MS

2-Hexanol = 1-Hexene + Water

By formula: C6H14O = C6H12 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.8 ± 0.3kJ/molCmWiberg, Wasserman, et al., 1984liquid phase; Heat of hydration, see Wiberg and Wasserman, 1981; ALS

3-Hexanol = 1-Hexene + Water

By formula: C6H14O = C6H12 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.1 ± 0.3kJ/molCmWiberg, Wasserman, et al., 1984liquid phase; Heat of hydration, see Wiberg and Wasserman, 1981; ALS

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Water = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet H2O bullet O2S) + H2O = (Cs+ bullet 2H2O bullet O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electeric fields; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Al+ + H2O = (Al+ bullet H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
104. (+15.,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Iron ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Iron ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Fe+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Fe+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
76.1 (+4.2,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Iron ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Iron ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Fe+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Fe+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
82.0 (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Cr+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
51.0 (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Ti+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
66.9 (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Ti+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
83.7 (+7.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Manganese ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Mn+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Mn+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
108. (+5.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Manganese ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Mn+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Mn+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
50.2 (+5.0,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Vanadium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (V+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (V+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
67.8 (+7.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Nickel ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Ni+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Ni+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
68.2 (+5.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Nickel ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Ni+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Ni+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
51.9 (+5.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Co+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Co+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
64.9 (+5.0,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Co+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Co+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
58.2 (+5.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 3Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 3H2O) + O2S = (H3O+ bullet O2S bullet 3H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Cr+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
50. (+50.,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (Ti+ bullet 2H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
136. (+5.0,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(NH4+ bullet 2Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (NH4+ bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 2H2O) + O2S = (H4N+ bullet O2S bullet 2H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(NH4+ bullet 3Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (NH4+ bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 3H2O) + O2S = (H4N+ bullet O2S bullet 3H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet 2H2O) + O2S = (Cs+ bullet O2S bullet 2H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

2Water + Pyromellitic dianhydride = 1,2,4,5-Benzene-tetracarboxylic acid

By formula: 2H2O + C10H2O6 = C10H6O8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-71.5 ± 0.57kJ/molCmAlekseev, Kizaev, et al., 1989solid phase; solvent: Aqueous; Enthapy of anhydridisation; ALS

(Iodide bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Iodide bullet 2Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (I- bullet O2S bullet H2O) + O2S = (I- bullet 2O2S bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.7 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; B

1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid = Water + Phthalic anhydride

By formula: C8H6O4 = H2O + C8H4O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.93 ± 0.29kJ/molCmAlekseev, Kizaev, et al., 1989solid phase; solvent: Aqueous; Enthapy of anhydridisation; ALS

3Sodium hydroxide + Carbonochloridic acid, ethyl ester = CNa2O3 + Ethanol + sodium chloride + Water

By formula: 3HNaO + C3H5ClO2 = CNa2O3 + C2H6O + ClNa + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-323.3 ± 1.7kJ/molCmDavies, Finch, et al., 1980liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

(NH4+ bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (NH4+ bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet H2O) + O2S = (H4N+ bullet O2S bullet H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
27.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet H2O) + O2S = (Cs+ bullet O2S bullet H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

1H-Imidazole, 1-acetyl- + Water = 1H-Imidazole + Acetic acid

By formula: C5H6N2O + H2O = C3H4N2 + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-20.2 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1960liquid phase; solvent: Aqueous; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

C9H27NSn3 (cr) + (Hydrogen chloride bullet 55Water) (solution) + 3Water (l) = (Ammonium Chloride bullet 55Water) (solution) + 3C3H10OSn (cr)

By formula: C9H27NSn3 (cr) + (HCl bullet 55H2O) (solution) + 3H2O (l) = (H4ClN bullet 55H2O) (solution) + 3C3H10OSn (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-293.7 ± 1.3kJ/molRSCBaldwin, Lappert, et al., 1972MS

H12O12P2-2 + 6Water = H14O13P2-2

By formula: H12O12P2-2 + 6H2O = H14O13P2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.7 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; Correction to published article: P. Kebarle; B

C10H19N5O13P2-2 + 4Water = C10H21N5O14P2-2

By formula: C10H19N5O13P2-2 + 4H2O = C10H21N5O14P2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.5 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; Correction to published article: P. Kebarle; B

C10H27N5O17P2-2 + 8Water = C10H29N5O18P2-2

By formula: C10H27N5O17P2-2 + 8H2O = C10H29N5O18P2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; Correction to published article: P. Kebarle; B

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Carbon dioxide = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet H2O) + CO2 = (Cs+ bullet CO2 bullet H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.0301.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

Acetylimidazole diethyl acetal + Water = Ethyl Acetate + 1H-Imidazole + Ethanol

By formula: C9H16N2O2 + H2O = C4H8O2 + C3H4N2 + C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-44.69 ± 0.67kJ/molCmGuthrie and Pike, 1987liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

2,3-Butanediol + 2Acetic acid = 2,3-Butanediol, diacetate + 2Water

By formula: C4H10O2 + 2C2H4O2 = C8H14O4 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.30kJ/molEqkShlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945liquid phase; Heat of esterification at 338-453 K; ALS

2,3-Butanediol monoacetate + Acetic acid = 2,3-Butanediol, diacetate + Water

By formula: C6H12O3 + C2H4O2 = C8H14O4 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.85kJ/molEqkShlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945liquid phase; Heat of esterification at 338-453 K; ALS

2Sodium hydroxide + Cyanogen bromide = sodium bromide + Water + CNO.Na

By formula: 2HNaO + CBrN = BrNa + H2O + CNO.Na

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-234.6 ± 0.71kJ/molCmLord and Woolf, 1954solid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

2Sodium hydroxide + Cyanogen iodide = Sodium iodide + Water + CNO.Na

By formula: 2HNaO + CIN = INa + H2O + CNO.Na

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-193.9 ± 0.3kJ/molCmLord and Woolf, 1954solid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

1-(Dimethoxy-phenylmethyl)-1H-imidazole + Water = 1H-Imidazole + Methyl Alcohol + Benzoic acid, methyl ester

By formula: C12H14N2O2 + H2O = C3H4N2 + CH4O + C8H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-55.48 ± 0.71kJ/molCmGuthrie and Pike, 1987liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

2Sodium hydroxide + Cyanogen chloride = sodium chloride + Water + CNO.Na

By formula: 2HNaO + CClN = ClNa + H2O + CNO.Na

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-277.5 ± 0.4kJ/molCmLord and Woolf, 1954solid phase; Heat of Hydrolysis; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Johnson, van Deventer, et al., 1973
Johnson, G.K.; van Deventer, E.H.; Ackerman, J.P.; Hubbard, W.N.; Osborne, D.W.; Flotow, H.L., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1973, 5, 57. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Calado, Dias, et al., 1981
Calado, J.C.G.; Dias, A.R.; Salema, M.S.; Martinho Simões, J.A., J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1981, 1174.. [all data]

Calhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1986
Calhorda, M.J.; Carrondo, M.A.A.F.C.T.; Dias, A.R.; Domingos, A.M.T.S.; Martinho Simões, J.A.; Teixeira, C., Organometallics, 1986, 5, 660. [all data]

Ding, Wang, et al., 1998
Ding, C.F.; Wang, X.B.; Wang, L.S., Photoelectron spectroscopy of doubly charged anions: Intramolecular Coulomb repulsion and solvent stabilization, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1998, 102, 45, 8633-8636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp982698x . [all data]

Guthrie and Cullimore, 1980
Guthrie, J.P.; Cullimore, P.A., Effect of the acyl substituent on the equilibrium constant for hydration of esters, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 1281-1294. [all data]

Ader and Hubbard, 1973
Ader, M.; Hubbard, W.N., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1973, 5, 607. [all data]

Wiberg, Wasserman, et al., 1984
Wiberg, K.B.; Wasserman, D.J.; Martin, E., Enthalpies of hydration of alkenes. 2. The n-heptenes and n-pentenes, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 3684-3688. [all data]

Wiberg and Wasserman, 1981
Wiberg, K.B.; Wasserman, D.J., Enthalpies of hydration of alkenes. 1. The n-hexenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 6563-6566. [all data]

Banic and Iribarne, 1985
Banic, C.M.; Iribarne, J.V., Equilibrium Constants for Clustering of Neutral Molecules about Gaseous Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 12, 6432, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.449543 . [all data]

Dalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994
Dalleska, N.F.; Tjelta, B.L.; Armentrout, P.B., Sequential Bond Energies of Water to Na+ (3s0), Mg+ (3s1), and Al+ (3s2), J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 15, 4191, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100066a045 . [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Alekseev, Kizaev, et al., 1989
Alekseev, V.G.; Kizaev, V.D.; Fedyainov, N.V.; Bushinskii, V.I., Standard enthalpies of anhydridisation of phthalic and pyromellitic acids, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 63, 1280-1282. [all data]

Davies, Finch, et al., 1980
Davies, R.H.; Finch, A.; Gardner, P.J., The standard enthalpy of formation of liquid and gaseous ethylchloroformate (C3H5O2Cl), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1980, 12, 291-296. [all data]

Wadso, 1960
Wadso, I., Heats of hydrolysis of N-acetylated imidazole, 1,2,4-triazole and tetrazole, Acta Chem. Scand., 1960, 14, 903-908. [all data]

Baldwin, Lappert, et al., 1972
Baldwin, J.C.; Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Poland, J.S., J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1972, 1943.. [all data]

Blades, Ho, et al., 1996
Blades, A.T.; Ho, Y.; Kebarle, P., Free Energies of Hydration in the Gas Phase of Some Phosphate Singly and Doubly Charged Anions: orthophosphate, diphosphate, Ribose-5-phosphate, Adenosine-5'-phosphate and Adenosine-5'-Dipho, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 6, 2443, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp952032s . [all data]

Guthrie and Pike, 1987
Guthrie, J.P.; Pike, D.C., Hydration of acylimidazoles: tetrahedral intermediates in acylimidazole hydrolysis and nucleophilic attack by imidazole on esters. The question of concerted mechanisms for acyl transfers, Can. J. Chem., 1987, 65, 1951-1969. [all data]

Shlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945
Shlechter, N.; Othmer, D.F.; Marshak, S., Esterification of 2,3-butylene glycol with acetic acid, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1945, 37, 900-905. [all data]

Lord and Woolf, 1954
Lord, G.; Woolf, A.A., The cyanogen halides. Part III. Their heats of formation and free energies, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 2546-2551. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References