Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Acetic acid

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

CH6N+ + Acetic acid = (CH6N+ bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: CH6N+ + C2H4O2 = (CH6N+ bullet C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type NH+-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar89.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.1459.PHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CO3- + Acetic acid = C3H4O5-

By formula: CO3- + C2H4O2 = C3H4O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.28 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 1998gas phase; B

MeCO2 anion + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M

(MeCO2 anion bullet Acetic acid) + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet 2Acetic acid)

By formula: (C2H3O2- bullet C2H4O2) + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet 2C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M

(MeCO2 anion bullet 2Acetic acid) + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet 3Acetic acid)

By formula: (C2H3O2- bullet 2C2H4O2) + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet 3C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar139.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M

(MeCO2 anion bullet Acetic acid bullet Water) + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet 2Acetic acid bullet Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- bullet C2H4O2 bullet H2O) + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet 2C2H4O2 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4 ± 2.1kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar67.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.23kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar26. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

(MeCO2 anion bullet 2Acetic acid bullet Water) + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet 3Acetic acid bullet Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- bullet 2C2H4O2 bullet H2O) + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet 3C2H4O2 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 2.5kJ/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar67.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.0kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar26. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

(MeCO2 anion bullet Water) + Acetic acid = (MeCO2 anion bullet Acetic acid bullet Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- bullet H2O) + C2H4O2 = (C2H3O2- bullet C2H4O2 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

C2H4NO5- + Water + Acetic acid = C2H6NO6-

By formula: C2H4NO5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C2H6NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C2H5O+ + Acetic acid = (C2H5O+ bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C2H5O+ + C2H4O2 = (C2H5O+ bullet C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar123.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar117.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

(C2H5O+ bullet Acetic acid) + Acetic acid = (C2H5O+ bullet 2Acetic acid)

By formula: (C2H5O+ bullet C2H4O2) + C2H4O2 = (C2H5O+ bullet 2C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ bullet 2Acetic acid) + Acetic acid = (C2H5O+ bullet 3Acetic acid)

By formula: (C2H5O+ bullet 2C2H4O2) + C2H4O2 = (C2H5O+ bullet 3C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ bullet 3Acetic acid) + Acetic acid = (C2H5O+ bullet 4Acetic acid)

By formula: (C2H5O+ bullet 3C2H4O2) + C2H4O2 = (C2H5O+ bullet 4C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
26.245.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H7O+ + Acetic acid = (C2H7O+ bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C2H7O+ + C2H4O2 = (C2H7O+ bullet C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar119.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C3H4O5- + Water + Acetic acid = C3H6O6-

By formula: C3H4O5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C3H6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C4H10NO+ + Acetic acid = (C4H10NO+ bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C4H10NO+ + C2H4O2 = (C4H10NO+ bullet C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984, 2gas phase; M

C6H5NO2- + Acetic acid = (C6H5NO2- bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C6H5NO2- + C2H4O2 = (C6H5NO2- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.56 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.09 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B

phenoxide anion + Acetic acid = (phenoxide anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C6H5O- + C2H4O2 = (C6H5O- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; calculated from CH3COO-.C6H5OH; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; calculated from CH3COO-.C6H5OH; M

thiophenoxide anion + Acetic acid = (thiophenoxide anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C6H5S- + C2H4O2 = (C6H5S- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.9kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

thiophenoxide anion + Acetic acid = C8H9O2S-

By formula: C6H5S- + C2H4O2 = C8H9O2S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.94 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

C6H12NO3+ + Acetic acid = (C6H12NO3+ bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: C6H12NO3+ + C2H4O2 = (C6H12NO3+ bullet C2H4O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds with polydentate bonding in positive ions

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar114.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984, 2gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Acetic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4O2 = (Cl- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102.1 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar90.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Deltar100. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar80.8J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar66.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B
Deltar69.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Fluorine anion + Acetic acid = (Fluorine anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: F- + C2H4O2 = (F- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar185. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar107.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar153. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M

Iodide + Acetic acid = (Iodide bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: I- + C2H4O2 = (I- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.1J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B

Lithium ion (1+) + Acetic acid = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: Li+ + C2H4O2 = (Li+ bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 interpolated; M

Nitrogen oxide anion + Acetic acid = C2H4NO4-

By formula: NO2- + C2H4O2 = C2H4NO4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.04 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 1998gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Acetic acid = C2H4NO5-

By formula: NO3- + C2H4O2 = C2H4NO5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.37 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 1998gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Meot-Ner, 1984
Meot-Ner, (Mautner)M., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 1. -NH+ O-, -NH+ N- and -OH+ O- Bonds. Correlations with Proton Affinity. Deviations Due to Structural Effects, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 5, 1257, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00317a015 . [all data]

Viidanoja, Reiner, et al., 1998
Viidanoja, J.; Reiner, T.; Arnold, F., Laboratory Investigations of Negative Ion-Molecule Reactions of Formic and Acetic Acid., Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1998, 181, 1-3, 31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(98)14151-9 . [all data]

Meot-Ner and Sieck, 1986
Meot-Ner, M.; Sieck, L.W., The ionic hydrogen bond and ion solvation. 5. OH...O- bonds. Gas phase solvation and clustering of alkoxide and carboxylate anions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 7525. [all data]

Meot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999
Meot-ner, M.; Elmore, D.E.; Scheiner, S., Ionic Hydrogen Bond Effects on the Acidities, Basicities, Solvation, Solvent Bridging and Self-assembly of Carboxylic Groups, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 33, 7625, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja982173i . [all data]

Viidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000
Viidanoja, J.; Reiner, T.; Kiendler, A.; Grimm, F.; Arnold, F., Laboratory investigations of negative ion molecule reactions of propionic, butyric, glyoxylic, pyruvic, and pinonic acids, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 194, 1, 53-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00172-4 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Intermolecular Forces in Organic Clusters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 9, 3312, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00035a024 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1982
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Formation, Thermochemistry, and Relative Stabilities of Proton - Bound dimers of Oxygen n - Donor Bases from Ion Cyclotron Resonance Solvent - Exchange Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 23, 6255, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00387a016 . [all data]

Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973
Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of the Solvation of the Hydrogen Ion by Methanol, Dimethyl Ether and Water. Effect of Hydrogen Bonding, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 24, 7939, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00805a002 . [all data]

Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984
Lias, S.G.; Liebman, J.F.; Levin, R.D., Evaluated gas phase basicities and proton affinities of molecules heats of formation of protonated molecules, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1984, 13, 695. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]

Meot-Ner, 1984, 2
Meot-Ner, (Mautner), The Ionic Hydrogen Bond. 4. Intramolecular and Multiple Bonds. Proton Affinities, Hydration and Complexes of Amides and Amino Acid Derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 2, 278, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00314a003 . [all data]

Sieck, 1985
Sieck, L.W., Thermochemistry of Solvation of NO2- and C6H5NO2- by Polar Molecules in the Vapor Phase. Comparison with Cl- and Variation with Ligand Structure., J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 25, 5552, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100271a049 . [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1971
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding energies to negative ions from gas phase measurements of ionic equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 7139. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1983
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Strong hydrogen bonding in gas-phase anions. An ion cyclotron resonance determination of fluoride binding energetics to bronsted acids from gas-phase fluoride exchange equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2944. [all data]

Wenthold and Squires, 1995
Wenthold, P.G.; Squires, R.R., Bond dissociation energies of F2(-) and HF2(-). A gas-phase experimental and G2 theoretical study, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 7, 2002, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100007a034 . [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1984
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., Binding energies and structural effects in halide anion-ROH and -RCOOH complexes from gas phase equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 967. [all data]

Staley and Beauchamp, 1975
Staley, R.H.; Beauchamp, J.L., Intrinsic Acid - Base Properties of Molecules. Binding Energies of Li+ to pi - and n - Donor Bases, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 20, 5920, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00853a050 . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, References