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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 101 to 150

C4H9O- + Water = (C4H9O- bullet Water)

By formula: C4H9O- + H2O = (C4H9O- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.9 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8 ± 7.9kJ/molIMREMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
39.505.PHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + Water = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Water)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + H2O = (C3H9Sn+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.9525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet 6Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 7Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Deltar10. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.44kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

iPrCO2 anion + Water = (iPrCO2 anion bullet Water)

By formula: C4H7O2- + H2O = (C4H7O2- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 6.7kJ/molIMREMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.514.PHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CN- bullet 3Water) + Water = (CN- bullet 4Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (CN- bullet 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H9N2+ + Water = (C6H9N2+ bullet Water)

By formula: C6H9N2+ + H2O = (C6H9N2+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.kJ/molPHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring protonated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring protonated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
2.433.PHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring protonated; M

C2H7O+ + Water = (C2H7O+ bullet Water)

By formula: C2H7O+ + H2O = (C2H7O+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9kJ/molPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Deltar100.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar94.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar114.J/mol*KPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Deltar121.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar111.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M

CH5S+ + Water = (CH5S+ bullet Water)

By formula: CH5S+ + H2O = (CH5S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar56.5kJ/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.476.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Oxygen anion + Water = (Oxygen anion bullet Water)

By formula: O2- + H2O = (O2- bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.3 ± 6.3kJ/molN/ALuong, Clements, et al., 2001gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.03±0.05 eV.; B
Deltar77.0 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.1J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B
Deltar49.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMREParkes, 1971gas phase; B

(O3P- bullet Water) + Water = (O3P- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (O3P- bullet H2O) + H2O = (O3P- bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.7kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Deltar47.7kJ/molHPMSKeesee and Castleman Jr., 1989gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.0J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Deltar92.0J/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman Jr., 1989gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Ho, et al., 1996gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet O2S) + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.51kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.2J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H2O/SO2); M

(C2H4N+ bullet Water bullet 2Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ bullet 2Water bullet 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ bullet H2O bullet 2C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ bullet 2H2O bullet 2C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ADeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.316.PHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (Cs+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.3kJ/molDTMcKnight and Sawina, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar52.3kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5J/mol*KDTMcKnight and Sawina, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar92.9J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C4H11O2+ bullet 2Water bullet 2Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-) + Water = (C4H11O2+ bullet 3Water bullet 2Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-)

By formula: (C4H11O2+ bullet 2H2O bullet 2C4H10O2) + H2O = (C4H11O2+ bullet 3H2O bullet 2C4H10O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.225.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C4H11O2+ bullet 3Water bullet Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-) + Water = (C4H11O2+ bullet 4Water bullet Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-)

By formula: (C4H11O2+ bullet 3H2O bullet C4H10O2) + H2O = (C4H11O2+ bullet 4H2O bullet C4H10O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.225.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ bullet 2Water bullet 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ bullet 3Water bullet 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ bullet 2H2O bullet 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ bullet 3H2O bullet 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ bullet 3Water bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ bullet 4Water bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ bullet 3H2O bullet 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ bullet 4H2O bullet 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ bullet 4Water bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ bullet 5Water bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ bullet 4H2O bullet CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ bullet 5H2O bullet CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.269.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ bullet Water) + Methyl Alcohol = (CH5O+ bullet Methyl Alcohol bullet Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ bullet H2O) + CH4O = (CH5O+ bullet CH4O bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.5452.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NH4+ bullet 3Water) + Water = (NH4+ bullet 4Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (H4N+ bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar51.0kJ/molPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar114.J/mol*KPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(H3S+ bullet Hydrogen sulfide) + Water = (H3S+ bullet Water bullet Hydrogen sulfide)

By formula: (H3S+ bullet H2S) + H2O = (H3S+ bullet H2O bullet H2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3S+ H2O)H2O; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3S+ H2O)H2O; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

HS- + Water = (HS- bullet Water)

By formula: HS- + H2O = (HS- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar59.4kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.2J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Deltar78.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C9H14N+ + Water = (C9H14N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C9H14N+ + H2O = (C9H14N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; (H), «DELTA»rS should be 113.6 J/mol*K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; (H), «DELTA»rS should be 113.6 J/mol*K; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.6394.PHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; (H), «DELTA»rS should be 113.6 J/mol*K; M

(C5H16N2+2 bullet Water) + Water = (C5H16N2+2 bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C5H16N2+2 bullet H2O) + H2O = (C5H16N2+2 bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.0kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.3kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9O+ + Water = (C3H9O+ bullet Water)

By formula: C3H9O+ + H2O = (C3H9O+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small «DELTA»rH and «DELTA»rS; M
Deltar56.5kJ/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar57.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small «DELTA»rH and «DELTA»rS; M
Deltar53.1J/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M

(C6H15O+ bullet 5Water) + Water = (C6H15O+ bullet 6Water)

By formula: (C6H15O+ bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (C6H15O+ bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.234.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Sieck, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

O- + Water = (O- bullet Water)

By formula: O- + H2O = (O- bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111. ± 7.5kJ/molPDisDeyerl, Clements, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar2.2kJ/molN/AArnold, Xu, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.45 eV. Affinity is difference between EA of O-. and HOH..O-.; B
Deltar126.kJ/molPDissRoehl, Snodgrass, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH<; M
Deltar130.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; bracketing, «DELTA»rH<; M

(H3S+ bullet Water) + Water = (H3S+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3S+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (H3S+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+ H2O)H2O; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1976; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+ H2O)H2O; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1976; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar59.0kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar139.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride bullet Water) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride bullet Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet HCl bullet H2O) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 2HCl bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Cl- H2O) HCl, deuterated; Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.4J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Cl- H2O) HCl, deuterated; Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974; M

C2H4N+ + Water = (C2H4N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C2H4N+ + H2O = (C2H4N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDHonma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
Deltar95.4kJ/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Deltar104.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Deltar119.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(Ca+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Ca+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Ca+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Ca+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ca+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Ca+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Ca+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Ca+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
29.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Mn+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Mn+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Mn+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Mn+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Co+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Co+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Co+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Co+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
32.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Co+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Co+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Co+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Co+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C5H10NO2+ + Water = (C5H10NO2+ bullet Water)

By formula: C5H10NO2+ + H2O = (C5H10NO2+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Field, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar79.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Field, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar154.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Field, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar154.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Field, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Ca+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Ca+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Ca+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Ca+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
32.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Co+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Co+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Co+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Co+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
36.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ca+2 bullet 8Water) + Water = (Ca+2 bullet 9Water)

By formula: (Ca+2 bullet 8H2O) + H2O = (Ca+2 bullet 9H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ni+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Ni+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Ni+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Ni+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ni+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Ni+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Ni+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Ni+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ni+2 bullet 12Water) + Water = (Ni+2 bullet 13Water)

By formula: (Ni+2 bullet 12H2O) + H2O = (Ni+2 bullet 13H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Mn+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Mn+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Mn+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Mn+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
32.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Sr+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Sr+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Sr+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Sr+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Sr+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Sr+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Sr+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Sr+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
29.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Ni+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Ni+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Ni+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Ni+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990, 2gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Mn+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Mn+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Mn+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Mn+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Mg+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Mg+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Mg+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Mg+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Sr+2 bullet 9Water) + Water = (Sr+2 bullet 10Water)

By formula: (Sr+2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (Sr+2 bullet 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Meot-Ner and Sieck, 1986
Meot-Ner, M.; Sieck, L.W., The ionic hydrogen bond and ion solvation. 5. OH...O- bonds. Gas phase solvation and clustering of alkoxide and carboxylate anions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 7525. [all data]

Stone and Splinter, 1984
Stone, J.A.; Splinter, D.E., A high-pressure mass spectrometric study of the binding of (CH3)3Sn+ to lewis bases in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 59, 169. [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Markovich, Pollack, et al., 1994
Markovich, G.; Pollack, S.; Giniger, R.; Cheshnovsky, O., Photoelectron spectroscopy of Cl-, Br-, and I- solvated in water clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 11, 9344, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467965 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner) M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions. 2. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 9, 3663, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100346a058 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions.3. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 6580. [all data]

Lau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981
Lau, Y.K.; Nishizawa, K.; Tse, A.; Brown, R.S.; Kebarle, P., Protonation and Site of Protonation in Anilines. Hydration and Site of Protonation after Hydration, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 21, 6291, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00411a004 . [all data]

Tholman, Tonner, et al., 1994
Tholman, D.; Tonner, D.S.; McMahon, T.B., Spontaneous Unimolecular Dissociation of Small Cluster Ions, (H3O)+(L)n and Cl-(H2O)n (n = 2-4), under Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Conditions, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 8, 2002, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100059a002 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1984
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 2. Hydration of Onium Ions by 1 - 7 H2O Molecules. Relations Between Monomolecular, Specific and Bulk Hydration, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 5, 1265, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00317a016 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974
Hiraoka, K.; Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of the Hydrogen Ion in Water - Dimethyl Ether and Methanol - Dimethyl Ether Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 11, 3359, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00818a004 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 4. SH+ O and NH+ S Bonds. Correlations with Proton Affinity. Mutual Effects of Weak and Strong Ligands in Mixed Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 24, 5222, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100270a021 . [all data]

Berman and Beauchamp, 1986
Berman, D.W.; Beauchamp, J.L., Quoted in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984
Lias, S.G.; Liebman, J.F.; Levin, R.D., Evaluated gas phase basicities and proton affinities of molecules heats of formation of protonated molecules, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1984, 13, 695. [all data]

Luong, Clements, et al., 2001
Luong, A.K.; Clements, T.G.; Resat, M.S.; Continetti, R.E., Energetics and dissociative photodetachment dynamics of superoxide-water clusters: O-2(-)(H2O)(n), n=1-6, J. Chem. Phys., 2001, 114, 8, 3449-3455, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1342221 . [all data]

Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970
Arshadi, M.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of OH- and O2- in the Gas Phase. Comparative Solvation of OH- by Water and the Hydrogen Halides. Effect of Acidity, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1483, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a015 . [all data]

Parkes, 1971
Parkes, D.A., Electron Attachment and Negative Ion-Molecule Reactions in Pure O2, Trans. Farad. Soc., 1971, 97, 711, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9716700711 . [all data]

Blades, Ho, et al., 1996
Blades, A.T.; Ho, Y.; Kebarle, P., Hydration in the Gas Phase of the Orthophosphate Anion, (HO)2PO2-, and the Conversion of the Orthophosphate to teh Metaphosphate, PO3-, Ion, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 1, 196, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja952169w . [all data]

Keesee and Castleman Jr., 1989
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman Jr., Hydration of Monomeric Metaphosphate Anion in the Gas Phase, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 25, 9015, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00207a004 . [all data]

Upschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984
Upschulte, B.L.; Schelling, F.J.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas Phase Mixed Clusters: Water and Sulfur Dioxide with Na+ and Cl-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 111, 4-5, 389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(84)85526-8 . [all data]

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Deakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986
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McKnight and Sawina, 1972
McKnight, L.G.; Sawina, J.M., Drift Velocities and Interactions of Cs+ Ions with Atmospheric Gases, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 57, 12, 5156, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1678205 . [all data]

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Meot-Ner(Mautner), M., Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen-Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water-Methanol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 20, 6189, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00280a014 . [all data]

Payzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973
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Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Meot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983
Meot-Ner M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond. 1. Sterically Hindered Bonds. Solvation and Clustering of Sterically Hindered Amines and Pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 10, 2956, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00348a005 . [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1996
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Determination of Ion-Solvent Equilibria in the Gas Phase. Hydration of Diprotonated Diamines and Bis(trimethylammonium) Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 49, 12437, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja962641t . [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Morise, K., Gas-Phase Hydration Reactions of Protonated Alcohols. Energetics and Bulk Hydration of Cluster Ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 19, 5683, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00279a004 . [all data]

Beggs and Field, 1971
Beggs, D.P.; Field, F.H., Reversible Reactions of Gas Phase Ions. II. Propane-Water System, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 7, 1576, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00736a002 . [all data]

Deyerl, Clements, et al., 2001
Deyerl, H.J.; Clements, T.G.; Luong, A.K.; Continetti, R.E., Transition state dynamics of the OH+OH - O+H2O reaction studied by dissociative photodetachment of H2O2-, J. Chem. Phys., 2001, 115, 15, 6931-6940, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1404148 . [all data]

Arnold, Xu, et al., 1995
Arnold, D.W.; Xu, C.S.; Neumark, D.M., Spectroscopy of the transition state: Elementary reactions of the hydroxyl radical studied by photoelectron spectroscopy of O-(H2O) and H3O2, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 15, 6088, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469343 . [all data]

Roehl, Snodgrass, et al., 1991
Roehl, C.M.; Snodgrass, J.T.; Deakyne, C.A.; Bowers, M.T., Photodissociation of CO3-.H2O: Observation of the O-.H2O + CO2 Product Channel, J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 94, 10, 6546, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.460281 . [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1976
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Compounds Between Water Ammonia and Substituted Benzenes from a Continuous Ladder of Proton Transfer Equilibrium Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 6, 1320, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00422a005 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., The Filling of Solvent Shells in Cluster Ions: Thermochemical Criteria nd the Effects of Isomeric Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 25, 6616, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100283a006 . [all data]

Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
Upschulte, B.L.; Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Unpublished results, referred to in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974
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Honma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993
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Notes

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