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Water

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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 51 to 100

Copper ion (1+) + Water = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Cu+ + H2O = (Cu+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.8kJ/molHPMSEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M
Deltar150. ± 10.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989gas phase; M
Deltar150. ± 10.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.kJ/molHPMSEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
157. (+7.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 5Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 6Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8kJ/molPHPMSLau, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar49.0kJ/molHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase; M
Deltar67.32kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSLau, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar124.J/mol*KHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase; M
Deltar346.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar28.0kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar40. ± 1.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar12. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Fluorine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Fluorine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (F- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (F- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar55.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar128.J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19. ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar29.7kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar19. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Li+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Li+ bullet 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.9 ± 5.0kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar68.6kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar125.J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet 4Water) + Water = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Li+ bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Li+ bullet 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9 ± 4.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar58.2kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar50. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar131.J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Fluorine anion bullet 3Water) + Water = (Fluorine anion bullet 4Water)

By formula: (F- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (F- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar56.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar113.J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25. ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar23.0kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar26. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Copper ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Copper ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cu+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (Cu+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molHPMSEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M
Deltar160. ± 10.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.kJ/molHPMSEl-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, Cu+ from laser desorption; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
170. (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(CN- bullet 2Water) + Water = (CN- bullet 3Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (CN- bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B,M
Deltar44.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Deltar82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B

CH3O- + Water = (CH3O- bullet Water)

By formula: CH3O- + H2O = (CH3O- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar106. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Deltar100.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M,B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar71.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
64.4296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)H2O, DG>; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(NH4+ bullet 2Water) + Water = (NH4+ bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (H4N+ bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar57.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar56.1kJ/molPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Deltar51.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar104.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Iodide bullet 3Water) + Water = (Iodide bullet 4Water)

By formula: (I- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (I- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.5 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar29. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.8 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar9.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(C3H10N+ bullet 3Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ bullet 4Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.4J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.254.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Rb+ bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.0kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar50. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
25.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH6N+ bullet 2Water) + Water = (CH6N+ bullet 3Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar51.9kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar51.9kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (Rb+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.9J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH6N+ bullet Water) + Water = (CH6N+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar61.1kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar61.1kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Iodide bullet 4Water) + Water = (Iodide bullet 5Water)

By formula: (I- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (I- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Deltar17.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.28kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

CF3CO2 anion + Water = (CF3CO2 anion bullet Water)

By formula: C2F3O2- + H2O = (C2F3O2- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar57.7 ± 6.3kJ/molN/ABlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Deltar57.3 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Deltar27. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet 4Water) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Na+ bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Na+ bullet 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8kJ/molHPMSTang, Lian, et al., 1976gas phase; M
Deltar48.5kJ/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1972gas phase; M
Deltar51.5kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar104.J/mol*KHPMSTang, Lian, et al., 1976gas phase; M
Deltar111.J/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1972gas phase; M
Deltar118.J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
20.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet CO2) + H2O = (Na+ bullet H2O bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.6kJ/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Deltar95.8kJ/molFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Na+) 2H2O; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970, Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar106.J/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Deltar107.J/mol*KFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Na+) 2H2O; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970, Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar35.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar37. ± 2.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

C3H10N+ + Water = (C3H10N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C3H10N+ + H2O = (C3H10N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.7kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Deltar60.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar60.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102.J/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

CH6N+ + Water = (CH6N+ bullet Water)

By formula: CH6N+ + H2O = (CH6N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar78.7kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar78.7kJ/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar49.4kJ/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar103.J/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
25.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar67.4kJ/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
38.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C7H10N+ + Water = (C7H10N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C7H10N+ + H2O = (C7H10N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.5kJ/molPHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; ring to N proton shift on hydration; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.433.PHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

C7H10NO+ + Water = (C7H10NO+ bullet Water)

By formula: C7H10NO+ + H2O = (C7H10NO+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1kJ/molPHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.433.PHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

C7H10NS + Water = (C7H10NS bullet Water)

By formula: C7H10NS + H2O = (C7H10NS bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.4kJ/molPHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.6433.PHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

C8H12N+ + Water = (C8H12N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C8H12N+ + H2O = (C8H12N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.2kJ/molPHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.434.PHPMSLau, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ring to N proton shift on hydration; M

Nitric oxide anion + Water = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Water)

By formula: NO- + H2O = (NO- bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.4kJ/molPHPMSFrench, Hills, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Deltar69.5kJ/molPESEaton, Arnold, et al., 1990gas phase; M
Deltar95.0kJ/molMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; flame source, about 1600 K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.2J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Hills, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; flame source, about 1600 K; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
53.1296.SAMSPuckett and Teague, 1971gas phase; switching reaction(NO+)NO; M

HCO2 anion + Water = (HCO2 anion bullet Water)

By formula: CHO2- + H2O = (CHO2- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar35.1 ± 0.84kJ/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar38.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

ClO2- + Water = (ClO2- bullet Water)

By formula: ClO2- + H2O = (ClO2- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTherTschurl and Boesl, 2007gas phase; affinity is difference from ClO2- EA, corrected for calculated neutral BE of 0.09 eV; B
Deltar66.9 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 3Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 4Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar59.4kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.3J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar123.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(Oxygen anion bullet Water) + Water = (Oxygen anion bullet 2Water)

By formula: (O2- bullet H2O) + H2O = (O2- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.0 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.6kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B
Deltar36. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPayzant J.D. and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPack and Phelps, 1971gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
35.300.PHPMSPayzant J.D. and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Cs+ bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.kJ/molDTMcKnight and Sawina, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar46.9kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5J/mol*KDTMcKnight and Sawina, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Deltar99.2J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction, electric fields; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 6Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 7Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Deltar43.1kJ/molHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase; M
Deltar50.33kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase; M
Deltar218.9J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Nitric oxide anion bullet Water) + Water = (Nitric oxide anion bullet 2Water)

By formula: (NO- bullet H2O) + H2O = (NO- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.69kJ/molN/AEaton, Arnold, et al., 1990gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.860±0.020 eV; B,M
Deltar67.4kJ/molPHPMSFrench, Hills, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar107.J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Hills, et al., 1973gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
35.293.HPMSMcAdams and Bone, 1972gas phase; M
36.296.FAHoward, Rundle, et al., 1971gas phase; M
36.296.SAMSPuckett and Teague, 1971gas phase; M

(Bromine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar26. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar119.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.6 ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar25. ± 9.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5 ± 8.8kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Mg+2 bullet 10Water) + Water = (Mg+2 bullet 11Water)

By formula: (Mg+2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (Mg+2 bullet 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M
31.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Mg+2 bullet 11Water) + Water = (Mg+2 bullet 12Water)

By formula: (Mg+2 bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (Mg+2 bullet 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M
30.300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Oxygen anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (Oxygen anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (O2- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (O2- bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.3kJ/molTDAsArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; B
Deltar26. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M
30.300.PHPMSPayzant J.D. and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar63.2kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar75.kJ/molCIDDePaz, Giardini, et al., 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar104.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(NO3 anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (NO3 anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (NO3- bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.6 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Deltar57.7kJ/molHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar139.J/mol*KHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

HO- + Hydrogen cation = Water

By formula: HO- + H+ = H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1633.141 ± 0.042kJ/molD-EASmith, Kim, et al., 1997gas phase; Given: 14741.02(3) cm-1. dHacid(0K) = 389.11±0.014; B
Deltar1622.1kJ/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; MnBr3-; ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1605.57 ± 0.25kJ/molH-TSSmith, Kim, et al., 1997gas phase; Given: 14741.02(3) cm-1. dHacid(0K) = 389.11±0.014; B
Deltar1594.5kJ/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; MnBr3-; ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7; B

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Li+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Li+ bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.1 ± 4.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar70. ± 10.kJ/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray; M
Deltar86.6kJ/molHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray; M
Deltar104.J/mol*KHPMSDzidic and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.8300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electrospray; M

NH4+ + Water = (NH4+ bullet Water)

By formula: H4N+ + H2O = (H4N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar83.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar72.4kJ/molPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar96.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Deltar82.4J/mol*KPHPMSPayzant, Cunningham, et al., 1973gas phase; M

Water + Propane, 2,2-dimethoxy- = 2Methyl Alcohol + Acetone

By formula: H2O + C5H12O2 = 2CH4O + C3H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.3 ± 0.04kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994liquid phase; ALS
Deltar20.43 ± 0.04kJ/molCmWiberg and Squires, 1979liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS
Deltar20.433 ± 0.028kJ/molCmWiberg and Squires, 1979, 2liquid phase; solvent: Water; Hydrolysis; ALS
Deltar-16.5 ± 0.2kJ/molCmStern and Dorer, 1962liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 15.4 ± 0.2 kJ/mol; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Fluorine anion + Water = (Fluorine anion bullet Water)

By formula: F- + H2O = (F- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar114.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsWeis, Kemper, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar97.49kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsWeis, Kemper, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar75.7 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

El-Shall, Schriver, et al., 1989
El-Shall, M.S.; Schriver, K.E.; Whetten, R.L.; Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Ion/Molecule Clustering Thermochemistry by Laser Ionization High - Pressure Mass Spectrometry, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 24, 7969, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100361a002 . [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1989
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., Gas -Phase Water and Hydroxyl Binding Energies for Monopoisitive First - Row Transition - Metal Ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a051 . [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1989, 2
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Stulik, D.; Orth, R.G.; Jorikman, H.T.; Michl, J., Production of Hydrated Metal Ions by Fast Ion or Atom Beam Sputtering. Collision - Induced Dissociation and Successive Hydration Energies of Gaseous Cu+ with 1 - 4 Water Molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 14, 5036, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00196a003 . [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Lau, Ikuta, et al., 1982
Lau, Y.K.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Thermodynamics and Kinetics of the Gas - Phase Reactions: H3O+(H2O)n - 1 + H2O = H3O+(H2O)n, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 6, 1462, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00370a002 . [all data]

Kebarle, Searles, et al., 1967
Kebarle, P.; Searles, S.K.; Zolla, A.; Scarborough, J.; Arshadi, M., The Solvation of the Hydrogen Ion by Water Molecules in the Gas Phase. Heats and Entropies of Solvation of the Individual Reactions: H+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = H+(H2O)n, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1967, 89, 25, 6393, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01001a001 . [all data]

Shi, Ford, et al., 1993
Shi, Z.; Ford, V.; Wei, S.; Castleman, A.W., Water Clusters - Contributions of Binding Energy and Entropy to Stability, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 99, 10, 8009, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465678 . [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1991
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., The First Twenty - Eight Proton Hydration Energies, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1991, 182, 3-4, 363, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(91)80230-U . [all data]

Hiraoka and Mizuse, 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S., Gas-Phase Solvation of Cl- with H2O, CH3OH, C2H4OH, i-C3H7OH, n-C3H7OH, and t-C4H9OH, Chem. Phys., 1987, 118, 3, 457, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(87)85078-4 . [all data]

Markovich, Pollack, et al., 1994
Markovich, G.; Pollack, S.; Giniger, R.; Cheshnovsky, O., Photoelectron spectroscopy of Cl-, Br-, and I- solvated in water clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 11, 9344, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467965 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Kebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968
Kebarle, P.; Arshadi, M.; Scarborough, J., Hydration of Negative Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 2, 817, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1670145 . [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Noncovalent Metal-Ligand Bond Energies as Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation, Mass Spectrom. Rev., 2000, 19, 4, 215, https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2787(200007)19:4<215::AID-MAS2>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]

Blades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990
Blades, A.T.; Jayaweera, P.; Ikonomou, M.G.; Kebarle, P., Studies of Alkaline - Earth and Transition - Metal M++ Gas - Phase Ion Chemistry, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 92, 10, 5900, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.458360 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner) M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions. 2. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 9, 3663, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100346a058 . [all data]

Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions.3. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 6580. [all data]

DeTuri and Ervin, 1999
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Notes

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