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Ethyl Acetate

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-445.43 ± 0.84kJ/molCmWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991ALS
Deltafgas-444.8 ± 0.4kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991Heat of hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafgas-443.8kJ/molN/AFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1978Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -478.8±0.7 kj/mol from Fenwick, Harrop, et al., 1978 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 35.1 kj/mol from Wiberg and Waldron, 1991.; DRB
Deltafgas-446.9kJ/molN/AButwill and Rockenfeller, 1970Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -482.0±4.0 kj/mol from Butwill and Rockenfeller, 1970 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 35.1 kj/mol from Wiberg and Waldron, 1991.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas362.75J/mol*KN/AStull D.R., 1969The value of 377.02 J/mol*K was determined from equilibrium study [ Vvedenskii A.A., 1949]. The S(298.15 K)=365.6 J/mol*K was calculated from data for related compounds by difference method [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1997]. Please also see Parks G.S., 1933.; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
125.82360.Connett J.E., 1976GT
131.06380.
136.22400.
142.80425.
149.47450.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
113.64298.15Stull D.R., 1969Selected values were based on extrapolation of heat capacity data [ Bennewitz K., 1938, Jatkar S.K.K., 1939] to high temperatures.; GT
113.97300.
137.40400.
161.92500.
182.63600.
199.53700.
213.43800.
224.89900.
234.511000.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-480.57 ± 0.79kJ/molCmWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991ALS
Deltafliquid-479.86 ± 0.46kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991Heat of hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafliquid-478.82 ± 0.73kJ/molCcbFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1978ALS
Deltafliquid-482.0 ± 4.0kJ/molCcbButwill and Rockenfeller, 1970ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2238.54 ± 0.48kJ/molCcbFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1978Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -478.82 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2235.4 ± 3.9kJ/molCcbButwill and Rockenfeller, 1970Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -481.95 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2256.kJ/molCcbRoth and Muller, 1929Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -461.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2246.kJ/molCcbGuinchant, 1918Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -471.1 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid259.4J/mol*KN/AParks, Huffman, et al., 1933Extrapolation below 90 K, 62.80 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
168.94298.15Pintos, Bravo, et al., 1988DH
170.59298.32Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 294 to 340 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
169.30298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH
169.06298.15Baluja, Bravo, et al., 1985DH
169.6298.15Costas and Patterson, 1985T = 283.15, 298.15, 313.15 K.; DH
169.6298.15Costas and Patterson, 1985, 2DH
167.4298.15Fuchs, 1979DH
169.5298.1Roux, Perron, et al., 1978T = 283 to 313 K.; DH
168.82303.61Zhdanov, 1945T = 5 to 46°C. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
157.7290.Kurnakov and Voskresenskaya, 1936DH
169.20293.6Parks, Huffman, et al., 1933T = 92 to 294 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil350.2 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 59 out of 73 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus190. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple189.3KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple189.3KN/AParks, Huffman, et al., 1933, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc530. ± 20.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc38.82barN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1981Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0387 bar; Visual; TRC
Pc38.30barN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8106 bar; TRC
Pc38.517barN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Pc40.18barN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Pc42.80barN/ASajots, 1879Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4.053 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.492mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 mol/l; TRC
rhoc3.497mol/lN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
rhoc3.397mol/lN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap35. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
31.94350.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
34.1315.N/AHernández and Ortega, 1997Based on data from 300. - 390. K.; AC
35.7303.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 288. - 351. K. See also Polák and Mertl, 1965 and Dykyj, 1971.; AC
36.7286.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1981, 2Based on data from 271. - 373. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
34.6 ± 0.1313.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
31.4 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
33.8 ± 0.1326.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
33.4 ± 0.1331.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
32.4 ± 0.1344.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
31.9 ± 0.1351.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
31.0 ± 0.1363.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
34.0320.N/AConnett, Counsell, et al., 1976AC
31.9350.N/AConnett, Counsell, et al., 1976AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 363.54.260.2982523.2Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
288.73 - 348.984.228091245.702-55.189Polák and Mertl, 1965Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.48189.3Acree, 1991AC
10.481189.3Parks, Huffman, et al., 1933DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
55.27189.3Parks, Huffman, et al., 1933DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H9Si+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C4H8O2 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar204.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar131.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
142.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C4H8O2 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
95.8525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H7O2- + Hydrogen cation = Ethyl Acetate

By formula: C4H7O2- + H+ = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1555. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B
Deltar1543. ± 5.0kJ/molEIAEMuftakhov, Vasil'ev, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1527. ± 17.kJ/molIMREHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B

C4H9O2+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C4H9O2+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C4H9O2+ + C4H8O2 = (C4H9O2+ bullet C4H8O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.kJ/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar145.J/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1991gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Ethyl Acetate = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: NO- + C4H8O2 = (NO- bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174.kJ/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Acetic acid ethenyl ester + Hydrogen = Ethyl Acetate

By formula: C4H6O2 + H2 = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-129. ± 4.6kJ/molChydVilcu and Perisanu, 1980liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-130.2 ± 0.3kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1938gas phase; At 355 °K; ALS

Acetylimidazole diethyl acetal + Water = Ethyl Acetate + 1H-Imidazole + Ethanol

By formula: C9H16N2O2 + H2O = C4H8O2 + C3H4N2 + C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-44.69 ± 0.67kJ/molCmGuthrie and Pike, 1987liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ethyl Acetate + Water = Ethanol + Acetic acid

By formula: C4H8O2 + H2O = C2H6O + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.7 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1958liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ethanol + Acetic acid = Ethyl Acetate + Water

By formula: C2H6O + C2H4O2 = C4H8O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.6 ± 0.3kJ/molEqkHalford and Brundage, 1942gas phase; At 313 K; ALS

Hydrogen + Ethyl Acetate = 2Ethanol

By formula: H2 + C4H8O2 = 2C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-74.98 ± 0.54kJ/molCmWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS

Ketene + Ethanol = Ethyl Acetate

By formula: C2H2O + C2H6O = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-152.5kJ/molCmRice and Greenberg, 1934gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
8.9 QN/ASeveral references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
6.4 XN/A 
4.75700.XN/A 
5.95300.MN/A 
7.6 MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C4H8O2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.01 ± 0.05eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)835.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity804.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
799.9 ± 0.2Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996T = 338K; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.01 ± 0.05PIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982LBLHLM
10.0 ± 0.1CEMSJalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980LLK
10.16EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980LLK
9.90 ± 0.05PEBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
10.24PESweigart and Turner, 1972LLK
10.11 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.09 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
10.45PEJones, Modelli, et al., 1994Vertical value; LL
9.90PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3+13.94 ± 0.08?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
C2H3+15.32 ± 0.20?EIFriedland and Strakna, 1956RDSH
C2H3O+11.0 ± 0.15C2H5OPIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C2H3O+11.7 ± 0.3C2H5OCEMSJalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980LLK
C2H3O+11.75 ± 0.07C2H5OEIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
C2H3O2+11.74C2H5EIHolmes, Lossing, et al., 1991LL
C2H4O2+11.2 ± 0.1C2H4EIGodbole and Kebarle, 1962RDSH
C2H5+11.3 ± 0.1C2H3O2PIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C2H5+11.7 ± 0.3CH3COOCEMSJalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980LLK
C2H5+12.1?EITsuda and Hamill, 1966RDSH
C2H5O+10.7 ± 0.1C2H3OPIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.7 ± 0.2CH3COCEMSJalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980LLK
C2H5O+10.8 ± 0.1CH3COEIMunson and Franklin, 1964RDSH
C2H5O2+10.62 ± 0.05C2H3EIHolmes and Lossing, 1984LBLHLM
C2H5O2+10.67 ± 0.08C2H3PIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C2H5O2+11.0 ± 0.1C2H3CEMSJalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980LLK
C2H5O2+10.6 ± 0.1C2H3EIBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
C2H5O2+10.8 ± 0.1?EIHarrison and Jones, 1965RDSH
C3H5O2+10.6 ± 0.1CH3PIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C3H5O2+11.0 ± 0.1CH3EIGodbole and Kebarle, 1962RDSH
C4H6O+10.3 ± 0.1H2OPIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982T = 298K; LBLHLM
C4H6O+10.32 ± 0.05H2OEIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1981LLK
C4H6O+10.45H2OEIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C4H7O2- + Hydrogen cation = Ethyl Acetate

By formula: C4H7O2- + H+ = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1555. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B
Deltar1543. ± 5.0kJ/molEIAEMuftakhov, Vasil'ev, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1527. ± 17.kJ/molIMREHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H9Si+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C4H8O2 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar204.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar131.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
142.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated

C3H9Sn+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C4H8O2 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
95.8525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

C4H9O2+ + Ethyl Acetate = (C4H9O2+ bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: C4H9O2+ + C4H8O2 = (C4H9O2+ bullet C4H8O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.kJ/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1991gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar145.J/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1991gas phase

Nitric oxide anion + Ethyl Acetate = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Ethyl Acetate)

By formula: NO- + C4H8O2 = (NO- bullet C4H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174.kJ/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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NIST MS number 19528

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.600.Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryDB-180.578.95Mijin and Antonovic, 200630. m/0.256 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-580.600.Mijin and Antonovic, 200660. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-10.609.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.604.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.611.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.605.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.600.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.599.3Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.597.3Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedPMS-100090.563.Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004N2, Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-1130.600.Gurevich and Roshchina, 2003He or N2, Gas-Chrom Q
CapillarySE-54110.607.5Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54130.605.7Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54150.602.4Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-30100.607.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-3080.577.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30100.607.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.613.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.577.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30180.572.Oszczapowicz, Ciszkowski, et al., 1986N2, Chromosorb W AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.590.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.594.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedPorapack Q200.567.Goebel, 1982N2
CapillaryOV-10180.595.7Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.596.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982, 2N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30150.592.Haken, Ho, et al., 1975Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30150.592.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.602.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.571.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1587.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1601.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryBP-1595.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54618.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101600.Morales and Duque, 1987He, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101579.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101580.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30611.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30611.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-101600.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101600.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-1589.Wongpornchai, Sriseadka, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 2C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)
CapillarySE-30592.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.902.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryOV-351100.875.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.908.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.881.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.880.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.906.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.898.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-20890.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax884.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax887.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-20906.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M874.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax880.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax880.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M870.Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M856.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M858.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M882.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M889.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M895.Spencer, Pangborn, et al., 1978N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M900.Spencer, Pangborn, et al., 1978N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M917.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5612.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS612.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5610.Bylaite and Meyer, 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB577.Kafkas, Cabaroglu, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane613.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5612.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS605.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS615.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5608.Rodríguez-Burruezo, Kollmannsberger, et al., 200430. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS612.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1596.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1598.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH609.0Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB578.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5609.1Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB581.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB581.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 350. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS612.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1599.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1601.Pino, Fuentes, et al., 2001He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB581.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB581.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5614.Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30601.Paramonov, Khalilova, et al., 20006. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBPX-5626.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-54614.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-54617.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5612.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-1597.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5601.Sagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 199730. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-101602.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101620.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Wu, Kuo, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1599.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1602.Flath, Light, et al., 199050. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1594.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySE-30624.Korhonen, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryOV-1603.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 19761. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-1603.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-5613.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 200C => 30C/min => 300C (3min)
CapillaryVF-5MS578.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryHP-5621.Boué, Shih, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 10C/min => 60C =3C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryDB-5610.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5614.Mayr, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40 C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryRTX-5623.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5605.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB628.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryBPX-5612.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-54612.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30600.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP896.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP889.Lozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax894.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB889.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax900.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10886.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryStabilwax914.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax908.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax893.Rega, Fournier, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax878.Brat, Rega, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCarbowax900.Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax898.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax893.Rega, Fournier, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB870.Liu, Yang, et al., 2001H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax901.Beauchene, Grua-Priol, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 160. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-Wax904.Choi and Sawamura, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax901.Escudero and Etiévant, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 67. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax880.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryFFAP894.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax870.Sagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryPEG-20M891.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax863.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax863.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax887.Iwaoka, Hagi, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax888.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax888.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-20M907.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993He, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP902.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993He, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax884.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB870.Wu and Liou, 1992H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M870.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax867.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax867.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax881.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10890.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10893.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M854.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M882.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryOV-351892.Korhonen, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M881.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C
PackedCarbowax 20M866.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10899.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10893.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10891.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10899.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10896.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax872.Guillot, Peytavi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 200C => 6C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryStabilwax874.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax904.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB900.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax892.Radovic, Careri, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 30C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryFFAP888.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax912.4Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 150C => 1.5C/min => 210C
CapillaryFFAP900.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP868.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M880.Whitfield, Shea, et al., 1981Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.590.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.594.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.593.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.591.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.590.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.587.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.594.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryDB-160.598.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedSE-3070.608.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 
PackedDC-400150.554.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-5 MS611.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS612.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS606.Srisajjalerwaja, Apichartsrangkoon, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS604.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS607.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-101602.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS605.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1593.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5628.Gogus, Ozel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 7. min, 15. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5614.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5584.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1594.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-1597.Chen, Sheu, et al., 2006Nitrogen, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 9. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-5584.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5608.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5608.El-Sayed, Heppelthwaite, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5584.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5628.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-5628.Özel, Gögüs, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRSL-200592.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-1612.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5630.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRSL-200595.Jirovetz, Ngassoum, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5614.Joffraud, Leroi, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5614.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1596.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101600.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone600.Vendramini and Trugo, 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone601.82Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5615.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySPB-1597.Wong and Lai, 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-2588.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5620.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101583.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101592.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1601.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1602.Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5568.Shimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1580.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1590.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Hansen, Buttery, et al., 199230. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5614.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101612.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1590.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101595.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5595.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101590.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101594.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101595.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1600.Binder, Flath, et al., 19894. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1605.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101604.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySF96+Igepal600.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 198345. C @ 30. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 213. m; Column diameter: 0.7 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySP 2100600.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30605.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-30605.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30615.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-1603.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySF-96610.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5633.Fang, Pu, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 170 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS607.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5599.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS628.Fan, Lu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
CapillaryBPX-5609.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5605.Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5616.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillarySqualane592.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5600.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5613.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5584.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1589.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS613.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone592.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryVB-5605.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30592.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS612.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5634.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5605.Beaulieu, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 100C => 15C/min => 250C (19C)
CapillaryBPX-5615.Duflos, Moine, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 100C => 20C/min => 280C (5min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups615.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5602.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5609.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5611.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5612.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5612.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-5621.Machiels, Istasse, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillarySE-30595.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5613.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5611.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryBPX-5611.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5613.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5613.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone592.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB615.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5592.van Ruth, Grossmann, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -30C(1min) => 100C/min => 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane595.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1601.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone600.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1609.Yen and Lin, 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone602.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1598.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySE-54620.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5590.Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5615.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5616.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes602.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1604.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1600.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1603.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1598.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1596.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1600.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1600.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB614.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1600.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1600.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-101595.Morales and Duque, 1987He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101595.Shibamoto, 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101595.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillarySF96+Igepal603.Flath, Altieri, et al., 1984Column length: 152. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Program: 25C(1min) => 5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.593.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.600.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.611.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.616.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1596.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30607.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.908.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedCarbowax 20M100.878.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-FFAP903.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax898.Chen, Song, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax885.Mo, Fan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryZB-Wax904.Marin, Pozrl, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB877.Chen, Chyau, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryTR-WAX892.Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax892.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax900.Choi H.S., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax892.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax889.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryInnowax900.Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax905.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax872.Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax900.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax899.López, Ezpeleta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPEG-20M890.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryPEG-20M890.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax856.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Helium, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M901.Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.70 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10892.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10890.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP903.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax921.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Ito, Sugimoto, et al., 200260. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryFFAP893.Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-Wax850.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryTC-Wax884.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax889.Tu, Onishi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax920.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryEC-1000890.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillaryHP-Wax850.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax850.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax861.Morales, Duque, et al., 200025. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax870.Morales, Duque, et al., 200025. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB894.Hwan and Chou, 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.22 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 190. C @ 21. min
CapillaryDB-Wax883.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M885.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax908.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10854.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPEG-20M878.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax877.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Christensen and Reineccius, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 20. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax912.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB872.7Chyau, Chen, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.22 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax877.Binder, Flath, et al., 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax879.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax886.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax887.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax889.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax889.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax890.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M880.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax888.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryFFAP880.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M880.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M883.Wu, Liou, et al., 1987Hydrogen, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 35. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax882.Schieberle and Grosch, 1983He, Chromosorb G AW DMCS, 4. K/min; Column length: 3. m; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M857.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M858.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax862.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M907.Lee, Chong, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax870.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax870.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB915.Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax894.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax896.Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax909.Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax895.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax892.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax861.Gyawali and Kim, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryFFAP882.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Li, Tao, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 160 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 10871.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10891.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10893.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax897.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax872.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP898.Lara, Echeverría, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax885.Li, Tao, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 230C (8min)
CapillaryFFAP898.Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax878.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax885.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax868.Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 200660. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C
CapillarySupelcowax-10866.Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10866.Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP898.Lara, Graell, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax853.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB898.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryFFAP898.Echeverría, Correa, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax891.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryBP-21885.Salinas, Zalacain, et al., 200450. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 180C(2min) => 1C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryInnowax893.Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-FFAP898.Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M900.Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.70 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP893.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP893.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax872.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryFFAP895.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCross-linked FFAP895.Lavilla, Puy, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB886.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryFFAP895.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP900.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10872.Chang, Seitz, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax888.Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax888.Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax900.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax882.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M873.Peppard and Ramus, 1988He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Shibamoto, 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M872.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.886.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.889.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.906.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M870.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol872.MacLeod and Pieris, 1981Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1981, 2
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Reents and Freiser, 1981
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Farid and McMahon, 1978
Farid, R.; McMahon, T.B., Gas-Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions of Alkyl Nitrites by Ion Cyclotron Resonance Spectroscopy, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 27, 2, 163, https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7381(78)80037-0 . [all data]

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Dolliver, M.A.; Gresham, T.L.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Smith, E.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. VI. Heats of hydrogenation of some oxygen-containing compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 440-450. [all data]

Guthrie and Pike, 1987
Guthrie, J.P.; Pike, D.C., Hydration of acylimidazoles: tetrahedral intermediates in acylimidazole hydrolysis and nucleophilic attack by imidazole on esters. The question of concerted mechanisms for acyl transfers, Can. J. Chem., 1987, 65, 1951-1969. [all data]

Wadso, 1958
Wadso, I., The heats of hydrolysis of some alkyl acetates, Acta Chem. Scand., 1958, 12, 630-633. [all data]

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Halford, J.O.; Brundage, D., The vapor phase esterification equilibrium, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 36-40. [all data]

Rice and Greenberg, 1934
Rice, F.O.; Greenberg, J., Ketene. III. Heat of formation and heat of reaction with alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 38, 2268-2270. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

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Decouzon, M.; Gal, J.E.; Herreros, M.; Marai, P.C.; Murrell, J.; Todd, J.F.J., On the Use of the Kinetic Method for the Determination of Proton Affinities by Fourier-Transfrom Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry, Rapid. Comm. Mass Spectrom., 1996, 10, 242. [all data]

Fraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1982
Fraser-Monteiro, L.; Fraser-Monteiro, M.L.; Butler, J.J.; Baer, T., Thermochemistry and dissociation dynamics of state-selected C4H8O2+ ions. 3. Ethyl acetate, J. Phys. Chem., 1982, 86, 752. [all data]

Jalonen, Tedder, et al., 1980
Jalonen, J.; Tedder, J.M.; Nidaud, P.H., Charge-exchange mass spectra of ethyl acetate, methyl proprionate and propyl formate, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1980, 76, 1450. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1980
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Gas-phase heats of formation of keto and enol ions of carbonyl compounds., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 1591. [all data]

Benoit, Harrison, et al., 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G.; Lossing, F.P., Hydrogen migrations in mass spectrometry III-Energetics of formation of [R'CO2H2]+ in the mass spectra of R'CO2R, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1977, 12, 78. [all data]

Sweigart and Turner, 1972
Sweigart, D.A.; Turner, D.W., Lone pair orbitals and their interactions studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. I. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 5592. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Watanabe, 1957
Watanabe, K., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 542. [all data]

Jones, Modelli, et al., 1994
Jones, D.; Modelli, A.; Olivato, P.R.; DalColle, M.; dePalo, M.; Distefano, G., Ab initio and electron spectroscopy study of carbonyl derivatives, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1994, 1994, 1651. [all data]

Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Brion and Dunning, 1963
Brion, C.E.; Dunning, W.J., Electron impact studies of simple carboxylic esters, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1963, 59, 647. [all data]

Friedland and Strakna, 1956
Friedland, S.S.; Strakna, R.E., Appearance potential studies. I, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 815. [all data]

Holmes, Lossing, et al., 1991
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P.; Mayer, P.M., Heats of formation of oxygen-containing organic free radicals from appearance energy measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 9723. [all data]

Godbole and Kebarle, 1962
Godbole, E.W.; Kebarle, P., Ionization and dissociation of deuterated ethyl and isopropyl acetates and ethyl formate under electron impact, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1962, 58, 1897. [all data]

Tsuda and Hamill, 1966
Tsuda, S.; Hamill, W.H., Ionization efficiency measurements by the retarding potential difference method, Advan. Mass Spectrom., 1966, 3, 249. [all data]

Munson and Franklin, 1964
Munson, M.S.B.; Franklin, J.L., Energetics of some gaseous oxygenated organic ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1964, 68, 3191. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1984
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of organic radicals from appearance energies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 58, 113. [all data]

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Notes

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