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2-Pentanone

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-259.1 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbHarrop, Head, et al., 1970ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-3156.kJ/molCcbGuinchant, 1918Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = -241. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
142.97 ± 0.43369.0Nickerson J.K., 1961GT
150.62 ± 0.45394.0
156.40 ± 0.47414.0
162.00 ± 0.49434.0
167.15 ± 0.50454.0

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-297.3 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbHarrop, Head, et al., 1970ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3099.4 ± 0.8kJ/molCcbHarrop, Head, et al., 1970Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -297.29 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid274.1J/mol*KN/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968DH
liquid272.42J/mol*KN/AOetting, 1965DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
185.4298.15Saluja, Peacock, et al., 1979DH
185.1298.15Grolier, Benson, et al., 1975DH
184.3298.15Harrop, Head, et al., 1970DH
184.2298.15Andon, Counsell, et al., 1968T = 10 to 360 K.; DH
184.35298.15Oetting, 1965T = 12 to 330 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil375. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 54 out of 58 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus196. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple196.31KN/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968, 2Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 K; TRC
Ttriple196.29KN/AOetting, 1965, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Ttriple196.35KN/AOetting, 1965, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc561.1KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc561.08KN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1974Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tc564.0KN/AKobe, Crawford, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.56 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc36.94barN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1974Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.20 bar; TRC
Pc38.90barN/AKobe, Crawford, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.483 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.32mol/lN/AKobe, Crawford, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.09 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap38.46kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap38.43kJ/molVUchytilova, Majer, et al., 1983ALS
Deltavap38.4kJ/molCUchytilova, Majer, et al., 1983AC
Deltavap38.3 ± 0.3kJ/molGCCSaluja, Peacock, et al., 1979AC
Deltavap38.4kJ/molN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1975AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
33.44375.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
36.1351.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 336. - 422. K.; AC
33.7431.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 416. - 501. K.; AC
33.3502.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 487. - 561. K.; AC
36.5344.A,GS,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 329. - 385. K. See also Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1975, Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965, and Dykyj, 1972.; AC
39.5283.EBMeyer and Wagner, 1966Based on data from 268. - 373. K.; AC
36.1 ± 0.1335.CNickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961AC
34.4 ± 0.1360.CNickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961AC
33.4 ± 0.1375.CNickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961AC
32.8 ± 0.1386.CNickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961AC
32.2 ± 0.1394.CNickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 395.55.410.2844561.1Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
329.80 - 384.804.142431311.145-58.457Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965, 2 
334.87 - 394.574.148991311.315-58.934Nickerson, Kobe, et al., 1961Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.623196.35Oetting, 1965DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
54.10196.35Oetting, 1965DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.2377110.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968Apparently a typographic error in H in paper; given as 137.7 J/mol.; DH
10.632196.31crystaline, IliquidAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
2.18110.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968Apparently; DH
54.16196.31crystaline, IliquidAndon, Counsell, et al., 1968DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Pentanone

By formula: C5H9O- + H+ = C5H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1536. ± 8.8kJ/molTDEqBurkell, Fridgen, et al., 2003gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1505. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqBurkell, Fridgen, et al., 2003gas phase; B

(CAS Reg. No. 117951-43-6 bullet 42949672952-Pentanone) + 2-Pentanone = CAS Reg. No. 117951-43-6

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 117951-43-6 bullet 4294967295C5H10O) + C5H10O = CAS Reg. No. 117951-43-6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar167. ± 8.8kJ/molN/AHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B

2,2-Dimethoxypentane + Water = 2-Pentanone + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C7H16O2 + H2O = C5H10O + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.52 ± 0.059kJ/molCmWiberg and Squires, 1979liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Pentanone = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Pentanone)

By formula: Na+ + C5H10O = (Na+ bullet C5H10O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
104.298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

2-Pentanol = 2-Pentanone + Hydrogen

By formula: C5H12O = C5H10O + H2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.7 ± 0.3kJ/molEqkConnett, 1970liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
12. XN/A
9.14600.XN/A
16. MButtery, Ling, et al., 1969

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C5H10O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.38 ± 0.06eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)832.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity800.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.28 ± 0.02PEAshmore and Burgess, 1978LLK
9.383 ± 0.005PEHernandez, Masclet, et al., 1977LLK
9.40 ± 0.01PECocksey, Eland, et al., 1971LLK
9.37 ± 0.02PIMurad and Inghram, 1964RDSH
9.39 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
9.47 ± 0.03PIVilesov, 1960RDSH
9.46PEOlivato, Guerrero, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.44PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3+15.13?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH
C2H3O+11.54C3H7EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH
C3H5O+10.58C2H5EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH
C3H6O+10.08C2H4EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980LLK
C3H6O+10.07C2H4PIMurad and Inghram, 1964RDSH
C4H7O+10.03CH3PIMurad and Inghram, 1964RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C5H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Pentanone

By formula: C5H9O- + H+ = C5H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1536. ± 8.8kJ/molTDEqBurkell, Fridgen, et al., 2003gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1505. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqBurkell, Fridgen, et al., 2003gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Pentanone = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Pentanone)

By formula: Na+ + C5H10O = (Na+ bullet C5H10O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
104.298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291264

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.663.3Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryDB-1313.667.09Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1323.666.82Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1333.666.11Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1343.665.42Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1353.666.63Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1363.667.23Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1373.668.17Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1383.668.33Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1393.669.68Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1403.670.44Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1413.672.02Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1423.674.86Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5313.693.14Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5323.692.22Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5333.691.63Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5343.691.20Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5353.690.53Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5363.691.40Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5373.691.57Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5383.691.79Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5393.692.92Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5403.694.09Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5413.696.34Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5423.697.44Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-150.672.20Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-175.673.99Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-1100.671.87Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-1125.652.20Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-1150.638.93Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryHP-1110.666.9Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.665.4Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.665.4Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.665.40Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.665.4Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-170.665.69Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-190.666.07Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillarySqualane200.631.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999 
CapillaryApolane200.636.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999 
CapillaryHP-1110.667.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-150.665.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-170.666.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-190.666.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30100.674.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30110.676.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.672.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3090.673.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySPB-160.649.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101150.669.2Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.675.3Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedPorapack Q200.663.Gawdzik and Matynia, 1994H2; Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.682.Kowalski, 1992He, Gas Chrom Q (100-120 mesh); Column length: 0.25 m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.629.6Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillarySE-54110.688.5Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54130.690.Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54150.691.2Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
PackedOV-101150.685.6Maeck, Touabet, et al., 1989N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-101120.685.Fernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987N2, Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryApiezon L + KF60.668.Svetlova, Samusenko, et al., 198630. m/0.25 mm/0.06 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10180.668.Wang and Sun, 1985Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm
PackedSE-30120.672.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2; Column length: 200. m
PackedSE-30150.675.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1120.671.Valko, Papp, et al., 1984Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedApolane100.630.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedApolane200.636.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.624.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane120.627.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane125.626.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane200.631.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.671.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.666.Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979Celatom AW silanized; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L120.646.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.653.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L130.644.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillaryApiezon M120.642.Golovnya and Misharina, 1977 
PackedApolane190.634.8Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedSE-30150.673.Haken, Ho, et al., 1975Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30150.674.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSqualane50.624.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedSqualane70.623.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedApiezon L100.642.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedApiezon L150.654.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedApiezon L130.644.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.638.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54687.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101703.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101705.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1666.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-5692.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5697.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1664.8Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30680.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Chromosrb G; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax40.1003.89Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax50.1005.72Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1007.52Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax70.1009.73Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax80.1011.09Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax90.1012.78Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax100.1014.87Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax110.1016.30Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax120.1018.39Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax130.1020.31Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax140.1022.25Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax150.1023.72Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax75.986.78Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-Wax100.1015.63Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-Wax125.1021.54Ciazynska-Halarewicz, Borucka, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1010.7Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.996.2Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1000.7Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1005.6Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.990.2Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.979.4Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.992.6Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.19 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.994.6Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He
PackedCarbowax 20M80.979.Kersten and Poole, 1987N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 3.5 m
PackedPEG-20M120.996.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2, Chromaton N AW HMDS; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax974.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax978.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
PackedPEG-20M969.Galt and MacLeod, 1984N2, Celite, 70. C @ 9. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 5.5 m; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M990.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-20998.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M969.Slizhov and Gavrilenko, 2001He; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-10997.6Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5686.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5695.Bylaite and Meyer, 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1651.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5699.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS683.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5689.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5685.Siegmund and Murkovic, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, -30. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS710.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH673.9Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB653.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySPB-5689.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5681.8Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB692.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB653.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB653.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryBPX-5680.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5680.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS692.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1673.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB653.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB653.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB693.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5715.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1680.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5698.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-5684.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillarySE-54682.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-54684.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5689.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5715.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5715.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1666.00Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-101682.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101630.Misharina, Aerove, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1666.Wu, Kuo, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-5700.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-101663.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 110. C
CapillaryOV-101664.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 125. C
CapillaryOV-101661.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101662.Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101662.Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101662.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 95. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB645.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS686.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5711.Boscaini, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5700.Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS680.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5716.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5705.Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C(20min)
CapillaryHP-PONA677.Maignial, Pibarot, et al., 199250. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: 20C(0.5min) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax983.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB968.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax945.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB971.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10978.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1005.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr985.Ménager, Jost, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax991.1Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax945.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax944.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax943.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax944.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax996.Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryFFAP988.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax980.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Iwaoka, Hagi, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax993.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax978.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax938.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10977.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax938.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax943.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10978.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10979.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPEG-20M983.4Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M984.3Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M984.4Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryPEG-20M987.0Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 90. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M971.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10980.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10980.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10982.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10979.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10980.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10984.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB983.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB968.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillaryHP-FFAP944.Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryInnowax971.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200160. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (1min) => 3C/min => 170C => 4C/min => 200C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax970.Radovic, Careri, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 30C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB974.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10976.Baek and Cadwallader, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.667.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.666.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.667.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.668.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.669.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.669.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.667.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.670.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.669.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.666.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.670.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryOV-160.665.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 
PackedApieson L120.655.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified
PackedDC-400150.640.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-5 MS671.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5668.Cais-Sokolinska, Majcher, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS678.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS680.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-101670.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1661.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-5703.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane685.Ramirez R. and Cava R., 200730. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5685.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1662.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-5698.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5698.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006, 2He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5688.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5689.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5671.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS687.Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 38. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryMDN-5685.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1659.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-1655.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5681.Pérès, Begnaud, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5684.Joffraud, Leroi, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5686.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101664.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone674.Vendramini and Trugo, 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5685.Meynier, Novelli, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54681.Ding, Deng, et al., 199835. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1680.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1693.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1666.Robacker and Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5690.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-2682.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-1652.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1655.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1652.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1658.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5688.Lee, Macku, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5691.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-5690.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101672.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1658.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5672.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5679.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-3705.Buttery, Xu, et al., 19851. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-1664.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101665.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySP 2100660.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30677.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySF-96673.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5695.Fang, Pu, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 170 0C
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph699.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5674.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl699.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5684.Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5690.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillarySqualane673.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5660.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5671.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5700.Carrapiso and Garsia, 200750. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone654.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone666.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS682.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryDB-5684.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5689.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5689.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5689.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5700.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryDB-1649.Cramer, Mattinson, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(5min) => 2C/min => 50c => 5C/min => 225C
CapillaryHP-5680.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5686.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5686.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-1665.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30672.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5678.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5653.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane665.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5685.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5687.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5679.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)684.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone644.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillaryHP-1629.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone663.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54684.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1669.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes670.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone676.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1663.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1663.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1669.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1680.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1658.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1672.MacLeod and Snyder, 1988Program: not specified
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal664.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal666.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1674.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.639.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1680.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB965.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax990.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryFFAP1001.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB981.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB971.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB984.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB982.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax972.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax970.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax992.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101015.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101018.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax983.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax990.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1025.Chida, Sone, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPEG-20M980.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax992.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax960.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10969.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryTC-Wax957.Fukami, Ishiyama, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryFFAP969.Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryTC-Wax975.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax940.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillaryDB-Wax990.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1000.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10989.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax976.Molleken U., Sinnwell V., et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax966.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax940.Ulrich, Hoberg, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M969.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySP-10001025.De Llano D.G., Ramos M., et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.43 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M990.Buttery, Xu, et al., 198560. C @ 40. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M981.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 31. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax966.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1005.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB982.Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax969.Gyawali and Kim, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10979.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10980.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-FFAP944.Carrapiso and Garsia, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax983.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax983.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10942.Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax975.Quijano and Pino, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1009.Jales, Maia, et al., 2005Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax996.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax970.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M969.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax966.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB986.Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax992.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.983.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.984.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965, 2
Collerson, R.R.; Counsell, J.F.; Handley, R.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part XV. Purification and Vapour Pressures of Some Ketones and Ethers, J. Chem. Soc., 1965, 3697-3700, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9650003697 . [all data]

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Buttery, Ling, et al., 1969
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Potzinger and Bunau, 1969
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Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
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Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kováts indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 973, 1-2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01198-6 . [all data]

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Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994
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Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984
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Valko, Papp, et al., 1984
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Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Classification of the Polarity of porous polymer bead stationary phases by comparison with squalane and apolane standard liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 269, 153-160, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90798-8 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979
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Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
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Golovnya and Misharina, 1977
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Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Haken, Ho, et al., 1975
Haken, J.K.; Ho, D.K.M.; Vaughan, C.E., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VII. The retention behaviour of pyruvate esters and related carbonyl and carboxyl compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 106, 2, 317-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)93839-1 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Mira and Sanchez, 1970
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Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
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Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
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Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988
Castello, G.; Timossi, A.; Gerbino, T.C., Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Non-Polar and Polar Wide Bore Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 129-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88608-2 . [all data]

Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974
Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 90, 1, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94770-3 . [all data]

Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1994
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Kersten and Poole, 1987
Kersten, B.R.; Poole, C.F., Influence of concurrent retention mechanisms on the determination of stationary phase selectivity in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 399, 1-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96108-9 . [all data]

Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 1990
Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 12, 2176-2180, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00102a015 . [all data]

Galt and MacLeod, 1984
Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 1, 59-64, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00121a016 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

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Bylaite and Meyer, 2006
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Notes

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