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Water

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil373.17 ± 0.04KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ptriple0.0061barN/ASato, Watanabe, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.×10-7 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc647. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc220.64barN/ASato, Watanabe, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 bar; TRC
Pc220.60barN/ABrunner, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.12 bar; TRC
Pc220.46barN/AMorita, Sato, et al., 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 bar; based on analysis of their obs. PVT and vapor pressure data some other data from literature; TRC
Pc220.64barN/AAleksandrov, 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.30 bar; TRC
Pc220.64barN/ASifner, 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0001 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc17.9mol/lN/ASato, Watanabe, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 mol/l; TRC
rhoc17.91mol/lN/AMorita, Sato, et al., 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.083 mol/l; based on analysis of obs. PVT and vapor pressure data; TRC
rhoc17.9mol/lN/AAleksandrov, 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 mol/l; TRC
rhoc17.9mol/lN/ASifner, 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 mol/l; TRC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
379. - 573.3.55959643.748-198.043Liu and Lindsay, 1970Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
273. - 303.5.402211838.675-31.737Bridgeman and Aldrich, 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
304. - 333.5.203891733.926-39.485Bridgeman and Aldrich, 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
334. - 363.5.07681659.793-45.854Bridgeman and Aldrich, 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
344. - 373.5.083541663.125-45.622Bridgeman and Aldrich, 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
293. - 343.6.209632354.7317.559Gubkov, Fermor, et al., 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
255.9 - 373.4.65431435.264-64.848Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sato, Watanabe, et al., 1991
Sato, H.; Watanabe, K.; Levelt Sengers, J.M.H.; Gallagher, J.S.; Hill, P.G.; Straub, J.; Wagner, W., Sixteen Thousand Evaluated Experimental Thermodynamic Property Data for Water and Steam, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1991, 20, 1023. [all data]

Brunner, 1990
Brunner, E., Fluid Mixtures at High Pressures. 9. Phase Separation and Critical Phenomena in 23 (n-Alkane + Water) Mixtures., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1990, 22, 335. [all data]

Morita, Sato, et al., 1989
Morita, T.; Sato, H.; Uematsu, M.; Watanabe, K., PVT Properties and Vapor-Pressures of Ordinary Water Substance in the Critical Region, Physica A: (Amsterdam), 1989, 156, 436. [all data]

Aleksandrov, 1986
Aleksandrov, A.A., Critical Parameters of Ordinary and Heavy Water, Teploenergetika, 1986, No. 1, 74. [all data]

Sifner, 1985
Sifner, O., Recommended Values of Critical Parameters of Ordinary and Heavy Water, Chem. Listy, 1985, 79, 199. [all data]

Liu and Lindsay, 1970
Liu, C.-T.; Lindsay, W.T., Jr., Vapor Pressure of D2O from 106 to 300 ºC, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 4, 510-513, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60047a015 . [all data]

Bridgeman and Aldrich, 1964
Bridgeman, O.C.; Aldrich, E.W., Vapor Pressure Tables for Water, J. Heat Transfer, 1964, 86, 2, 279-286, https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3687121 . [all data]

Gubkov, Fermor, et al., 1964
Gubkov, A.N.; Fermor, N.A.; Smirnov, N.I., Vapor Pressure of Mono-Poly Systems, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1964, 37, 2204-2210. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]


Notes

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