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Water

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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1201 to 1250

Methyl isobutyrate + Water = Methyl Alcohol + Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-

By formula: C5H10O2 + H2O = CH4O + C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-61.6 ± 1.0kJ/molEqkGuthrie and Cullimore, 1980liquid phase; ALS

Methyl Alcohol + Acetone = 1-Propene, 2-methoxy- + Water

By formula: CH4O + C3H6O = C4H8O + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.04 ± 0.46kJ/molEqkHine and Arata, 1976liquid phase; ALS

C5H14OSn (l) + Water (l) = C3H10OSn (cr) + (Ethanol bullet 55Water) (solution)

By formula: C5H14OSn (l) + H2O (l) = C3H10OSn (cr) + (C2H6O bullet 55H2O) (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-76.6 ± 1.7kJ/molRSCBaldwin, Lappert, et al., 1972MS

NO3 anion + Water + Butanoic acid = C4H10NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C4H8O2 = C4H10NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.9 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Butanal + 2Methyl Alcohol = Butane, 1,1-dimethoxy + Water

By formula: C4H8O + 2CH4O = C6H14O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-59. ± 1.kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

H2CaO2 + 2Ethane, pentachloro- = CaCl2 + 2Tetrachloroethylene + 2Water

By formula: H2CaO2 + 2C2HCl5 = CaCl2 + 2C2Cl4 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-181.6kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase; ALS

NO3 anion + Water + Propanoic acid = C3H8NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C3H6O2 = C3H8NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CO3 + Water + Butanoic acid = C5H10O6-

By formula: CO3 + H2O + C4H8O2 = C5H10O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.1 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Cyclopentanone + 2Methyl Alcohol = Water + 1,1-Dimethoxycyclopentane

By formula: C5H8O + 2CH4O = H2O + C7H14O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-44. ± 1.kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

Cyclohexanone + 2Methyl Alcohol = Water + Cyclohexane, 1,1-dimethoxy-

By formula: C6H10O + 2CH4O = H2O + C8H16O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-54. ± 1.kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1-nitrate + 2Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 2Water

By formula: C3H7NO5 + 2HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-18. ± 1.kJ/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

CO3 + Water + Propanoic acid = C4H8O6-

By formula: CO3 + H2O + C3H6O2 = C4H8O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

2Methyl Alcohol + Acetaldehyde = Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy- + Water

By formula: 2CH4O + C2H4O = C4H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-62. ± 1.kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

Glycerin + 3Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 3Water

By formula: C3H8O3 + 3HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 3H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-36. ± 2.kJ/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

2Methyl Alcohol + Acetone = Water + Propane, 2,2-dimethoxy-

By formula: 2CH4O + C3H6O = H2O + C5H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-46. ± 1.kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

cis-1,2-Cyclodecanediol + Acetone = C13H24O2 + Water

By formula: C10H20O2 + C3H6O = C13H24O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-4.6kJ/molEqkAnteunis and Rommelaere, 1970liquid phase; ALS

C6H11NO3 + Water = Acetamide, N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- + Acetic acid

By formula: C6H11NO3 + H2O = C4H9NO2 + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.2 ± 0.3kJ/molCmWadso, 1962liquid phase; ALS

1-Dodecanesulfonyl chloride + Water = C12H26O3S + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C12H25ClO2S + H2O = C12H26O3S + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1. ± 8.4kJ/molCmRoth and Rist-Schumacher, 1944solid phase; ALS

H2CaO2 + 2Ethane, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloro- = CaCl2 + 2Water + 2Trichloroethylene

By formula: H2CaO2 + 2C2H2Cl4 = CaCl2 + 2H2O + 2C2HCl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-150.kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase; ALS

CH2NO5- + Water + Formic acid = CH4NO6-

By formula: CH2NO5- + H2O + CH2O2 = CH4NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C3H4O5- + Water + Acetic acid = C3H6O6-

By formula: C3H4O5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C3H6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C2H4NO5- + Water + Acetic acid = C2H6NO6-

By formula: C2H4NO5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C2H6NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Ethanethioic acid, S-[2-(acetylamino)ethyl] ester + Water = Acetamide, N-(β-mercaptoethyl)- + Acetic acid

By formula: C6H11NO2S + H2O = C4H9NOS + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.3 ± 0.3kJ/molCmWadso, 1962liquid phase; ALS

Dodecane + Sulfuric Acid = C12H26O3S + Water

By formula: C12H26 + H2O4S = C12H26O3S + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar290. ± 17.kJ/molCmRoth and Rist-Schumacher, 1944liquid phase; ALS

Acetamide, N-butyl- + Water = 1-Butanamine + Acetic acid

By formula: C6H13NO + H2O = C4H11N + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.2 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1962, 2liquid phase; ALS

Scandium ion (1+) + Water = (Scandium ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Sc+ + H2O = (Sc+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130. ± 10.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989gas phase; M

Zinc ion (1+) + Water = (Zinc ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Zn+ + H2O = (Zn+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar160. ± 10.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989gas phase; M

Acetic acid, trifluoro-, anhydride + Water = 2Trifluoroacetic acid

By formula: C4F6O3 + H2O = 2C2HF3O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-75.35 ± 0.04kJ/molCmWiberg and Wasserman, 1981liquid phase; ALS

1,3-Propanediol, 2-(hydroxymethyl)- + Nitric acid = Ethanol, 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-, 1-nitrate + Water

By formula: C4H10O3 + HNO3 = C4H9NO5 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-11.3kJ/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

meso-2,3-Butanediol + Acetone = 1,3-Dioxolane, 2,2,4,5-tetramethyl-, cis- + Water

By formula: C4H10O2 + C3H6O = C7H14O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-17.kJ/molEqkAnteunis and Rommelaere, 1970liquid phase; ALS

2Acetic acid = Acetic anhydride + Water

By formula: 2C2H4O2 = C4H6O3 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.7 ± 1.2kJ/molEqkKnopp, Linnell, et al., 1962liquid phase; ALS

Dodecanoyl chloride + Water = Dodecanoic acid + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C12H23ClO + H2O = C12H24O2 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-71. ± 3.kJ/molCmRoth and Rist-Schumacher, 1944solid phase; ALS

2Dimethylamine + Formaldehyde = Methanediamine, N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl- + Water

By formula: 2C2H7N + CH2O = C5H14N2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-191. ± 3.kJ/molCmRogers and Rapiejko, 1974gas phase; ALS

C5H15Ta (l) + 2.5Water (l) = 0.5O5Ta2 (cr) + 5Methane (g)

By formula: C5H15Ta (l) + 2.5H2O (l) = 0.5O5Ta2 (cr) + 5CH4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-853. ± 26.kJ/molRSCAdedeji, Connor J.A., et al., 1976MS

CAS Reg. No. 13479-16-8 + 3Water = C9H20O7-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 13479-16-8 + 3H2O = C9H20O7-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 14124-68-6 + 6Water = H12O10Se-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 14124-68-6 + 6H2O = H12O10Se-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 14383-50-7 + 5Water = H10O8S2-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 14383-50-7 + 5H2O = H10O8S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 14781-81-8 + 3Water = H6O9S2-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 14781-81-8 + 3H2O = H6O9S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

Sulfate + 6Water = H12O10S-2

By formula: O4S-2 + 6H2O = H12O10S-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 15092-81-6 + 2Water = H4O10S2-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 15092-81-6 + 2H2O = H4O10S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 45130-36-7 + 3Water = C10H22O7-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 45130-36-7 + 3H2O = C10H22O7-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.0 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 56383-76-7 + 2Water = C2H8O8S2-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 56383-76-7 + 2H2O = C2H8O8S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.4 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

1,2-Propanediol, 2-methyl- + Acetone = 1,3-Dioxolane, 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl- + Water

By formula: C4H10O2 + C3H6O = C7H14O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.kJ/molEqkAnteunis and Rommelaere, 1970liquid phase; ALS

9-Hydroxynonanoic acid = Nonalactone + Water

By formula: C9H18O3 = C9H16O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0 ± 1.2kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991solid phase; ALS

11-hydroxyundecanoic acid = Oxacyclododecan-2-one + Water

By formula: C11H22O3 = C11H20O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.91 ± 0.63kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991solid phase; ALS

13-Hydroxytridecanoic acid = Oxacyclotetradecan-2-one + Water

By formula: C13H26O3 = C13H24O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.0 ± 0.4kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991solid phase; ALS

H2O2- + 2Water = H4O3-

By formula: H2O2- + 2H2O = H4O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.0 ± 7.5kJ/molLPESClements, Luong, et al., 2001gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 13479-42-0 + Water = C4H7O5-

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 13479-42-0 + H2O = C4H7O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 15536-54-6 + Water = H2O7S4-2

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 15536-54-6 + H2O = H2O7S4-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

CAS Reg. No. 17234-12-7 + Water = C8H7O5-

By formula: CAS Reg. No. 17234-12-7 + H2O = C8H7O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Guthrie and Cullimore, 1980
Guthrie, J.P.; Cullimore, P.A., Effect of the acyl substituent on the equilibrium constant for hydration of esters, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 1281-1294. [all data]

Hine and Arata, 1976
Hine, J.; Arata, K., Keto-Enol tautomerism. II. The calorimetrical determination of the equilibrium constants for keto-enol tautomerism for cyclohexanone, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1976, 49, 3089-3092. [all data]

Baldwin, Lappert, et al., 1972
Baldwin, J.C.; Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Poland, J.S., J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1972, 1943.. [all data]

Viidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000
Viidanoja, J.; Reiner, T.; Kiendler, A.; Grimm, F.; Arnold, F., Laboratory investigations of negative ion molecule reactions of propionic, butyric, glyoxylic, pyruvic, and pinonic acids, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 194, 1, 53-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00172-4 . [all data]

Wiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994
Wiberg, K.B.; Morgan, K.M.; Maltz, H., Thermochemistry of carbonyl reactions. 6. A study of hydration equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 11067-11077. [all data]

Kirkbride, 1956
Kirkbride, F.W., The heats of chlorination of some hydrocarbons and their chloro-derivatives, J. Appl. Chem., 1956, 6, 11-21. [all data]

Kazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989
Kazakov, A.I.; Lagodzinskaya, E.P.; Kirpichev, E.P.; Andrienko, L.P.; Yunda, N.G.; Korolev, A.M.; Robtsov, Yu.I.; Manelis, G.V.; Eremenko, L.T., Thermodynamics of nitration of glycerol, Dokl. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 305, 287-291. [all data]

Anteunis and Rommelaere, 1970
Anteunis, M.; Rommelaere, Y., NMR experiments on acetals. XXIX. The ease of acetonide formation of some glycols, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1970, 79, 523-530. [all data]

Wadso, 1962
Wadso, I., Heats of hydrolysis of acetates and thiolacetates in aqueous solution, Acta Chem. Scand., 1962, 16, 487-494. [all data]

Roth and Rist-Schumacher, 1944
Roth, W.A.; Rist-Schumacher, E., Beitrag zur thermochemie der sulfonsauren und saurechlorid, Z. Electrochem., 1944, 50, 7-9. [all data]

Wadso, 1962, 2
Wadso, I., Heats of aminolysis and hydrolysis of some N-acetyl compounds and of acetic anhydride, Acta Chem. Scand., 1962, 16, 471-478. [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1989
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., Gas -Phase Water and Hydroxyl Binding Energies for Monopoisitive First - Row Transition - Metal Ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a051 . [all data]

Wiberg and Wasserman, 1981
Wiberg, K.B.; Wasserman, D.J., Enthalpies of hydration of alkenes. 1. The n-hexenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 6563-6566. [all data]

Tsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986
Tsvetkov, V.G.; Sopin, V.P.; Tsvetkova, L.Ya.; Marchenko, G.N., Enthalpy of reaction of nitric acid with some organic compounds, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1986, 56, 471-474. [all data]

Knopp, Linnell, et al., 1962
Knopp, J.A.; Linnell, W.S.; Child, W.C., Jr., The thermodynamics of the thermal decomposition of acetic acid in the liquid phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 1513-1516. [all data]

Rogers and Rapiejko, 1974
Rogers, F.E.; Rapiejko, R.J., Thermochemistry of carbonyl addition reactions. II. Enthalpy of addition of dimethylamine to formaldehyde, J. Phys. Chem., 1974, 78, 599-603. [all data]

Adedeji, Connor J.A., et al., 1976
Adedeji, F.A.; Connor J.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Galyer, L.; Wilkinson, G., J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1976, 159.. [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1995
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Free Energies of Hydration in the Gas Phase on the Anions of Some Oxo Acids of C, N, S, P, Cl and I, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 42, 10563, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00147a019 . [all data]

Wiberg and Waldron, 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Waldron, R.F., Lactones. 2. Enthalpies of hydrolysis, reduction, and formation of the C4-C13 monocyclic lactones. strain energies and conformations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 7697-7705. [all data]

Clements, Luong, et al., 2001
Clements, T.G.; Luong, A.K.; Deyerl, H.J.; Continetti, R.E., Dissociative photodetachment studies of O-(H2O)(2), OH- (H2O)(2), and the deuterated isotopomers: Energetics and three- body dissociation dynamics, J. Chem. Phys., 2001, 114, 19, 8436-8444, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1366332 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References