Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Water

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 301 to 350

(Hydronium cation bullet 13Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 14Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 13H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 14H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.35kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar166.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 14Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 15Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 14H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 15H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.85kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.9J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 15Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 16Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 15H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 16H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.27kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar25.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 16Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 17Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 16H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 17H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.02kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar173.1J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 17Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 18Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 17H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 18H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.98kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar26.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar170.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 18Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 19Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 18H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 19H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.60kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar29.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar171.5J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 19Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 20Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 19H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 20H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.10kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar38.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar165.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 20Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 21Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 20H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 21H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.64kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar31.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar156.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 21Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 22Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 21H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 22H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.18kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar25.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar165.1J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 22Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 23Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 22H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 23H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.72kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar27.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar162.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 23Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 24Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 23H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 24H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.01kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar156.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 24Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 25Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 24H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 25H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.09kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar30.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar151.3J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Hydrogen chloride) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Water bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O bullet HCl) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 2H2O bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in 86 KEE/CAS; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in 86 KEE/CAS; M

Propane, 1,1,1-trimethoxy- + Water = Methyl propionate + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C6H14O3 + H2O = C4H8O2 + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-26.12 ± 0.067kJ/molCmWiberg, Martin, et al., 1985liquid phase; solvent: Aqueous dioxane; ALS
Deltar-51.76 ± 0.54kJ/molEqkGuthrie and Cullimore, 1980liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-26.28 ± 0.071kJ/molCmWiberg, 1980liquid phase; solvent: Water; Hydrolysis; ALS

(C2H7O+ bullet Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ bullet Water bullet Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ bullet C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ bullet H2O bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar162.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 10Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 11Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 11H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.9kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.6J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 11Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 12Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 12H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.1kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar29.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 25Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 26Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 25H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 26H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.7kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar26.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar137.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 26Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 27Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 26H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 27H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.4kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar34.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar129.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 9Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 10Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 10H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.2kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar107.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(Hydronium cation bullet 8Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 9Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 8H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 9H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.7kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar24.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.6J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ bullet 2Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ bullet 3Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ bullet Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
27.293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet 2Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet 2H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 2C6H6 bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.6kJ/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar141.J/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

C10H26N2+2 + Water = (C10H26N2+2 bullet Water)

By formula: C10H26N2+2 + H2O = (C10H26N2+2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.3kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.4J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C6H18N2+2 + Water = (C6H18N2+2 bullet Water)

By formula: C6H18N2+2 + H2O = (C6H18N2+2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.9J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C7H22+2 + Water = (C7H22+2 bullet Water)

By formula: C7H22+2 + H2O = (C7H22+2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.6J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C8H22N2+2 + Water = (C8H22N2+2 bullet Water)

By formula: C8H22N2+2 + H2O = (C8H22N2+2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.7kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.0J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C9H24N2+2 + Water = (C9H24N2+2 bullet Water)

By formula: C9H24N2+2 + H2O = (C9H24N2+2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.0kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C12H30N2 + Water = (C12H30N2 bullet Water)

By formula: C12H30N2 + H2O = (C12H30N2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.1J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

C2H8N+ + Water = (C2H8N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C2H8N+ + H2O = (C2H8N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kJ/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

C6H16N+ + Water = (C6H16N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C6H16N+ + H2O = (C6H16N+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.6kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.4J/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

(NH4+ bullet 5Water) + Water = (NH4+ bullet 6Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (H4N+ bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.266.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(NH4+ bullet 6Water) + Water = (NH4+ bullet 7Water)

By formula: (H4N+ bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (H4N+ bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.254.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O) + O2S = (Cl- bullet O2S bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.5J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.1296.HPMSFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- H2O)H2O; M

3Water (g) + Aluminum, triethyl- (l) = AlH3O3 (amorphous) + 3Ethane (g)

By formula: 3H2O (g) + C6H15Al (l) = AlH3O3 (amorphous) + 3C2H6 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-647.3 ± 6.3kJ/molRSCFowell, 1961Please also see Cox and Pilcher, 1970. Liquid triethylaluminum contains a very small molar fraction of monomer at 298 K, ca. 0.1% Smith, 1967, so that the "real" liquid should be described as [Al(Et)3]2.; MS

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet 2Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet 2C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar57.3kJ/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 2H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 2H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(CH3O3S- bullet 2Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- bullet 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.7 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(Hydronium cation bullet 7Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 8Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 7H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 8H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.9kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar21.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; M

(CF3O3S- bullet Water) + Water = (CF3O3S- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (CF3O3S- bullet H2O) + H2O = (CF3O3S- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CH3O3S- bullet Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- bullet H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Carbon dioxide) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet H2O bullet CO2) + H2O = (Na+ bullet 2H2O bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8kJ/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.7J/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.7kJ/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ C6H6)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar125.J/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ C6H6)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

C4H5S+ + Water = (C4H5S+ bullet Water)

By formula: C4H5S+ + H2O = (C4H5S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.8kJ/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar42.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2J/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar83.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C8H12O4-2 + Water = (C8H12O4-2 bullet Water)

By formula: C8H12O4-2 + H2O = (C8H12O4-2 bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 18.kJ/molN/ADing, Wang, et al., 1998gas phase; Affinity is EA difference from next lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kJ/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(ClO3- bullet Water) + Water = (ClO3- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (ClO3- bullet H2O) + H2O = (ClO3- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C3H2NO2- bullet Water) + Water = (C3H2NO2- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C3H2NO2- bullet H2O) + H2O = (C3H2NO2- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.0 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C2HCl2O2- bullet Water) + Water = (C2HCl2O2- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C2HCl2O2- bullet H2O) + H2O = (C2HCl2O2- bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.8 ± 6.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. «DELTA»Saff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CN- bullet Water bullet Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- bullet 2Water bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- bullet H2O bullet CHN) + H2O = (CN- bullet 2H2O bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

C39H68O3P2W (solution) + Water (solution) = C39H68O4P2W (solution) + Hydrogen (g)

By formula: C39H68O3P2W (solution) + H2O (solution) = C39H68O4P2W (solution) + H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-11.7 ± 0.4kJ/molEqSKubas, Burns, et al., 1992solvent: Tetrahydrofuran; Temperature range: 203-298 K; MS

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shi, Ford, et al., 1993
Shi, Z.; Ford, V.; Wei, S.; Castleman, A.W., Water Clusters - Contributions of Binding Energy and Entropy to Stability, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 99, 10, 8009, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465678 . [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1991
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., The First Twenty - Eight Proton Hydration Energies, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1991, 182, 3-4, 363, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(91)80230-U . [all data]

Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
Upschulte, B.L.; Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Unpublished results, referred to in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Wiberg, Martin, et al., 1985
Wiberg, K.B.; Martin, E.J.; Squires, R.R., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 3. Enthalpies of hydrolysis of ortho esters, J. Org. Chem., 1985, 50, 4717-4720. [all data]

Guthrie and Cullimore, 1980
Guthrie, J.P.; Cullimore, P.A., Effect of the acyl substituent on the equilibrium constant for hydration of esters, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 1281-1294. [all data]

Wiberg, 1980
Wiberg, K.B., Energies of organic compounds, Rept. DOE-E(11-1)4060 Prepared for US Dept. of Energy by Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Avail. NTIS, 1980, 1-24. [all data]

Hiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974
Hiraoka, K.; Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of the Hydrogen Ion in Water - Dimethyl Ether and Methanol - Dimethyl Ether Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 11, 3359, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00818a004 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1984
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 2. Hydration of Onium Ions by 1 - 7 H2O Molecules. Relations Between Monomolecular, Specific and Bulk Hydration, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 5, 1265, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00317a016 . [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1995
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Free Energies of Hydration in the Gas Phase on the Anions of Some Oxo Acids of C, N, S, P, Cl and I, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 42, 10563, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00147a019 . [all data]

Sunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981
Sunner, J.; Nishizawa, K.; Kebarle, P., Ion - Solvent Molecule Interactions in the Gas Phase. Potassium Ion and Benzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 13, 1814, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150613a011 . [all data]

Searles and Kebarle, 1969
Searles, S.K.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Potassium Ion in the Gas Phase: Enthalpies and Entropies of Hydration Reactions K+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = K+(H2O)n for n=1 to n=6, Can. J. Chem., 1969, 47, 14, 2619, https://doi.org/10.1139/v69-432 . [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1996
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Determination of Ion-Solvent Equilibria in the Gas Phase. Hydration of Diprotonated Diamines and Bis(trimethylammonium) Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 49, 12437, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja962641t . [all data]

Banic and Iribarne, 1985
Banic, C.M.; Iribarne, J.V., Equilibrium Constants for Clustering of Neutral Molecules about Gaseous Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 12, 6432, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.449543 . [all data]

Upschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984
Upschulte, B.L.; Schelling, F.J.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas Phase Mixed Clusters: Water and Sulfur Dioxide with Na+ and Cl-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 111, 4-5, 389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(84)85526-8 . [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Fowell, 1961
Fowell, P.A., Ph. D. Thesis, University of Manchester, 1961. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Smith, 1967
Smith, M.B., J. Phys. Chem., 1967, 71, 364. [all data]

Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984
Peterson, K.I.; Mark, T.D.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas - Phase Mixed Clusters: H2O/CO2 with Na+, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 13, 2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150657a042 . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]

Nicol, Sunner, et al., 1988
Nicol, G.; Sunner, J.; Kebarle, P., Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Protonation Reactions: H3O+(H2O)h + B = BH+(H2O)b + (h - b +1)H2O, where B is a Nitrogen, Oxygen or Carbon Base, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1988, 84, 1-2, 135, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(88)83032-5 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Yamabe, S., Stabilities and Structures in Cluster Ions of Five-Membered Heterocyclic Compounds Containing O, N and S Atoms, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1987, 109, 24, 7346, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00258a018 . [all data]

Ding, Wang, et al., 1998
Ding, C.F.; Wang, X.B.; Wang, L.S., Photoelectron spectroscopy of doubly charged anions: Intramolecular Coulomb repulsion and solvent stabilization, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1998, 102, 45, 8633-8636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp982698x . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner) M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions. 2. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 9, 3663, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100346a058 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions.3. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 6580. [all data]

Kubas, Burns, et al., 1992
Kubas, G.J.; Burns, C.J.; Khalsa, G.R.K.; van der Sluys, L.S.; Kiss, G.; Hoff, C.D., Organometallics, 1992, 11, 3390. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References