Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our computing facility, this site will not be available from 4:00 pm EST (1:00 pm PST, 21:00 UTC) to 4:30 pm EST (1:30 pm PST, 21:30 UTC) on Friday Febrary 28 (today). We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to Ce+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)5.5387 ± 0.0004eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.570 ± 0.020LPESFelton, Ray, et al., 2014B
0.628 ± 0.010N/AWalter, Gibson, et al., 2011B
0.650 ± 0.030N/AWalter, Gibson, et al., 2007B
0.66 ± 0.10LPESDavis and Thompson, 2002As reinterpreted by O'Malley and Beck, 2006: true 0->0 threshold too weak to observe; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
5.5387EVALLide, 1992LL
5.5387 ± 0.0004LSWorden, Solarz, et al., 1978LLK
5.5387 ± 0.0004SMartin, Zalubas, et al., 1978LLK
5.537 ± 0.0004PIPaisner, Solarz, et al., 1977LLK
5.5387 ± 0.0004LSPaisner, Solarz, et al., 1977LLK
5.4 ± 0.1EIAckermann, Rauh, et al., 1976LLK
6.0 ± 0.5EIPiacente, Bardi, et al., 1973LLK
5.6 ± 0.5EIGuido and Gigli, 1973LLK
5.9 ± 0.6EIGingerich, Pupp, et al., 1972LLK
5.7 ± 0.3EICocke and Gingerich, 1972LLK
5.9 ± 0.4EIGingerich, 1971LLK
6.0 ± 0.5EIGingerich and Pupp, 1971LLK
5.47 ± 0.02SMoore, 1970RDSH
5.54 ± 0.06SIHertel, 1968RDSH
5.60 ± 0.05SIIonov and Mittsev, 1961RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Felton, Ray, et al., 2014
Felton, J.; Ray, M.; Jarrold, C.C., Measurement of the electron affinity of atomic Ce, Phys. Rev. A, 2014, 89, 3, 033407, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.89.033407 . [all data]

Walter, Gibson, et al., 2011
Walter, C.W.; Gibson, N.D.; Li, Y.G.; Matyas, D.J.; Alton, R.M.; Lou, S.E.; Field, R.L.; Hanstorp, D.; Pan, L.; Beck, D.R., Experimental and theoretical study of bound and quasibound states of Ce-, Phys. Rev. A, 2011, 84, 3, 032514, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.84.032514 . [all data]

Walter, Gibson, et al., 2007
Walter, C.W.; Gibson, N.D.; Janczak, C.M.; Starr, K.A.; Snedden, A.P.; Field, R.L.; Andersson, P., Infrared photodetachment of Ce-: Threshold spectroscopy and resonance structure, Phys. Rev. A, 2007, 76, 5, 052702, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.76.052702 . [all data]

Davis and Thompson, 2002
Davis, V.T.; Thompson, J.S., Measurement of the electron affinity of cerium, Phys. Rev. Lett., 2002, 88, 7, no.-073, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.073003 . [all data]

O'Malley and Beck, 2006
O'Malley, S.M.; Beck, D.R., Calculation of Ce- binding energies by analysis of photodetachment partial cross sections, Phys. Rev. A, 2006, 74, 4, 042509, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.74.042509 . [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Worden, Solarz, et al., 1978
Worden, E.F.; Solarz, R.W.; Paisner, J.A.; Conway, J.G., First ionization potentials of lanthanides by laser spectroscopy, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1978, 68, 52. [all data]

Martin, Zalubas, et al., 1978
Martin, W.C.; Zalubas, R.; Hagan, L., Atomic energy levels - the rare earth elements, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser. (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1978, 60. [all data]

Paisner, Solarz, et al., 1977
Paisner, J.A.; Solarz, R.W.; Worden, E.F.; Conway, J.G., IV. Highly excited states, ionization, and high intensity interactions Identification of Rydberg state in the atomic lanthanides and actinides, Springer Ser. Opt. Sci., 1977, 7, 160. [all data]

Ackermann, Rauh, et al., 1976
Ackermann, R.J.; Rauh, E.G.; Thorn, R.J., The thermodynamics of ionization of gaseous oxides; the first ionization potentials of the lanthanide metals and monoxides, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 1027. [all data]

Piacente, Bardi, et al., 1973
Piacente, V.; Bardi, G.; Malaspina, L.; Desideri, A., Dissociation energy of CeO2 and Ce2O2 molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 31. [all data]

Guido and Gigli, 1973
Guido, M.; Gigli, G., Mass spectrometric study of the CeSiC molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 3437. [all data]

Gingerich, Pupp, et al., 1972
Gingerich, K.A.; Pupp, C.; Campbell, B.E., Mass spectrometric determination of the heats of atomization of the molecules Ce2S, CeS2, Ce2S2, Ce2S3, High Temp. Sci., 1972, 4, 236. [all data]

Cocke and Gingerich, 1972
Cocke, D.L.; Gingerich, K.A., Mass spectrometric determination of the bond dissociation energies of the molecules CePd and CeC2, J. Phys. Chem., 1972, 76, 2332. [all data]

Gingerich, 1971
Gingerich, K.A., Gaseous metal borides. III. The dissociation energy and heat of formation of gold monoboride, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 2646. [all data]

Gingerich and Pupp, 1971
Gingerich, K.A.; Pupp, C., Mass spectrometric determination of the heats of formation atomization of gaseous AuBO, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 3713. [all data]

Moore, 1970
Moore, C.E., Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analyses of optical spectra, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1970, 34, 1. [all data]

Hertel, 1968
Hertel, G.R., Surface ionization. III. The first ionization potentials of the lanthanides, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 48, 2053. [all data]

Ionov and Mittsev, 1961
Ionov, N.I.; Mittsev, M.A., Atomic first ionization potentials determined by the method of surface ionization, Zh. Eksperim. i Teor. Fiz. 1961,40,741 (Engl. Transl.: Soviet Phys. JETP, 1961, 13, 518). [all data]


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References