Ethyl radical

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to C2H5+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)616.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity583.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
-0.263 ± 0.089D-EADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989B
0.954012SIPage, 1972The Magnetron method, lacking mass analysis, is not considered reliable.; B
0.888965SIPage and Goode, 1969The Magnetron method, lacking mass analysis, is not considered reliable.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.117 ± 0.008PIRuscic, Berkowitz, et al., 1989LL
8.13DERLias, Bartmess, et al., 1988LL
≤8.26 ± 0.02PEDyke, Ellis, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8.32 ± 0.04PEDyke, Jonathan, et al., 1982LBLHLM
8.39 ± 0.02PEHoule and Beauchamp, 1979LLK
8.30 ± 0.02PEHoule and Beauchamp, 1977LLK
8.38 ± 0.05EILossing and Semeluk, 1970RDSH
8.34 ± 0.05EIWilliams and Hamill, 1968RDSH
≤8.4PIElder, Giese, et al., 1962RDSH
8.51 ± 0.01PEDyke, Ellis, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.53 ± 0.02PEDyke, Jonathan, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, . [all data]

DePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989
DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968, . [all data]

Page, 1972
Page, F.M., Experimental determination of the electron affinities of inorganic radicals, Adv. Chem. Ser., 1972, 36, 68. [all data]

Page and Goode, 1969
Page, F.M.; Goode, G.C., Negative Ions and the Magnetron., Wiley, NY, 1969. [all data]

Ruscic, Berkowitz, et al., 1989
Ruscic, B.; Berkowitz, J.; Curtiss, L.A., The ethyl radical: Photoionization and theoretical studies, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 91, 114. [all data]

Lias, Bartmess, et al., 1988
Lias, S.G.; Bartmess, J.E.; Liebman, J.F.; Holmes, J.L.; Levin, R.D.; Mallard, W.G., Gas-phase ion and neutral thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Suppl. 1, 1988, 17, 1-861. [all data]

Dyke, Ellis, et al., 1984
Dyke, J.M.; Ellis, A.R.; Keddar, N.; Morris, A., A reinvestigation of the first band in the photoelectron spectrum of the ethyl radical, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 2565. [all data]

Dyke, Jonathan, et al., 1982
Dyke, J.M.; Jonathan, N.; Morris, A., Recent progress in the study of transient species with vacuum ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem., 1982, 2, 3. [all data]

Houle and Beauchamp, 1979
Houle, F.A.; Beauchamp, J.L., Photoelectron spectroscopy of methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, and tert-butyl radicals. Implications for the thermochemistry and structures of the radicals and their corresponding carbonium ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 4067. [all data]

Houle and Beauchamp, 1977
Houle, F.A.; Beauchamp, J.L., The first ionization potential of ethyl radical by photoelectron spectroscopy, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1977, 48, 457. [all data]

Lossing and Semeluk, 1970
Lossing, F.P.; Semeluk, G.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XLII.Ionization potentials and ionic heats of formation for C1-C4 alkyl radicals, Can. J. Chem., 1970, 48, 955. [all data]

Williams and Hamill, 1968
Williams, J.M.; Hamill, W.H., Ionization potentials of molecules and free radicals and appearance potentials by electron impact in the mass spectrometer, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 4467. [all data]

Elder, Giese, et al., 1962
Elder, F.A.; Giese, C.; Steiner, B.; Inghram, M., Photo-ionization of alkyl free radicals, J. Chem. Phys., 1962, 36, 3292. [all data]


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