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Benzene, 1-methyl-3-nitro-

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C7H7NO2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.5 ± 0.1eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.99 ± 0.10IMREChowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -22.1 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea (estimated) = -1.7 eu.; B
0.984 ± 0.048IMREFukuda and McIver, 1985«DELTA»Gea(355 K) = -22.1 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea =-1.7, est. from data in Chowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986; B
0.970 ± 0.030ECDChen, Chen, et al., 1992B
0.927993IMRBHan and Brauman, 1988B
<1.180 ± 0.050PDMock and Grimsrud, 1989B
0.80 ± 0.10ECDZlatkis, Lee, et al., 1983B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.5 ± 0.1PIPECOBaer, Morrow, et al., 1988LL
9.50PEPalmer, Moyes, et al., 1979LLK
9.5 ± 0.1EIBrown, 1970RDSH
9.65 ± 0.05EIPignataro, Foffani, et al., 1966RDSH
9.48PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1974Vertical value; LLK
9.49 ± 0.015PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+15.2 ± 0.2C2H2+NO2EITajima and Tsuchiya, 1973LLK
C7H7+11.01NO2PIPECOBaer, Morrow, et al., 1988T = 0K; LL
C7H7+11.08NO2PIPECOBaer, Morrow, et al., 1988T = 298K; LL
C7H7+12.1 ± 0.3NO2EIMcLafferty and Winkler, 1974LLK
C7H7+11.6 ± 0.1NO2EIBrown, 1970RDSH
C7H7O+10. ± 0.1NOEIBrown, 1970RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C7H6NO2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1-methyl-3-nitro-

By formula: C7H6NO2- + H+ = C7H7NO2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1518. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSCaldwell and Bartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1488. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell and Bartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Heinis, T.; Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Entropy Changes and Electron Affinities from Gas-Phase Electron Transfer Equilibria: A- + B = A + B-, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 12, 2747, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100403a037 . [all data]

Fukuda and McIver, 1985
Fukuda, E.K.; McIver, R.T., Jr., Relative electron affinities of substituted benzophenones, nitrobenzenes, and quinones. [Anchored to EA(SO2) from 74CEL/BEN], J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2291. [all data]

Chen, Chen, et al., 1992
Chen, E.C.M.; Chen, E.S.; Milligan, M.S.; Wentworth, W.E.; Wiley, J.R., Experimental Determination of the Electron Affinities of Nitrobenzene, Nitrotoluenes, Pentafluoronitrobenzene, and Isotopic Nitrobenzenes an, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 5, 2385, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100184a069 . [all data]

Han and Brauman, 1988
Han, C.-C.; Brauman, J.I., Electron Transfer Competes with Proton Transfer in Gas-phase Acid-base Reactions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 4048, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a059 . [all data]

Mock and Grimsrud, 1989
Mock, R.S.; Grimsrud, E.P., Gas-Phase Electron Photodetachment Spectroscopy of the Molecular Anions of Nitroaromatic Hydrocarbons at Atmospheric Pressure, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 8, 2861, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00190a020 . [all data]

Zlatkis, Lee, et al., 1983
Zlatkis, A.; Lee, C.K.; Wentworth, W.E.; Chen, E.C.M., Constant current linearization for determination of electron capture mechanisms, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 1596. [all data]

Baer, Morrow, et al., 1988
Baer, T.; Morrow, J.C.; Shao, J.D.; Olesik, S., Gas-phase heats of formation of C7H7+ isomers: m-Tolyl, p-tolyl, and benzyl ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 5633. [all data]

Palmer, Moyes, et al., 1979
Palmer, M.H.; Moyes, W.; Spiers, M.; Ridyard, J.N.A., The electronic structure of substituted benzenes; ab initio calculations and photoelectron spectra for nitrobenzene, the nitrotoluenes, dinitrobenzenes and fluoronitrobenzenes, J. Mol. Struct., 1979, 55, 243. [all data]

Brown, 1970
Brown, P., Kinetic studies in mass spectrometry. IX. Competing [M-NO2] and [M-NO] reactions in substituted nitrobenzenes. Approximate activation energies from ionization and appearance potentials, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1970, 4, 533. [all data]

Pignataro, Foffani, et al., 1966
Pignataro, S.; Foffani, A.; Innorta, G.; Distefano, G., Molecular structural effects on the ionization potentials for metasubstituted aromatic compounds and for compounds of the type X-CH2-R, Z. Physik. Chem. (Frankfurt), 1966, 49, 291. [all data]

Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1974
Kobayashi, T.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of substituted benzenes, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1974, 47, 2563. [all data]

Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1972
Kobayashi, T.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of nitro-compounds, Chem. Lett., 1972, 903. [all data]

Tajima and Tsuchiya, 1973
Tajima, S.; Tsuchiya, T., Energetics consideration of C5H5+ ions produced from various precursors by electron impact, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1973, 46, 3291. [all data]

McLafferty and Winkler, 1974
McLafferty, F.W.; Winkler, J., Gaseous tropylium, benzyl, tolyl, and norbornadienyl cations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 5182. [all data]

Caldwell and Bartmess
Caldwell, G.; Bartmess, J.E., , Unpublished results. [all data]


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