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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to F2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)15.697 ± 0.003eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)79.3kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity73.02kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
3.005 ± 0.071R-AWenthold and Squires, 1995EA fixed at 0K value, not 298K of heat of formation; B
3.120 ± 0.070CIDCArtau, Nizzi, et al., 2000B
3.07998ECDAyala, Wentworth, et al., 1981Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.24 eV; B
2.94 ± 0.20EIAEHarland and Franklin, 1974From NF3; B
2.90 ± 0.22EIAEDeCorpo and Franklin, 1971From BF3; B
3.16558EIAEWang and Franklin, 1980From SO2F2; B
>2.80 ± 0.30EIAEThynne, 1972From CF2O; B
3.08 ± 0.10EndoChupka, Berkowitz, et al., 1971B
>2.99997EIAEReese, Dibeter, et al., 1958From SO2F2; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
15.697 ± 0.003PEVan Lonkhuyzen and De Lange, 1984LBLHLM
15.70PEBieri, Schmelzer, et al., 1980LLK
15.694TEGuyon, Spohr, et al., 1976LLK
15.70 ± 0.02SGole and Margrave, 1972LLK
15.70 ± 0.01PEPotts and Price, 1971LLK
15.70PECornford, Frost, et al., 1971LLK
15.74PECornford, Frost, et al., 1971LLK
15.686 ± 0.006PIBerkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971LLK
15.70PEAnderson, Mamantov, et al., 1971LLK
15.69 ± 0.01PIDibeler, Walker, et al., 1969RDSH
15.7SIczkowski and Margrave, 1959RDSH
15.70PEDyke, Josland, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
F+15.2F-EIVeljkovic, Neskovic, et al., 1992LL
F+19.008FPIBerkowitz and Wahl, 1973LLK
F+15.6F-PIBerkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971LLK
F+19.008FPIBerkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971, 2LLK
F+15.48F-PIDibeler, Walker, et al., 1969RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Wenthold and Squires, 1995
Wenthold, P.G.; Squires, R.R., Bond dissociation energies of F2(-) and HF2(-). A gas-phase experimental and G2 theoretical study, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 7, 2002, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100007a034 . [all data]

Artau, Nizzi, et al., 2000
Artau, A.; Nizzi, K.E.; Hill, B.T.; Sunderlin, L.S.; Wenthold, P.G., Bond dissociation energy in trifluoride ion, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2000, 122, 43, 10667-10670, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja001613e . [all data]

Ayala, Wentworth, et al., 1981
Ayala, J.A.; Wentworth, W.E.; Chen, E.C.M., Electron attachment to halogens, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 768. [all data]

Harland and Franklin, 1974
Harland, P.W.; Franklin, J.L., Partitioning of excess energy in dissociative resonance capture processes, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1621. [all data]

DeCorpo and Franklin, 1971
DeCorpo, J.J.; Franklin, J.L., Electron affinities of the halogen molecules by dissociative electron attachment, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 1885. [all data]

Wang and Franklin, 1980
Wang, J.-S.; Franklin, J.L., Reactions and energy distributions in dissociative electron capture processes in sulfuryl halides, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1980, 36, 233. [all data]

Thynne, 1972
Thynne, J.C.J., Negative Ion Studies with a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer., Dyn. Mass Spectrom., 1972, 3, 67. [all data]

Chupka, Berkowitz, et al., 1971
Chupka, W.A.; Berkowitz, J.; Gutman, D., Electron Affinities of Halogen Diatomic Molecules as Determined by Endoergic Charge Exchange, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 55, 6, 2724, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1676487 . [all data]

Reese, Dibeter, et al., 1958
Reese, R.M.; Dibeter, V.H.; Franklin, J.L., Electron impact studies of sulfur dioxide and sulfuryl fluoride, J. Chem. Phys., 1958, 29, 880. [all data]

Van Lonkhuyzen and De Lange, 1984
Van Lonkhuyzen, H.; De Lange, C.A., High-resolution UV photoelectron spectroscopy of diatomic halogens, Chem. Phys., 1984, 89, 313. [all data]

Bieri, Schmelzer, et al., 1980
Bieri, G.; Schmelzer, A.; Asbrink, L.; Jonsson, M., Fluorine and the fluoroderivatives of acetylene and diacetylene studied by 30.4 nm He(II) photoelectron spectroscopy, Chem. Phys., 1980, 49, 213. [all data]

Guyon, Spohr, et al., 1976
Guyon, P.-M.; Spohr, R.; Chupka, W.A.; Berkowitz, J., Threshold photoelectron spectra of HF, DF, F2, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 1650. [all data]

Gole and Margrave, 1972
Gole, J.L.; Margrave, J.L., The vacuum ultraviolet spectrum of molecular fluorine, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1972, 43, 65. [all data]

Potts and Price, 1971
Potts, A.W.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron spectra of the halogens and mixed halides ICI and lBr, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1971, 67, 1242. [all data]

Cornford, Frost, et al., 1971
Cornford, A.B.; Frost, D.C.; McDowell, C.A.; Ragle, J.L.; Stenhouse, I.A., Photoelectron spectra of the halogens, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 2651. [all data]

Berkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971
Berkowitz, J.; Chupka, W.A.; Guyon, P.M.; Holloway, J.H.; Spohr, R., Photoionization mass spectrometric study of F2, HF, and DF, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 5165. [all data]

Anderson, Mamantov, et al., 1971
Anderson, C.P.; Mamantov, G.; Bull, W.E.; Grimm, F.A.; Carver, J.C.; Carlson, T.A., Photoelectron spectrum of chlorine monofluoride, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1971, 12, 137. [all data]

Dibeler, Walker, et al., 1969
Dibeler, V.H.; Walker, J.A.; McCulloh, K.E., Dissociation energy of fluorine, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 50, 4592. [all data]

Iczkowski and Margrave, 1959
Iczkowski, R.P.; Margrave, J.L., Absorption spectrum of fluorine in the vacuum ultraviolet, J. Chem. Phys., 1959, 30, 403. [all data]

Dyke, Josland, et al., 1984
Dyke, J.M.; Josland, G.D.; Snijders, J.G.; Boerrigter, P.M., Ionization energies of the diatomic halogens and interhalogens studied with relativistic hartree-fock-slater calculations, Chem. Phys., 1984, 91, 419. [all data]

Veljkovic, Neskovic, et al., 1992
Veljkovic, M.V.; Neskovic, O.M.; Zmbov, K.F., Mass spectrometric study of the thermal decomposition of F2, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 1992, 57, 753. [all data]

Berkowitz and Wahl, 1973
Berkowitz, J.; Wahl, A.C., The dissociation energy of fluorine, Adv. Fluorine Chem., 1973, 7, 147. [all data]

Berkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971, 2
Berkowitz, J.; Chupka, W.A.; Guyon, P.M.; Holloway, J.; Spohr, R., Photo-ionization studies of F2, HF, DF, and the xenon fluorides, Advan. Mass Spectrom., 1971, 5, 112. [all data]


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