Water

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Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Silver ion (1+) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Ag+ + H2O = (Ag+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr33.3kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.4cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.4kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.3cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.0kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.6cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.9kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.5cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 4Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 5Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.7kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.3cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) • 5Water) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) • 6Water)

By formula: (Ag+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (Ag+ • 6H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.3kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.2cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Al+ + H2O = (Al+ • H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
24.9 (+3.6,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Al+ • H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 2H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.1 (+1.2,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Al+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.2 (+1.8,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

(Aluminum ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Aluminum ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Al+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Al+ • 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

ΔrH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.5 (+1.4,-0.) CIDDalleska, Tjelta, et al., 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID, Al+ (3s2); M

Bismuth ion (1+) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • Water)

By formula: Bi+ + H2O = (Bi+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.1cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 2Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.7kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 2Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 3Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.0kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 3Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 4Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.0kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.5cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 4Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 5Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.5kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.7cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

(Bismuth ion (1+) • 5Water) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) • 6Water)

By formula: (Bi+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (Bi+ • 6H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.7kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.6cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

Bromine anion + Water = (Bromine anion • Water)

By formula: Br- + H2O = (Br- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr11.70 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr12.60kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Δr12.7kcal/molHPMSCaldwell, Masucci, et al., 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr18.4cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Δr19.8cal/mol*KMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; FLAME SOURCE, 1600 K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.30 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr7.0 ± 2.8kcal/molTDAsBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; B
Δr7.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 2Water)

By formula: (Br- • H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr12.20kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr12.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr12.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr22.9cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr5.4 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr5.40kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr5.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 2Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 3Water)

By formula: (Br- • 2H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.40 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr6.90kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr11.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr11.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr24.8cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.7 ± 1.1kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr4.1 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Δr4.10kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr4.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 3Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 4Water)

By formula: (Br- • 3H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr6.2 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Δr10.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr26.8cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.10 ± 0.70kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr2.90kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Δr3.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

(Bromine anion • 4Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 5Water)

By formula: (Br- • 4H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr6.2 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr2.3 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • 5Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 6Water)

By formula: (Br- • 5H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.30 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr6.0 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.8 ± 2.1kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Bromine anion • 6Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 7Water)

By formula: (Br- • 6H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.00kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Δr2.5 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(Bromine anion • 7Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 8Water)

By formula: (Br- • 7H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 8H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.6 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 8Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 9Water)

By formula: (Br- • 8H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 9H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr0.7 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 9Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 10Water)

By formula: (Br- • 9H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 10H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.6 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 10Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 11Water)

By formula: (Br- • 10H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 11H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.6 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 11Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 12Water)

By formula: (Br- • 11H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 12H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr2.5 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 12Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 13Water)

By formula: (Br- • 12H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 13H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1.8 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 13Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 14Water)

By formula: (Br- • 13H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 14H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.2 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 14Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 15Water)

By formula: (Br- • 14H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 15H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr-0.5 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

(Bromine anion • 15Water) + Water = (Bromine anion • 16Water)

By formula: (Br- • 15H2O) + H2O = (Br- • 16H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr2.3 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B

Trifluoromethyl cation + Water = (Trifluoromethyl cation • Water)

By formula: CF3+ + H2O = (CF3+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.6kcal/molHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.8cal/mol*KHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M

CF3O- + Water = CH2F3O2-

By formula: CF3O- + H2O = CH2F3O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.8 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AAmelynck, Van Bavel, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CF3O3S- + Water = (CF3O3S- • Water)

By formula: CF3O3S- + H2O = (CF3O3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CF3O3S- • Water) + Water = (CF3O3S- • 2Water)

By formula: (CF3O3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CF3O3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.8 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

HCO2 anion + Water = (HCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: CHO2- + H2O = (CHO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.1 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Δr8.40 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Δr9.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(HCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (HCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (CHO2- • H2O) + H2O = (CHO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.8 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr6.90 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(HCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (HCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (CHO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CHO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.1 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.10 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr5.20 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CHO3- + Water = CH3O4-

By formula: CHO3- + H2O = CH3O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.70 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.50 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

(CH2N+ • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CH2N+ • Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CH2N+ • CHN) + H2O = (CH2N+ • H2O • CHN)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CH2N+ + Water = (CH2N+ • Water)

By formula: CH2N+ + H2O = (CH2N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr29.6kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr28.8cal/mol*KN/ABerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.0300.ICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2N+ • Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CH2N+ • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CH2N+ • H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 2H2O • CHN)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CH2N+ • Water) + Water = (CH2N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH2N+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CH2N+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH2N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH2N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH2N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CH2NO5- + Water + Formic acid = CH4NO6-

By formula: CH2NO5- + H2O + CH2O2 = CH4NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.40 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CH2O2S- + 2Water = CH4O3S-

By formula: CH2O2S- + 2H2O = CH4O3S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.7 ± 2.0kcal/molN/ASurber and Sanov, 2002gas phase; Stated electron affinity is the Vertical Detachment Energy; B

CH2O4- + 2Water = CH4O5-

By formula: CH2O4- + 2H2O = CH4O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.60 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH2OH+ + Water = (CH2OH+ • Water)

By formula: CH3O+ + H2O = (CH3O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Davidson, Sunner J., et al., 1979, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Δr27.9kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2O)2H+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1976, Wolf, Staley, et al., 1977; M
Δr28.5kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr28.6kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr28.7kcal/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.9cal/mol*KN/ABerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr26.9cal/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr26.8cal/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.4kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr20.5kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr19.9kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr19.8kcal/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.2cal/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr26.3cal/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.1kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)2H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr16.9kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr17.0kcal/molFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.0cal/mol*KN/ABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Δr26.0cal/mol*KFAFehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)H2O; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.1kcal/molFABohme, Mackay, et al., 1979gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H3O+)3H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Fehsenfeld, Dotan, et al., 1978, Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

(CH2OH+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH2OH+ • 6Water) + Water = (CH2OH+ • 7Water)

By formula: (CH3O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (CH3O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH3O- • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH3O- • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH3O- + Water = (CH3O- • Water)

By formula: CH3O- + H2O = (CH3O- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.3 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Δr23.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M,B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Δr22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.00 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.4296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)H2O, DG>; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH3O- • 2Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH3O- • H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 2H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH3O- • Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
8.2296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)2H2O; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • 2Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.9296.FAMacKay and Bohme, 1978gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(OH-)3H2O; Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986; M

(CH3O- • 3Water) + Water = (CH3O- • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3O- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3O- • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH3O3S- + Water = (CH3O3S- • Water)

By formula: CH3O3S- + H2O = (CH3O3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.9 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.90 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CH3O3S- • Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.4 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.40 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(CH3O3S- • 2Water) + Water = (CH3O3S- • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3O3S- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3O3S- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.4 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.40 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

CH3O4- + 2Water = CH5O5-

By formula: CH3O4- + 2H2O = CH5O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.90 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

MeS anion + Water = (MeS anion • Water)

By formula: CH3S- + H2O = (CH3S- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.2cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.70 ± 0.70kcal/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

(MeS anion • Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 2Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.5kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.5cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

(MeS anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 3Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.1kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.5cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

(MeS anion • 3Water) + Water = (MeS anion • 4Water)

By formula: (CH3S- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH3S- • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.6kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

CH4NO+ + Water = (CH4NO+ • Water)

By formula: CH4NO+ + H2O = (CH4NO+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr21.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr27.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr14.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr22.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr11.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr21.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr9.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr20.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

(CH4NO+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH4NO+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH4NO+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH4NO+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr9.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr25.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; M

CH4O5- + 3Water = CH6O6-

By formula: CH4O5- + 3H2O = CH6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.10 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

(CH5O+ • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 4Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • Water • 4Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O • 4CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

CH5O+ + Water = (CH5O+ • Water)

By formula: CH5O+ + H2O = (CH5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr25.kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr23.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • Water • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water • 3Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water • 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O • 3CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 3CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.1272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water • 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water • 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O • 2CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O • 2CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.2272.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • 4Water • Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (CH5O+ • 5Water • Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4H2O • CH4O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 5H2O • CH4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.5269.PHPMSMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH5O+ • Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr21.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr28.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.1kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr14.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr25.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr11.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr22.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr9.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr18.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.9kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr9.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr22.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH5O+ • 6Water) + Water = (CH5O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (CH5O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (CH5O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.0269.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH5O2- + 2Water = CH7O3-

By formula: CH5O2- + 2H2O = CH7O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.70 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

CH5O5- + 3Water = CH7O6-

By formula: CH5O5- + 3H2O = CH7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH5S+ + Water = (CH5S+ • Water)

By formula: CH5S+ + H2O = (CH5S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Δr13.5kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.2476.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH6N+ + Water = (CH6N+ • Water)

By formula: CH6N+ + H2O = (CH6N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr18.8kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr18.8kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.3cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr26.3cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.7kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr14.6kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr14.6kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.7cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr26.7cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.5kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • 2Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr12.4kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr12.4kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.4cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Δr26.4cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.2kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(CH6N+ • 3Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(CH6N+ • 4Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.4cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.5269.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(CH6N+ • 5Water) + Water = (CH6N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (CH6N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (CH6N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.9cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.1259.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH7O3- + 3Water = CH9O4-

By formula: CH7O3- + 3H2O = CH9O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.50 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

CH7O6- + 4Water = CH9O7-

By formula: CH7O6- + 4H2O = CH9O7-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.40 ± 0.90kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B

CH9O4- + 4Water = CH11O5-

By formula: CH9O4- + 4H2O = CH11O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.10 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

(CN- • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.5 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 2Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 2CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • 2CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.0 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 3Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • Water • 3Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 3CHN) + H2O = (CN- • H2O • 3CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.4 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.2262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CN- + Water = (CN- • Water)

By formula: CN- + H2O = (CN- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.70 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Δr14.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,B,M,M
Δr13.80kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B,M
Δr14.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr18.cal/mol*KPHPMSLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Δr19.8cal/mol*KHPMSPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.30 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Δr8.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; B
Δr8.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Δr7.90kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B

(CN- • Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.2 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 2Water • 2Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • H2O • 2CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O • 2CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr2.9 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.7262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CN- • 2Water • Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- • 3Water • Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- • 2H2O • CHN) + H2O = (CN- • 3H2O • CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr2.5 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(CN- • Water) + Water = (CN- • 2Water)

By formula: (CN- • H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Δr11.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr18.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.3 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- • 2Water) + Water = (CN- • 3Water)

By formula: (CN- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B,M
Δr10.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Δr19.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.8 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Stated EA is Vertical Detachment Energy, at 12 K. At 298 K, measured Vertical Detachment Energy = 5.50±0.10 eV; B

(CN- • 3Water) + Water = (CN- • 4Water)

By formula: (CN- • 3H2O) + H2O = (CN- • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.8 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.6262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CO3- + Water = CH2O4-

By formula: CO3- + H2O = CH2O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.10 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Δr11.5 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; B
Δr<38.50kcal/molPDisSmith, Lee, et al., 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.60 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Δr6.70 ± 0.40kcal/molIMREFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; B

CO3- + Water = (CO3- • Water)

By formula: CO3- + H2O = (CO3- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.1kcal/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.2cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.7296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(CO3- • Water) + Water = (CO3- • 2Water)

By formula: (CO3- • H2O) + H2O = (CO3- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.6kcal/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.6cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.3296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(CO3- • 2Water) + Water = (CO3- • 3Water)

By formula: (CO3- • 2H2O) + H2O = (CO3- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.1kcal/molHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr32.5cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1979gas phase; M

C2Cl3O2- + Water = (C2Cl3O2- • Water)

By formula: C2Cl3O2- + H2O = (C2Cl3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.8kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

CF3CO2 anion + Water = (CF3CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2F3O2- + H2O = (C2F3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.8 ± 1.5kcal/molN/ABlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr13.7 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr6.5 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

(CF3CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (CF3CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2F3O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2F3O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.7 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.70 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H- + Water = (C2H- • Water)

By formula: C2H- + H2O = (C2H- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C2HCl2O2- + Water = (C2HCl2O2- • Water)

By formula: C2HCl2O2- + H2O = (C2HCl2O2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.8 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C2HCl2O2- • Water) + Water = (C2HCl2O2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C2HCl2O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2HCl2O2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.9 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.90 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2HF2O2- + Water = (C2HF2O2- • Water)

By formula: C2HF2O2- + H2O = (C2HF2O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.5 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.50 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(C2HF2O2- • Water) + Water = (C2HF2O2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C2HF2O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2HF2O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2HO4- + Water = (C2HO4- • Water)

By formula: C2HO4- + H2O = (C2HO4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.3kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

ClCH2CO2 anion + Water = (ClCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2ClO2- + H2O = (C2H2ClO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.7 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.70 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

FCH2CO2 anion + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2FO2- + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(FCH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H2FO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.90 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(FCH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (FCH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H2FO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H2FO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H2F3O2+ + Water = (C2H2F3O2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H2F3O2+ + H2O = (C2H2F3O2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.3kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.3cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.4309.ICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

ICH2CO2 anion + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H2IO2- + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.2 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(ICH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H2IO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(ICH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (ICH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H2IO2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H2IO2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C2H2N- + Water = (C2H2N- • Water)

By formula: C2H2N- + H2O = (C2H2N- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C2H2O+ + Water = (C2H2O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H2O+ + H2O = (C2H2O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6kcal/molEIPostma, Ruttink, et al., 1986gas phase; based on AE(CH2CO+)H2O from (HOCH2)2CO+; M

C2H3O+ + Water = (C2H3O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H3O+ + H2O = (C2H3O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.6kcal/molHPMSDavidson, Lau, et al., 1978gas phase; forms CH3COOH2+; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr33.1cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson, Lau, et al., 1978gas phase; forms CH3COOH2+; M

C2H3O- + Water = (C2H3O- • Water)

By formula: C2H3O- + H2O = (C2H3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

(MeCO2 anion • CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • Water • CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • C6H11NO3) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • H2O • C6H11NO3)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

MeCO2 anion + Water = (MeCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C2H3O2- + H2O = (C2H3O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.40 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Δr15.9 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr16.0 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Δr16.4 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr15.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr22.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; ion given as C2H3COO- in paper by error; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.0 ± 1.4kcal/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Δr9.52kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr9.3 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Δr9.40 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr13.8 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr12.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr12.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; M
Δr20.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.00kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr6.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H3O2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H3O2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.8 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr12.2 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Δr11.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.84kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Elmore, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Δr5.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr5.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H4F3O+ + Water = (C2H4F3O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H4F3O+ + H2O = (C2H4F3O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.8cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.4309.ICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction(H3O+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Cunningham, Payzant, et al., 1972, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

(C2H4N+ • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.9kcal/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.6cal/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

C2H4N+ + Water = (C2H4N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H4N+ + H2O = (C2H4N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.1 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDHonma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
Δr22.8kcal/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Δr24.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.5cal/mol*KPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Δr28.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • Water • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.3kcal/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.2cal/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

(C2H4N+ • Water • 2Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water • 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O • 2C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • 2C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.7kcal/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.cal/mol*KN/ADeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
2.8316.PHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C2H4N+ • 2Water • Acetonitrile) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 3Water • Acetonitrile)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 2H2O • C2H3N) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 3H2O • C2H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.3cal/mol*KPHPMSDeakyne, Meot-Ner (Mautner), et al., 1986gas phase; n; M

(C2H4N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.0 ± 1.7kcal/molCIDHonma, Sunderlin, et al., 1993gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
Δr17.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H4N+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H4N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H4N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H4N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H4NO2- + Water = C2H6NO3-

By formula: C2H4NO2- + H2O = C2H6NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.33 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Δr16.00 ± 0.30kcal/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Δr8.20 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B

C2H4NO5- + Water + Acetic acid = C2H6NO6-

By formula: C2H4NO5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C2H6NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C2H5F2O+ + Water = (C2H5F2O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5F2O+ + H2O = (C2H5F2O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C2H5F3N+ + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5F3N+ + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.1kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.0cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H5F3N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5F3N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.3kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.9cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H5F3N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5F3N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5F3N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5F3N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.2kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.2cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

C2H5O+ + Water = (C2H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O+ + H2O = (C2H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 6Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H5O+ + Water = (C2H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O+ + H2O = (C2H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr21.9kcal/molHPMSDavidson, Sunner J., et al., 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C2H5O2+ + Water = (C2H5O2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H5O2+ + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H5O2+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.6cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.8334.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C2H5O2+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H5O2+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H5O2+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H5O2+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.2cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1280.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H5O4- + 2Water = C2H7O5-

By formula: C2H5O4- + 2H2O = C2H7O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.1 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.10 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H6NO2+ + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • Water)

By formula: C2H6NO2+ + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.7293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H6NO2+ • Water) + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H6NO2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.2293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H6NO2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H6NO2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H6NO2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.4293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr38.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n, Entropy change is questionable; M

C2H7O+ + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7O+ + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.4kcal/molPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr24.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr22.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.2cal/mol*KPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr29.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr26.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • 2Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • 2Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • 2C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • 2C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water • 3Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water • 3Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O • 3C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • 3C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water • Dimethyl ether) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water • Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O • C2H6O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O • C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9kcal/molPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr13.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.7cal/mol*KPHPMSTholman, Tonner, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Δr25.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

(C2H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.2kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Grimsrud, et al., 1974gas phase; n; M

C2H7O+ + Water = (C2H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7O+ + H2O = (C2H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr24.kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr26.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr19.2kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr28.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr14.2kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr26.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr12.5kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr26.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C2H7O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H7O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H7O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H7O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.1kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M

C2H7O2- + Water + Methyl Alcohol = C2H9O3-

By formula: C2H7O2- + H2O + CH4O = C2H9O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.10 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C2H7O5- + 3Water = C2H9O6-

By formula: C2H7O5- + 3H2O = C2H9O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H7O5S- + 2Water = C2H9O6S-

By formula: C2H7O5S- + 2H2O = C2H9O6S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

C2H7S+ + Water = (C2H7S+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7S+ + H2O = (C2H7S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.kcal/molICRBerman and Beauchamp, 1986gas phase; bracketing; Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Δr13.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

(C2H7S+ • Water) + Water = (C2H7S+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H7S+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H7S+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C2H7S+ + Water = (C2H7S+ • Water)

By formula: C2H7S+ + H2O = (C2H7S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C2H8N+ + Water = (C2H8N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H8N+ + H2O = (C2H8N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.1kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.2kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.2kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C2H8N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 4Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 5Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.2cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.0255.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C2H8N+ + Water = (C2H8N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H8N+ + H2O = (C2H8N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.5kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.9cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.7kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.7cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

(C2H8N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C2H8N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C2H8N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C2H8N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.2kcal/molPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.8cal/mol*KPHPMSLau and Kebarle, 1981gas phase; M

C2H8O8S2-2 + 3Water = C2H10O9S2-2

By formula: C2H8O8S2-2 + 3H2O = C2H10O9S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.50 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H9N+ + Water = (C2H9N+ • Water)

By formula: C2H9N+ + H2O = (C2H9N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.8293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C2H9O3- + 2Water + Methyl Alcohol = C2H11O4-

By formula: C2H9O3- + 2H2O + CH4O = C2H11O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.90 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C2H10O9S2-2 + 4Water = C2H12O10S2-2

By formula: C2H10O9S2-2 + 4H2O = C2H12O10S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H12O10S2-2 + 5Water = C2H14O11S2-2

By formula: C2H12O10S2-2 + 5H2O = C2H14O11S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.90 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C2H14O11S2-2 + 6Water = C2H16O12S2-2

By formula: C2H14O11S2-2 + 6H2O = C2H16O12S2-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C3H2F3O- + Water = (C3H2F3O- • Water)

By formula: C3H2F3O- + H2O = (C3H2F3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C3H2F3O- + Water = (C3H2F3O- • Water)

By formula: C3H2F3O- + H2O = (C3H2F3O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C3H2N+ + Water = (C3H2N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H2N+ + H2O = (C3H2N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.3kcal/molPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.8cal/mol*KPHPMSSpeller and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; M

C3H2NO2- + Water = (C3H2NO2- • Water)

By formula: C3H2NO2- + H2O = (C3H2NO2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.10 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

(C3H2NO2- • Water) + Water = (C3H2NO2- • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H2NO2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H2NO2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.2 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B

imidazolide anion + Water = (imidazolide anion • Water)

By formula: C3H3N2- + H2O = (C3H3N2- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(imidazolide anion • Water) + Water = (imidazolide anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H3N2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H3N2- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(imidazolide anion • 2Water) + Water = (imidazolide anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H3N2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H3N2- • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

C3H3O4- + Water = (C3H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C3H3O4- + H2O = (C3H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.3kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H3O4- • Water) + Water = (C3H3O4- • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H3O4- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H3O4- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C3H4N2+ + Water = (C3H4N2+ • Water)

By formula: C3H4N2+ + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(C3H4N2+ • Water) + Water = (C3H4N2+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H4N2+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

(C3H4N2+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H4N2+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H4N2+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H4N2+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr29.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M

C3H4O5- + Water + Acetic acid = C3H6O6-

By formula: C3H4O5- + H2O + C2H4O2 = C3H6O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.60 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

C3H5O+ + Water = (C3H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H5O+ + H2O = (C3H5O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.8kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C3H5O+ + Water = (C3H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H5O+ + H2O = (C3H5O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.7kcal/molPHPMSDavidson, Meza-Hojer, et al., 1979gas phase; forms protonated propanoic acid; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr35.1cal/mol*KPHPMSDavidson, Meza-Hojer, et al., 1979gas phase; forms protonated propanoic acid; M

(C3H5O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M

(C3H5O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H5O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H5O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1977gas phase; M

C3H5O- + Water = (C3H5O- • Water)

By formula: C3H5O- + H2O = (C3H5O- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

EtCO2 anion + Water = (EtCO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O2- + H2O = (C3H5O2- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr8.40 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(EtCO2 anion • Water) + Water = (EtCO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O2- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O2- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr6.90 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

(EtCO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (EtCO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O2- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O2- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.1 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.10 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M
Δr5.10 ± 0.20kcal/molN/AViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

MeCH(OH)CO2 anion + Water = (MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O3- + H2O = (C3H5O3- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.7 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.70 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeCH(OH)CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.3 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

MeOCH2CO2 anion + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • Water)

By formula: C3H5O3- + H2O = (C3H5O3- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.6 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeOCH2CO2 anion • Water) + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.1 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.10 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

(MeOCH2CO2 anion • 2Water) + Water = (MeOCH2CO2 anion • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H5O3- • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H5O3- • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.8 ± 1.5kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; T: 293 K. ΔSaff approx. 24 cal/mol-K; B,M

C3H5O5- + 2Water = C3H7O6-

By formula: C3H5O5- + 2H2O = C3H7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.00 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C3H6+ + Water = (C3H6+ • Water)

By formula: C3H6+ + H2O = (C3H6+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.4kcal/molCIDHolmes, Mommers, et al., 1984gas phase; structure confirmed as ion-dipole complex in Shao, Baer, et al., 1987; M

C3H6NO2- + Water = C3H8NO3-

By formula: C3H6NO2- + H2O = C3H8NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.30 ± 0.40kcal/molN/AWincel, 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.80 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsWincel, 2008gas phase; B

C3H7+ + Water = (C3H7+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7+ + H2O = (C3H7+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.6kcal/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; ΔrH inconsistent with (CH3)2CHOH2+ product; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.7cal/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; ΔrH inconsistent with (CH3)2CHOH2+ product; M

C3H7O+ + Water = (C3H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7O+ + H2O = (C3H7O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

(C3H7O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H7O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H7O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H7O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C3H7O+ + Water = (C3H7O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H7O+ + H2O = (C3H7O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr18.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M

C3H9O+ + Water = (C3H9O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9O+ + H2O = (C3H9O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.9kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.9kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr26.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.0kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.0kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

C3H9O+ + Water = (C3H9O+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9O+ + H2O = (C3H9O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small ΔrH and ΔrS; M
Δr13.5kcal/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; unusually small ΔrH and ΔrS; M
Δr12.7cal/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr16.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr14.9kcal/molHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Δr21.5cal/mol*KHPMSBeggs and Field, 1971gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 4Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 5Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 4H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 5Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 6Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 5H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9O+ • 6Water) + Water = (C3H9O+ • 7Water)

By formula: (C3H9O+ • 6H2O) + H2O = (C3H9O+ • 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.9kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.6347.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1446.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9S+ + Water = (C3H9S+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9S+ + H2O = (C3H9S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.3418.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H9Si+ + Water = (C3H9Si+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + H2O = (C3H9Si+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr30.1 ± 1.9kcal/molPHPMSStone and Wojtyniak, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.0cal/mol*KPHPMSStone and Wojtyniak, 1986gas phase; M

(C3H9Si+ • Water) + Water = (C3H9Si+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H9Si+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H9Si+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr19.9kcal/molPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr28.1cal/mol*KPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M

C3H9Sn+ + Water = (C3H9Sn+ • Water)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + H2O = (C3H9Sn+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.7kcal/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr27.6cal/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
11.2525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-) + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water • 2Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2C3H9N) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O • 2C3H9N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.9kcal/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.3cal/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M

C3H10N+ + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H10N+ + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.5kcal/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Δr14.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr14.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; M
Δr24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Δr24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.6kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • Water • Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water • Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O • C3H9N) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O • C3H9N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.1kcal/molPHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr25.cal/mol*KN/AEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
2.5225.PHPMSEl-Shall, Daly, et al., 1992gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(C3H10N+ • Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.3kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr3.4kcal/molHPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields; M

(C3H10N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.6cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.0254.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, attributed to MeNH3+.4H2O by error in footnote; M

C3H10N+ + Water = (C3H10N+ • Water)

By formula: C3H10N+ + H2O = (C3H10N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.6kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Δr15.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr22.8cal/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Δr21.5cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.8kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr21.3cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.4293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • 2Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 3Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 2H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.6293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C3H10N+ • 3Water) + Water = (C3H10N+ • 4Water)

By formula: (C3H10N+ • 3H2O) + H2O = (C3H10N+ • 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.9kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr24.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1984gas phase; M

C3H11N2+ + Water = (C3H11N2+ • Water)

By formula: C3H11N2+ + H2O = (C3H11N2+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.2293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C3H11O3- + Water + 2Methyl Alcohol = C3H13O4-

By formula: C3H11O3- + H2O + 2CH4O = C3H13O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr13.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr6.40 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsMeot-Ner(Mautner), 1986gas phase; B

C4H3O4- + Water = (C4H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H3O4- + H2O = (C4H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C4H3O4- + Water = (C4H3O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H3O4- + H2O = (C4H3O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr7.3kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

pyrrolide anion + Water = (pyrrolide anion • Water)

By formula: C4H4N- + H2O = (C4H4N- • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

(pyrrolide anion • Water) + Water = (pyrrolide anion • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H4N- • H2O) + H2O = (C4H4N- • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr12.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr23.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

C4H4O+ + Water = (C4H4O+ • Water)

By formula: C4H4O+ + H2O = (C4H4O+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H4S+ + Water = (C4H4S+ • Water)

By formula: C4H4S+ + H2O = (C4H4S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr9.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr17.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H5N+ + Water = (C4H5N+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5N+ + H2O = (C4H5N+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr11.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(C4H5N+ • Water) + Water = (C4H5N+ • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H5N+ • H2O) + H2O = (C4H5N+ • 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr8.6kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr15.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H5O+ + Water = (C4H5O+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5O+ + H2O = (C4H5O+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.4kcal/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr10.2kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr16.kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.cal/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr19.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Δr32.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.2382.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, ΔrH<; M

C4H5O4- + Water = (C4H5O4- • Water)

By formula: C4H5O4- + H2O = (C4H5O4- • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.4kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C4H5O4- • Water) + Water = (C4H5O4- • 2Water)

By formula: (C4H5O4- • H2O) + H2O = (C4H5O4- • 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr4.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C4H5O5- + 2Water = C4H7O6-

By formula: C4H5O5- + 2H2O = C4H7O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr5.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; B

C4H5S+ + Water = (C4H5S+ • Water)

By formula: C4H5S+ + H2O = (C4H5S+ • H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr10.0kcal/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr10.2kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr20.6cal/mol*KPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Δr19.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H6N+ + Water = (C4H6N+ • Water)

By formula: C4H6N+ + H2O = (C4H6N+ • H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr14.0kcal/molPHPMSNicol, Sunner, et al., 1988gas phase; M