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Benzene

Data at NIST subscription sites:

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Critical pressure

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Pc (bar) Reference Comment
48.95 ± 0.06Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
48.84Chirico and Steele, 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.20 bar; TRC
49.00Knipmeyer, Archer, et al., 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.10 bar; TRC
48.94Brunner, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.10 bar; TRC
48.7575Goodwin, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.30 bar; TRC
48.98Ambrose, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 bar; TRC
48.97Kay and Kreglewski, 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.10 bar; TRC
48.87Ewing, McGlashan, et al., 1981Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 bar; Visual, observed with periscope in heated metal block.; TRC
48.89Hugill and McGlashan, 1981Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 bar; Visual, observed with periscope in heated metal block; TRC
49.00Kobe and Mathews, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5066 bar; TRC
48.8589Campbell and Chatterjee, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0506 bar; TRC
48.8589Campbell and Chatterjee, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0405 bar; TRC
48.98Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 bar; average of new and previous measurements; TRC
48.96Skaates and Kay, 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1034 bar; TRC
49.00Ambrose and Townsend, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1013 bar; TRC
48.92Connolly and Kandalic, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.081 bar; TRC
49.3665McCracken, Storvick, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5515 bar; TRC
48.5347Kreglewski, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5066 bar; TRC
48.98Bender, Furukawa, et al., 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1013 bar; TRC
48.75Kay and Nevens, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2758 bar; TRC
49.309Gornowski, Amick, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
48.523Young, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5333 bar; TRC
50.20Schamhardt, 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.0133 bar; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
49.10Altschul, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.049 bar; TRC
48.5227Young, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3999 bar; vapor pressure at critical temp.; TRC
61.20Ramsay, 1881Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 7.0928 bar; TRC; Data excluded from overall average

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Critical pressure, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 3. Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 547-558. [all data]

Chirico and Steele, 1994
Chirico, R.D.; Steele, W.V., Reconciliation of Calorimetrically and Spectroscopically Derived Methyl Benzene. The Importance of the Third Virial Coefficient, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1994, 33, 157-67. [all data]

Knipmeyer, Archer, et al., 1989
Knipmeyer, S.E.; Archer, D.G.; Chirico, R.D.; Gammon, B.E.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K.; Steele, W.V.; Strube, M.M., High-temperature enthalpy and critical property measurements using differential scanning calorimeter, Fluid Phase Equilib., 1989, 52, 185. [all data]

Brunner, 1988
Brunner, E., Fluid mixtures at high pressure VII. Phase separations and critical phenomena in 12 binary mixtures containing ammonia, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1988, 20, 1397-1409. [all data]

Goodwin, 1988
Goodwin, R.D., Benzene thermophysical properties from 279 to 900 K at pressures to 1000 bar, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1988, 17, 1541-636. [all data]

Ambrose, 1987
Ambrose, D., Vapor Pressures of Some Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 1007. [all data]

Kay and Kreglewski, 1983
Kay, W.B.; Kreglewski, A., Critical-locus curves and liquid-vapor equilibria in the binary systems of benzene with carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide., Fluid Phase Equilib., 1983, 11, 251-65. [all data]

Ewing, McGlashan, et al., 1981
Ewing, M.B.; McGlashan, M.L.; Tzias, P., Phase equilibria, and critical temperatures and pressures, of fluid (benzene + hexafluorobenzene), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1981, 13, 527. [all data]

Hugill and McGlashan, 1981
Hugill, J.A.; McGlashan, M.L., Phase equilibria, and critical temperatures and pressures, of fluid (cyclohexane + hexafluorobenzene), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1981, 13, 429-36. [all data]

Kobe and Mathews, 1970
Kobe, K.A.; Mathews, J.F., Critical Properties and Vapor Pressures of Some Organic Nitrogen and Oxygen Compounds, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 182. [all data]

Campbell and Chatterjee, 1969
Campbell, A.N.; Chatterjee, R.M., The critical constants and orthobaric densities of acetone, chloroform benzene, and carbon tetrachloride, Can. J. Chem., 1969, 47, 3893-8. [all data]

Campbell and Chatterjee, 1968
Campbell, A.N.; Chatterjee, R.M., Orthobaric Data of Certain Pure Liquids in the Neighborhood of the Critical Point, Can. J. Chem., 1968, 46, 575-81. [all data]

Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1967
Ambrose, D.; Broderick, B.E.; Townsend, R., The Vapour Pressures above the Normal Boiling Point and the Critical Pressures of Some Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Soc. , 1967, 1967, 1967, 633-41. [all data]

Skaates and Kay, 1964
Skaates, J.M.; Kay, W.B., The Phase Relations of Binary Systems that Form Azeotropes: N-Alkyl Alcohol-Benzene Systems: Methanol Through N-Butanol, Chem. Eng. Sci., 1964, 19, 431-44. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds IX. The Critical Properties and Vapor Pressures Above Five Atmospheres of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 54, 3614-25. [all data]

Connolly and Kandalic, 1962
Connolly, J.F.; Kandalic, G.A., Saturation Properties and Liquid Compressibilities for Benzene and n-Octane, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1962, 7, 137. [all data]

McCracken, Storvick, et al., 1960
McCracken, P.G.; Storvick, T.S.; Smith, J.M., Phase Behavior from Enthalpy Measurements. Oentane-Ethyl Alcohol and n-Pentane-Ethyl Alcohol Systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 130-2. [all data]

Kreglewski, 1955
Kreglewski, A., The Critical Temperatures of Mixtures formed by Benzene and n-Octane with Iso-Alcohols, Rocz. Chem., 1955, 29, 754. [all data]

Bender, Furukawa, et al., 1952
Bender, P.; Furukawa, G.T.; Hyndman, J.R., Vapor Pressure of Benzene Above 100 C, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1952, 44, 387. [all data]

Kay and Nevens, 1952
Kay, W.B.; Nevens, T.D., Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium Relations in Binary Systems: the Ethane-benzene SYStem, Chem. Eng. Prog., Symp. Ser., 1952, 48, 3, 108. [all data]

Gornowski, Amick, et al., 1947
Gornowski, E.J.; Amick, E.H.; Hixson, A.N., Pressure-Volume-Temperature Relations of Benzene, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 1348. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Schamhardt, 1908
Schamhardt, , Thesis, Amsterdam, 1908. [all data]

Altschul, 1893
Altschul, M., The critical values of some organic compounds, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1893, 11, 577. [all data]

Young, 1889
Young, S., On the Vapor Pressures and SPecific Volumes of Similar Compounds of Elements in Relation to the Position of Those Elements in the Periodic Table, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1889, 55, 486. [all data]

Ramsay, 1881
Ramsay, W., Proc. R. Soc. London, 1881, 31, 194-205. [all data]


Notes

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