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Isobutyl isovalerate

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30150.985.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.989.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.994.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L967.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 1.2 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1005.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
PackedApiezon L965.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30985.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1190.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1165.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1167.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51006.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1014.Zaikin, 2007Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.19 mm; Program: 20C => 5C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-51006.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-1989.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101175.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1017.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-1989.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1993.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-1990.Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51018.Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51012.7Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryZB-1989.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51003.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101985.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1989.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1991.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1988.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1991.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1017.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySLB-5 MS1005.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1005.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30985.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51004.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1004.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30992.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1191.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1181.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryInnowax1198.Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003He, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryBP-201199.Dunlop, Bignell, et al., 199925. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 199825. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 199725. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 225. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 325. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 425. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 525. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201199.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 625. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1184.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1198.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Rasmussen, 1983
Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 8, 1331-1335, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00259a033 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2000
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 2000, 13, 3, 227-232, https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.2000.0894 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 1982
Toda, H.; Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of banana-like aroma from banana shrub (Michellia figo Spreng), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 1, 81-84, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00109a017 . [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jaroszynska, J.; Bal, K., Gas chromatographic analysis of essential oils with preliminary partition of components, Phytochem. Anal., 2001, 12, 2, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.564 . [all data]

Zaikin, 2007
Zaikin, V.G., Personal Communication: Retention indices measured during the period 2006 to 2007 (I), 2007. [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2008
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctuatus / Eriocephalus tenuifolius), 2008, retrieved from http://www.chemische-analysen-hamburg.de/Publikationen?CapeChamomileOil/. [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 2006
Filippi, J.-J.; Lanfranchi, D.-A.; Prado, S.; Baldovini, N.; Meierhenrich, U.J., Composition, Enantiomeric Distribution, and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All. from Corsica, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6308-6313, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060752y . [all data]

Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006
Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 394-398, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.040 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 2002
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.; Maia, J.G.S.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D., Chemical variation in the essential oils of Hyptis crenata Pohl ex Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 5-8, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1031 . [all data]

Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 1998
Camciuc, M.; Bessière, J.M.; Vilarem, G.; Gaset, A., Volatile components in okra seed coat, Phytochemistry, 1998, 48, 2, 311-315, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)01127-8 . [all data]

Shiota, 1993
Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 2056-2062, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a046 . [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2004
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 2004, 85, 2, 195-197, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00292-9 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Alves, da Penha, et al., 2012
Alves, V.C.C.; da Penha, M.F.A.; Pinto, N. deO.F.; Garruti, D. dosS., Volatile compounds profile of Musa FHIA 02: an option to counter losses by Black Sigatoka, Nat. Prod. J., 2012, 5, 55-60. [all data]

Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003
Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg - Pushkin, 2003, 382-385. [all data]

Dunlop, Bignell, et al., 1999
Dunlop, P.J.; Bignell, C.M.; Brooker, M.I.H.; Brophy, J.J.; Hibbert, D.B., Use of gas chromatograms of essential leaf oils to compare eight taxa of genus Angophora (Myrtaceae): possible relationships to the genus Eucalyptus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1999, 27, 8, 815-830, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00022-8 . [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1998
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some South-Western and Southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series 1). Part XIX, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 2, 131-139, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199803/04)13:2<131::AID-FFJ710>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J.; Fookes, C.J.R., Volatile leaf oils of some South-Western and Southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series I). Part XIV: Subgenus Monocalyptus, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 3, 177-183, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199705)12:3<177::AID-FFJ626>3.0.CO;2-9 . [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 2
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some South-Western and Southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series I). Part XV: Subgenus symphyomyrtus, section bisectaria, series levispermae, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 3, 185-193, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199705)12:3<185::AID-FFJ627>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 3
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some South-Western and Southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series I). Part XVI: Subgenus symphyomyrtus, section bisectaria, series cneorifoliae, series porantherae and series falcatae, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 261-267. [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 4
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some South-Western and Southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series I). Part XVII: Subgenus symphyomyrtus (i) section bisectaria, series calycogonae and (ii) section dumaria, series dumosae, series rigentes and series ovulares, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 269-275. [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 5
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some Queensland and Norther Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus (Series II) Part II. Subgenera (a) Blakella, (b) Corymbia, (c) Unnamed, (d) Idiogenes, (e) Monocalyptus and (f) Symphyomyrtus, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 4, 277-284, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199707)12:4<277::AID-FFJ642>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 6
Bignell, C.M.; Dunlop, P.J.; Brophy, J.J., Volatile leaf oils of some south-western and southern Australian speices of the genus Eucalyptus (Series I). Part XVIII. A. Subgenus monocalyptus. B. Subgenus Symphyomyrtus: (i) section Guilfoyleanae; (ii) section bisectaria, series accedentes, series occidentales, series levispermae, series loxophlebae, series macrocarpae, series orbifoliae, series calycogonae; (iii) section dumaria, series incrassatae and series ovulares, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 423-432. [all data]

Kaya, Demirci, et al., 2003
Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 159-161, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1162 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References