titanium oxide

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to OTi+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)6.819 ± 0.006eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.200 ± 0.010N/APeppernick, Gunaratne, et al., 2010B
1.300 ± 0.030LPESWu and Wang, 1997B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
6.819 ± 0.006LSSappey, Eiden, et al., 1989LL
6.7 ± 0.5EIBalducci, Gigli, et al., 1985LBLHLM
6.5 ± 0.5EIBalducci, Gigli, et al., 1985, 2LBLHLM
6.56 ± 0.03PEDyke, Gravenor, et al., 1984LBLHLM
6.8 ± 0.5EIBanon, Chatillon, et al., 1982LBLHLM
6.5 ± 0.3EIMurad and Hildenbrand, 1980LLK
6.7EIHildenbrand, 1977LLK
6.8 ± 0.5EISmoes, Drowart, et al., 1976LLK
6.7 ± 0.1EIHildenbrand, 1976LLK
6.4 ± 0.1EIRauh and Ackermann, 1974LLK
7.22 ± 0.35EIWu and Wahlbeck, 1972LLK
7.3 ± 0.5EIBalducci, De Maria, et al., 1972LLK
6.8 ± 0.5EIEdwards, Franzen, et al., 1971LLK
5.5 ± 0.5EIMesnard, Uzan, et al., 1966RDSH
6.82 ± 0.02PEDyke, Gravenor, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
Ti+12.8 ± 0.4OEIBanon, Chatillon, et al., 1982LBLHLM
Ti+14.51 ± 0.36OEIWu and Wahlbeck, 1972LLK
Ti+14.5 ± 0.7?EIBalducci, De Maria, et al., 1972LLK
Ti+11.5 ± 0.2OEIMesnard, Uzan, et al., 1966RDSH


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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Peppernick, Gunaratne, et al., 2010
Peppernick, S.J.; Gunaratne, K.D.D.; Castlman, A.W., Jr., Superatom Spectroscopy and the Electronic State Correlation Between Elements and Isoelectronic Molecular Counterparts, Proc. Natl. Acad Sci., 2010, 107, 3, 975, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0911240107 . [all data]

Wu and Wang, 1997
Wu, H.; Wang, L.-S., Electronic Structures of Titanium Oxide Clusters: TiOy (y=1-3) and (TiO2)n (n=1-4), J. Phys. Chem., 1997, 107, 20, 8221, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.475026 . [all data]

Sappey, Eiden, et al., 1989
Sappey, A.D.; Eiden, G.; Harrington, J.E.; Weisshaar, J.C., Vibronic structure of TiO+ from multiphoton ionization photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 90, 1415. [all data]

Balducci, Gigli, et al., 1985
Balducci, G.; Gigli, G.; Guido, M., Identification and stability determinations for the gaseous titanium oxide molecules Ti2O3 and Ti2O4, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 1913. [all data]

Balducci, Gigli, et al., 1985, 2
Balducci, G.; Gigli, G.; Guido, M., Mass spectrometric study of the thermochemistry of gaseous EuTiO3 and TiO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 1909. [all data]

Dyke, Gravenor, et al., 1984
Dyke, J.M.; Gravenor, B.W.J.; Josland, G.D.; Lewis, R.A.; Morris, A., A gas phase investigation of titanium monoxide and atomic titanium using high temperature photoelectron spectroscopy, Mol. Phys., 1984, 53, 465. [all data]

Banon, Chatillon, et al., 1982
Banon, S.; Chatillon, C.; Allibert, M., High temperature mass spectrometric study of ionization and fragmentation of TiO and TiO2 gas under electron impact, High Temp. Sci., 1982, 15, 17. [all data]

Murad and Hildenbrand, 1980
Murad, E.; Hildenbrand, D.L., Dissociation energies of GdO, HoO, ErO, TmO, and LuO. Correlation of results for the lanthanide monoxide series, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 4005. [all data]

Hildenbrand, 1977
Hildenbrand, D.L., Dissociation energy of samarium monoxide and its relation to that of europium monoxide, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1977, 48, 340. [all data]

Smoes, Drowart, et al., 1976
Smoes, S.; Drowart, J.; Myers, C.E., Determination of the atomization energies of the molecules TaO(g) TaO2(g) by the mass-spectrometric Knudsen-cell method, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1976, 8, 225. [all data]

Hildenbrand, 1976
Hildenbrand, D.L., Mass spectrometric studies of the thermochemistry of gaseous TiO and TiO2, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1976, 44, 281. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1974
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., First ionization potentials of some refractory oxide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 1396. [all data]

Wu and Wahlbeck, 1972
Wu, H.Y.; Wahlbeck, P.G., Vapor pressures of TiO(g) in equilibrium with Ti2O3(s) Ti3O5(s, β); dissociation energy of TiO(g), J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 4534. [all data]

Balducci, De Maria, et al., 1972
Balducci, G.; De Maria, G.; Guido, M.; Piacente, V., Dissociation energy of TiO and TiO2 gaseous molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 3422. [all data]

Edwards, Franzen, et al., 1971
Edwards, J.G.; Franzen, H.F.; Gilles, P.W., High-temperature mass spectrometry, vaporization, and thermodynamics of titanium monosulfide, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 545. [all data]

Mesnard, Uzan, et al., 1966
Mesnard, G.; Uzan, R.; Cabaud, B., Etude au spectrometre de masse des produits d'evaporation du bioxyde de titane et du titanate de baryum, Rev. Phys. Appl., 1966, 1, 123. [all data]


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