Benzene, 1,4-dichloro-

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.92 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δf(+) ion883.2kJ/molN/AN/A 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
ΔfH(+) ion,0K895.8kJ/molN/AN/A 

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.95PEFujisawa, Oonishi, et al., 1991LL
8.92 ± 0.02PIPECOOlesik, Baer, et al., 1986LBLHLM
8.97 ± 0.03PERuscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981LLK
8.94PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
8.98 ± 0.02PEMaier and Marthaler, 1978LLK
8.89 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.94 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.95PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
8.988PEPotts, Lyus, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK
9.00PEStreets and Ceasar, 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H4Cl+13.2 ± 0.1ClEIBrown, 1970RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H3Cl2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,4-dichloro-

By formula: C6H3Cl2- + H+ = C6H4Cl2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1577. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSSchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: p-dichlorobenzene.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr1543. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRESchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: p-dichlorobenzene.; B


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fujisawa, Oonishi, et al., 1991
Fujisawa, S.; Oonishi, I.; Masuda, S.; Ohno, K.; Harada, Y., Penning ionization electron spectroscopy of dichlorobenzenes, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 4250. [all data]

Olesik, Baer, et al., 1986
Olesik, S.; Baer, T.; Morrow, J.C., Dissociation rates of energy-selected dichloro- and dibromobenzene ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 3563. [all data]

Ruscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981
Ruscic, B.; Klasinc, L.; Wolf, A.; Knop, J.V., Photoelectron spectra of and Ab initio calculations on chlorobenzenes. 1. Chlorobenzene and dichlorobenzenes, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 1486. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Maier and Marthaler, 1978
Maier, J.P.; Marthaler, O., Emission spectra of the radical cations of 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene and 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene in the gas phase, Chem. Phys., 1978, 32, 419. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Bralsford, Harris, et al., 1960
Bralsford, R.; Harris, P.V.; Price, W.C., The effect of fluorine on the electronic spectra and ionization potentials of molecules, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), 1960, A258, 459. [all data]

Potts, Lyus, et al., 1980
Potts, A.W.; Lyus, M.L.; Lee, E.P.F.; Fattahallah, G.H., High resolution ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of C6H5X and p-C6H4X2 where X = Cl, Br or I, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1980, 76, 556. [all data]

Streets and Ceasar, 1973
Streets, D.G.; Ceasar, G.P., Inductive mesomeric effects on the π orbitals of halobenzenes, Mol. Phys., 1973, 26, 1037. [all data]

Brown, 1970
Brown, P., Kinetic studies in mass spectrometry-IV. The [M - Cl] reaction in substituted chlorobenzenes and the question of molecular ion isomerization, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1970, 3, 639. [all data]

Schlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001
Schlosser, M.; Marzi, E.; Cottet, F.; Buker, H.H.; Nibbering, N.M.M., The acidity of chloro-substituted benzenes: A comparison of gas phase, ab initio, and kinetic data, Chem. Eur. J., 2001, 7, 16, 3511-3516,<3511::AID-CHEM3511>3.0.CO;2-U . [all data]


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