Benzene, nitro-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil484. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 24 out of 25 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus278.9 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δvap54.5kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. to 353. K.; AC
Δvap55.013 ± 0.018kJ/molCKusano and Wadso, 1971ALS
Δvap55.0kJ/molN/AKusano and Wadsö, 1971AC
Δvap56.1 ± 1.7kJ/molMELebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971Based on data from 291. to 305. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
54.7287.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 279. to 296. K. See also Dykyj, 1972 and Lynch and Wilke, 1960.; AC
54.3303.N/AZaraiskii, 1985Based on data from 288. to 318. K.; AC
56.1 ± 0.42291.VLebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971, 2ALS
52.5293.MESklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958Based on data from 283. to 303. K.; AC
48.5422.N/AOliver and Grisard, 1952Based on data from 407. to 483. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
48.9425.N/AToral and Moles, 1933Based on data from 369. to 481. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
407.3 to 483.784.215531727.592-73.438Brown, 1952Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

ΔfusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.12278.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
10.815278.9Pacor, 1967DH
12.121278.8Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH

Entropy of fusion

ΔfusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
38.8278.9Pacor, 1967DH
43.48278.8Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, . [all data]

Kusano and Wadso, 1971
Kusano, K.; Wadso, I., Enthalpy of vaporization of some organic substances at 25.0°C and test of calorimeter, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1971, 44, 1705-17. [all data]

Kusano and Wadsö, 1971
Kusano, Kazuhito; Wadsö, Ingemar, Enthalpy of Vaporization of Some Organic Substances at 25.0°C and Test of Calorimeter, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1971, 44, 6, 1705-1707, . [all data]

Lebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971
Lebedeva, N.D.; Katin, Y.A.; Akhmedova, G.Y., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1971, 45, 8, 1192. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, . [all data]

Dykyj, 1972
Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1972, 12, 1, 13. [all data]

Lynch and Wilke, 1960
Lynch, E.J.; Wilke, C.R., Vapor Pressure of Nitrobenzene at Low Temperatures., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 3, 300-300, . [all data]

Zaraiskii, 1985
Zaraiskii, A.P., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1985, 59, 2087. [all data]

Lebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971, 2
Lebedeva, N.D.; Katin, Y.A.; Akhmedova, G.Y., Standard enthalpy of formation of nitrobenzene, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 45, 1192-1193. [all data]

Sklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958
Sklyarenko, S.I.; Markin, B.I.; Belyaeva, L.B., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1958, 32, 1916. [all data]

Oliver and Grisard, 1952
Oliver, George D.; Grisard, J.W., Thermal Data, Vapor Pressure and Entropy of Bromine Trifluoride 1, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 11, 2705-2707, . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Toral and Moles, 1933
Toral, M.T.; Moles, E., An. R. Soc. Esp. Fis. Quim., 1933, 31, 735. [all data]

Brown, 1952
Brown, I., Liquid-Vapour Equilibria. III. The Systems Benzene-n-Heptane, n-Hexane-Chlorobenzene, and cycloHexane-Nitrobenzene, Aust. J. Sci. Res. Ser. A:, 1952, 5, 530-540. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, . [all data]

Pacor, 1967
Pacor, P., Applicability of the DuPont 900 DTA apparatus in quantitative differential thermal analysis, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1967, 37, 200-208. [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S.; Moore, W.A., Thermal data on organic compounds. XVI. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for typical benzene derivatives and heterocyclic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 398-401. [all data]


Go To: Top, Phase change data, References