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Chromium hexacarbonyl


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: J.A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Chromium hexacarbonyl (solution) + Heptane (solution) = C12H16CrO5 (solution) + Carbon monoxide (solution)

By formula: C6CrO6 (solution) + C7H16 (solution) = C12H16CrO5 (solution) + CO (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113. ± 3.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points

Chromium hexacarbonyl (solution) = C5CrO5 (solution) + Carbon monoxide (solution)

By formula: C6CrO6 (solution) = C5CrO5 (solution) + CO (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.2 ± 2.5kJ/molKinSGraham and Angelici, 1967solvent: Decalin; The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reaction of Cr(CO)6(solution) with PBu3(solution).
Deltar159.4kJ/molKinSWerner and Prinz, 1966solvent: n-Decane+cyclohexane mixture; The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reactions of Cr(CO)6(solution) with a phosphine and an amine. The results were quoted from Graham and Angelici, 1967.

Chromium hexacarbonyl (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Carbon monoxide (g)

By formula: C6CrO6 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + CO (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar155. ± 21.kJ/molKinGFletcher and Rosenfeld, 1988 
Deltar154. ± 13.kJ/molLPHPLewis, Golden, et al., 1984Temperature range: 740-820 K. The reaction enthalpy at 298 K relies on an activation energy of 147.7 kJ/mol and assumes a negligible activation barrier for product recombination.
Deltar161.9kJ/molKinGPajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960Please also see Graham and Angelici, 1967. The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reaction of Cr(CO)6(g) with CO(g) Pajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960. The results were quoted from Graham and Angelici, 1967.

C10H5CrNO5 (solution) + Carbon monoxide (solution) = Chromium hexacarbonyl (solution) + 1,3-Diazine (solution)

By formula: C10H5CrNO5 (solution) + CO (solution) = C6CrO6 (solution) + C4H4N2 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-61.9kJ/molKinSWovkulich and Atwood, 1980solvent: Hexane; The data rely on the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the forward reaction, 106.3 ± 4.6 kJ/mol and 13.0±14.6 J/(mol K) Dennenberg and Darensbourg, 1972, and also on the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the Cr-CO dissociation in Cr(CO)6, 168.2 ± 2.5 kJ/mol and 94.6±6.3 J/(mol K) Graham and Angelici, 1967. The latter data were obtained in decalin

Chromium hexacarbonyl (cr) = 6Carbon monoxide (g) + chromium (cr)

By formula: C6CrO6 (cr) = 6CO (g) + Cr (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar266. ± 4.kJ/molTD-HFCAl-Takhin, Connor, et al., 1984 
Deltar314.9 ± 0.9kJ/molTD-HZCPittam, Pilcher, et al., 1975Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1977.
Deltar269.4 ± 4.7kJ/molTD-HFCConnor, Skinner, et al., 1972 

Pentane (solution) + Chromium hexacarbonyl (solution) = C10H12CrO5 (solution) + Carbon monoxide (solution)

By formula: C5H12 (solution) + C6CrO6 (solution) = C10H12CrO5 (solution) + CO (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117. ± 11.kJ/molPACMorse, Parker, et al., 1989solvent: Pentane; The reaction enthalpy relies on 0.67 for the quantum yield of CO dissociation

C10H5CrNO5 (cr) + Carbon monoxide (g) = Chromium hexacarbonyl (g) + 1,3-Diazine (g)

By formula: C10H5CrNO5 (cr) + CO (g) = C6CrO6 (g) + C4H4N2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75. ± 6.kJ/molDSCDaamen, van der Poel, et al., 1979 

Chromium hexacarbonyl (g) = 3Carbon monoxide (g) + C3CrO3 (g)

By formula: C6CrO6 (g) = 3CO (g) + C3CrO3 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar393. ± 42.kJ/molMBPSVenkataraman, Hou, et al., 1990 

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Graham and Angelici, 1967
Graham, J.R.; Angelici, R.J., Inorg. Chem., 1967, 6, 2082. [all data]

Werner and Prinz, 1966
Werner, H.; Prinz, R., Chem. Ber., 1966, 99, 3582. [all data]

Fletcher and Rosenfeld, 1988
Fletcher, R.T.; Rosenfeld, R.N., Recombination of Cr(CO)n with CO: Kinetics and Bond Dissociation Energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 7, 2097, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00215a014 . [all data]

Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984
Lewis, K.E.; Golden, D.M.; Smith, G.P., Organometallic bond dissociation energies: Laser pyrolysis of Fe(CO)5, Cr(CO)6, Mo(CO)6, and W(CO)6, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3905. [all data]

Pajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960
Pajaro, G.; Calderazzo, F.; Ercoli, R., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1960, 90, 1486. [all data]

Wovkulich and Atwood, 1980
Wovkulich, M.J.; Atwood, J.D., J. Organometal. Chem., 1980, 184, 77. [all data]

Dennenberg and Darensbourg, 1972
Dennenberg, R.J.; Darensbourg, D.J., Inorg. Chem., 1972, 11, 72. [all data]

Al-Takhin, Connor, et al., 1984
Al-Takhin, G.; Connor, J.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Zaharani-Moettar, M.T., J. Organomet. Chem., 1984, 260, 189. [all data]

Pittam, Pilcher, et al., 1975
Pittam, D.A.; Pilcher, G.; Barnes, D.S.; Skinner, H.A.; Todd, D., J. Less-Common Met., 1975, 42, 217. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1977
Tel'noi, V.I.; Rabinovich, I.B., Russ. Chem. Rev., 1977, 46, 689. [all data]

Connor, Skinner, et al., 1972
Connor, J.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Virmani, Y., Microcalorimetric studies. Thermal decomposition and iodination of metal carbonyls, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1972, 68, 0, 1754, https://doi.org/10.1039/f19726801754 . [all data]

Morse, Parker, et al., 1989
Morse, J.M., Jr.; Parker, G.H.; Burkey, T.J., Organometallics, 1989, 8, 2471. [all data]

Daamen, van der Poel, et al., 1979
Daamen, H.; van der Poel, H.; Stufkens, D.J.; Oskam, A., Thermochim. Acta, 1979, 34, 69. [all data]

Venkataraman, Hou, et al., 1990
Venkataraman, B.; Hou, H.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, S.; Bandukwalla, G.; Vernon, M., J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 92, 5338. [all data]


Notes

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