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Saturation Properties for Hydrogen — Temperature Increments

The following adjustments were made to the specified data range:

Liquid Phase Data

Data on Saturation Curve

Temperature (K)Pressure (MPa)Density (mol/l)Volume (l/mol)Internal Energy (kJ/mol)Enthalpy (kJ/mol)Entropy (J/mol*K)Cv (J/mol*K)Cp (J/mol*K)Sound Spd. (m/s)Joule-Thomson (K/MPa)Viscosity (uPa*s)Therm. Cond. (W/m*K)Surf. Tension (N/m)Phase

Vapor Phase Data

Data on Saturation Curve

Temperature (K)Pressure (MPa)Density (mol/l)Volume (l/mol)Internal Energy (kJ/mol)Enthalpy (kJ/mol)Entropy (J/mol*K)Cv (J/mol*K)Cp (J/mol*K)Sound Spd. (m/s)Joule-Thomson (K/MPa)Viscosity (uPa*s)Therm. Cond. (W/m*K)Phase

Auxiliary Data

Reference States, Normal Boiling Point Convention

Additional fluid properties


Equation of state and auxiliary model

Leachman, J.W.; Jacobsen, R.T.; Lemmon, E.W., Fundamental Equations of State for Parahydrogen, Normal Hydrogen, and Orthohydrogen, to be published in J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008. [all data]

Auxiliary model and surface tension

McCarty, R.D.; Hord, J.; Roder, H.M., Selected Properties of Hydrogen (Engineering Design Data), NBS Monograph 168, National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, CO, 1981, 0. [all data]

Thermal conductivity and dielectric constant

Kunz, O.; Klimeck, R.; Wagner, W.; Jaeschke, M., The GERG-2004 Wide-Range Reference Equation of State for Natural Gases and Other Mixtures, to be published as a GERG Technical Monograph, Fortschr.-Ber. VDI, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2006. [all data]

Additional Information

Equation of state

The uncertainty in density is 0.1% at temperatures from the triple point to 250 K and at pressures up to 40 MPa, except in the critical region, where an uncertainty of 0.2% in pressure is generally attained. In the region between 250 and 450 K and at pressures from 0.1 to 300 MPa, the uncertainty in density is 0.04%. At temperatures between 450 and 1000 K, the uncertainty in density increases to 1%. At pressures between 300 and 2000 MPa, the uncertainty in density is 8%. Speed of sound data are represented within 0.5% below 100 MPa. The estimated uncertainty for heat capacities is 1.0%. The estimated uncertainties of vapor pressures and saturated liquid densities calculated using the Maxwell criterion are 0.2% for each property.

Thermal conductivity

The uncertainty in thermal conductivity below 100 K is estimated to be 3% below 150 atm and up to 10% below 700 atm. For temperatures around 100 K at low densities, the uncertainty is about 1%. Above 100 K, the uncertainty is estimated to be on the order of 10%.


The uncertainty in viscosity ranges from 4% to 15%.

The fluid data above is also available from the NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Database. This product includes additional features not available from this web site.