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p-Terphenyl

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil662.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus493.1KN/AWasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus487.5KN/ASangster and Irvine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
Tfus488.1KN/ASangster and Irvine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus486.KN/AMikhailov and Aronovich, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus480.KN/AIpatieff, Germain, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple487.0KN/AChang, 1983Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc908. ± 10.KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Tc908.KN/AReiter, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Tc925.9KN/AMandel and Ewbank, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 16.7 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30. ± 6.barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Pc29.90barN/AReiter, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6.0795 bar; TRC
Pc33.30barN/AMandel and Ewbank, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3.447 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.729l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc1.4 ± 0.6mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc1.37mol/lN/AReiter, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.087 mol/l; TRC
rhoc1.31mol/lN/AMandel and Ewbank, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.13 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap101.7kJ/molCGCZhao, Unhannanant, et al., 2008AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub119. ± 9.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
79.2398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
79.2514.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 499. - 700. K.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
116.2 ± 2.4368.TVerevkin, 1997Based on data from 353. - 383. K.; AC
118.4397.MEWakayama and Inokuchi, 1967AC
120.6363.N/AHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 333. - 393. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.300487.0N/AChang, 1983, 2DH
35.500486.3N/ASmith, 1979DH
41.600493.1N/AWasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982, 2DH
35.3482.4DSCVerevkin, 1997AC
35.5486.3N/ASaito, Atake, et al., 1988See also Chang, 1983 and Acree, 1991.; AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
72.5487.0Chang, 1983, 2DH
73.0486.3Smith, 1979DH
84.4493.1Wasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982, 2DH

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
193.55crystaline, IIcrystaline, IChang, 1983, 2Lambda transition.; DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.304193.5crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISaito, Atake, et al., 1988DH
0.095193.3crystaline, IIcrystaline, ICailleau and Dworkin, 1979Obtained T = 191.0 K, S = 0.45 J/mol, from DSC data.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.63193.5crystaline, II, Lambdacrystaline, I, type transitionSaito, Atake, et al., 1988DH
0.49193.3crystaline, IIcrystaline, ICailleau and Dworkin, 1979Obtained; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Wasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982
Wasicki, J.; Radomska, M.; Radomski, R., Heat capacities of diphenyl, p-terphenyl and p-quaterphenyl from 180 K to their melting points, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 25, 509. [all data]

Sangster and Irvine, 1956
Sangster, R.C.; Irvine, J.W., Study of Organic Scintillators, J. Chem. Phys., 1956, 24, 670. [all data]

Mikhailov and Aronovich, 1955
Mikhailov, B.M.; Aronovich, P.M., Preparation of p-terphenyl, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1955, 1955, 945. [all data]

Ipatieff, Germain, et al., 1953
Ipatieff, V.N.; Germain, J.E.; Pines, H., The Structure of Di-(methylcyclohexyl)-benzene from Cycloalkylation of 4-Methylcyclohexane with Benzene in the Presence of Hydrogen Fluoride, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 6056. [all data]

Chang, 1983
Chang, Shu-Sing, Heat capacity and thermodynamic properties of p-terphenyl: Study of order--disorder transition by automated high-resolution adiabatic calorimetry, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 79, 12, 6229, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.445727 . [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 3. Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 547-558. [all data]

Reiter, 1963
Reiter, R.W., , NASA Doc. N63-19495 1963 1963, 1963. [all data]

Mandel and Ewbank, 1960
Mandel, H.; Ewbank, N., , Atomics International NAA-S-R-5129 1960, 1960. [all data]

Zhao, Unhannanant, et al., 2008
Zhao, Hui; Unhannanant, Patamaporn; Hanshaw, William; Chickos, James S., Enthalpies of Vaporization and Vapor Pressures of Some Deuterated Hydrocarbons. Liquid-Vapor Pressure Isotope Effects, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2008, 53, 7, 1545-1556, https://doi.org/10.1021/je800091s . [all data]

Lei, Chankalal, et al., 2002
Lei, Ying Duan; Chankalal, Raymond; Chan, Anita; Wania, Frank, Supercooled Liquid Vapor Pressures of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 4, 801-806, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0155148 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Verevkin, 1997
Verevkin, S.P., Thermochemistry of substituted benzenes. Experimental standard molar enthalpies of formation of o-, m-, and p-terphenyls and 1,3,5-triphenylbenzene, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1997, 29, 1495-1501. [all data]

Wakayama and Inokuchi, 1967
Wakayama, Nobuko; Inokuchi, Hiroo, Heats of Sublimation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Molecular Packings, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1967, 40, 10, 2267-2271, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.40.2267 . [all data]

Hoyer and Peperle, 1958
Hoyer, H.; Peperle, W., Z. Elektrochem., 1958, 62, 61. [all data]

Chang, 1983, 2
Chang, S.S., Heat capacity and thermodynamic properties of p-terphenyl: study of order-disorder transition by automated high-resolution adiabatic calorimetry, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 79, 6229-6236. [all data]

Smith, 1979
Smith, G.W., Phase behavior of some linear polyphenyls, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1979, 49, 207-209. [all data]

Wasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982, 2
Wasicki, J.; Radomska, M.; Radomski, R., Heat capacities of diphenyl, p-terphenyl and p-quaterphenyl from 180 K to their melting points, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 25, 509-514. [all data]

Saito, Atake, et al., 1988
Saito, K.; Atake, T.; Chihara, H., Thermodynamic studies on order-disorder phase transitions of p-terphenyl and p-terphenyl-d14, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1988, 61, 2327-2336. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Cailleau and Dworkin, 1979
Cailleau, H.; Dworkin, A., Calorimetric study of the phase transition of para-terphenyl, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1979, 50, 217-222. [all data]


Notes

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