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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δfliquid12. ± 1.1kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Δfliquid12.0 ± 0.63kJ/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Δfliquid  CcbSchmidlin, 1906uncertain value: 10. kJ/mol; Undetermine error; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δcliquid-3920. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid220.96J/mol*KN/AScott, Guthrie, et al., 1962DH
liquid219.2J/mol*KN/AKelley, 1929DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
157.09298.15Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993DH
155.96298.15Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
159.9303.15Reddy, 1986T = 303.15, 313.15 K.; DH
157.08298.15Roux-Dexgranges, Grolier, et al., 1986DH
158.70298.15Tardajos, Aicart, et al., 1986DH
158.7298.15Stephens and Olson, 1984T = 266 to 318 K. Cp given as 0.4117 cal g-1 C-1.; DH
157.0298.15Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982DH
157.15298.15Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982DH
156.0293.15Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981DH
157.0294.71Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979T = 293 to 373 K. Unsoothed experimental datum given as 1.704 KJ/kg*K.; DH
157.057298.15Fortier and Benson, 1979DH
157.081298.15Fortier and Benson, 1977DH
156.94298.15Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977DH
157.026298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
156.99298.15Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975T = 165 to 312 K. Cp = 187.43814 - 0.73026493T + 0.0029613602T2 - 2.8661704x10-6T3 J/mol*K.; DH
158.4298.15Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975T = 298 to 348 K. Cp(liq) = 154.73 + 0.0981(T/K-273.15) + 0.001949(T/K-273.15)2 J/mol*K (298 to 348 K).; DH
156.8298.15Rajagopal and Subrahmanyam, 1974T = 298.15 to 323.15 K.; DH
156.5298.Deshpande and Bhatagadde, 1971T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
158.6293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 373 K.; DH
157.33298.711Hwa and Ziegler, 1966T = 181 to 304 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
157.23298.15Scott, Guthrie, et al., 1962T = 10 to 360 K.; DH
166.9324.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value 21 to 81 C.; DH
140.295.Tschamler, 1948DH
158.6298.Kurbatov, 1947T = -76 to 60 C, mean Cp, four temperatures.; DH
156.9298.1Zhdanov, 1941T = 5 to 47 C.; DH
157.07298.2Burlew, 1940T = 281 to 383 K.; DH
156.5298.Vold, 1937DH
142.7227.8Aoyama and Kanda, 1935T = 78 to 228 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
156.5298.1Richards and Wallace, 1932T = 293 to 333 K.; DH
161.9298.15Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
153.0928.444Kelley, 1929T = 14 to 284 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
151.0293.2Williams and Daniels, 1925T = 20 to 60 C.; DH
153.6303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 343 K. Equation only.; DH
158.2298.von Reis, 1881T = 292 to 390 K.; DH


Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945
Prosen, E.J.; Gilmont, R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion of benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, and styrene, J. Res. NBS, 1945, 34, 65-70. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation at 25°C of the alkylbenzenes through C10H14, and of the higher normal monoalkylbenzenes, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 36, 455-461. [all data]

Schmidlin, 1906
Schmidlin, M.J., Recherches chimiques et thermochimiques sur la constitution des rosanilines, Ann. Chim. Phys., 1906, 1, 195-256. [all data]

Scott, Guthrie, et al., 1962
Scott, D.W.; Guthrie, G.B.; Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Berg, W.T.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; McCullough, J.P., Toluene: thermodynamic properties, molecular vibrations, and internal rotation, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 911-914. [all data]

Kelley, 1929
Kelley, K.K., The heat capacity of toluene from 14K to 298K. The entropy and the free energy of formation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 2738-2741. [all data]

Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Berkane, M.; Jimenez, E.; Wilhelm, E., Heat capacities and densities of mixtures of very polar substances 2. Mixtures containing N,N-dimethylformamide, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1993, 25(1), 41-50. [all data]

Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988
Shiohama, Y.; Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S.; Fujihara, I., Excess molar isobaric heat capacities and isentropic compressibilities of (cis- or trans-decalin + benzene or toluene or iso-octane or n-heptane) at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1988, 20, 1183-1189. [all data]

Reddy, 1986
Reddy, K.S., Isentropic compressibilities of binary liquid mixtures at 303.15 and 313.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 238-240. [all data]

Roux-Dexgranges, Grolier, et al., 1986
Roux-Dexgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E.; Villamanan, M.A.; Casanova, C., Role of alcohol in microemulsions. III. Volumes and heat capacities in the continuious phase water-n-butanol-toluene of reverse micelles, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1986, 25, 209-230. [all data]

Tardajos, Aicart, et al., 1986
Tardajos, G.; Aicart, E.; Costas, M.; Patterson, D., Liquid structure and second-order mixing functions for benzene, toluene, and p-xylene with n-alkanes, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1986, 1 82, 2977-2987. [all data]

Stephens and Olson, 1984
Stephens, M.; Olson, J.D., Measurement of excess heat capacities by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1984, 76, 79-85. [all data]

Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Inglese, A.; Wilhelm, E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of tetrachloroethene + cyclohexane, + methylcyclohexane, + benzene, and + toluene at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 523-529. [all data]

Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982
Wilhelm, E.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of 2,3-dimethylbutane + butane and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 1199-1200. [all data]

Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981
Atalla, S.R.; El-Sharkawy, A.A.; Gasser, F.A., Measurement of thermal properties of liquids with an AC heated-wire technique, Inter. J. Thermophys., 1981, 2(2), 155-162. [all data]

Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979
Andolenko, R.A.; Grigor'ev, B.A., Investigation of isobaric heat capacity of aromatic hydrocarbons at atmospheric pressure, Iaz. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Neft i Gaz (11), 1979, 78, 90. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1979
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Heat capacities of some binary aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures containing benzene or toluene, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1979, 24(1), 34-37. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1977
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Excess heat capacities of binary mixtures of tetrachloromethane witlh some aromatic liquids at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1977, 9, 1181-1188. [all data]

Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977
Wilhelm, E.; Grolier, J.-P.E.; Karbalai Ghassemi, M.H., Molar heat capacities of binary liquid mixtures: 1,2-dichloroethane + benzene, + toluene, and + p-xylene, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 1977, 81, 925-930. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1976
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Excess heat capacities of binary liquid mixtures determined with a Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 411-423. [all data]

Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975
Holzhauer, J.K.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of n-heptane-toluene, methylcyclohexane-toluene, and n-heptane-methylcyclohexane systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1975, 79(6), 590-604. [all data]

Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975
Pedersen, M.J.; Kay, W.B.; Hershey, H.C., Excess enthalpies, heat capacities, and excess heat capacities as a function of temperature in liquid mixtures of ethanol + toluene, ethanol + hexamethyldisiloxane, and hexamethyldisiloxane + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 1107-1118. [all data]

Rajagopal and Subrahmanyam, 1974
Rajagopal, E.; Subrahmanyam, S.V., Excess function of VE,(dVE/dp)T, and CpE of isooctane + benzene and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1974, 6, 873-876. [all data]

Deshpande and Bhatagadde, 1971
Deshpande, D.D.; Bhatagadde, L.G., Heat capacities at constant volume, free volumes, and rotational freedom in some liquids, Aust. J. Chem., 1971, 24, 1817-1822. [all data]

Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967
Rastorguev, Yu.L.; Ganiev, Yu.A., Study of the heat capacity of selected solvents, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Neft Gaz. 10, 1967, No.1, 79-82. [all data]

Hwa and Ziegler, 1966
Hwa, S.C.P.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of ethanol-methylcyclohexane and ethanol-toluene systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70(8), 2572-2593. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958
Swietoslawski, W.; Zielenkiewicz, A., Mean specific heats of binary positive azeotropes, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim., 1958, 6, 367-369. [all data]

Tschamler, 1948
Tschamler, H., Uber binare flussige Mischungen I. Mischungswarment, Volumseffekte und Zustandsdiagramme von chlorex mit benzol und n-alkylbenzolen, Monatsh. Chem., 1948, 79, 162-177. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1947
Kurbatov, V.Ya., Specific heat of liquids. I. Specific heat of benzenoid hydrocarbons, Zhur. Obshch. Khim., 1947, 17, 1999-2003. [all data]

Zhdanov, 1941
Zhdanov, A.K., Specific heats of some liquids and azeotropic mixtures, Zhur. Obshch. Khim., 1941, 11, 471-482. [all data]

Burlew, 1940
Burlew, J.S., Measurement of the heat capacity of a small volume of liquid by the piezo-thermometric method. III. Heat capacity of benzene and of toluene from 8°C. to the boiling point, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 696-700. [all data]

Vold, 1937
Vold, R.D., A calorimetric test of the solubility equation for regular solutions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 1515-1521. [all data]

Aoyama and Kanda, 1935
Aoyama, S.; Kanda, E., Studies on the heat capacities at low temperature. Report I. Heat capacities of some organic substances at low temperature, Sci. Rept. Tohoku Imp. Univ. [1]24, 1935, 107-115. [all data]

Richards and Wallace, 1932
Richards, W.T.; Wallace, J.H., Jr., The specific heats of five organic liquids from their adiabatic temperature-pressure coefficients, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 2705-2713. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal energy studies. I. Phenyl derivatives of methane, ethane and some related compounds. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3644-3660. [all data]

Williams and Daniels, 1925
Williams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of binary mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 1490-1503. [all data]

Willams and Daniels, 1924
Willams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of certain organic liquids at elevated temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46, 903-917. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]


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