Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

2-Hexen-1-ol, (Z)-


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1420.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1420.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5869.Rout, Rao, et al., 200725. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-1827.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-1850.Brat, Rega, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB837.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5885.7Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB837.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB847.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5865.Ruther, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1856.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1856.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-52868.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1405.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1380.Brat, Rega, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1401.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1389.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1402.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1410.Ruther, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1399.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101420.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1416.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-1827.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5856.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5856.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-1855.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1855.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1855.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-1855.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101863.Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1995He, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1847.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryOV-101845.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101846.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph866.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5872.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryHP-5870.Maggi, Bilek, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5 MS862.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS875.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-30854.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1416.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1405.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1398.Komes, Ulrich, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1434.Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1441.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1418.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101417.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101417.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101417.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1419.Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1403.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCBP-201401.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101397.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1413.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1417.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1418.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1397.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1407.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1441.Canuti, Conversano, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 80 0C 5 0C/min -> 110 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1411.Canuti, Conversano, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1423.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1410.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101423.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1412.Demirci and Baser, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1375.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1418.Saglam, Gozler, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1416.López-Tamames, Carro-Mariño, et al., 199725. m/0.3 mm/1.2 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1416.Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101368.Chang, Seitz, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980
Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1980, 31, 1, 69-75. [all data]

Rout, Rao, et al., 2007
Rout, P.K.; Rao, Y.R.; Sree., A.; Naik, S.N., Composition of essential oil, concrete, absolute, wax and headspace volatiles of Murrarya paniculata (Linn.) Jack flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 352-357, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1804 . [all data]

Paolini, Costa, et al., 2005
Paolini, J.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A., Analysis of the essential oil from aerial parts of Eupatorium cannabinum subsp. corsicum (L.) by gas chromatography with electron impact and chemical ionization mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1076, 1-2, 170-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.131 . [all data]

Brat, Rega, et al., 2003
Brat, P.; Rega, B.; Alter, P.; Reynes, M.; Brillouet, J.-M., Distribution of volatile compounds in the pulp, cloud, and serum of freshly squeezed orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3442-3447, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026226y . [all data]

Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 492-496, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1248 . [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2003, 3, 3, 665-682, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-3-665-2003 . [all data]

Pino and Marbot, 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5880-5882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010270g . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Ruther, 2000
Ruther, J., Retention index database for identification of general green leaf volatiles in plants coupled capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 890, 2, 313-319, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00618-X . [all data]

Coen, Engel, et al., 1995
Coen, M.; Engel, R.; Nahrstedt, A., Chavicol «beta»-D-glucoside, a phenylpropanoid heteroside, benzyl-«beta»-D-glucoside and glycosidically bound volatiles from subspecies of Cedronella canariensis, Phytochemistry, 1995, 40, 1, 149-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00241-X . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 2004
Selli, S.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A.; Erten, H.; Nurgel, C.; Lepoutre, J.P.; Gunata, Z., Volatile composition of red wine from cv. Kalecik Karasi grown in central Anatolia, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 2, 207-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.008 . [all data]

Paolini, Tomi, et al., 2008
Paolini, J.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bradesi, P.; Casanova, J.; Kaloustian, J., Detailed analysis of the essential oil from Cistus albidus L. by combination of GC/RI, GC/MS and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, N.Z. J. Agric. Res., 2008, 22, 14, 1270-1278. [all data]

Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 2006
Figuérédo, G.; Cabassu, P.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Pasquier, B., Studies of Mediterranean oregano populations. VIII. Chemical composition of essential oils of oreganos of various origins, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 134-139, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1543 . [all data]

Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 2005
Figuérédo, G.; Cabassu, P.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Pasquier, B., Studies of Mediterranean oregano populations- V. Chemical composition of essential oils of oregano: Origanum syriacum L. var. bevanii (Holmes) Ietswaart, O. syriacum L. var. sinaicum (Boiss.) Ietswaart, and O. syriacum L. var. syriacum from Lebanon and Israel, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 164-168. [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6564-6571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030268k . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998
Quiroz A.; Niemeyer H.M., Olfactometer-assessed responses of aphid Rhopalosiphum padi to wheat and oat volatiles, J. Chem. Ecol., 1998, 24, 1, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022393029987 . [all data]

Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1995
Chisholm, M.G.; Guiher, L.A.; Zaczkiewicz, S.M., Aroma characteristics of aged Vidal blanc wine, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1995, 46, 1, 56-62. [all data]

Binder, Turner, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of purple starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 4, 1053-1055, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00094a030 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 1989, 53, 6, 1721-1723, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.53.1721 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Courtois, Paine, et al., 2009
Courtois, E.A.; Paine, C.E.; Blandinieres, P.-A.; Stien, D.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Houel, E.; Baraloto, C.; Chave, J., Diversity of the volatile organic compounds emitted by 55 species of tropical trees: a survey in French Guiana, J. Chem. Ecol., 2009, 35, 11, 1349-1362, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-009-9718-1 . [all data]

Maggi, Bilek, et al., 2009
Maggi, F.; Bilek, T.; Lucarini, D.; Papa, F.; Sagratini, G.; Vittori, S., Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophylum (Lamiaceae) from central Italy: A new source of a mushrrom-like flavour, Food Chem., 2009, 113, 1, 216-221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.066 . [all data]

Zhu, Li, et al., 2008
Zhu, M.; Li, E.; He, H., Determination of volatile chemical constitutes in tea by simultaneous distillation extraction, vacuum hydrodistillation and thermal desrption, Chromatographia, 2008, 68, 7/8, 603-610, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-008-0732-1 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006
Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 222, 1-2, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0094-y . [all data]

Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 2006
Perestrelo, R.; Fernandes, A.; Albuquerque, F.F.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Analytical characterization of the aroma of Tinta Negra Mole red wine: Identification of the main odorants compounds, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 563, 1-2, 154-164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.10.023 . [all data]

Qian and Wang, 2005
Qian, M.C.; Wang, Y., Seasonal Variations of Volatile Composition and Odor Activity Value of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Thornless Evergreen (R.laciniatus L.) Blackberries, J. Food. Sci., 2005, 70, 1, c13-c20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09013.x . [all data]

Dregus and Engel, 2003
Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6530-6536, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030399l . [all data]

Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001
Weckerle, B.; Bastl-Borrmann, R.; Richling, E.; Hör, K.; Ruff, C.; Schreier, P., Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus indica) flavour constituents - chiral evaluation (MDGC-MS) and isotope ratio (HRGC-IRMS) analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 360-363, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1012 . [all data]

Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999
Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 9, 3702-3705, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990116i . [all data]

Girard and Lau, 1995
Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of 'Jonagold' apples, Food Res. Int., 1995, 28, 5, 465-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/0963-9969(96)81393-7 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Canuti, Conversano, et al., 2009
Canuti, V.; Conversano, M.; Li Calzi, M.; Heymann, H.; Matthews, M.A.; Ebeler, S.E., Headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for profiling free volatile compounds in Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and vines, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 15, 3012-3022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.01.104 . [all data]

Valappil, Fan, et al., 2009
Valappil, Z.A.; Fan, X.; Zhang, H.Q.; Rouseff, R.L., Impact of thermal and nonthermal processing technologies on unfermented apple cider aroma vilatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 924-929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803142d . [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and Clinical Methods. Comparative study of different extraction techniques for the analysis of virgin olive oil aroma, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 3, 1171-1178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.02.018 . [all data]

Demirci and Baser, 2004
Demirci, F.; Baser, K.H.C., The volatiles of fresh-cut Osyris alba L. flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 72-73, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1299 . [all data]

Saglam, Gozler, et al., 2001
Saglam, H.; Gozler, T.; Kivcak, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Volatile compounds from Haplophyllum myrtifolium, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2001, 37, 5, 442-444, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014467225815 . [all data]

López-Tamames, Carro-Mariño, et al., 1997
López-Tamames, E.; Carro-Mariño, N.; Gunata, Y.Z.; Sapis, C.; Baumes, R.; Bayonove, C., Potential aroma in several varieties of Spanish grapes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 5, 1729-1735, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960572w . [all data]

Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995
Carro Marino, N.; López Tamames, E.; García Jares, C.M., Contribution to the study of the aromatic potential of three muscat Vitis vinifera varieties: identification of new compounds, Food Sci. Technol. Int., 1995, 1, 2-3, 105-116, https://doi.org/10.1177/108201329500100206 . [all data]

Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995
Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 1995, 72, 3, 237-242. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References