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Propanoic acid

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
RCD - R.C. Dunbar

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Individual Reactions

EtCO2 anion + Hydrogen cation = Propanoic acid

By formula: C3H5O2- + H+ = C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1454. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSCaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1454. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

Iodide + Propanoic acid = (Iodide bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: I- + C3H6O2 = (I- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B

thiophenoxide anion + Propanoic acid = C9H11O2S-

By formula: C6H5S- + C3H6O2 = C9H11O2S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar83.7 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

Ethanol + Propanoic acid = Propanoic acid, ethyl ester + Water

By formula: C2H6O + C3H6O2 = C5H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-22.6 ± 0.42kJ/molEqkEssex and Sandholzer, 1938liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -23.54 kJ/mol; ALS

Propanoic acid, anhydride + Water = 2Propanoic acid

By formula: C6H10O3 + H2O = 2C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-56.6 ± 0.4kJ/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1942liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis at 303 K; ALS

Hydrogen + 2-Propenoic acid = Propanoic acid

By formula: H2 + C3H4O2 = C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-127.0 ± 0.8kJ/molChydSkinner and Snelson, 1959liquid phase; solvent: Acetic acid; ALS

Methyl propionate + Water = Methyl Alcohol + Propanoic acid

By formula: C4H8O2 + H2O = CH4O + C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-60.17 ± 0.92kJ/molEqkGuthrie and Cullimore, 1980liquid phase; ALS

NO3 anion + Water + Propanoic acid = C3H8NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C3H6O2 = C3H8NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CO3 + Water + Propanoic acid = C4H8O6-

By formula: CO3 + H2O + C3H6O2 = C4H8O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO5-

By formula: NO3- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Nitrogen oxide anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO4-

By formula: NO2- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.30 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Propanoic acid = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: Na+ + C3H6O2 = (Na+ bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118. ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTMoision and Armentrout, 2002RCD

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Caldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989
Caldwell, G.; Renneboog, R.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Acidities of Aliphatic Carboxylic Acids, Based on Measurements of Proton Transfer Equilibria, Can. J. Chem., 1989, 67, 4, 661, https://doi.org/10.1139/v89-092 . [all data]

Cumming and Kebarle, 1978
Cumming, J.B.; Kebarle, P., Summary of gas phase measurements involving acids AH. Entropy changes in proton transfer reactions involving negative ions. Bond dissociation energies D(A-H) and electron affinities EA(A), Can. J. Chem., 1978, 56, 1. [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1984
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., Binding energies and structural effects in halide anion-ROH and -RCOOH complexes from gas phase equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 967. [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Essex and Sandholzer, 1938
Essex, H.; Sandholzer, M., The free energy of formation of ethyl propionate, J. Phys. Chem., 1938, 42, 317-333. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Conn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1942
Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Roberts, R.M.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. XIII. Heats of hydrolysis of some acid anhydrides, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 1747-17. [all data]

Skinner and Snelson, 1959
Skinner, H.A.; Snelson, A., Heats of hydrogenation Part 3., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1959, 55, 405-407. [all data]

Guthrie and Cullimore, 1980
Guthrie, J.P.; Cullimore, P.A., Effect of the acyl substituent on the equilibrium constant for hydration of esters, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 1281-1294. [all data]

Viidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000
Viidanoja, J.; Reiner, T.; Kiendler, A.; Grimm, F.; Arnold, F., Laboratory investigations of negative ion molecule reactions of propionic, butyric, glyoxylic, pyruvic, and pinonic acids, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 194, 1, 53-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00172-4 . [all data]

Moision and Armentrout, 2002
Moision, R.M.; Armentrout, P.B., Experimental and Theoretical Dissection of Sodium Cation/Glycine Interactions, J. Phys. Chem A, 2002, 106, 43, 10350, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0216373 . [all data]


Notes

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