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Chloral

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Chloral + Water = Chloral Hydrate

By formula: C2HCl3O + H2O = C2H3Cl3O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-51.76 ± 0.08kJ/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994liquid phase
Deltar-51.14 ± 0.15kJ/molEqkHenke, Hadad, et al., 1993liquid phase; solvent: Acetone

Sodium hydroxide + Chloral = sodium formate + Trichloromethane

By formula: HNaO + C2HCl3O = CHNaO2 + CHCl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-102.8kJ/molCmPritchard and Skinner, 1950liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis

Methyl Alcohol + Chloral = 2,2,2-trichloro-1-methoxyethanol

By formula: CH4O + C2HCl3O = 2,2,2-trichloro-1-methoxyethanol

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-48.1kJ/molEqkJensen and Pedersen, 1971liquid phase; solvent: Heptane

Isopropyl Alcohol + Chloral = 2,2,2-trichloro-1-isopropoxyethanol

By formula: C3H8O + C2HCl3O = 2,2,2-trichloro-1-isopropoxyethanol

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-41.6kJ/molEqkJensen and Pedersen, 1971liquid phase; solvent: Heptane

Ethanol + Chloral = 2,2,2-Trichloro-1-ethoxy ethanol

By formula: C2H6O + C2HCl3O = C4H7Cl3O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-47.3kJ/molEqkJensen and Pedersen, 1971liquid phase; solvent: Heptane

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994
Wiberg, K.B.; Morgan, K.M.; Maltz, H., Thermochemistry of carbonyl reactions. 6. A study of hydration equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 11067-11077. [all data]

Henke, Hadad, et al., 1993
Henke, S.L.; Hadad, C.M.; Morgan, K.M.; Wiberg, K.B.; Wasserman, H.H., A theorectical and experimental investigation of vicinal tricarbonyl systems and their hydrates, J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 2830-2839. [all data]

Pritchard and Skinner, 1950
Pritchard, H.O.; Skinner, H.A., The heats of hydrolysis of chloral and bromal, and the C-C bond dissociation energies in chloral and bromal, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 1928-1931. [all data]

Jensen and Pedersen, 1971
Jensen, R.B.; Pedersen, S.B., Reaction between chloral and alcohols. 9. Dissociation of chloral hemiacetals of some aliphatic primary and secondary alcohols, Acta Chem. Scand., 1971, 25, 2911-2930. [all data]


Notes

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