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Ethyl Chloride

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil289. ± 10.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus136.75KN/ATimmermans, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus133.KN/AAwbery, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus137.KN/ATimmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus132.3KN/ATimmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple134.82KN/AGordon and Giauque, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc460.35KN/ABerthoud, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc51.7200atmN/ABerthoud, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4000 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap5.88 ± 0.07kcal/molReviewManion, 2002weighted average of several measurements plus a correction for non-ideality; DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
5.8920285.42N/AGordon and Giauque, 1948, 2P = 101.325 kPa; DH
6.00300.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 285. - 344. K.; AC
5.83349.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 334. - 413. K.; AC
5.83418.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 403. - 460. K.; AC
6.64222.A,EStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 207. - 305. K. See also Li and Rossini, 1961 and Dykyj, 1970.; AC
6.19270.N/AGordon and Giauque, 1948, 2Based on data from 218. - 285. K.; AC
5.935294.CYates, 1926ALS

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
20.64285.42Gordon and Giauque, 1948, 2P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
217.21 - 285.664.156101052.821-32.078Gordon and Giauque, 1948, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.064134.82Gordon and Giauque, 1948, 2DH
1.06134.8Acree, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.892134.82Gordon and Giauque, 1948, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Timmermans, 1952
Timmermans, J., Freezing points of organic compounds. VVI New determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1952, 61, 393. [all data]

Awbery, 1941
Awbery, J.H., Philos. Mag., 1941, 31, 247. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1937
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., Works from International Bureau at Physical-Chemical Standards. VIII. Physical constants of 20 organic compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1937, 34, 693. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Gordon and Giauque, 1948
Gordon, J.; Giauque, W.F., The Entropy of Ethyl Chloride. Heat Capacity from 13 to 287 K. Vapor Pressure. Heats of Fusion and Vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 1506. [all data]

Berthoud, 1917
Berthoud, A., Determination of Critical Temperatures and Pressures of Amines and Alkyl Chlorides, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1917, 15, 3. [all data]

Manion, 2002
Manion, J.A., Evaluated Enthalpies of Formation of the Stable Closed Shell C1 and C2 Chlorinated Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2002, 31, 1, 123-172, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1420703 . [all data]

Gordon and Giauque, 1948, 2
Gordon, J.; Giauque, W.F., The entropy of ethyl chloride. Heat capacity from 18 to 287K. Vapor pressure. Heats of fusion and vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 1506-1510. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Li and Rossini, 1961
Li, J.C.M.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of the l-Fluoroalkanes, l-Chloroalkanes, l-Bromoalkanes, and l-Iodoalkanes, C 1 to C 20 ., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1961, 6, 2, 268-270, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60010a025 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Yates, 1926
Yates, G.W.C., LXXIV. Latent heats of vaporization of ethyl and methyl chlorides, Philos. Mag., 1926, 2, 817-826. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]


Notes

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