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Propane

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
M - M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias
MS - J.A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H7- + Hydrogen cation = Propane

By formula: C3H7- + H+ = C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar419.4 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar419.5 ± 4.8kcal/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar419.0 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1984gas phase; B
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar411.4 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar411.5 ± 4.9kcal/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B

Propene + Hydrogen = Propane

By formula: C3H6 + H2 = C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-29.5 ± 1.2kcal/molChydKistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -29.85 ± 0.50 kcal/mol; ALS
Deltar-29.87 ± 0.10kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -30.115 ± 0.013 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Hydrogen + Propane, 2-fluoro- = Propane + hydrogen fluoride

By formula: H2 + C3H7F = C3H8 + HF

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-20.20 ± 0.30kcal/molChydLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -21.11 ± 0.69 kcal/mol; %hf298_gas[kcal/mol]=-66.97±0.71; Kolesov and Kozina, 1986; ALS

Hydrogen + n-Propyl fluoride = Propane + hydrogen fluoride

By formula: H2 + C3H7F = C3H8 + HF

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-22.00 ± 0.50kcal/molChydLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -22.9 ± 1.6 kcal/mol; %hf298_gas[kcal/mol]=-66.71±0.62; Kolesov and Kozina, 1986; ALS

2Hydrogen + Propane, 1,2-dichloro- = Propane + 2Hydrogen chloride

By formula: 2H2 + C3H6Cl2 = C3H8 + 2HCl

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-30.24 ± 0.26kcal/molChydLacher, Amador, et al., 1967gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -31.21 ± 0.13 kcal/mol; At 250 C; ALS

2Hydrogen + Propyne = Propane

By formula: 2H2 + C3H4 = C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-69.22 ± 0.15kcal/molChydConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1939gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -69.03 ± 0.14 kcal/mol; At 355 K; ALS

2Hydrogen + Allene = Propane

By formula: 2H2 + C3H4 = C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-70.54 ± 0.25kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -71.28 ± 0.20 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Hydrogen + Propane, 2-bromo- = Hydrogen bromide + Propane

By formula: H2 + C3H7Br = HBr + C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-10.85 ± 0.22kcal/molChydDavies, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -10.77 kcal/mol; ALS

EtCH2 anion + Hydrogen cation = Propane

By formula: C3H7- + H+ = C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar415.6 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar407.2 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

C3H7+ + Propane = (C3H7+ bullet Propane)

By formula: C3H7+ + C3H8 = (C3H7+ bullet C3H8)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar13.6kcal/molPHPMSSunner, Hirao, et al., 1989gas phase; M
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar29.4cal/mol*KPHPMSSunner, Hirao, et al., 1989gas phase; M

C4H9+ + Propane = (C4H9+ bullet Propane)

By formula: C4H9+ + C3H8 = (C4H9+ bullet C3H8)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar6.6kcal/molPHPMSSunner, Hirao, et al., 1989gas phase; M
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KPHPMSSunner, Hirao, et al., 1989gas phase; M

Iron ion (1+) + Propane = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Propane)

By formula: Fe+ + C3H8 = (Fe+ bullet C3H8)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
17.9 (+1.0,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Propane = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Propane)

By formula: Co+ + C3H8 = (Co+ bullet C3H8)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
30.8 (+1.4,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

C3H7BrMg (solution) + Hydrogen bromide (g) = Propane (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

By formula: C3H7BrMg (solution) + HBr (g) = C3H8 (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-73.11 ± 0.53kcal/molRSCHolm, 1981solvent: Diethyl ether; MS

C5O5W (g) + Propane (g) = C8H8O5W (g)

By formula: C5O5W (g) + C3H8 (g) = C8H8O5W (g)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-8.1 ± 2.0kcal/molEqGBrown, Ishikawa, et al., 1990Temperature range: ca. 300-350 K; MS

Hydrogen + n-Propyl chloride = Propane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C3H7Cl = C3H8 + HCl

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-15.73 ± 0.16kcal/molChydDavies, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; ALS

Hydrogen + Propane, 2-chloro- = Propane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C3H7Cl = C3H8 + HCl

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-13.94 ± 0.17kcal/molChydDavies, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; ALS

Propane, 1-bromo- + Hydrogen = Hydrogen bromide + Propane

By formula: C3H7Br + H2 = HBr + C3H8

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar-13.57kcal/molChydDavies, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

DePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989
DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968. [doi:10.1021/ja00188a003] [all data]

Peerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992
Peerboom, R.A.L.; Rademaker, G.J.; Dekoning, L.J.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Stabilization of Cycloalkyl Carbanions in the Gas Phase, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1992, 6, 6, 394. [doi:10.1002/rcm.1290060608] [all data]

DePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1984
DePuy, C.H.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., Relative Gas-Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 4051. [all data]

Kistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Nickle, A.G., Ethane-ethylene and propane-propylene equilibria, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1951, 10, 175-187. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. II. Hydrogenation of some simpler olefinic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 876-882. [all data]

Lacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956
Lacher, J.R.; Kianpour, A.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic halogen compounds. VI. The catalytic hydrogenation of some alkyl fluorides, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 1454-1455. [all data]

Kolesov and Kozina, 1986
Kolesov, V.P.; Kozina, M.P., Thermochemistry of organic and organohalogen compounds, Russ. Chem. Rev., 1986, 55, 912. [all data]

Lacher, Amador, et al., 1967
Lacher, J.R.; Amador, A.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. Part 5.-Heats of hydrogenation of dichloromethane, 1,1- and 1,2-dichloroethane and 1,2-dichloropropane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 1608-1611. [all data]

Conn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1939
Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. VIII. Some further hydrogenations, including those of some acetylenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 1868-1876. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. IV. Hydrogenation of some dienes and of benzene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 146-153. [all data]

Davies, Lacher, et al., 1965
Davies, J.; Lacher, J.R.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. Part 4.-Heats of hydrogenation of n- and iso-Propyl bromides and chlorides, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 2413-2416. [all data]

Sunner, Hirao, et al., 1989
Sunner, J.A.; Hirao, K.; Kebarle, P., Hydride - Transfer Reactions. Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants for i-C3H7+ + HC(CH3)3 = C3H8 + C(CH3)3+. Clusters of i-C3H7+ and t-C4H9+ with Propane and Isobutane, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 10, 4010. [doi:10.1021/j100347a030] [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Holm, 1981
Holm, T., J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 1981, 464.. [all data]

Brown, Ishikawa, et al., 1990
Brown, C.E.; Ishikawa, Y.; Hackett, P.A.; Rayner, D.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 2530. [all data]


Notes

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