Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Ethane

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Cobalt ion (1+) + Ethane = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ethane)

By formula: Co+ + C2H6 = (Co+ bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; switching reaction(Co+)CH4, «DELTA»rS(500 K); M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.9 (+1.2,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
28.0 (+1.6,-0.) SIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; switching reaction(Co+)CH4, «DELTA»rS(500 K); M

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Methane) + Ethane = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ethane bullet Methane)

By formula: (Co+ bullet CH4) + C2H6 = (Co+ bullet C2H6 bullet CH4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.9cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; switching reaction(Co+).2CH4, «DELTA»rS(480 K); M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.4 (+1.3,-0.) SIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; switching reaction(Co+).2CH4, «DELTA»rS(480 K); M

3Water (g) + Aluminum, triethyl- (l) = AlH3O3 (amorphous) + 3Ethane (g)

By formula: 3H2O (g) + C6H15Al (l) = AlH3O3 (amorphous) + 3C2H6 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-154.7 ± 1.5kcal/molRSCFowell, 1961Please also see Cox and Pilcher, 1970. Liquid triethylaluminum contains a very small molar fraction of monomer at 298 K, ca. 0.1% Smith, 1967, so that the "real" liquid should be described as [Al(Et)3]2.; MS

C2H5- + Hydrogen cation = Ethane

By formula: C2H5- + H+ = C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar420.1 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar421.0 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1984gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar411.7 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ethane) + Methane = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Methane bullet Ethane)

By formula: (Co+ bullet C2H6) + CH4 = (Co+ bullet CH4 bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.4cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; «DELTA»rS(490 K); M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
24.4 (+1.1,-0.) SIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; «DELTA»rS(490 K); M

Hydrogen bromide (g) + ethyllithium (cr) = Ethane (g) + Lithium bromide (cr)

By formula: HBr (g) + C2H5Li (cr) = C2H6 (g) + BrLi (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-82.62 ± 0.48kcal/molRSCHolm, 1974Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977. The reaction enthalpy was quoted from Pedley and Rylance, 1977. See Liebman, Martinho Simões, et al., 1995 for comments; MS

C5O5W (g) + Ethane (g) = C7H6O5W (g)

By formula: C5O5W (g) + C2H6 (g) = C7H6O5W (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-7.4 ± 2.0kcal/molEqGBrown, Ishikawa, et al., 1990Temperature range: ca. 300-350 K; MS
Deltar-9.7 ± 3.0kcal/molEqGIshikawa, Brown, et al., 1988Temperature range: 298-363 K; MS

Iron ion (1+) + Ethane = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Ethane)

By formula: Fe+ + C2H6 = (Fe+ bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18. ± 3.kcal/molMKERCarpenter, van Koppen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.3 (+1.4,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Ethane, 1,2-dichloro- + 2Hydrogen = Ethane + 2Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C2H4Cl2 + 2H2 = C2H6 + 2HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-34.18 ± 0.23kcal/molChydLacher, Amador, et al., 1967gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2, Original value = -35.32 ± 0.12 kcal/mol; At 250 C; ALS

2Hydrogen + Ethane, 1,1-dichloro- = Ethane + 2Hydrogen chloride

By formula: 2H2 + C2H4Cl2 = C2H6 + 2HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-33.66 ± 0.25kcal/molChydLacher, Amador, et al., 1967gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2, Original value = -34.65 ± 0.12 kcal/mol; At 250C; ALS

2Hydrogen + Acetylene = Ethane

By formula: 2H2 + C2H2 = C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-74.58 ± 0.15kcal/molChydConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1939gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2, Original value = -75.06 ± 0.66 kcal/mol; At 355 K; ALS

Diethylzinc (l) + (Sulfuric Acid bullet 100Water) (solution) = 2Ethane (g) + (zinc sulphate bullet 100Water) (solution)

By formula: C4H10Zn (l) + (H2O4S bullet 100H2O) (solution) = 2C2H6 (g) + (O4SZn bullet 100H2O) (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-84.7 ± 1.0kcal/molRSCCarson, Hartley, et al., 1949Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS

Hydrogen + Ethylene = Ethane

By formula: H2 + C2H4 = C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-32.6 ± 0.5kcal/molChydKistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951gas phase; ALS
Deltar-32.58 ± 0.06kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Romeyn, et al., 1935gas phase; ALS

2Hydrogen chloride (g) + Aluminum, chlorodiethyl- (l) = AlCl3 (cr) + 2Ethane (g)

By formula: 2HCl (g) + C4H10AlCl (l) = AlCl3 (cr) + 2C2H6 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-63.34 ± 0.79kcal/molRSCShaulov and Shmyreva, 1968The reaction enthalpy was derived from data in Shaulov and Shmyreva, 1968.; MS

C2H4+ + Ethane = (C2H4+ bullet Ethane)

By formula: C2H4+ + C2H6 = (C2H4+ bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Kebarle, 1980gas phase; M

2Hydrogen + Ethene, chloro- = Ethane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: 2H2 + C2H3Cl = C2H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-51.2 ± 0.2kcal/molChydLacher, Emery, et al., 1956gas phase; At 298 K, see Lacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956; ALS

Hydrogen bromide (g) + C2H5BrMg (solution) = Ethane (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

By formula: HBr (g) + C2H5BrMg (solution) = C2H6 (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-71.51 ± 0.53kcal/molRSCHolm, 1981solvent: Diethyl ether; MS

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 2Ethane) + Ethane = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 3Ethane)

By formula: (Co+ bullet 2C2H6) + C2H6 = (Co+ bullet 3C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.kcal/molSIDTKemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993gas phase; «DELTA»rH<; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Ethane = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Ethane)

By formula: Al+ + C2H6 = (Al+ bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.0 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDC,EqGStockigt, Schwarz, et al., 1996Anchored to theory; RCD

2Hydrogen + Vinyl bromide = Hydrogen bromide + Ethane

By formula: 2H2 + C2H3Br = HBr + C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-47.61 ± 0.46kcal/molChydLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1957gas phase; ALS

Hydrogen + 2Ethane, iodo- = 2Ethane + Iodine

By formula: H2 + 2C2H5I = 2C2H6 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-21.2 ± 0.80kcal/molChydAshcroft, Carson, et al., 1965liquid phase; ALS

Hydrogen + Ethyl bromide = Hydrogen bromide + Ethane

By formula: H2 + C2H5Br = HBr + C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-14.11 ± 0.27kcal/molChydFowell, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; ALS

Hydrogen + 2Ethyl bromide = 2Ethane + Bromine

By formula: H2 + 2C2H5Br = 2C2H6 + Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.6 ± 3.0kcal/molChydAshcroft, Carson, et al., 1965liquid phase; ALS

Hydrogen + Ethyl Chloride = Ethane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C2H5Cl = C2H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-16.6 ± 0.1kcal/molChydLacher, Emery, et al., 1956gas phase; ALS

Nickel ion (1+) + Ethane = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Ethane)

By formula: Ni+ + C2H6 = (Ni+ bullet C2H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29. ± 3.kcal/molMKERCarpenter, van Koppen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kemper, Bushnell, et al., 1993
Kemper, P.R.; Bushnell, J.; Von Koppen, P.; Bowers, M.T., Binding Energies of Co+(H2/CH4/C2H6)1,2,3 Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 9, 1810, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100111a016 . [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Fowell, 1961
Fowell, P.A., Ph. D. Thesis, University of Manchester, 1961. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Smith, 1967
Smith, M.B., J. Phys. Chem., 1967, 71, 364. [all data]

DePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989
DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00188a003 . [all data]

DePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1984
DePuy, C.H.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., Relative Gas-Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 4051. [all data]

Holm, 1974
Holm, T., J. Organometal. Chem., 1974, 77, 27. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Liebman, Martinho Simões, et al., 1995
Liebman, J.F.; Martinho Simões, J.A.; Slayden, S.W., In Lithium Chemistry: A Theoretical and Experimental Overview Wiley: New York, Sapse, A.-M.; Schleyer, P. von Ragué, ed(s)., 1995. [all data]

Brown, Ishikawa, et al., 1990
Brown, C.E.; Ishikawa, Y.; Hackett, P.A.; Rayner, D.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 2530. [all data]

Ishikawa, Brown, et al., 1988
Ishikawa, Y.; Brown, C.E.; Hackett, P.A.; Rayner, D.M., Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 150, 506. [all data]

Carpenter, van Koppen, et al., 1995
Carpenter, C.J.; van Koppen, P.A.M.; Bowers, M.T., Details of Potential Energy Surfaces Involving C-C Bond Activation: Reactions of Fe+, Co+ and Ni+ with Acetone, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 44, 10976, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00149a021 . [all data]

Lacher, Amador, et al., 1967
Lacher, J.R.; Amador, A.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. Part 5.-Heats of hydrogenation of dichloromethane, 1,1- and 1,2-dichloroethane and 1,2-dichloropropane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 1608-1611. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Conn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1939
Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. VIII. Some further hydrogenations, including those of some acetylenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 1868-1876. [all data]

Carson, Hartley, et al., 1949
Carson, A.S.; Hartley, K.; Skinner, H.A., Thermochemistry of metal alkyls. Part II.?The bond dissociation energies of some Zn?C and Cd?C bonds, and of Et?I., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1949, 45, 1159, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9494501159 . [all data]

Kistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Nickle, A.G., Ethane-ethylene and propane-propylene equilibria, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1951, 10, 175-187. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Romeyn, et al., 1935
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Romeyn, H., Jr.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. I. The apparatus and the heat of hydrogenation of ethylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 65-75. [all data]

Shaulov and Shmyreva, 1968
Shaulov, Yu.Kh.; Shmyreva, G.O., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1968, 42, 1008. [all data]

Hiraoka and Kebarle, 1980
Hiraoka, K.; Kebarle, P., Ion Molecule Reactions in Ethane. Thermochemistry and Structures of the Intermediate Complexes: C4H11+ and C4H10+ Formed in the Reactions of C2H5+ and C2H4+ with C2H6, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 21, 2262, https://doi.org/10.1139/v80-364 . [all data]

Lacher, Emery, et al., 1956
Lacher, J.R.; Emery, E.; Bohmfalk, E.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. IV. A high temperature calorimeter and the hydrogenation of methyl ethyl and vinyl chlorides, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 492-495. [all data]

Lacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956
Lacher, J.R.; Kianpour, A.; Oetting, F.; Park, J.D., Reaction calorimetry. The hydrogenation of organic fluorides and chlorides, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1956, 52, 1500-1508. [all data]

Holm, 1981
Holm, T., J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 1981, 464.. [all data]

Stockigt, Schwarz, et al., 1996
Stockigt, D.; Schwarz, J.; Schwarz, H., Theoretical and Experimental Studies on the Bond Dissociation Energies of Al(methane)+, Al(acetylene)+, Al(ethene)+, and Al(ethane)+, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 21, 8786, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp960060k . [all data]

Lacher, Kianpour, et al., 1957
Lacher, J.R.; Kianpour, A.; Montgomery, P.; Knedler, H.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic halogen compounds. IX. The catalytic hydrogenation of vinyl and perfluorovinyl bromide, J. Phys. Chem., 1957, 61, 1125-1126. [all data]

Ashcroft, Carson, et al., 1965
Ashcroft, S.J.; Carson, A.S.; Carter, W.; Laye, P.G., Thermochemistry of reductions caused by lithium aluminium hydride. Part 3.- The C-halogen bond dissociation energies in ethyl iodine and ethyl bromide, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 225-229. [all data]

Fowell, Lacher, et al., 1965
Fowell, P.; Lacher, J.R.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. Part 3.-Heats of hydrogenation of methyl bromide and ethyl bromide, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1324-1327. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References