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Benzene

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5100.685.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-5120.694.74Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-560.672.74Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-580.674.03Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-10.651.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.648.9Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.657.6Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.650.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.646.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.645.Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.652.6Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedSE-30160.638.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryHP-5100.678.8Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-5120.683.3Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySqualane70.641.51Soják, 2004H2
CapillarySqualane70.641.45Soják, 2004N2
CapillarySqualane70.641.96Soják, 2004N2
CapillaryDB-1313.649.89Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1323.651.77Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1333.653.93Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1343.656.09Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1353.658.35Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1363.660.36Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1373.663.60Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1383.664.40Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1393.666.96Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1403.670.44Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1413.672.02Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1423.674.86Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5313.666.03Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5323.667.42Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5333.669.56Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5343.671.74Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5353.673.50Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5363.675.70Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5373.677.75Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5383.680.27Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5393.681.27Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5403.683.59Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5413.685.29Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5423.687.79Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m
PackedOV-1130.672.Gurevich and Roshchina, 2003He or N2, Gas-Chrom Q
CapillarySE-30160.684.6Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.682.5Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.676.Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-5140.686.4Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryMethyl Silicone150.670.45Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm
CapillarySqualane50.636.6Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane60.639.1Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.641.7Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane80.644.5Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane90.646.6Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane100.650.0Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane110.652.5Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.677.2Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-10160.654.52Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-101110.662.Zhuravleva, 200050. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane200.675.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999 
CapillaryOV-1100.663.Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.663.0Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-1140.668.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.654.Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 199730. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-1010.644.Skrbic, 1997 
CapillaryOV-101110.677.Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 199750. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
PackedOV-101100.663.2Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101110.667.4Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10180.654.7Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10190.660.2Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
CapillaryCP Sil 260.649.4Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 280.656.3Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySPB-160.643.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101150.678.1Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.688.0Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryDB-160.653.8Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.654.2Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.654.2Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.654.4Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.653.5Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.647.2Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
PackedOV-101120.669.9Hassani and Meklati, 1992N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedSqualane100.649.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30120.666.Kowalski, 1992He, Gas Chrom Q (100-120 mesh); Column length: 0.25 m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.675.0Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-160.655.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.655.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.664.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.664.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.663.1Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1120.670.7Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.663.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-145.651.3Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.655.4Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-145.651.4Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.655.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.637.2Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.641.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5445.666.5Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5465.667.4Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
PackedSqualane70.645.Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989He, Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryHP-160.654.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.655.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-10140.649.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10160.653.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10180.658.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillarySqualane50.637.Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.641.4Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30110.662.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.661.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q200.630.de Zeeuw, de Nijs, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q200.650.de Zeeuw, de Nijs, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.664.Engewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
PackedApolane150.687.Evans and Haken, 1987He, Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedOV-101120.672.Fernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987N2, Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane80.646.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
PackedSqualane80.642.Kersten and Poole, 1987N2; Column length: 3.5 m
CapillarySqualane100.651.Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987 
CapillaryOV-10140.652.1Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.654.1Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.656.0Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10170.658.3Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
PackedApolane150.687.Haken and Vernon, 1986Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30180.681.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1985N2, Chromosorb A AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-3042.655.Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30180.681.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984N2, Chromosorb W AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30120.668.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2; Column length: 200. m
PackedSE-30150.675.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1120.669.Valko, Papp, et al., 1984Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryOV-101100.662.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.664.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.662.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.664.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
PackedApolane100.670.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.647.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane120.653.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane125.652.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane200.675.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-10130.647.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10140.649.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10150.651.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10160.653.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10170.656.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10180.658.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-330.671.1Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-340.673.0Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-350.675.1Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-360.677.2Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-370.679.5Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-380.681.9Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillarySqualane106.650.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.647.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.653.8Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.654.4Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.657.1Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.685.2Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.685.6Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.686.8Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.687.4Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30100.664.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryOV-150.652.Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982Column length: 55. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30130.670.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.659.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.664.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.671.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.678.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
PackedApiezon L70.667.Jaworski, 1982Column length: 1.8 m
PackedApiezon L150.680.Jaworski, 1982Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-10150.654.Johansen and Ettre, 1982100. m/0.27 mm/0.20 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.651.Johansen and Ettre, 198255. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-150.653.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySE-3050.650.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySqualane86.648.Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.650.22Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-130.648.4Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-140.650.5Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-150.652.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-160.654.9Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-170.657.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-180.659.7Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3030.645.7Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3040.648.Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3050.650.3Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3060.652.7Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3070.655.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3080.658.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-101100.663.6Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.670.7Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.677.8Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane50.638.Mitra, 1981N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.638.Mitra, 1981N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-160.646.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-3080.659.1Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 64. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.642.9Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L100.683.Morishita, Okano, et al., 1980Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.650.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane50.637.4Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.642.2Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.637.2Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.642.5Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedTriacontane80.651.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane80.652.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.648.Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane86.647.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.648.0Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.648.7Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.649.0Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.642.5Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.642.9Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.641.1Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.641.4Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.648.Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.650.2Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.636.8Welsch, Engewald, et al., 1978Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryApiezon M120.684.Golovnya and Misharina, 1977 
CapillarySqualane100.650.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane100.645.5Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.646.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApolane70.659.2Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
CapillarySqualane60.639.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.642.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.644.42Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-3040.648.Vylegzhanina and Keiser, 1976Chromaton N-AW-GMDS; Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-3060.647.Vylegzhanina and Keiser, 1976Chromaton N-AW-GMDS; Column length: 1. m
PackedSqualane100.650.Vernon and Edwards, 1975N2, DCMS-treated Celite; Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30150.674.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
CapillarySqualane42.5636.Engewald, Epsch, et al., 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane70.644.Engewald, Epsch, et al., 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane50.637.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.642.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.8Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.8Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.8Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.7Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.7Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.654.8Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.650.4Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.638.Gäumann and Bonzo, 1973Column length: 100. m
CapillaryOV-10150.652.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10150.654.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10160.654.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10160.656.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySqualane100.660.7Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.649.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.644.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.652.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.655.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.657.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.660.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.662.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
PackedSqualane50.640.0Takács, Tálas, et al., 1972N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane70.639.7Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-3075.656.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSqualane100.648.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m
PackedSqualane50.637.Vernon, 1971N2
PackedApiezon L100.685.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane80.648.5Wallaert, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane115.653.6Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.646.6Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedApiezon L100.681.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedSqualane27.634.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.640.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.645.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.649.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.680.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L120.686.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L140.694.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L80.681.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane100.650.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane120.655.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.660.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane80.645.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane22.631.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane30.632.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane40.634.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane55.643.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane70.645.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedApiezon L130.691.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5662.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillarySE-54650.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101642.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L665.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1647.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-5667.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5664.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1629.Wongpornchai, Sriseadka, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 2C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100649.7Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1649.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
PackedApiezon M681.3Jalali-Heravi and Garkani-Nejad, 1993Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1661.6Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane652.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30650.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Chromosrb G; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M160.979.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryZB-Wax100.979.4Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax120.988.6Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax140.999.5Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax40.947.77Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax50.953.66Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax60.963.67Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax70.971.57Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax80.980.53Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax90.989.54Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax100.998.62Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax110.1007.64Ciaznska-Halarewicz and Kowalska, 2003Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.970.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.971.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M150.925.Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 199750. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.955.5Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.945.2Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.958.2Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.19 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.959.5Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.964.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M120.992.Fernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987N2, Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M80.952.Kersten and Poole, 1987N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 3.5 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.971.Haken and Vernon, 1986Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m; Column diameter: 6.4 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.968.66Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M110.972.80Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.976.91Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.957.21Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.960.69Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.964.88Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
PackedPEG-20M120.979.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2, Chromaton N AW HMDS; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryPEG-20M70.954.5Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.965.7Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.973.3Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.979.3Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.982.6Vernon and Suratman, 1983He; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.969.7Vernon and Suratman, 1983, 2He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M110.974.2Vernon and Suratman, 1983, 2He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M120.978.8Vernon and Suratman, 1983, 2He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M130.983.4Vernon and Suratman, 1983, 2He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.992.6Vernon and Suratman, 1983, 2He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M75.959.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryPEG-20M100.955.Morishita, Okano, et al., 1980Column length: 75. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M150.967.0Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS
PackedCarbowax 20M115.972.6Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
PackedCarbowax 20M115.973.4Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
PackedCarbowax 20M165.985.7Ellis and Still, 1979, 2Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.947.2Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.933.4Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPEG-2000150.987.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.978.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.1005.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.991.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1000.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M150.970.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-20M170.985.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.974.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.981.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.987.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.967.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax924.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-20947.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M953.Slizhov and Gavrilenko, 2001He; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-10967.7Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5663.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS654.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5662.Insausti, Goñi, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 15. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS663.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH647.5Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5648.Isidorov, Vinogorova, et al., 200325. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 150. C
CapillarySPB-1638.32LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-1638.98LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5654.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5653.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5656.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5660.6Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5648.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101645.0Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB658.Yassaa, Meklati, et al., 199925. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1639.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-5664.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-54654.1Kivi-Etelätalo, Kostiainen, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA638.6Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA640.7Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryDB-1645.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1645.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1646.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1643.1Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1640.5Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5660.1Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5654.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5656.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5653.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH641.77Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH641.83Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1630.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryUltra-1644.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1654.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH641.72White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH642.White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH642.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5654.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillaryHP-1651.4Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1648.9Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1648.Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryUltra-1640.61Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1643.07Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1644.46Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2655.57Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2658.13Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2659.63Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
PackedSE-30654.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Chromosorb AW, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryOV-1645.26Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198335. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1642.7Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198335. C @ 5. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1646.Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198224. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1647.11Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198230. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101642.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedOV-101650.Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Gas-Chrom Q, 2. K/min; Column length: 2.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1648.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 19761. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB659.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-1630.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone640.20Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
PackedSE-30654.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)
PackedSE-30654.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB936.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10940.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax954.Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB942.Liu, Yang, et al., 2001H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax943.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax947.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP939.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax938.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax940.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax947.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10938.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB926.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C
PackedCarbowax 20M965.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Supelcoport, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10936.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10938.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10938.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10938.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB930.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.663.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.657.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.660.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.667.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.668.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.668.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.662.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.672.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.658.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.678.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillaryOV-10140.654.Li and Deng, 1998N2; Column length: 51. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.663.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.664.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.670.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.670.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101102.656.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101106.657.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.658.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101114.659.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10194.654.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10198.655.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10198.655.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.638.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.651.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10170.655.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryE-301100.670.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.652.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4638.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.650.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.682.Kavan, 1973Column length: 3.2 m
CapillarySqualane86.635.Vigdergauz and Martynov, 1971He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
PackedDC-400150.658.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m
PackedSqualane125.655.Cremer and Nonn, 1964H2, Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.654.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30660.MHA, 9999Nitrogen, Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB648.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS653.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH643.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5653.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryZB-5657.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryPONA637.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5661.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-101657.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2006Nitrogen, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-5646.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-101656.Zenkevich, Makarov, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 0. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min
CapillaryHP-5653.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5661.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-1652.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS645.3Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone638.83Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5667.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-101649.Orav, Kailas, et al., 199950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryDB-1648.Barrefors, Björkqvist, et al., 199650. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C
CapillarySE-54661.Huang, Liang, et al., 199636. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5671.3Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1649.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1638.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-1640.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB640.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-101653.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1644.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1647.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5640.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1642.Binder, Flath, et al., 19894. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1643.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1640.5Durand, Boscher, et al., 198750. m/0.2 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.1 K/min; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryDB-1644.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101641.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30642.Heydanek and McGorrin, 198140. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30641.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L663.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C
CapillaryOV-1648.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySF-96652.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS657.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5642.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5642.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011, 2Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar655.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS661.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryOV-101670.Ebrahimi and Hadjmohammadi, 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone651.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryApiezon L686.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)662.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-1639.25Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB663.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS671.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101664.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1654.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone649.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone657.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1655.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-1654.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30657.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30664.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone657.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5674.Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995He; Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone643.Xu, Chu, et al., 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1640.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1651.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1640.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-30658.Lou, Liu, et al., 1993Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1665.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1660.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1648.6Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C
CapillaryOV-1658.Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1663.5Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 6C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1664.6Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1)1st 30m column temp ramp 3C/min 60-120 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 120C
CapillaryDB-1644.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1644.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane650.4Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB663.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1634.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1644.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-30665.P'yanova, Zvereva, et al., 1987Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52666.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1669.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.653.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.673.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1660.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30644.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)
PackedSE-30665.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane645.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)
PackedSE-30665.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)
PackedSqualane645.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.975.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.982.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M140.994.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M60.956.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.965.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryPEG-40M100.959.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.960.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.965.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M60.947.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.952.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.933.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax957.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Ganeko, Shoda, et al., 20084. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax955.Chida, Sone, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax957.Shimadzu Corporation, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M983.Kasali, Winterhalter, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.325 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 215. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax934.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillaryDB-Wax932.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax938.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M930.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax938.Binder, Flath, et al., 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax938.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax936.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelko CO Wax951.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10936.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10938.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax924.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M979.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax947.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M954.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax947.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax950.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax937.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M935.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.959.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.965.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M948.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Hassani, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Gas chromatographic behaviour of monosubstituted benzenes, benzaldehydes and acetophenones on OV polymethylphenyl-silicone stationary phases, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 5/6, 267-271, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02276193 . [all data]

Hongwei and Zhide, 1992
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Kowalski, 1992
Kowalski, W.J., Free radical crosslinking of the gas chromatographic stationary phase containing europium chelates, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 5-8, 266-268, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268356 . [all data]

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Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 471, 227-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94170-0 . [all data]

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Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988
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Evans and Haken, 1987
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices of the halogenated derivatives of cyclohexane, benzene and anisole, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 389, 240-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94428-0 . [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987
Fernández-Sánchez, E.; Fernández-Torres, A.; García-Domínguez, J.A.; García-Muñoz, J.; Menéndez, V.; Molera, M.J.; Santiuste, J.M.; Pertierra-Rimada, E., Mixed stationary phases in gas-liquid chromatography. Partition coefficients and retention indices in OV-101-OV-25, OV-101-Carbowax 20M and OV-225-SP-2340 mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 410, 13-29, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90031-1 . [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987
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Kersten and Poole, 1987
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Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987
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Boneva and Dimov, 1986
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Haken and Vernon, 1986
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Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1985
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Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985
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Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984
Oszczapowicz, J.; Osek, J.; Dolecka, E., Retention indices of dimethylformamidines, dimethylacetamidines and tetramethylguanidines on a non-polar column, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 315, 95-100, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90727-7 . [all data]

Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984
Stolyarov, B.V.; Kartsova, L.A., Comparative experimental estimation of polarity and selectivity of stationary phases in gas chromatography by means of Forschneider-McReynolds constants and on the basis of thermodynamic characteristics, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1984, 39, 5, 883-889. [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Valko, Papp, et al., 1984
Valko, K.; Papp, O.; Darvas, F., Selection of Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phase Pairs for Characterization of the 1-Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 301, 355-364, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89210-4 . [all data]

Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 1983, 18, 143-148. [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1983
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Classification of the Polarity of porous polymer bead stationary phases by comparison with squalane and apolane standard liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 269, 153-160, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90798-8 . [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 10, 577-580, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061013 . [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1983, 6, 12, 669-679, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061207 . [all data]

Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
Kugucheva, E.E.; Mashinsky, V.I., Retention Indices of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Capillary Columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus), 1983, 38, 11, 2023-2026. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Tóth, 1983
Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Vernon and Suratman, 1983
Vernon, F.; Suratman, J.B., Errors in the measurement of retention indices on packed columns, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 11, 597-599, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02261942 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982
Anders, G.; Scheller, M.; Schuhler, C.; Struppe, H.G., Zur Vorausberechnung von Bruttoretentioszeiten bei temperaturprogramierter Gaschromatographie mit Hilfe isotherm bestimmter Retentionsindices und einer Anpassung an experimentelle Retentionszeiten, Chromatographia, 1982, 15, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269039 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1982, 37, 110-116. [all data]

Jaworski, 1982
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Notes

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