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1-Butanol

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butanol

By formula: C4H9O- + H+ = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1570. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1571. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1569. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1543. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1543. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1541. ± 12.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

C4H11O+ + 1-Butanol = (C4H11O+ bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: C4H11O+ + C4H10O = (C4H11O+ bullet C4H10O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar132.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar129.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.3kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C3H9Si+ + 1-Butanol = (C3H9Si+ bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C4H10O = (C3H9Si+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar185.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
124.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + 1-Butanol = (C3H9Sn+ bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C4H10O = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar153.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar136.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
81.6525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CH6N+ + 1-Butanol = (CH6N+ bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: CH6N+ + C4H10O = (CH6N+ bullet C4H10O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type NH+-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
44.4495.PHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Fluorine anion + 1-Butanol = (Fluorine anion bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: F- + C4H10O = (F- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar135. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 1-Butanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: Cl- + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Sodium ion (1+) + 1-Butanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: Na+ + C4H10O = (Na+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 5.0kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
82.4298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

Butanal + Hydrogen = 1-Butanol

By formula: C4H8O + H2 = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-81.88 ± 0.75kJ/molCmWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-70.5 ± 1.3kJ/molChydBuckley and Cox, 1967gas phase; ALS

thiophenoxide anion + 1-Butanol = (thiophenoxide anion bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: C6H5S- + C4H10O = (C6H5S- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.1kJ/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

Benzene, isocyanato- + 1-Butanol = Carbamic acid, phenyl-, butyl ester

By formula: C7H5NO + C4H10O = C11H15NO2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-83.9 ± 4.4kJ/molCmPannone and Macosko, 1987liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-105. ± 1.kJ/molCmLovering and Laidler, 1962solid phase; ALS

Fluorine anion + 1-Butanol = C4H9D10FO-

By formula: F- + C4H10O = C4H9D10FO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREWilkinson, Szulejko, et al., 1992gas phase; Reported relative to ROH..F-, 0.5 kcal/mol weaker.; B

Magnesium ion (1+) + 1-Butanol = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: Mg+ + C4H10O = (Mg+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar270. ± 20.kJ/molICROperti, Tews, et al., 1988gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Mg+)CH3OH; M

1-Butanol + Chloridosulfuric acid = Butyl sulfuric acid + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C4H10O + ClHO3S = C4H10O4S + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58. ± 1.kJ/molCmMarkitanova, Barsukov, et al., 1981liquid phase; solvent: Dichloromethane; Sulfation; ALS

1-Butanol + 2-Propenoic acid = 2-Propenoic acid, butyl ester + Water

By formula: C4H10O + C3H4O2 = C7H12O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.kJ/molEqkSelyakova, Vytnov, et al., 1976liquid phase; Heat of esterification 60-180 C; ALS

Acetic acid, butyl ester + Water = Acetic acid + 1-Butanol

By formula: C6H12O2 + H2O = C2H4O2 + C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.3 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1958liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Maleic anhydride + 1-Butanol = 2-Butenedioic acid (Z)-, monobutyl ester

By formula: C4H2O3 + C4H10O = C8H12O4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-39.kJ/molKinMerca, Poraicu, et al., 1978solid phase; solvent: n-Butanol; DTA; ALS

1-Propene, 2-methyl- + 1-Butanol = 1-Tert-butoxybutane

By formula: C4H8 + C4H10O = C8H18O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-34.8 ± 2.7kJ/molEqkSharonov, Mishentseva, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS

Ketene + 1-Butanol = Acetic acid, butyl ester

By formula: C2H2O + C4H10O = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-146.9kJ/molCmRice and Greenberg, 1934liquid phase; ALS

Lithium ion (1+) + 1-Butanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: Li+ + C4H10O = (Li+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar178. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Haas and Harrison, 1993
Haas, M.J.; Harrison, A.G., The Fragmentation of Proton-Bound Cluster Ions and the Gas-Phase Acidities of Alcohols, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1993, 124, 2, 115, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(93)80003-W . [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Boand, Houriet, et al., 1983
Boand, G.; Houriet, R.; Baumann, T., The gas phase acidity of aliphatic alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2203. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1982
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Formation, Thermochemistry, and Relative Stabilities of Proton - Bound dimers of Oxygen n - Donor Bases from Ion Cyclotron Resonance Solvent - Exchange Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 23, 6255, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00387a016 . [all data]

Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973
Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of the Solvation of the Hydrogen Ion by Methanol, Dimethyl Ether and Water. Effect of Hydrogen Bonding, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 24, 7939, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00805a002 . [all data]

Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984
Lias, S.G.; Liebman, J.F.; Levin, R.D., Evaluated gas phase basicities and proton affinities of molecules heats of formation of protonated molecules, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1984, 13, 695. [all data]

Wojtyniak and Stone, 1986
Wojtyniak, A.C.M.; Stone, A.J., A High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Study of the Bonding of Trimethylsilylium to Oxygen and Aromatic Bases, Can. J. Chem., 1986, 74, 59. [all data]

Stone and Splinter, 1984
Stone, J.A.; Splinter, D.E., A high-pressure mass spectrometric study of the binding of (CH3)3Sn+ to lewis bases in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 59, 169. [all data]

Meot-Ner, 1984
Meot-Ner, (Mautner)M., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 1. -NH+ O-, -NH+ N- and -OH+ O- Bonds. Correlations with Proton Affinity. Deviations Due to Structural Effects, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 5, 1257, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00317a015 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1983
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Strong hydrogen bonding in gas-phase anions. An ion cyclotron resonance determination of fluoride binding energetics to bronsted acids from gas-phase fluoride exchange equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2944. [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 1999
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Absolute Binding Energies of Sodium Ions to Short-Chain Alcohols, CnH2n+2O, n=1-4, Determined by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation Experiments and Ab Initio Theory, 1999, 4955. [all data]

McMahon and Ohanessian, 2000
McMahon, T.B.; Ohanessian, G., An Experimental and Ab Initio Study of the Nature of the Binding in Gas-Phase Complexes of Sodium Ions, Chem. Eur. J., 2000, 6, 16, 2931, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20000818)6:16<2931::AID-CHEM2931>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Wiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Crocker, L.S.; Morgan, K.M., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 5. Enthalpies of reduction of carbonyl groups, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 3447-3450. [all data]

Buckley and Cox, 1967
Buckley, E.; Cox, J.D., Chemical equilibria. Part 2.-Dehydrogenation of propanol and butanol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 895-901. [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Pannone and Macosko, 1987
Pannone, M.C.; Macosko, C.W., Kinetics of isocyanate amine reactions, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1987, 34, 2409-2432. [all data]

Lovering and Laidler, 1962
Lovering, E.G.; Laidler, K.J., Thermochemical studies of some alcohol-isocyanate reactions, Can. J. Chem., 1962, 40, 26-30. [all data]

Wilkinson, Szulejko, et al., 1992
Wilkinson, F.E.; Szulejko, J.E.; Allison, C.E.; Mcmahon, T.B., Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Investigation of the Deuterium Isotope Effect on Gas Phase Ion/Molecule Hydrogen Bonding Interactions in Alcohol-Fluoride Adduct Ions, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1992, 117, 487-505, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(92)80110-M . [all data]

Operti, Tews, et al., 1988
Operti, L.; Tews, E.C.; Freiser, B.S., Determination of Gas-Phase Ligand Binding Energies to Mg+ by FTMS Techniques, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3847, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a020 . [all data]

Markitanova, Barsukov, et al., 1981
Markitanova, L.I.; Barsukov, I.I.; Passet, B.V., Determination of heat of sulfation by calorimetric titration, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1981, 51, 1286-1289. [all data]

Selyakova, Vytnov, et al., 1976
Selyakova, V.A.; Vytnov, G.F.; Sineokov, A.P., Study of the esterification of acrylic acid by butyl alcohol, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1976, 50, 1692-1694. [all data]

Wadso, 1958
Wadso, I., The heats of hydrolysis of some alkyl acetates, Acta Chem. Scand., 1958, 12, 630-633. [all data]

Merca, Poraicu, et al., 1978
Merca, E.; Poraicu, M.; Tribunescu, P., Kinetics of maleic monoester formation with n-butanol, Bull. Stiint. Teh. Inst. Politeh. "Traian Vuia" Timisoara, Ser. Chim., 1978, 23, 160-163. [all data]

Sharonov, Mishentseva, et al., 1991
Sharonov, K.G.; Mishentseva, Y.B.; Rozhnov, A.M.; Miroshnichenko, E.A.; Korchatova, L.I., Molar enthalpies of formation and vaporizqation of t-butoxybutanes and thermodynamics of their synthesis from a butanol and 2-methylpropene I. Equilibria of synthesis reactions of t-butoxybutanes in the liquid phase, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 141-145. [all data]

Rice and Greenberg, 1934
Rice, F.O.; Greenberg, J., Ketene. III. Heat of formation and heat of reaction with alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 38, 2268-2270. [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Noncovalent Metal-Ligand Bond Energies as Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation, Mass Spectrom. Rev., 2000, 19, 4, 215, https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2787(200007)19:4<215::AID-MAS2>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References