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Acetic acid

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil391.2 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 81 out of 91 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus289.6 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple289.8KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple289.69KN/AMartin and Andon, 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 K; TRC
Ttriple289.8KN/AParks and Kelley, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc593. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc57.81barN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.20 bar; TRC
Pc58.2901barN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.90 bar; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Pc57.86barN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1977Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 bar; TRC
Pc57.87barN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.0132 bar; TRC
Pc57.867barN/AYoung, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2666 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc5.84mol/lN/AVandana and Teja, 1995Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 mol/l; TRC
rhoc5.838mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap50.3kJ/molCGCVerevkin, 2000Based on data from 303. - 378. K.; AC
Deltavap51.6kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap51.6 ± 1.5kJ/molCKonicek and Wadso, 1970ALS
Deltavap51.6 ± 1.6kJ/molCKonicek, Wadsö, et al., 1970AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
23.7391.1N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
39.1360.EBMuñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001Based on data from 345. - 383. K.; AC
40.9335.N/AVercher, Vázquez, et al., 2001Based on data from 320. - 395. K.; AC
37.9406.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 391. - 550. K.; AC
42.0305.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 290. - 396. K.; AC
38.7406.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 391. - 447. K.; AC
38.1452.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 437. - 535. K.; AC
38.8540.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 525. - 593. K.; AC
41.6304.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 289. - 392. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
43.0308.N/ATamir, Dragoescu, et al., 1983AC
40.3340.N/AMcDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959Based on data from 325. - 391. K.; AC
41.6318.MMPotter and Ritter, 1954Based on data from 303. - 399. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 392.
A (kJ/mol) 22.84
alpha 0.0184
beta -0.0454
Tc (K) 592.7
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
290.26 - 391.014.682061642.54-39.764McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
67. ± 1.223.TE,MECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978Based on data from 213. - 230. K.; AC
70. ± 1.213.TE,MECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978Based on data from 213. - 230. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.72298.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996See also Martin and Andon, 1982, 2.; AC
11.728289.9Parks and Kelley, 1925, 2DH
10.83289.8Louguinine and Dupont, 1911AC
11.52283.7Meyer, 1910AC
11.126290.06Pickering, 1895DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
40.47289.9Parks and Kelley, 1925, 2DH
38.36290.06Pickering, 1895DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
11.720298.69crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
40.5298.69crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Martin and Andon, 1982
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1982, 14, 679-88. [all data]

Parks and Kelley, 1925
Parks, G.S.; Kelley, K.K., Thermal Data on Organic Compounds II. The Heat Capacities of Five Organic Compounds. The Entropies and Free Energies of Some Homologous Series of Aliphatic Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 2089-97. [all data]

Andereya and Chase, 1990
Andereya, E.; Chase, J.D., Chem. Eng. Technol., 1990, 13, 304-12. [all data]

D'Souza and Teja, 1987
D'Souza, R.; Teja, A.S., The prediction of the vapor pressures of carboxylic acids, Chem. Eng. Commun., 1987, 61, 13. [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1977
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Sprake, C.H.S.; Townsend, R., Thermo. Prop. of Org. Oxygen Compounds XLV. The Vapor Pressure of Acetic Acid, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1977, 9, 735. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Young, 1891
Young, S., J. Chem. Soc., 1891, 59, 903. [all data]

Vandana and Teja, 1995
Vandana, V.; Teja, A.S., The critical temperatures and densities of acetic acid-water mixtures, Fluid Phase Equilib., 1995, 103, 113-18. [all data]

Verevkin, 2000
Verevkin, S.P., Measurement and Prediction of the Monocarboxylic Acids Thermochemical Properties, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2000, 45, 5, 953-960, https://doi.org/10.1021/je990282m . [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Konicek and Wadso, 1970
Konicek, J.; Wadso, I., Enthalpies of vaporization of organic compounds. VII. Some carboxylic acids, Acta Chem. Scand., 1970, 24, 2612-26. [all data]

Konicek, Wadsö, et al., 1970
Konicek, Jiri; Wadsö, Ingemar; Munch-Petersen, J.; Ohlson, Ragnar; Shimizu, Akira, Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds. VII. Some Carboxylic Acids., Acta Chem. Scand., 1970, 24, 2612-2616, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.24-2612 . [all data]

Muñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001
Muñoz, Laura A.L.; Krähenbühl, M. Alvina, Isobaric Vapor Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) Data of the Systems n -Butanol + Butyric Acid and n -Butanol + Acetic Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 1, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1021/je000033u . [all data]

Vercher, Vázquez, et al., 2001
Vercher, Ernesto; Vázquez, M. Isabel; Martínez-Andreu, Antoni, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for Water + Acetic Acid + Lithium Acetate, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 6, 1584-1588, https://doi.org/10.1021/je010106p . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Tamir, Dragoescu, et al., 1983
Tamir, Abraham; Dragoescu, Claudia; Apelblat, Alexander; Wisniak, Jaime, Heats of vaporization and vapor-liquid equilibria in associated solutions containing formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid and carbon tetrachloride, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1983, 10, 1, 9-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(83)80002-8 . [all data]

McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959
McDonald, R.A.; Shrader, S.A.; Stull, D.R., Vapor Pressures and Freezing Points of Thirty Pure Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1959, 4, 4, 311-313, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60004a009 . [all data]

Potter and Ritter, 1954
Potter, Andrew E.; Ritter, H.L., The Vapor Pressure of Acetic Acid and Acetic-d 3 Acid-d. The Liquid Density of Acetic-d 3 Acid-d, J. Phys. Chem., 1954, 58, 11, 1040-1042, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150521a025 . [all data]

Calis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978
Calis-Van Ginkel, C.H.D.; Calis, G.H.M.; Timmermans, C.W.M.; de Kruif, C.G.; Oonk, H.A.J., Enthalpies of sublimation and dimerization in the vapour phase of formic, acetic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1978, 10, 11, 1083-1088, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(78)90082-4 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Martin and Andon, 1982, 2
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 679-688. [all data]

Parks and Kelley, 1925, 2
Parks, G.S.; Kelley, K.K., Thermal data on organic compounds. II. The heat capacities of five organic compounds. The entropies and free energies of some homologous series of aliphatic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 2089-2097. [all data]

Louguinine and Dupont, 1911
Louguinine, W.; Dupont, G., Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1911, 9, 219. [all data]

Meyer, 1910
Meyer, J., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1910, 72, 225. [all data]

Pickering, 1895
Pickering, S.U., A comparison of some properties of acetic acid and its chloro- and bromo-derivatives, J. Chem. Soc., 1895, 67, 664-684. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References