Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Ethyl ether

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1130.495.Gurevich and Roshchina, 2003He or N2, Gas-Chrom Q
PackedSE-30100.496.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane50.478.Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982N2, Chromosorb W-AM; Column length: 6. m
PackedPorapack Q200.486.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedApiezon L120.473.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.471.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L70.476.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedApolane70.482.6Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApiezon M130.476.Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedSqualane50.474.Vernon, 1971N2
PackedSilicon High Vacuum Grease (obsolete)90.480.Jonas, Janák, et al., 1966H2
PackedApiezon L130.484.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.476.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M75.630.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-2000120.577.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000150.570.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.577.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.570.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.567.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.567.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-20576.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M596.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-160.500.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedSynachrom150.493.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSynachrom150.494.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSqualane100.464.Vernon, 1971N2

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS510.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryOV-101485.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5485.Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 200325. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-1504.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS509.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5508.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5504.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5504.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone484.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillarySPB-1499.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes485.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes485.Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1499.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1515.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1470.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1477.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.608.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.606.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M60.618.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.619.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M640.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 31. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M590.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax616.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gurevich and Roshchina, 2003
Gurevich, K.B.; Roshchina, T.M., G as chromatography study of silica modified with polyfluoroalkyl groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1008, 97-103. [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982
Becerra, M.R.; Sánchez, E.F.; Domínguez, J.A.G.; Muñoz, J.G.; Molera, M.J., The use of gaseous and liquid n-paraffins in GC identification of oxidation products of acetondimethyl acetal, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1982, 20, 8, 363-366, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/20.8.363 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G., Effect of heteroatom in aliphatic sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds on the values of the retention indices in gas chromatography, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1974, 7, 1519-1521. [all data]

Vernon, 1971
Vernon, F., An investigation into hydrogen bonding in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 63, 249-257, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85637-5 . [all data]

Jonas, Janák, et al., 1966
Jonas, J.; Janák, J.; Kratochvíl, M., Structural investigations with the aid of Kovats retention index system on one (nonpolar) stationary phase, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 9, 332-335, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.9.332 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Hwang, L.S.; Wu, J.S.-B.; Wu, C.-M., Headspace components of passion fruit juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 6, 1211-1215, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00114a052 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003, 2
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 3), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971
Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 1971, 21/46, 9, 459-463. [all data]

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 2003
Savel'eva, E.I.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Radilov, A.S., Identification the Products of Chemical Neutralization of O-Isobutyl-S-(2-diethylaminoethyl)methylthiophosphonate in the Composition of Bitumen-Salt Matrices, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus.), 2003, 58, 2, 135-145. [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009
Rotsatschakul, P.; Visesanguan, W.; Smitinont, T.; Chaiseri, S., Changes in volatile compounds during fermentation of nham (Thai fermented sausage), Int. Food Res. J., 2009, 16, 391-414. [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G., Influence of the Variations of Dynamics Molecular Parameterts on the Additivity of Chromatigraphic Retention Indices of Products of Organic Reactions Relative to Initial Reagents, Dokl. Akad. Nauk (Rus.), 1997, 353, 5, 625-627. [all data]

Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A.; Herzschuh, R., Correlation of the Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices with the Differences of Innermolecular Energies of Reagents and Products of Chemical Reactions, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 11, 1685-1691. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Kawai, Ishida, et al., 1991
Kawai, T.; Ishida, Y.; Kakiuchi, H.; Ikeda, N.; Higashida, T.; Nakamura, S., Flavor components of dried squid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 770-777, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a031 . [all data]

Sun, Siepmann, et al., 2006
Sun, L.; Siepmann, J.I.; Klotz, W.L.; Schure, M.R., retention in gas-liquid chromatography with a polyethylene oxide stationary phase: molecular simulation and experiment, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1126, 1-2, 373-380, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.084 . [all data]

Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 1982, 65, 2, 191-196, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82176-0 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References