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1-Heptene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeSqualaneC78, Branched paraffinSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 150.93.3.3  
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2500.250   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 30.30.130.100.25.
I 688.6681.1685.0683.681.
ReferenceSoják, Addová, et al., 2002Soják, Addová, et al., 2002Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase C78, Branched paraffinApolaneOV-1OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 3.33.720.20.25.
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Substrate Chromosorb G HP    
Column diameter (mm)   0.320.320.31
Phase thickness (mum)   1.21.20.52
Temperature (C) 130.130.45.65.45.
I 685.9686.688.6688.7688.6
ReferenceReddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Dutoit, 1991Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1SqualaneSqualaneSE-54SE-54
Column length (m) 25.50.50.25.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.220.220.310.31
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.210.210.520.52
Temperature (C) 65.50.70.45.65.
I 688.7681.8682.3691.8691.8
ReferenceGuan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m)    100.100.
Carrier gas    N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.270.27
Phase thickness (mum)    0.90.9
Temperature (C) 40.60.80.50.70.
I 689.688.689.688.1688.9
ReferenceLaub and Purnell, 1988Laub and Purnell, 1988Laub and Purnell, 1988Boneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneOV-1SE-30DB-1
Column length (m) 100.100.55.3.60.
Carrier gas N2N2N2 H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.21 0.264
Phase thickness (mum)   0.35 0.25
Temperature (C) 50.70.100.42.40.
I 682.682.6689.0692.689.
ReferenceBoneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986Anders, Anders, et al., 1985Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-PONASE-30OV-3OV-3OV-3
Column length (m) 50.3.   
Carrier gas H2Ar   
Substrate  Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh)   
Column diameter (mm) 0.21    
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5    
Temperature (C) 40.150.30.40.50.
I 689.690.693.9693.9693.8
ReferenceLubeck and Sutton, 1984Tiess, 1984Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-3OV-3OV-3SE-30SE-30
Column length (m)    100.100.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.50.5
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 60.70.80.130.80.
I 693.8693.8693.8690.689.
ReferenceChien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Bredael, 1982Bredael, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1OV-1OV-1OV-1
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas H2H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 30.40.50.60.70.
I 688.8689.2689.6690.690.
ReferenceChien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1SE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas H2H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.30.40.50.60.
I 690.9687.3687.7688.688.4
ReferenceChien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30OV-1SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)   150.1.100.
Carrier gas H2H2HeHe 
Substrate    Chromaton N-AW-HMDS 
Column diameter (mm)   0.50 0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.80.60.100.50.
I 688.8689.2697.684.681.8
ReferenceChien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981Nijs and Jacobs, 1981Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 100.100.100.  
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25  
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.50.70.80.50.
I 682.2681.9681.5683.682.
ReferenceBajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Chrétien and Dubois, 1977Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneApolaneSqualane
Column length (m) 120.120.120.2.4120.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate    Chromosorb 
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25 0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.70.55.
I 684.5682.9684.9683.6684.9
ReferenceLulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1975
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101Squalane
Column length (m) 100.100.25.25. 
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)   1.391.39 
Temperature (C) 50.70.50.60.100.
I 682.682.689.689.683.
ReferenceRijks and Cramers, 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 1973Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 1973Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)   45.80.80.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 115.86.100.60.60.
I 684.683.689.4682.1682.
ReferenceSojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Orav and Eisen, 1972
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 6.13.0200.200.91.4
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate Chromosorb WEmbacel   
Column diameter (mm)   0.20.20.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 75.100.115.86.40.
I 685.683.683.5682.8683.
ReferenceRobinson and Odell, 1971Robinson and Odell, 1971Soják and Bucinská, 1970Soják and Bucinská, 1970Matukuma, 1969
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LApiezon LSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 2.32.315.15.15.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeHe
Substrate DCMS-treated Chromosorb WDCMS-treated Chromosorb WChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)   0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.150.27.49.67.
I 687.690.682.682.683.
ReferenceBrown, Chapman, et al., 1968Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 15.100.2.252.25
Carrier gas HeAr  
Substrate Chromosorb P CeliteCelite
Column diameter (mm) 0.25   
Phase thickness (mum)     
Temperature (C) 86.70.130.70.
I 683.682.684.687.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Schomburg, 1967Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soják, Addová, et al., 2002
Soják, L.; Addová, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 1, 103-117, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01564-3 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999
Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 849, 2, 495-506, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00530-0 . [all data]

Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994
Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 662, 2, 269-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80515-6 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 129-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94101-3 . [all data]

Laub and Purnell, 1988
Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 9, 649-660, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110908 . [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 3, 149-151, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02311743 . [all data]

Anders, Anders, et al., 1985
Anders, G.; Anders, K.; Engewald, W., Identification of non-branched alkenylcycloalkanes with a terminal double bond from retention index increments, Chromatographia, 1985, 20, 2, 83-86, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02280602 . [all data]

Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985
Rudenko, G.I.; Mal'tsev, V.V.; Studenichnik, V.N.; Ustinov, E.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer materials, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1985, 40, 6, 1119-1127. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1984, 7, 9, 542-544, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240070913 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1983, 6, 12, 669-679, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061207 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981
Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1981, 4, 10, 539-543, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240041017 . [all data]

Nijs and Jacobs, 1981
Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 40-45, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.1.40 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 1980, 13, 2, 93-100, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02263060 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
Bajus, M.; Veselý, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 2. Pyrolysis of methylcyclohexane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1979, 18, 2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/i360070a012 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2
Bajus, M.; Veselý, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 1. Pyrolysis of heptane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1979, 18, 1, 30-37, https://doi.org/10.1021/i360069a007 . [all data]

Chrétien and Dubois, 1977
Chrétien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 1977, 49, 6, 747-756, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50014a021 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1975
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Fedosova, A.K.; Kvasova, V.A., Individual composition of hydrocarbons in naphthas from secondary processes, Chem. Technol. Fuels Oils (Engl. Transl.), 1975, 11, 1/2, 59-64, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00717315 . [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269819 . [all data]

Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 1973
Pacáková, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolková, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 1973, 6, 7, 320-324, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269334 . [all data]

Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973
Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Majer, P.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane, Anal. Chem., 1973, 45, 2, 293-302, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60324a039 . [all data]

Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972
Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcènes, cyclopentènes et -hexènes à l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 1972, 5, 11, 229-239, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02270600 . [all data]

Orav and Eisen, 1972
Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 1972, 21, 1, 39-47. [all data]

Robinson and Odell, 1971
Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 57, 1-10, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(71)80001-8 . [all data]

Soják and Bucinská, 1970
Soják, L.; Bucinská, A., Open tubular column gas chromatography of dehydrogenation products of C6-C10 n-alkanes. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 1970, 51, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96841-4 . [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203 . [all data]

Schomburg, 1967
Schomburg, G., Struktur und Retentionsverhalten von Offenkettigen und Cyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und Deren Einfacher Substitutionsprodukte, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1967, 38, 45-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(01)80560-2 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References