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Hydronium cation


Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Hydronium cation + Methane = (Hydronium cation bullet Methane)

By formula: H3O+ + CH4 = (H3O+ bullet CH4)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar33.kJ/molHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar85.4J/mol*KHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Methane) + Methane = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Methane)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet CH4) + CH4 = (H3O+ bullet 2CH4)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar14.kJ/molHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar34.J/mol*KHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable

Hydronium cation + Carbon dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: H3O+ + CO2 = (H3O+ bullet CO2)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar59.8kJ/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase
Deltar64.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase
Deltar60.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase
Deltar86.6J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet CO2) + CO2 = (H3O+ bullet 2CO2)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar51.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar111.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (H3O+ bullet 3CO2)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.9kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase

Hydronium cation + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet Water)

By formula: H3O+ + H2O = (H3O+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar136. ± 9.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 out of 14 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar120. ± 30.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 7 values; Individual data points

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
34.300.HPMSArifov, Pozharov, et al., 1971gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Water) + Hydrogen cyanide = (Hydronium cation bullet Hydrogen cyanide bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2H2O) + CHN = (H3O+ bullet CHN bullet 2H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar82.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar123.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n

(Hydronium cation bullet Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar84. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 out of 14 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar94. ± 20.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 7 values; Individual data points

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
36.300.HPMSArifov, Pozharov, et al., 1971gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar73. ± 4.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 out of 16 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar118. ± 8.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 6 out of 9 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar39.kJ/molFABierbaum, Golde, et al., 1976gas phase

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
38.300.HPMSArifov, Pozharov, et al., 1971gas phase
38.296.SAMSPuckett and Teague, 1971gas phase
35.300.PHPMSGood, Durden, et al., 1970gas phase
35.307.PHPMSGood, Durden, et al., 1970, 2gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 3Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 4Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar56. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 out of 9 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar100. ± 20.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 7 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar23.kJ/molFABierbaum, Golde, et al., 1976gas phase

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
24.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase
23.296.SAMSPuckett and Teague, 1971gas phase
21.300.PHPMSGood, Durden, et al., 1970gas phase
21.307.PHPMSGood, Durden, et al., 1970, 2gas phase
29.300.HPMSArifov, Pozharov, et al., 1971gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 4Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 5Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar50. ± 8.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 8 values; Individual data points
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar102. ± 20.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 4 out of 6 values; Individual data points

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
19.293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 5Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 6Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.8kJ/molPHPMSLau, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase
Deltar49.0kJ/molHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase
Deltar67.32kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSLau, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase
Deltar124.J/mol*KHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase
Deltar346.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable

(Hydronium cation bullet 6Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 7Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
Deltar43.1kJ/molHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase
Deltar50.33kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar110.J/mol*KHPMSKebarle, Searles, et al., 1967gas phase
Deltar218.9J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase; Entropy change is questionable

(Hydronium cation bullet 7Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 8Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 7H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 8H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar40.9kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar21.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar140.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 8Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 9Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 8H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 9H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar36.7kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar24.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar112.6J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 9Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 10Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 10H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar37.2kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar107.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 10Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 11Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 11H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar38.9kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar112.6J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 11Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 12Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 11H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 12H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar41.1kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar29.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar140.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 12Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 13Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 12H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 13H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.10kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar158.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 13Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 14Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 13H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 14H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.35kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar166.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 14Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 15Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 14H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 15H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.85kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar168.9J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 15Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 16Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 15H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 16H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar45.27kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar25.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar176.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 16Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 17Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 16H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 17H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar45.02kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar173.1J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 17Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 18Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 17H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 18H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.98kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar26.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar170.0J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 18Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 19Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 18H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 19H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.60kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar29.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar171.5J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 19Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 20Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 19H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 20H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar44.10kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar38.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar165.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 20Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 21Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 20H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 21H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.64kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar31.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar156.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 21Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 22Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 21H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 22H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.18kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar25.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar165.1J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 22Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 23Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 22H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 23H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.72kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar27.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar162.8J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 23Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 24Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 23H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 24H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar43.01kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar28.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar156.7J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 24Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 25Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 24H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 25H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar42.09kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar30.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar151.3J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 25Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 26Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 25H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 26H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar40.7kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar26.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar137.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 26Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 27Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 26H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 27H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar39.4kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
Deltar34.kJ/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1991gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar129.4J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 27Water) + Water = (Hydronium cation bullet 28Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 27H2O) + H2O = (H3O+ bullet 28H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar37.9kJ/molMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar116.2J/mol*KMKERShi, Ford, et al., 1993gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet Nitrogen bullet Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet N2 bullet H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar22.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar58.2J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet Nitrogen bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet N2 bullet 2H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar21.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar59.8J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 3Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 3H2O) + O2S = (H3O+ bullet O2S bullet 3H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
18.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields

(Hydronium cation bullet 4Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 4Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 4H2O) + O2S = (H3O+ bullet O2S bullet 4H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol)T (K)MethodReferenceComment
11.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields
11.300.HPMSBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; electric fields

Hydronium cation + Hydrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet Hydrogen)

By formula: H3O+ + H2 = (H3O+ bullet H2)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar15. ± 2.kJ/molSCATTERINGOkumura, Yeh, et al., 1990gas phase

Hydronium cation + Nitrous oxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Nitrous oxide)

By formula: H3O+ + N2O = (H3O+ bullet N2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar70.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Nitrous oxide) + Nitrous oxide = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrous oxide)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet N2O) + N2O = (H3O+ bullet 2N2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar50.6kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar96.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrous oxide) + Nitrous oxide = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrous oxide)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2N2O) + N2O = (H3O+ bullet 3N2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar42.7kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrous oxide) + Nitrous oxide = (Hydronium cation bullet 4Nitrous oxide)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 3N2O) + N2O = (H3O+ bullet 4N2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar22.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

(Hydronium cation bullet Nitrogen bullet Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet N2 bullet H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar21.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar54.8J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Nitrogen bullet 2Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet N2 bullet 2H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet 2H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar22.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar69.5J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet Nitrogen bullet 3Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet N2 bullet 3H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet 3H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar18.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar65.7J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrogen bullet Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 3N2 bullet H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar33. ± 8.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar92.J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet 2Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrogen bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet 2H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 3N2 bullet 2H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar38. ± 11.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar119.J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase

(Hydronium cation bullet 2Nitrogen bullet 3Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrogen bullet 3Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 2N2 bullet 3H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 3N2 bullet 3H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar5.0kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase; «DELTA»rH, «DELTA»rS approximate
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar27.J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase; «DELTA»rH, «DELTA»rS approximate

(Hydronium cation bullet 3Nitrogen bullet 2Water) + Nitrogen = (Hydronium cation bullet 4Nitrogen bullet 2Water)

By formula: (H3O+ bullet 3N2 bullet 2H2O) + N2 = (H3O+ bullet 4N2 bullet 2H2O)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar10.kJ/molDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase; «DELTA»rH, «DELTA»rS approximate
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar50.J/mol*KDTGheno and Fitaire, 1987gas phase; «DELTA»rH, «DELTA»rS approximate

Hydronium cation + Sulfur dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: H3O+ + O2S = (H3O+ bullet O2S)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar92.0kJ/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Deltar95.0J/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bennet and Field, 1972
Bennet, S.L.; Field, F.H., Reversible Reactions of Gaseous Ions. V. The Methane - Water System at Low Temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 15, 5188. [doi:10.1021/ja00770a008] [all data]

Szulejko and McMahon, 1992
Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., personal communication, 1992. [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Shoda, T.; Morise, K.; Yamabe, S.; Kawai, E.; Hirao, K., Stability and structure of cluster ions in the gas phase: Carbon dioxide with Cl-, H3O+, HCO2+ and HCO+, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 84, 2091. [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Field, F.H., Proton Affinity and Ion - Molecule Clustering in CO2 and CS2. Applications in Martian Ionospheric Chemistry, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 66, 10, 4527. [doi:10.1063/1.433706] [all data]

Arifov, Pozharov, et al., 1971
Arifov, U.A.; Pozharov, S.L.; Chernov, I.G., High Energy Chem., 1971, 5, 1. [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions.3. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 6580. [all data]

Bierbaum, Golde, et al., 1976
Bierbaum, V.M.; Golde, M.F.; Kaufman, F., Flowing Afterglow Studies of Hydronium Ion Clustering Including Diffusion Effects, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 7, 2715. [doi:10.1063/1.433415] [all data]

Puckett and Teague, 1971
Puckett, L.J.; Teague, A.W., Production of H3O+.nH2O from NO+ Precursor in NO - H2O Gas Mixtures, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 6, 2564. [doi:10.1063/1.1675213] [all data]

Good, Durden, et al., 1970
Good, A.; Durden, D.A.; Kebarle, P., Ion-Molecule Reactions in Pure Nitrogen and Nitrogen Containing Traces of Water at Total Pressures 0.5 - 4 torr. Kinetics of Clustering Reactions Forming H+(H2O)n, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 1, 212. [doi:10.1063/1.1672667] [all data]

Good, Durden, et al., 1970, 2
Good, A.; Durden, D.A.; Kebarle, P., Mechanism and Rate Constants of Ion-Molecule Reactions Leading to Formation of H+(H2O)n in Moist Oxygen and Air, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 1, 222. [doi:10.1063/1.1672668] [all data]

Klassen, Blades, et al., 1995
Klassen, J.S.; Blades, A.T.; Kebarle, P., Determinations of Ion-Molecule Equilibria Involving Ions Produced by Electrospray. Hydration of Protonated Amines, Diamines, and Some Small Peptides, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 42, 15509. [doi:10.1021/j100042a027] [all data]

Lau, Ikuta, et al., 1982
Lau, Y.K.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Thermodynamics and Kinetics of the Gas - Phase Reactions: H3O+(H2O)n - 1 + H2O = H3O+(H2O)n, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 6, 1462. [doi:10.1021/ja00370a002] [all data]

Kebarle, Searles, et al., 1967
Kebarle, P.; Searles, S.K.; Zolla, A.; Scarborough, J.; Arshadi, M., The Solvation of the Hydrogen Ion by Water Molecules in the Gas Phase. Heats and Entropies of Solvation of the Individual Reactions: H+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = H+(H2O)n, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1967, 89, 25, 6393. [doi:10.1021/ja01001a001] [all data]

Shi, Ford, et al., 1993
Shi, Z.; Ford, V.; Wei, S.; Castleman, A.W., Water Clusters - Contributions of Binding Energy and Entropy to Stability, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 99, 10, 8009. [doi:10.1063/1.465678] [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1991
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., The First Twenty - Eight Proton Hydration Energies, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1991, 182, 3-4, 363. [doi:10.1016/0009-2614(91)80230-U] [all data]

Gheno and Fitaire, 1987
Gheno, F.; Fitaire, M., Association of N2 with NH4+ and H3O+(H2O)n, n = 1,2,3, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 2, 953. [doi:10.1063/1.453250] [all data]

Banic and Iribarne, 1985
Banic, C.M.; Iribarne, J.V., Equilibrium Constants for Clustering of Neutral Molecules about Gaseous Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 12, 6432. [doi:10.1063/1.449543] [all data]

Okumura, Yeh, et al., 1990
Okumura, M.; Yeh, L.I.; Myers, J.D.; Lee, Y.T., Infrared Spectra of the Solvated Hydronium Ion: Vibrational Predissociation Spectroscopy of Mass-Selected H3O+.(H2O)n.(H2)m, J. Phys. Chem., 1990, 94, 9, 3416. [doi:10.1021/j100372a014] [all data]

Hiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1994
Hiraoka, K.; Fujimaki, S.; Aruga, K.; Sato, T.; Yamabe, S., Gas-Phase Solavtion of NO+, O2+, N2O+, and H3O+ with N2O, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 5, 4073. [doi:10.1063/1.467524] [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, References