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Butanal

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil348. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 32 out of 34 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus176. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple176.28KN/AVasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; corrected to 100 % purity by extrapolation; TRC
Ttriple176.8KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Ttriple176.8KN/AParks, Kennedy, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc537.1KN/AAnselme and Teja, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tc537.2KN/ATeja and Rosenthal, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc43.20barN/ATeja and Rosenthal, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.00 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.88mol/lN/AAnselme and Teja, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap33.2kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 353. K.; AC
Deltavap33.6kJ/molN/AWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991DRB
Deltavap33.7 ± 0.4kJ/molEBBuckley and Cox, 1967See also Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003.; AC
Deltavap33.7 ± 0.4kJ/molVBuckley and Cox, 1967, 2ALS
Deltavap33.7kJ/molN/ABuckley and Cox, 1967, 2DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
34.2308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 349. K.; AC
32.9339.EBWojtasinski, 1963Based on data from 330. - 348. K.; AC
33.3319.N/ASeprakova, Paulech, et al., 1959Based on data from 304. - 347. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
33.9306.N/AKuchinskaya, 1938Based on data from 258. - 353. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
303.86 - 347.183.59112952.851-82.569Seprakova, Paulech, et al., 1959, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.773176.28Vasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2DH
11.09176.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996See also Vasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989.; AC
11.104176.8Parks, Kennedy, et al., 1956, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
61.11176.28Vasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2DH
62.81176.8Parks, Kennedy, et al., 1956, 2DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.0769192.2liquidliquidVasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2T = 180 to 210 K.; DH
0.0634284.8liquidliquidVasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2T = 260 to 280 K.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.388192.2liquidliquidVasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2T; DH
0.223284.8liquidliquidVasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2T; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Vasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989
Vasil'ev, V.G.; Lebedev, B.V., Thermodynamics of butanal in the temperature range 0-330 K, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1989, 59, 11, 2415. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Parks, Kennedy, et al., 1956
Parks, G.S.; Kennedy, W.D.; Gates, R.R.; Mosley, J.R.; Moore, G.E.; Renquist, M.L., Thermal Data on Organic Compounds XXVI. Some Heat Capacity, Entropy and Free Energy Data for Seven Compounds Containing Oxygen, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1956, 78, 56-9. [all data]

Anselme and Teja, 1990
Anselme, M.J.; Teja, A.S., The critical properties of rapidly reacting substances, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1990, 86, 279, 128-32. [all data]

Teja and Rosenthal, 1990
Teja, A.S.; Rosenthal, D.J., The Critical Pressures and Temperatures of Twelve Substances Using A Low Residence Time Flow Apparatus, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1990, 86, 279, 133-7. [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Wiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Crocker, L.S.; Morgan, K.M., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 5. Enthalpies of reduction of carbonyl groups, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 3447-3450. [all data]

Buckley and Cox, 1967
Buckley, E.; Cox, J.D., Chemical equilibria. Part 2.?Dehydrogenation of propanol and butanol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 895, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9676300895 . [all data]

Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Krasnykh, Eugen L.; Vasiltsova, Tatiana V.; Koutek, Bohumir; Doubsky, Jan; Heintz, Andreas, Vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of a series of the linear aliphatic aldehydes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2003, 206, 1-2, 331-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(03)00035-9 . [all data]

Buckley and Cox, 1967, 2
Buckley, E.; Cox, J.D., Chemical equilibria. Part 2.-Dehydrogenation of propanol and butanol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 895-901. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wojtasinski, 1963
Wojtasinski, Jerome G., Measurement of Total Pressures for Determining Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium Relations of the Binary System Isobutyraldehyde n-Butyraldehyde., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1963, 8, 3, 381-385, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60018a028 . [all data]

Seprakova, Paulech, et al., 1959
Seprakova, M.; Paulech, J.; Dykyj, J., Chem. Zvesti, 1959, 13, 5, 313. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Kuchinskaya, 1938
Kuchinskaya, K., Vapor pressures of pure substances, Sbornik Trudov Opytnogo Zavoda im. Akad. S. V. Lebedeva, 1938, 27-30. [all data]

Seprakova, Paulech, et al., 1959, 2
Seprakova, M.; Paulech, J.; Dykyj, J., Dampfdruck der Butyraldehyde, Chem. Zvesti, 1959, 13, 313-316. [all data]

Vasil'ev and Lebedev, 1989, 2
Vasil'ev, V.G.; Lebedev, B.V., Thermodynamics of butanal in the temperature range 0-330K, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1989, 59(11), 2415-2420. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Parks, Kennedy, et al., 1956, 2
Parks, G.S.; Kennedy, W.D.; Gates, R.R.; Mosley, J.R.; Moore, G.E.; Renquist, M.L., Thermal data on organic compounds. XXVI. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for seven compounds containing oxygen., Not In System, 1956, 78, 56-59. [all data]


Notes

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