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Acetylacetone

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5130.786.6Mijin and Antonovic, 200460. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-5150.787.25Mijin and Antonovic, 200460. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-5170.763.43Mijin and Antonovic, 200460. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-5190.791.Mijin and Antonovic, 200460. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
PackedSE-30150.775.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedApiezon L120.754.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.771.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30150.779.Haken, Ho, et al., 1975Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSqualane180.771.Vernon and Edwards, 1975N2, Celite; Column length: 1. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS783.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-5787.Whitfield and Mottram, 1999He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5782.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1795.Kuo and Ho, 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-1756.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1760.Zhang and Ho, 1991, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1753.Flath, Light, et al., 199050. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5799.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101196.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS778.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS782.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS783.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillarySPB-1760.Frerot, Velluz, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5786.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane779.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1764.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1764.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1790.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes775.Schutz and Wollrab A., 1988Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1804.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax1167.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1200.Seifert and King, 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1230.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mijin and Antonovic, 2004
Mijin, D.Z.; Antonovic, D.G., Temperature dependence of the Kovats retention indices for alkyl 1,3-diketones on a DB-5 capillary column, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2004, 69, 10, 759-767, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0410759M . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Haken, Ho, et al., 1975
Haken, J.K.; Ho, D.K.M.; Vaughan, C.E., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VII. The retention behaviour of pyruvate esters and related carbonyl and carboxyl compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 106, 2, 317-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)93839-1 . [all data]

Vernon and Edwards, 1975
Vernon, F.; Edwards, G.T., Gas-liquid chromatography on fluorinated stationary phases. II. Fluorinated compounds containing a functional group, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 114, 1, 87-93, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85245-0 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Whitfield and Mottram, 1999
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Investigation of the reaction between 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone and cysteine or hydrogen sulfide at pH 4.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1626-1634, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980980v . [all data]

Madruga and Mottram, 1998
Madruga, M.S.; Mottram, D.S., The effect of pH on the formation of volatile compounds produced by heating a model system containing 5'-imp and cysteine, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1998, 9, 3, 261-271, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531998000300010 . [all data]

Kuo and Ho, 1992
Kuo, M.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile constituents of the solvent extracts of Welsh onions (Allium fistulosum L. variety Maichuon) and scallions (A. fistulosum L. variety caepitosum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1906-1910, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a036 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Formation of meatlike aroma compounds from thermal reaction of inosine 5'-monophosphate with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 6, 1145-1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00006a031 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991, 2
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 760-763, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a029 . [all data]

Flath, Light, et al., 1990
Flath, R.A.; Light, D.M.; Jang, E.B.; Mon, T.R.; John, J.O., Headspace Examination of Volatile Emissions from Ripening Papaya (Carica papaya L., Solo Variety), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 4, 1060-1063, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00094a032 . [all data]

Parker, Hassell, et al., 2000
Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3497-3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991302r . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Frerot, Velluz, et al., 2008
Frerot, E.; Velluz, A.; Bagnoud, A.; Delort, E., Analysis of the volatile constituents of cooked petai beans (Parkia speciosa) using high-resolution GC/TOF-MS, Flav. Fragr. J., 2008, 23, 6, 434-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1902 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3836-3839, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020733y . [all data]

Chen, 2008
Chen, H.-F., Quantitative prediction of gas chromatography retention indices with support vector machines, radial basis neutral networks and multiple linear regression, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 609, 1, 24-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.003 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Schutz and Wollrab A., 1988
Schutz, H.; Wollrab A., The significance of the retention index in toxicologic analysis II, Pharmazie in unzerer Zeit, 1988, 17, 4, 97-101. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
Kiss, M.; Csoka, M.; Gyorfi, J.; Korany, K., Comparison of the fragrance constituents of Tuber aestivium and Tuber Brumale gathered in Hungary, J. Appl. Botany Food Quality, 2011, 84, 102-110. [all data]

Seifert and King, 1982
Seifert, R.M.; King, A.D., Jr., Identification of some volatile constituents of Aspergillus clavatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 4, 786-790, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00112a044 . [all data]


Notes

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