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Diphenyl ether

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1389.9Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011378.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011380.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1396.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-11376.3Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11366.8Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11370.0Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-1011370.9Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011366.4Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011381.7Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011393.7Wang and Sun, 198721.5 m/0.27 mm/2. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011380.1Wang and Sun, 1987, 226.5 m/0.25 mm/0.14 «mu»m, 70. C @ 4.08 min, 9. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011384.60Wang, Zhong, et al., 198724. m/0.26 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2017.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2017.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1404.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1405.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-1 MS1372.Seo, Kim, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-51396.Ozel, Gogus, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 2. min
CapillaryOV-1011386.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-11364.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-11372.0Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.395 min, 16. K/min
CapillaryHP-11356.9Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.4 min, 4. K/min
CapillaryHP-11372.6Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.801 min, 8. K/min
CapillaryHP-11371.8Yin and Sun, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.8 min, 8. K/min
CapillaryHP-11376.2Yin and Sun, 199050. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3.194 min, 6. K/min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-301386.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1379.Zenkevich, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1363.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1376.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax2026.Seo, Kim, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1991.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax2038.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax2017.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1991.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2055.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5241.7Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryOV-101241.16Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989H2, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989
Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 1989, 24, 11, 847-852. [all data]

Wang and Sun, 1987
Wang, T.; Sun, Y., On the influence of the solute sample size on temperature-programmed retention indices, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1987, 10, 11, 603-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240101105 . [all data]

Wang and Sun, 1987, 2
Wang, T.; Sun, Y., Reproducibility of Temperature-Programmed Retention Indices on Several OV-101 Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 407, 79-86, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92606-8 . [all data]

Wang, Zhong, et al., 1987
Wang, T.; Zhong, B.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y., Definitions and Methods of Calculation of the Temperature-Programmed Retention Index, ITP. III. A Simplified Calculation Method Based on the Extended Kovats Definition, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 390, 2, 275-283, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94381-X . [all data]

Romeo, Ziino, et al., 2007
Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1272-1278, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.029 . [all data]

Condurso, Verzera, et al., 2006
Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 2006, 72, 10, 924-928, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-946679 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Seo, Kim, et al., 2009
Seo, S.-M.; Kim, J.; Lee, S.-G.; Shin, C.-H.; Shin, S.-C.; Park, I.-K., Fumigant antitermitic activity of plant essential oils and components from Aiowan (Trachyspermum ammi), Allspice (Pimenta dioica), Caraway (Carum carvi), Dill (Anethum graveolens), Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), and Litsea (Litsea cubeba( oils against Japanese termite (Reticulitermes speratus Kolbe), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 15, 6596-6602. [all data]

Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006
Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 566, 2, 172-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.03.014 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Yin and Sun, 1990
Yin, H.F.; Sun, Y.L., The achievement of reproducible temperature programmed retention indices in gas chromatography when using different columns and detectors, Chromatographia, 1990, 29, 1/2, 39-43, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02261137 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1994
Zenkevich, I.G., Contemporary State of Informational Maintenance for Gas Chromatographic Identification of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Zh. Ecol. Khim., 1994, 3, 2, 111-119. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Wang, Hou, et al., 2007
Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 2007, 52, 141-156. [all data]

Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989
Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 465, 3, 378-385, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92675-5 . [all data]


Notes

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