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Author:Davidson

111 matching references were found.

Kirkbride, F.W.; Davidson, Nature (London), 1954, 174, 79. [all data]

Davidson; Carrington, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 6277. [all data]

Davidson; Brown, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 316. [all data]

Price; Davidson; Bogert, J. Org. Chem., 1938, 2, 540. [all data]

Kendall; Davidson, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1921, 13, 303. [all data]

Kendall; Davidson, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1920, 42, 1141. [all data]

Davidson; Warsop, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 2, 1972, 68, 1875. [all data]

Davidson; Whiteside; Warsop, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 2, 1972, 68, 1652. [all data]

Yu, Xuanqiang; Zipp, Gail L.; Davidson III, G.W. Ray, Pharmaceutical Research, 1994, 11, 4, 522-527, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018910431216 . [all data]

Patterson, T.S.; Davidson, A., The methyl, ethyl, and isobutyl esters of di-trichloro- acetyltartaric acid, and the existence of minima in their temperature-rotation curves, J. Chem. Soc., 1912, 101, 374-82. [all data]

McDevitt, N.T.; Rozek, A.L.; Bentley, F.F.; Davidson, A.D., J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 42, 1173. [all data]

Bottini, A.T.; Van Etten, R.L.; Davidson, A.J., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 755. [all data]

Vanderwerf, C.A.; Davidson, A.W.; Michaelis, C.I., Compound Formation Betwee 2,6-Lutidine and Polyhalogenated Methanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 908. [all data]

Ssiler, H.H.; Davidson, A.W.; Stoenner, R.; Lyon, L.L., Amphiprotic substances: I the systems acetamide + ammonia and acetamide + acetic acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 1888-92. [all data]

Davidson, A.W.; Ssiler, H.H.; Stoenner, R., The system acetic acid - ammonia, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 779. [all data]

Davidson, A.W.; Chappell, W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1933, 55, 3531. [all data]

Davidson, A.W.; Chappell, W., The system lead acetate - acetic acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1933, 55, 4524. [all data]

Davidson, A.W.; Griswold, E., Solutions of salts in pure acetic acid: IV cupric acetate and ammonium cupric acetate, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 1341. [all data]

Davidson, A.W.; McAllister, W.H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 507. [all data]

Davidson, D.; Feldman, J., The Action of Sulfuric Acid on 1-Phenyl-2-alkylpropanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 488. [all data]

Perlman, D.; Davidson, D.; Bogert, M.T., The synthesis of phenanthrenes from hydroxyl derivatives of beta- phenylethylcyclohexanes and the nature of the by-product, J. Org. Chem., 1936, 1, 288-99. [all data]

Roblin, R.O.; Davidson, D.; Bogert, M.T., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 151. [all data]

Bogert, M.T.; Davidson, D., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 56, 185. [all data]

Bogert, M.T.; Davidson, D., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 334. [all data]

Bogert, M.T.; Davidson, D.D.; Apfelbaum, P.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 56, 959. [all data]

Davidson, D.F.; Hobson, R.M., The shock tube determination of the dissociative recombination rate of NO+, J. Phys. B:, 1987, 20, 5753-5756. [all data]

Davidson, D.F.; Chang, A.Y.; Kohse-Hoinghaus, K.; Hanson, R.K., High temperature absorption coefficients of O2, NH3, and H2O for broadband ArF excimer laser radiation, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1989, 42, 267-278. [all data]

Leaist, D.G.; Murray, J.J.; Post, M.L.; Davidson, D.W., Enthalpies of decomposition and heat capacities of ethylene oxide and tetrahydrofuran hydrates, J. Phys Chem., 1982, 86, 4175-4178. [all data]

Davidson, D.W., The dielectric properties of methanol and methanol-d, Can. J. Chem., 1957, 35, 458. [all data]

Davidson, D.W., A dilatometric study of solid methanol-d., Can. J. Chem., 1956, 34, 1243. [all data]

Davidson, D.W.; Stoicheff, B.P.; Bernstein, H.J., J. Chem. Phys., 1954, 22, 289. [all data]

Leaist, D.G.; Murray, J.J.; Post, M.L.; Davidson, D.W., Enthalpies of decomposition and heat capacities of ethylene oxide and tetrahydrofuran hydrates, J. Phys. Chem., 1982, 86, 4175. [all data]

Garg, S.K.; Ripmeester, J.A.; Davidson, D.W., 19F spin-rotation tensors in CCl3F and ClO3F and their application to liquid-phase rotational diffusion., J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 72, 567-72. [all data]

Song, X.; Pauls, S.; Lucia, J.; Du, P.; Davidson, E.R.; Reilly, J.P., Dependence of p-n-propylaniline ionization potential on molecular conformation: comparison of experiment with theory, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 3202. [all data]

Frey, R.F.; Davidson, E.R., Potential energy surfaces of CH+4, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 88, 3, 1775, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.454101 . [all data]

Frey, R.F.; Davidson, E.R., The Jahn--Teller distortion in SiH+4, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 89, 7, 4227, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.454807 . [all data]

Ghanty, T.K.; Davidson, E.R., Electronic Structure and Low-Lying Electronic States of Al, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1999, 103, 15, 2867, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp984555g . [all data]

Ghanty, T.K.; Davidson, E.R., Theoretical Interpretation of the Photoelectron Spectra of Al, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1999, 103, 45, 8985, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9925839 . [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Johannessen, K.D.; Cobranchi, D.C.; Earl, E.A.; Feller, D.; Davidson, E.R., ESR and ab initio theoretical studies of the cation radicals 14N+4 and 15N+4 The trapping of ion--neutral reaction products in neon matrices at 4 K, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 2, 885, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.453243 . [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Steadman, J.; Feller, D.; Davidson, E.R., Experimental evidence for a C2v (2B1) ground-state structure of the methane cation radical: ESR and ab initio CI investigations of methane cation radicals (CH4+ and CD2H2+) in neon matrixes at 4 K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 12, 3700, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00324a066 . [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Steadman, J.; Miller, P.K.; Bowman, D.E.; Davidson, E.R.; Feller, D., ESR and ab initio theoretical studies of the cation radicals 12C2 16O+2, 12,13C2 16O+2, 13C2 16O+2, 12C2 16,17O+2, 12C2 17O+2, and 12,13C2 16,17O+2 isolated in neon matrices at 4 K. The use of matrix isolation for trapping ion--neutral reaction products, J. Chem. Phys., 1984, 80, 10, 4593, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.446543 . [all data]

Song, X.; Yang, M.; Davidson, E.R.; Reilly, J.P., Zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectra of jet-cooled aniline, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 99, 5, 3224, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465131 . [all data]

Davidson, E.R., First excited 1«SIGMA»g+ state of the hydrogen molecule, J. Chem. Phys., 1961, 35, 1189. [all data]

Wright, W.M.; Davidson, E.R., 1s3d 3«PI»g state of the hydrogen molecule, J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 43, 840. [all data]

Rothenberg, S.; Davidson, E.R., Hydrogen-molecule excited states: 1«PI»u, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 44, 730. [all data]

Bender, C.F.; Davidson, E.R., Electronic structure of the B2 molecule, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 46, 3313. [all data]

Bender, C.F.; Davidson, E.R., Theoretical calculation of the potential curves of the Be2 molecule, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 4972. [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Wise, M.B.; Childers, A.G.; Davidson, E.R.; Daasch, W.R., The generation and ESR investigation of the BeF radical in rare gas matrices, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 4198-4202. [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Wise, M.B.; Davidson, E.R.; McMurchie, L.E., ESR investigation of matrix isolated B16O and B17O radicals: comparison of nuclear hyperfine structure with ab initio calculations, J. Chem. Phys., 1982, 76, 126-136. [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Ligon, A.; Cobranchi, S.T.; Cobranchi, D.P.; Earl, E.; Feller, D.; Davidson, E.R., Neon matrix ESR and CI theoretical investigation of 10BF+ and 11BF+: photoionization of BF from reactive laser sputtering and high temperature sources, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 5437-5445. [all data]

Viswanathan, K.S.; Sekreta, E.; Davidson, E.R.; Reilly, J.P., Rotationally resolved laser photoelectron spectra of gas-phase NO: rotational propensity rules in photoionization, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 5078-5084. [all data]

Knight, L.B., Jr.; Petty, J.T.; Cobranchi, S.T.; Feller, D.; Davidson, E.R., The generation of 12C31P and 13C31P by reactive laser vaporization for rare gas matrix electron spin resonances studies: comparison with ab initio theoretical calculations, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 88, 3441-3450. [all data]

Bender, C.F.; Davidson, E.R., J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 360. [all data]

Anex, D.S.; Davidson, E.R.; Douketis, C.; Ewing, G.E., J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 2913. [all data]

Feller, D.; Davidson, E.R., Theor. Chim. Acta, 1985, 68, 57. [all data]

Davidson, E.R., Biradicals, Bonden, W. T., Ed., Wiley Interscience, New York, 1982. [all data]

Borden, W.T.; Davidson, E.R.; Hart, P.J., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 388. [all data]

Chang, S.Y.; Davidson, E.R.; Vincow, G., J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 1740. [all data]

Chang, S.Y.; Davidson, E.R.; Vincow, G., J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 5596. [all data]

Kirkbride, F.W.; Davidson, F.G., Heats of formation of gaseous fluoro- and fluorochloro-carbons, Nature (London), 1954, 174, 79-80. [all data]

Yu, X.; Zipp, G.L.; Davidson, G.W.R., III, Pharm. Res., 1994, 11, 4, 522, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018910431216 . [all data]

Davidson, I.M.T.; Stephenson, I.L., Bond dissociation energies of trimethylsilyl compounds, Chem. Commun., 1966, 746. [all data]

Band, S.J.; Davidson, I.M.T.; Lambert, C.A.; Stephenson, I.L., Bond dissociation energies and heats of formation of trimethylsilyl compounds, Chem., Commun. 1967, 723. [all data]

Davidson, I.M.T.; Stephenson, I.L., Appearance potentials of trialkylsilyl ions, J. Organometal. Chem., 1967, 7, 24. [all data]

Band, S.J.; Davidson, I.M.T.; Lambert, C.A., Bond dissociation energies: electron impact studies on some trimethylsilyl compounds, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1968, 2068. [all data]

Davidson, I.M.T.; Jones, M.; Kemmitt, R.D.W., Mass spectra and appearance potentials of some 1,5-cyclooctadiene-rhodium complexes, J.Organometal. Chem., 1969, 17, 169. [all data]

Damrauer, R.; DePuy, C.H.; Davidson, I.M.T.; Hughes, K.J., Gas phase ion chemistry of dimethylsilene, Organometallics, 1986, 5, 2050. [all data]

Damrauer, R.; DePuy, C.H.; Davidson, I.M.T.; Hughes, K.J., Gas phase ion chemistry of dimethylsilylene, Organometallics, 1986, 5, 2054. [all data]

Davidson, I.W.F.; Dicarlo, F.J.; Szabo, E.I., Gas Chromatographic Separation and Detection of Pentaerythritol Nitrates and Other Organic Nitrate Esters, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 57, 345-352, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(71)80054-7 . [all data]

Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J., The heats of formation of NO3- and NO3- association complexes with HNO3 and HBr, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1977, 9, 17. [all data]

Dotan, I.; Davidson, J.A.; Streit, G.E.; Albritton, D.L.; Fehsenfeld, F.C., A study of the reaction O3- + CO2 = CO3- + O2 and its implication on the thermochemistry of CO3 and O3 and their negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 67, 2874. [all data]

Dotan, I.; Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Albritton, D.L., Reactions of O2+.O2 with CO2, O3 and CH4 and O2+.O3 with H2O and CH4 and their Role in Stratospheric Ion Chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 1978, 83, C8, 4036, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC083iC08p04036 . [all data]

Cantrell, C.A.; Davidson, J.A.; McDaniel, A.H.; Shetter, R.E.; Calvert, J.G., Infrared absorption cross sections for N2O5, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 148, 4, 358, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)87288-9 . [all data]

Davidson, J.A.; Cantrell, C.A.; Shetter, R.E.; McDaniel, A.H.; Calvert, J.G., Absolute infrared absorption cross sections for ClONO, J. Geophys. Res., 1987, 92(D), D9, 10921, https://doi.org/10.1029/JD092iD09p10921 . [all data]

Morton, A.A.; Davidson, J.B.; Best, R.J., Condensation by Sodium XXI. n-Octyl and n-Decylsodium, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 2239. [all data]

Cullen, E.J.; Davidson, J.F., Absorption of Gases in Liquid Jets, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 113-120. [all data]

Davidson, J.F.; Cullen, E.J., The Determination of Diffusion Coefficients for Sparingly Soluable Gases in Liquids, Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 1957, 35, 51-60. [all data]

Davidson, J.G., The glycol ethers and their use in the lacquer industry, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1926, 18, 669. [all data]

Davidson, J.M.; French, C.M., The synthesis and structure of aromatic boron compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1960, 191-195. [all data]

Davidson, J.M.; Music, J.F., Experimental Thermal Conductivities of Gases and Gaseous Mixtures at Zero Degrees Centigrade, U. S. A. E. C. HW-20201, 1953. [all data]

Wheeler, W.B.; Stratton, G.D.; Twilley, R.R.; Ou, L.-T.; Carlson, D.A.; Davidson, J.M., Trifluralin degradation and binding in soil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 4, 702-706, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60224a019 . [all data]

Stirling, C.J.M.; Gosselin, C.C.; Holt, A.; Lowe, P.A.; Staskun, B.; Backeberg, O.G.; Thynne, J.C.J.; Charton, Marvin; Willner, D.; Gestetner, B.; Lavie, D.; Birk, Y.; Bondi, A.; Gold, V.; Socrates, G.; Crampton, M.R.; Birch, A.J.; Hughes, G.A.; Kruger, G.; Rao, G.S.R. Subba; Bell, F.; Buck, K.R.; Emel«65533»us, H.J.; Tattershall, B.W.; Dobbie, R.C.; Cavell, R.G.; Gee, N.; Nicholls, D.; Vincent, V.; Bruce, J. Malcolm; Knowles, P.; Coffin, B.; Robbins, R.F.; Davidson, J.S.; Gill, J.B.; Taylor, R.M., Notes, J. Chem. Soc., 1964, 5875, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9640005875 . [all data]

Parc, G.; Davidson, M.; Hellin, M.; Coussemant, F., Study of the Prins Reaction VIII. The Isobutene-formal System. Identification and Preparation of Products, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1964, 1325-30. [all data]

Hellin, M.; Davidson, M.; Lumbroso, D.; Giuliani, P.; Coussemant, F., Prins Reaction IX. TRhe Systems 1-Butene-formaldehyde, 2-Butene- formaldehyde, and Butadiene-formaldehyde, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1964, 1964, 2974. [all data]

Hellin, M.; Davidson, M.; Lumbroso, D.; Coussemant, F., Prins Reaction V. The System Isobutene-formaldehyde: Identification and Preparation of the Primare Reaction Products, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1964, 1964, 800. [all data]

Sullivan, J.H.; Davidson, N., The kinetics of the forward and reverse reactions for the vapor phase thermal bromination of chloroform, J. Chem. Phys., 1951, 19, 143-148. [all data]

Davidson, N., J. Am. Chem. Soc, 1951, 73, 467. [all data]

Davidson, N., The ultraviolet absorption spectra and the refractive indices of some fluorobromomethanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 467-468. [all data]

Davidson, N.; Sullivan, J.H., A Method of Estimating and Minimizing the Error of Measurement of the Rate of a Radioactive Exchange Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 739-40. [all data]

Schott, G.; Davidson, N., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1958, 80, 1841. [all data]

Sullivan, J.H.; Davidson, N., Kin of exchange of br with cc13br, J. Chem. Phys., 1951, 19, 143. [all data]

Davidson, N.; Sullivan, J.H., The kinetics of the vapor phase exchange of radioactive bromine between trichlorobromomethane and bromine., J. Chem. Phys., 1949, 17, 176. [all data]

Brockway, L.O.; Davidson, N.R., The Molecular Structures of the Dimers of Aluminum Dimethyl Chloride, Aluminum Dimethyl Bromide, and Aluminum Trimethyl and of Hexamethyldisilane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 12, 3287-3297, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01857a018 . [all data]

Davidson, N.R.; Sutton, L.E., The electric polarisation of mercurous trichloroacetate and of quinol bistrichloroacetate, J. Chem. Soc., 1942, 1942, 565. [all data]

Davidson, R.R.; James, H.R.; Tromblee, G.L., A method for multicomponent equilibrium calculations by using dew point pressure-vapor composition data, AIChE J., 1970, 16, 696. [all data]

Vasconcellos, E.C.C.; Davidson, S.A.; Brown, J.M.; Leopold, K.R.; Evenson, K.M., Rotational and hyperfine constants of vibrationally excited NH(a1«DELTA»; v = 1), J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1987, 122, 242-245. [all data]

Davidson, S.E.; Elliott, R.C.; Helliwell, C.A.; Poole, A.T.; Reid, J.B., The PEa gene NA encodes ent-Kaurenoic acid oxidase, Plant Physiol., 2003, 131, 1, 335-344, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.012963 . [all data]

McDonald, R.N.; Davidson, S.J., Electron photodetachment of the phenylnitrene anion radical: EA, «DELTA»H°f, and the singlet-triplet splitting for phenylnitrene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 10857-10862. [all data]

Mcdonald, R.N.; Davidson, S.J., Electron Photodetachment of the Phenylnitrene Anion Radical - EA, «DELTA»H(degrees(f), and the Singlet Triplet Splitting for Phenylnitrene, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 1993, 115, 23, 10857, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00076a049 . [all data]

Stein, A.; Davidson, S.J.; Allegra, J.C.; Allen, G.F., Tracer diffusion and shear viscosity for the system 2,6-lutidine-water near the lower critical point, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 6164. [all data]

Mair, B.J.; Davidson, S.P.; Krouskop, N.C.; Rossini, F.D., Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the 170 deg to 180 deg C Fraction of Petroleum, Anal. Chem., 1958, 30, 1414-7. [all data]

Davidson, T.A., A simple and accurate method for calculating viscosity of gaseous mixtures, Bur. Mines Rep. Invest., RI 9456, 16 pp., 1993. [all data]

Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Davidson, W.R.; Vidal, M.; Bowers, M.T.; Goldwhite, H.; Vertal, L.E.; Douglas, J.E.; Kollman, P.A.; Kenyon, G.L., Proton affinities photoelectron spectra of three-membered-ring J. Heterocycl. Chem., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 5151. [all data]

Hopkins, H.P., Jr.; Jahagirdar, D.V.; Moulik, P.S.; Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Davidson, W.R.; Pedley, M.D., Basicities of the 2-,4-,2,4-Di and 2,6-disubstituted t-butyl pryidines in the gas phase and aqueous phase: Steric effects in the solvation of tert-butyl-substituted pyridines and pyridinium cations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 4341. [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Ionic Solvation by Aprotic Solvents. Gas Phase Solvation of the Alkali Ions by Acetonitrile, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 20, 6125, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00436a010 . [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Potassium Ion Complexes from Studies of Gas Phase Ion Equilibria K+ + M = K+.M, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 20, 6133, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00436a011 . [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Potassium Ion Complexes with Ethylene Diamine and Dimethoxyethane (Glyme) from Measurements of the Complexing Equilibria in the Gas Phase, Can. J. Chem., 1976, 54, 16, 2594, https://doi.org/10.1139/v76-368 . [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Lau, Y.K.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Dissociation of Protonated Acetic Acid to the Acyl Cation and Water. Heat of Formation of CH3CO+ and Proton Affinity of Ketene, Can. J. Chem., 1978, 56, 7, 1016, https://doi.org/10.1139/v78-170 . [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Meza-Hojer, S.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria: RCO+ + OH2 ---> RC(OH)2+; Heats of Formation of Acylium Ions RCO+ and Protonated Acids RC(OH)2+; Gas Phase Catalysis of Proton Shift RC(OH)2+ ---> RCO(OH2)+, Can. J. Chem., 1979, 57, 24, 3205, https://doi.org/10.1139/v79-525 . [all data]

Davidson, W.R.; Sunner J.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen Bonding of Water to Onium Ions. Hydration of Substituted Pyridinium Ions and Related Systems, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 7, 1675, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00501a005 . [all data]

Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Davidson, W.R.; Toure, P.; Hopkins, H.P.; Moulik, S.P.; Jahagirdar, D.V., Relationships between the thermodynamics of protonation in the gas and aqueous phase for 2-, 3-, and 4- substituted pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 1770. [all data]