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Phenol, 2,6-dichloro-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillarySE-30160.1200.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1194.Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1189.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30160.1200.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30180.1214.Korhonen, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone150.1203.Radecki, Grzybowski, et al., 1979 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
PackedSE-301206.Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980Chromosorb W HMDS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.9 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryFFAP160.2097.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
CapillaryFFAP160.2097.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP180.2081.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP200.2083.Korhonen, 1984 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-51205.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-51213.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillarySE-301198.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301179.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301190.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryVF-5MS1223.2Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1199.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2119.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2124.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryFFAP2061.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryFFAP2038.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryOV-1011149.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011151.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011178.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011179.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryUltra-11168.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1189.Yu and Zazhi, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPTE-51227.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryUltra-21228.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillarySE-301206.Peterson, 1992Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5MS204.68Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS203.40Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Evans and Haken, 1989
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices in gas chromatography. IV. Chlorinated aromatic compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 468, 373-382. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96332-5] [all data]

Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988
Shakirov, L.G.; Tsypysheva, L.G.; Suleimamova, R.A.; Naimushin, A.I.; Tsypyshev, O.Yu., Gas chromatographic determination of the products of the synthesis of chlorine-substituted salicylic acids, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 143-146. [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXI. Retention increments of isomeric chlorophenols on low-polarity (SE-30) and polar (FFAP) capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 315, 185-200. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90736-8] [all data]

Radecki, Grzybowski, et al., 1979
Radecki, A.; Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A., Relationships between retention indices and substituent constants of phenols on polar stationary phases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1979, 2, 9, 581-582. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240020911] [all data]

Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980
Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A.; Radecki, A., Relationship between the retention indices of phenols on polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 196, 2, 217-223. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80441-0] [all data]

Gocmen, Elston, et al., 2005
Gocmen, D.; Elston, A.; Williams, T.; Parish, M.; Rouseff, R.L., Identification of medicinal off-flavours generated by Alicyclobacillus species in orange juice using GC-olfactometry and GC-MS, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 40, 3, 172-177. [doi:10.1111/j.1472-765X.2004.01636.x] [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2] [all data]

Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 1993
Messadi, D.; Ali-Mokhnache, S., Calculation of retention indices and peak widths in temperature programmed gas-liquid chromatography, Chromatographia, 1993, 37, 5/6, 264-270. [doi:10.1007/BF02278631] [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358. [doi:10.5985/jec.1.333] [all data]

Yu and Zazhi, 2005
Yu, H.; Zazhi, J., Relationship between chromatogram retention index and toxicity of chlorinated phenols and chlorinated benzenes to Guppy, J. Enviropn. Health (Chinese), 2005, 22, 6, 441-444. [all data]

Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 1992
Nakano, T.; Fujimori, K.; Takaishi, Y.; Okuno, T., GC/MS-SIM analysis of polychlorobenzenes, polychlorophenols and polychloronaphthalenes, Report of the Environmental Science Institute of Hyogo Prefecture, 1992, 24, 30-37. [all data]

Peterson, 1992
Peterson, K.L., Counter-Propagation Neural Networks in the Modeling and Prediction of Kovats Indices for Substituted Phenols, Anal. Chem., 1992, 64, 4, 379-386. [doi:10.1021/ac00028a011] [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

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