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Thiophene, 2-methyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillarySPB-1100.770.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30100.770.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.770.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
PackedApiezon M130.797.Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985He or N2, Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M60.773.Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985Chromosorb WAW; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M130.797.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Column length: 2.1 m
CapillaryApiezon L120.798.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.748.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.746.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.748.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.746.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryApiezon L120.798.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryCarbowax 40M100.1112.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax1094.Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 190. C
PackedPEG-20M1123.Galt and MacLeod, 1984N2, Celite, 70. C @ 9. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 5.5 m; Tend: 175. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5775.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1745.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1748.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1745.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1748.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5MS787.Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 45. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS776.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBPX-5780.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB775.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5771.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5771.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1753.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB776.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5777.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-1761.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30774.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1765.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101770.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101755.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101793.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1758.Izzo and Ho, 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1754.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1758.Zhang and Ho, 1991, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1745.Zhang and Ho, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillarySPB-5756.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5767.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5758.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS774.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5788.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5787.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5780.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1085.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1101.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1085.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101097.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryFFAP1102.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1109.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1120.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1120.5Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1095.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101090.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1093.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 40M1106.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101097.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101095.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101102.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1089.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1092.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillarySupelcowax-101090.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101082.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1092.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryMDN-5770.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA753.Yang, Wang, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryPONA749.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryPONA752.Yang, Yang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-54776.Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5795.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-1767.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5780.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5750.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5750.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB750.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB750.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups775.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups780.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane773.Xu, He, et al., 2010Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-5 MS773.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryDB-1745.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1748.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30775.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5771.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5772.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryPONA752.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone762.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30763.P'yanova, Zvereva, et al., 1987Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.755.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.757.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedApiezon M798.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1983N2, Chromosorb W AW/DMCS; Column length: 5.6 m; Program: 60C(7min), 100C(7min), 150C isothermal

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1078.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryFFAP1103.Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1148.Marin, Pozrl, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryFFAP1103.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1097.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryEC-10001130.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1097.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1097.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101100.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1095.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1093.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1095.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1098.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1095.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1098.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1123.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1994, 43, 1, 64-69. [doi:10.1007/BF00699137] [all data]

Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992
Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 9/10, 497-501. [doi:10.1007/BF02290243] [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985
Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 1985, 29, 7, 671-680. [doi:10.1002/food.19850290705] [all data]

Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1978, 11, 2271-2274. [all data]

Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 95, 207-215. [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2] [all data]

Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990
Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 3, 802-804. [doi:10.1021/jf00093a045] [all data]

Galt and MacLeod, 1984
Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 1, 59-64. [doi:10.1021/jf00121a016] [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436. [doi:10.1021/jf0625611] [all data]

Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 2007
Rochat S.; de Saint Laumer J.Y.; Chaintreau A., Analysis of sulfur compounds from the in-oven roast beef aroma by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1147, 1, 85-94. [doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.039] [all data]

Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 2006
Whetstine M.E.C.; Drake M.A.; Nelson B.K.; Barbano D.M., Flavor profiles of full-fat and reduced-fat cheese and cheese fat made from aged cheddar with the fat removed using a novel process, J. Dairy Res., 2006, 89, 2, 505-517. [doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72113-0] [all data]

Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2003
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., Changes in selected biochemical and sensory parameters as affected by the superficial inoculation of Penicillium camemberti on dry fermented sausages, Int. J. Food Microbiol., 2003, 85, 1-2, 111-125. [doi:10.1016/S0168-1605(02)00505-6] [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125. [doi:10.1021/jf0111662] [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
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Notes

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