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2-Butene, 2-methyl-

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone30.520.2Soják, Addová, et al., 2002He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.250 mm
CapillarySqualane30.513.8Soják, Addová, et al., 2002He; Column length: 93. m; Column diameter: 0.250 mm
CapillaryOV-170.515.Annino and Villalobos, 199922.6 m/0.53 mm/2.78 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.520.1Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q100.504.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q160.504.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-145.520.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.519.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-145.520.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.519.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.514.3Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.514.4Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5465.523.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryHP-160.519.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.519.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-10140.520.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10160.520.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10180.520.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillarySqualane50.514.5Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.519.9Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10170.520.3Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySqualane50.514.5Boneva and Dimov, 1986N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.514.7Boneva and Dimov, 1986N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-3042.514.Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985Column length: 3. m
CapillaryDB-140.520.Lubeck and Sutton, 198460. m/0.264 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryHP-PONA40.520.Lubeck and Sutton, 198450. m/0.21 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-150.520.Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982Column length: 55. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillaryOV-140.519.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySqualane50.514.33Pacáková and Koslík, 197850. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2
PackedSqualane80.514.Chrétien and Dubois, 1977 
CapillarySqualane50.514.Chretien and Dubois, 1976 
CapillarySqualane100.526.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.514.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.514.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane27.513.75Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane50.514.0Takács, Tálas, et al., 1972N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane40.507.Matukuma, 1969N2; Column length: 91.4 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane27.514.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.514.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.515.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.515.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane30.515.Tourres, 1967H2; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane50.515.Tourres, 1967H2; Column length: 10. m
PackedSE-3070.522.Widmer, 1967Diatoport S; Column length: 7.9 m
PackedSqualane26.514.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L130.526.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.527.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100525.Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1523.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.614.Annino and Villalobos, 199931.3 m/0.53 mm/0.54 «mu»m
PackedCarbowax 20M130.573.Widmer, 1967Diatoport P; Column length: 7.9 m
PackedCarbowax 20M70.561.Widmer, 1967Diatoport P; Column length: 7.9 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5515.8Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone518.6Soják, Addová, et al., 2002He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.250 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-1520.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH513.84White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH514.38White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH514.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-1520.3Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1519.5Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1520.4Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillarySqualane40.514.2Sojak, Addova, et al., 2000He; Column length: 93. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-5450.530.Xieyun, Maoqi, et al., 1996N2; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.514.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane70.515.Schomburg, 1966 
PackedMethyl Silicone50.531.Huguet, 1961Nitrogen, Celite C-22; Column length: 2.5 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB519.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH521.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS498.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryPONA514.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-101522.Orav, Kailas, et al., 199950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillarySE-54514.Guan, Li, et al., 199560. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1519.Ramnas, Ostermark, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -20. C
CapillaryDB-1515.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5 MS502.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone515.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone521.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane514.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS515.Tirillini, Verdelli, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m; Program: 0C (3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C (30min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone522.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone517.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1520.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1520.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54523.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54524.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes517.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes517.Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone517.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1514.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30525.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soják, Addová, et al., 2002
Soják, L.; Addová, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 1, 103-117. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01564-3] [all data]

Annino and Villalobos, 1999
Annino, R.; Villalobos, R., A strategy for the simplification and solution of complex chromatographic analysis problems utilizing two-dimensional mapping of retention indexes followed by computer modeling of heart cuts from serially coupled columns containing different stationary phases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1999, 22, 10, 589-593. [all data]

Do and Raulin, 1992
Do, L.; Raulin, F., Gas chromatography of Titan's atmosphere. III. Analysis of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and nitriles with a CP-Sil-5 CB WCOT capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 591, 1-2, 297-301. [doi:10.1016/0021-9673(92)80247-R] [all data]

Do and Raulin, 1989
Do, L.; Raulin, F., Gas chromatography of Titan's atmosphere. I. Analysis of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and nitriles with a PoraPLOT Q porous polymer coated open-tubular capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 481, 45-54. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96751-2] [all data]

Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 129-143. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94101-3] [all data]

Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988
Bangjie, C.; Yijian, G.; Shaoyi, P., Calculation of retention indices at an assigned temperature from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 6, 539-542. [doi:10.1007/BF02324830] [all data]

Laub and Purnell, 1988
Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 9, 649-660. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240110908] [all data]

Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988
Papazova, D.; Milina, R.; Dimov, N., Comparative evaluation of retention of hydrocarbons present in the C5-petroleum fraction of methylsilicone and squalane phases, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 3, 177-180. [doi:10.1007/BF02316441] [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 3, 149-151. [doi:10.1007/BF02311743] [all data]

Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985
Rudenko, G.I.; Mal'tsev, V.V.; Studenichnik, V.N.; Ustinov, E.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer materials, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1985, 40, 6, 1119-1127. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1984, 7, 9, 542-544. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240070913] [all data]

Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982
Anders, G.; Scheller, M.; Schuhler, C.; Struppe, H.G., Zur Vorausberechnung von Bruttoretentioszeiten bei temperaturprogramierter Gaschromatographie mit Hilfe isotherm bestimmter Retentionsindices und einer Anpassung an experimentelle Retentionszeiten, Chromatographia, 1982, 15, 1, 43-47. [doi:10.1007/BF02269039] [all data]

Nijs and Jacobs, 1981
Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 40-45. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/19.1.40] [all data]

Pacáková and Koslík, 1978
Pacáková, V.; Koslík, V., Capillary reaction gas chromatography. I. Catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1978, 11, 5, 266-273. [doi:10.1007/BF02282952] [all data]

Chrétien and Dubois, 1977
Chrétien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 1977, 49, 6, 747-756. [doi:10.1021/ac50014a021] [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1] [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106. [doi:10.1007/BF02269819] [all data]

Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973
Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Identification by means of retention parameters, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1973, 11, 3, 151-159. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/11.3.151] [all data]

Takács, Tálas, et al., 1972
Takács, J.; Tálas, Zs.; Bernáth, I.; Czakó, Gy.; Fischer, A., Contribution to the theory of the retention index system. IV. Retention index and molecular structure. Calculation of retention indices of olefins, cyclic hydrocarbons and homologues of benzene hydrocarbons on the basis of their molecular structures, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 67, 2, 203-212. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)91222-1] [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203] [all data]

Tourres, 1967
Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 1, 35-40. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/5.1.35] [all data]

Widmer, 1967
Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 10, 506-510. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/5.10.506] [all data]

Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
Zulaïca, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymères par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application à quelques hydrocarbures macromoléculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1966, 4, 1351-1363. [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736. [doi:10.1002/hlca.19590420745] [all data]

Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997
Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22. [all data]

Hoekman, 1993
Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 639, 2, 239-253. [doi:10.1016/0021-9673(93)80260-F] [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2003, 3, 3, 665-682. [doi:10.5194/acp-3-665-2003] [all data]

Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 1992
Olson, K.L.; Sinkevitch, R.M.; Sloane, T.M., Speciation and Quantitation of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline Engine Exhaust, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1992, 30, 12, 500-508. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/30.12.500] [all data]

White, Douglas, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 1992, 6, 1, 76-82. [doi:10.1021/ef00031a012] [all data]

White, Hackett, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 105-120. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240150211] [all data]

Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987
Bangjie, C.; Xijian, G.; Shaoyi, P., Calculation of retention indices in temperature-programmed gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1987, 23, 12, 888-892. [doi:10.1007/BF02261466] [all data]

Sojak, Addova, et al., 2000
Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Ruman, J.; Hu, G., GC-MS characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from FCC gasoline using squalane stationary phase, Petroleum and Coal, 2000, 42, 3-4, 188-194. [all data]

Xieyun, Maoqi, et al., 1996
Xieyun, H.; Maoqi, C.; Shiyan, Y., Gas Chromatographic analysis during the process of heptaldehyde production using 1-hexene, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1996, 14, 4, 291-293. [all data]

Schomburg, 1966
Schomburg, G., Gaschromatographische Retentionsdaten und Struktur Chemischer Verbindungen. II. Methylverzweigungen und Doppelbindungen in Offenkettigen Kohlenwasserstoffen, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 23, 1-17. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)98652-2] [all data]

Huguet, 1961
Huguet, M., Kovats retention indices in the qualitative analysis of light hydrocarbons by gas chromatography, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate et de chromatographie, 1961, 69. [all data]

Bramston-Cook, 2013
Bramston-Cook, R., Kovats indices for C2-C13 hydrocarbons and selected oxygenated/halocarbons with 100 % dimethylpolysiloxane columns, 2013, retrieved from http://lotusinstruments.com/monographs/List .... [all data]

Supelco, 2012
Supelco, CatalogNo. 24160-U, Petrocol DH Columns. Catalog No. 24160-U, 2012, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Supelco/Datasheet/1/w97949.Par.0001.File.tmp/w97949.pdf. [all data]

Su, Wang, et al., 2009
Su, Y.; Wang, C.; Yinlong, G., Analysis of volatile compounds from Mentha hapioealyx Briq. by GC-MS based on accurate mass measurements and retention indices, Acta Chem. Sinica, 2009, 67, 6, 546-554. [all data]

Zhang, Ding, et al., 2009
Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 2009, 70, 3/4, 511-518. [doi:10.1365/s10337-009-1174-0] [all data]

Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999
Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 1. Fraction boiling at yp to 160 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 1999, 48, 1, 30-39. [all data]

Guan, Li, et al., 1995
Guan, Y.; Li, L.; Zhou, L., Live retention database for compound identification in capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1995, 13, 5, 851-857. [all data]

Ramnas, Ostermark, et al., 1994
Ramnas, O.; Ostermark, U.; Peterson, G., Characterization of sixty alkenes in a cat-cracked gasoline naphtha by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1994, 38, 3/4, 222-226. [doi:10.1007/BF02290340] [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 75-84. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240150205] [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 2007, 24, 10, 1404-1408. [all data]

Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
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Notes

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