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2-n-Heptylfuran


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11181.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11182.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-301182.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1429.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1195.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBP-11182.Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998He, 5. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1011188.Misharina, Aerove, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1195.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-51196.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1417.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1416.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1417.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1417.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5MS1177.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 10. K/min; Tend: 295. C
CapillarySP 21001186.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5MS1193.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51205.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySE-301184.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1454.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1416.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 31. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1448.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1429.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 6, 1276-1280, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00108a043 . [all data]

Umano and Shibamoto, 1987
Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 1, 14-18, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00073a004 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 905, 1-2, 233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00990-0 . [all data]

Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998
Sinyinda, S.; Gramshaw, J.W., Volatiles of avocado fruit, Food Chem., 1998, 62, 4, 483-487, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00190-8 . [all data]

Misharina, Aerove, et al., 1991
Misharina, T.A.; Aerove, A.F.; Golovnya, R.E.; Kalugina, V.I.; Rogovskaya, L.V.; Vysotskaya, L.E.; Shevtsov, V.K., Identification of volatile components of an aromatizer with a chicken odor by chromatography-mass spectrometry and chromatography-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1991, 8, 1187-1193. [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 2
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1999
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1619-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980718m . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 46, 2, 227-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740460211 . [all data]

Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 42, 3, 261-272, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740420309 . [all data]

Kaack, Christensen, et al., 2005
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P.; Hughes, M.; Eder, R., The relationship between sensory quality and volatile compounds in raw juice processed from elderberries ( Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2005, 221, 3-4, 244-254, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-1141-4 . [all data]

Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 2008
Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 617, 1-2, 72-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.04.009 . [all data]

Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 1982, 65, 2, 191-196, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82176-0 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993
Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds identified in headspace samples of peanut oil heated under temperatures ranging from 50 to 200 °C, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 9, 1467-1470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00033a022 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2006
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, G.; Özek, T.; Duran, A.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Rhabdosciadium oligocarpum (Post ex Boiss.) Hedge et Lamond and Rhabdosciadium microcalycinum Hand.-Mazz., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 650-655, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1639 . [all data]


Notes

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