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Thiophene, 2-propyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane120.960.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.955.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.960.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.955.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-5969.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB961.Elmore and Mottram, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-101951.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1937.Zhang and Ho, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1246.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1238.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1239.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPONA941.Yang, Wang, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryPONA939.Yang, Yang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-5966.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5937.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5937.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB937.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB937.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS976.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySE-30951.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone951.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1259.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 95, 207-215. [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0111662 . [all data]

Elmore and Mottram, 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Formation of 2-alkyl-(2H)-thiapyrans and 2-Alkylthiophenes in cooked beef and lamb, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 6, 2420-2424, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000124v . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1993
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Beletsky, I.V., Sorption properties of heterocyclic compounds differing by heteroatom in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1993, 42, 7, 1167-1170, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00701998 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1989
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermnal interaction of 2,4-decadienal with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1016-1020, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a044 . [all data]

Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7242-7250, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061102x . [all data]

Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 42, 3, 261-272, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740420309 . [all data]

Yang, Wang, et al., 2004
Yang, Y.; Wang, Z.; Zong, B.; Yang, H., Determination of sulfur compounds in fluid catalytic cracking gasoline by gas chromatography with a sulfur chemiluminiscence detector, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2004, 22, 3, 216-219. [all data]

Yang, Yang, et al., 2003
Yang, Y.T.; Yang, H.Y.; Zong, B.N.; Lu, W.Z., determination and distribution of sulfur compounds in gasoline by gas chromatography-atomic emission detector, Chinise J. Anal. Chem. (Fenxi Huaxue), 2003, 31, 10, 1153-1158. [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1987-1989, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a021 . [all data]

Damste, van Dalen, et al., 1988
Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 435, 435-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82208-1 . [all data]

Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 1988
Damste, J.S.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenk, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolysates of sulphur-rich kerogens, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 435, 435-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82208-1 . [all data]

Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014
Kurashov, E.A.; Mitrukova, G.G.; Krylova, Yu.V., Variations in the component composition of essential oil of Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) during vegetation (in press), Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2014, 1, 000-000. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Misharina, 1995
Misharina, T.A., Sorption regularities of sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds in chromatography and their application in identification of volatile organic compounds, Diss. degree of Dr. Sci. (Chemistry), 1995, 52. [all data]


Notes

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