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Nonane

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - D.R. Burgess
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-228.3kJ/molN/AGood, 1969Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -274.7±1 kj/mol from Good, 1969 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 46.43 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas506.5 ± 1.0J/mol*KN/AScott D.W., 1974This reference does not contain the original experimental data. Experimental entropy value is based on the results [ Messerly J.F., 1967] for S(liquid).; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
161.92200.Scott D.W., 1974, 2Recommended values were obtained from the consistent correlation scheme for alkanes [ Scott D.W., 1974, Scott D.W., 1974, 2]. This approach gives a good agreement with experimental data available for alkanes. However, large uncertainties could be expected at high temperatures.; GT
196.77273.15
210.4 ± 0.5298.15
211.42300.
268.82400.
321.54500.
366.10600.
403.34700.
433.88800.
459.82900.
481.581000.
499.991100.
516.311200.
531.371300.
543.921400.
556.471500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-274.7 ± 1.0kJ/molCcrGood, 1969ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-6125.21 ± 0.54kJ/molCcrGood, 1969Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -274.7 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-6124.9 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1944Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -275.0 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-6119.8kJ/molCcbJessup, 1937Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -280.1 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid393.67J/mol*KN/AFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
liquid392.9J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Extrapolation below 90 K, 83.09 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
292.18318.15Banipal, Garg, et al., 1991T = 318 to 373 K. p = 0.1 MPa.; DH
284.34298.15Trejo, Costas, et al., 1991DH
284.76298.15Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988DH
283.8298.15Wilhelm, Inglese, et al., 1982DH
293.2323.Zaripov, 1982T = 298, 323, 363 K.; DH
284.0298.15Grolier, Hamedi, et al., 1979DH
322.2350.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value over the temperature range 22 to 129°C.; DH
284.39298.15Finke, Gross, et al., 1954T = 12 to 320 K.; DH
284.01298.15Osborne and Ginnings, 1947T = 278 to 318 K.; DH
280.7297.9Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 93 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
281.2299.1Parks, Huffman, et al., 1930T = 224 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - R.L. Brown and S.E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil423.8 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 44 out of 51 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus219.5 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 24 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple219.6 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc595. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc23.0 ± 0.4barAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.555l/molN/AAmbrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc1.80 ± 0.05mol/lN/AAmbrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995 
rhoc1.84mol/lN/ASteele, 1992Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.078 mol/l; TRC
rhoc1.80mol/lN/AAnselme, Gude, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap46.5 ± 0.2kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
36.91424.N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
46.7299.CViton, Chavret, et al., 1996AC
46.314.CViton, Chavret, et al., 1996AC
48.3234.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 219. - 308. K. See also Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973.; AC
42.7359.A,MMStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 344. - 426. K. See also Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945 and Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
43.9337.N/APaul, Krug, et al., 1986Based on data from 322. - 413. K.; AC
44.3328.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
43.2343.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
42.1358.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 368.66.470.3594.6Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
219.7 - 307.733.824891492.928-55.895Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
343.49 - 424.944.062451430.377-71.355Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
74.6219.BBondi, 1963AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
15.0219.5DSCMondieig, Rajabalee, et al., 2004AC
15.48219.7N/AAcree, 1991See also Domalski and Hearing, 1996.; AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
6.280217.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
15.468219.66crystaline, IliquidFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
22.121219.2crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Included heat effect due to transition just below melting point.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
28.91217.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
70.42219.66crystaline, IliquidFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
100.9219.2crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Included; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

2Hydrogen + 2-Nonyne = Nonane

By formula: 2H2 + C9H16 = C9H20

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-272.3 ± 2.1kJ/molChydRogers, Dagdagan, et al., 1979liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

2Hydrogen + 3-Nonyne = Nonane

By formula: 2H2 + C9H16 = C9H20

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-270.7 ± 1.4kJ/molChydRogers, Dagdagan, et al., 1979liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

2Hydrogen + 4-Nonyne = Nonane

By formula: 2H2 + C9H16 = C9H20

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-271.8 ± 1.8kJ/molChydRogers, Dagdagan, et al., 1979liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

1-Nonene + Hydrogen = Nonane

By formula: C9H18 + H2 = C9H20

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-124.3 ± 1.0kJ/molChydRogers and Skanupong, 1974liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

2Hydrogen + 1-Nonyne = Nonane

By formula: 2H2 + C9H16 = C9H20

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-291.0 ± 1.9kJ/molChydRogers, Dagdagan, et al., 1979liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-3673
NIST MS number 228006

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Good, 1969
Good, W.D., Enthalpies of combustion and formation of 11 isomeric nonanes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 231-235. [all data]

Scott D.W., 1974
Scott D.W., Correlation of the chemical thermodynamic properties of alkane hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 3144-3165. [all data]

Messerly J.F., 1967
Messerly J.F., Low-temperature thermal data for n-pentane, n-heptadecane, and n-octadecane. Revised thermodynamic functions for the n-alkanes, C5-C18, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1967, 12, 338-346. [all data]

Scott D.W., 1974, 2
Scott D.W., Chemical Thermodynamic Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Substances. Properties of the Alkane Hydrocarbons, C1 through C10 in the Ideal Gas State from 0 to 1500 K. U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 666, 1974. [all data]

Prosen and Rossini, 1944
Prosen, E.J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion of eight normal paraffin hydrocarbons in the liquid state, J. Res. NBS, 1944, 33, 255-272. [all data]

Jessup, 1937
Jessup, R.S., Heats of combustion of the liquid normal paraffin hydrocarbons from hexane to dodecane, J. Res. NBS, 1937, 18, 114-128. [all data]

Finke, Gross, et al., 1954
Finke, H.L.; Gross, M.E.; Waddington, G.; Huffman, H.M., Low-temperature thermal data for the nine normal paraffin hydrocarbons from octane to hexadecane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1954, 76, 333-341. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Barmore, M., Thermal data on organic compounds. X. Further studies on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3876-3888. [all data]

Banipal, Garg, et al., 1991
Banipal, T.S.; Garg, S.K.; Ahluwalia, J.C., Heat capacities and densities of liquid n-octane, n-nonane, n-decane, and n-hexadecane at temperatures from 318.15 to 373.15 K and at pressures up to 10 MPa, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1991, 23, 923-931. [all data]

Trejo, Costas, et al., 1991
Trejo, L.M.; Costas, M.; Patterson, D., Excess heat capacity of organic mixtures, Internat. DATA Series, Selected Data Mixt., 1991, Ser. [all data]

Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988
Andreoli-Ball, L.; Patterson, D.; Costas, M.; Caceres-Alonso, M., Heat capacity and corresponding states in alkan-1-ol-n-alkane systems, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1988, 84(11), 3991-4012. [all data]

Wilhelm, Inglese, et al., 1982
Wilhelm, E.; Inglese, A.; Quint, J.R.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Molar excess volumes and excess heat capacities of (1,2,4-trichlorobenzene + an alkane), J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 303-308. [all data]

Zaripov, 1982
Zaripov, Z.I., Experimental study of the isobaric heat capacity of liquid organic compounds with molecular weights of up to 4000 a.e.m., 1982, Teplomassoobmen Teplofiz. [all data]

Grolier, Hamedi, et al., 1979
Grolier, J-P.E.; Hamedi, M.H.; Wilhelm, E.; Kehiaian, H.V., Excess heat capacities of binary mixtures of carbon tetrachloride with n-alkanes at 298.15 K, Thermochim. Acta, 1979, 31, 79-84. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958
Swietoslawski, W.; Zielenkiewicz, A., Mean specific heat of some ternary azeotropes, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim., 1958, 6, 365-366. [all data]

Osborne and Ginnings, 1947
Osborne, N.S.; Ginnings, D.C., Measurements of heat of vaporization and heat capacity of a number of hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1947, 39, 453-477. [all data]

Parks, Huffman, et al., 1930
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M.; Thomas, S.B., Thermal data on organic compounds. VI. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of some saturated, non-benzenoid hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 1032-1041. [all data]

Ambrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995
Ambrose, D.; Tsonopoulos, C., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 2. Normal Alkenes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 531-546. [all data]

Steele, 1992
Steele, W.V., Personal Commun. 1992 1992, 1992. [all data]

Anselme, Gude, et al., 1990
Anselme, M.J.; Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., The Critical Temperatures and Densities of the n-Alkanes from Pentane to Octadecane, Fluid Phase Equilib., 1990, 57, 317-26. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Viton, Chavret, et al., 1996
Viton, C.; Chavret, M.; Jose, J., Enthalpies of vaporization of normal alkanes from nonane to pentadecane at temperatures from 298 to 359 K, ELDATA: Int. Electron. J. Phys. Chem. Data, 1996, 2, 3, 103. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973
Carruth, Grant F.; Kobayashi, Riki, Vapor pressure of normal paraffins ethane through n-decane from their triple points to about 10 mm mercury, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1973, 18, 2, 115-126, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60057a009 . [all data]

Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945
Willingham, C.B.; Taylor, W.J.; Pignocco, J.M.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of some paraffin, alkylcyclopentane, alkylcyclohexane, and alkylbenzene hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1945, 35, 3, 219-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.035.009 . [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949
Forziati, Alphonse F.; Norris, William R.; Rossini, Frederick D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of sixty API-NBS hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1949, 43, 6, 555-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Paul, Krug, et al., 1986
Paul, Hanns-Ingolf; Krug, Joseph; Knapp, Helmut, Measurements of VLE, hE and vE for binary mixtures of n-alkanes with n-alkylbenzenes, Thermochimica Acta, 1986, 108, 9-27, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(86)85073-0 . [all data]

Majer, Svoboda, et al., 1984
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V.; Pechacek, J.; Hala, S., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies of eight C9 to C11, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1984, 16, 567-572. [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2
Forziati, A.F.; Norris, W.R.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Sixty API-NBS Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), 1949, 43, 6, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Bondi, 1963
Bondi, A., Heat of Siblimation of Molecular Crystals: A Catalog of Molecular Structure Increments., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1963, 8, 3, 371-381, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60018a027 . [all data]

Mondieig, Rajabalee, et al., 2004
Mondieig, D.; Rajabalee, F.; Metivaud, V.; Oonk, H.A.J.; Cuevas-Diarte, M.A., n -Alkane Binary Molecular Alloys, Chem. Mater., 2004, 16, 5, 786-798, https://doi.org/10.1021/cm031169p . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Rogers, Dagdagan, et al., 1979
Rogers, D.W.; Dagdagan, O.A.; Allinger, N.L., Heats of hydrogenation and formation of linear alkynes and a molecular mechanics interpretation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 671-676. [all data]

Rogers and Skanupong, 1974
Rogers, D.W.; Skanupong, S., Heats of hydrogenation of sixteen terminal monoolefins. The alternating effect, J. Phys. Chem., 1974, 78, 2569-2572. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References