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Thioformaldehyde


Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   E


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 55096 gas E-X 181 182 Judge, Drury-Lessard, et al., 1978
Drury and Moule, 1982

State:   D


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 53134 gas D-X 188 189 Judge, Drury-Lessard, et al., 1978
Drury and Moule, 1982

State:   C


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 47110.821 ± 0.009 gas C-X 212 213 Callear, Connor, et al., 1969
Judge, Drury-Lessard, et al., 1978
Goetz, Moule, et al., 1981
Drury and Moule, 1982

State:   B


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 45197 gas B-X 185 215 Judge, Drury-Lessard, et al., 1978
Drury, Lai, et al., 1982


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 3 CS stretch 476 gas AB Drury, Lai, et al., 1982
b1 4 OPLA 363 gas AB Drury, Lai, et al., 1982

State:   A


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 16394.628 ± 0.004 gas A-X 440 610 Judge and King, 1975
Judge and King, 1979
Judge and King, 1979, 2
Clouthier, Ramsay, et al., 1983
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
Clouthier, Huang, et al., 1994
Fung and Ramsay, 1996
Ulrich and Huttner, 2000


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 CH stretch 3033.4 gas AB LF Judge and King, 1979
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
2 CH2 scissors 1334.5 gas LF Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
3 CS stretch 819.7 gas AB LF Judge and King, 1975
Judge and King, 1979
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
b1 4 OPLA 370.3 gas AB LF Judge and King, 1979
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
Clouthier, Huang, et al., 1994
b2 5 CH stretch 3054.9 gas LF Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
6 CH2 rock 785.2 gas LF Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991

State:   a


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 14507.38 gas a-X 610 800 Judge and King, 1975
Judge, Moule, et al., 1980
Clouthier and Kerr, 1982
Clouthier, Ramsay, et al., 1983
Glinski, Getty, et al., 1985
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991, 2
Glinski, Taylor, et al., 1991


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 2 CH2 scissors 1318.6 gas AB LF Judge, Moule, et al., 1980
Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991, 2
3 CS stretch 861.6 gas AB LF Judge, Moule, et al., 1980
Suzuki, Saito, et al., 1983
b1 4 OPLA 326 gas LF CL Clouthier and Kerr, 1982
Jensen and Bunker, 1982
Glinski, Getty, et al., 1985
Glinski, Taylor, et al., 1991
Clouthier, Huang, et al., 1994
b2 6 CH2 rock 762.3 gas LF Suzuki, Saito, et al., 1983

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 CH stretch 2971.03 gas IR Johns and Olson, 1971
Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
1 CH stretch 2970 w Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982
1 CH stretch 2973 w N2 IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
2 CH2 scissors 1455.50 gas LF Clouthier, Kerr, et al., 1981
McNaughton and Bruget, 1993
2 CH2 scissors 1447 Ar IR Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982
3 CS stretch 1059.20 gas LS IR Bedwell and Duxbury, 1980
Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
Flaud, Lafferty, et al., 2008
3 CS stretch 1063 w Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982
3 CS stretch 1062 w N2 IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
b1 4 OPLA 990.18 gas LS IR Bedwell and Duxbury, 1980
Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
Flaud, Lafferty, et al., 2008
4 OPLA 993 s Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982
4 OPLA 995 s N2 IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
b2 5 CH stretch 3024.61 gas IR Johns and Olson, 1971
Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
6 CH2 rock 991.02 gas LS IR Bedwell and Duxbury, 1980
Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
Flaud, Lafferty, et al., 2008
6 CH2 rock 988 m Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1975
Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 143; Jacox, 1998, page 224; Jacox, 2003, page 173; Johnson, Powell, et al., 1971; Beers, Klein, et al., 1972; Johnson, Lovas, et al., 1972; Duxbury, Kato, et al., 1981; Kawasaki, Kasatani, et al., 1983; Kawasaki, Kasatani, et al., 1985; Petersen and Ramsay, 1987; Maeda, Medvedev, et al., 2008

Notes

wWeak
mMedium
sStrong
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.

References

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Judge, Drury-Lessard, et al., 1978
Judge, R.H.; Drury-Lessard, C.R.; Moule, D.C., The far ultraviolet spectrum of thioformaldehyde, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1978, 53, 1, 82, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)80395-9 . [all data]

Drury and Moule, 1982
Drury, C.R.; Moule, D.C., The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1982, 92, 2, 469, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(82)90116-3 . [all data]

Callear, Connor, et al., 1969
Callear, A.B.; Connor, J.; Dickson, D.R., Electronic Spectra of Thioformaldehyde and the Methyl Thiyl Radical, Nature, 1969, 221, 5187, 1238, https://doi.org/10.1038/2211238a0 . [all data]

Goetz, Moule, et al., 1981
Goetz, W.; Moule, D.C.; Ramsay, D.A., The electric dipole moment of the state of thioformaldehyde, Can. J. Phys., 1981, 59, 11, 1635, https://doi.org/10.1139/p81-215 . [all data]

Drury, Lai, et al., 1982
Drury, C.R.; Lai, J.Y.K.; Moule, D.C., The B1A2 <-- X1A1 absorption spectrum of thioformaldehyde, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1982, 87, 6, 520, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(82)83169-2 . [all data]

Judge and King, 1975
Judge, R.H.; King, G.W., The Electronic Absorption Spectrum of Thioformaldehyde, Can. J. Phys., 1975, 53, 19, 1927, https://doi.org/10.1139/p75-241 . [all data]

Judge and King, 1979
Judge, R.H.; King, G.W., Thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1979, 74, 2, 175, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(79)90048-1 . [all data]

Judge and King, 1979, 2
Judge, R.H.; King, G.W., Thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1979, 78, 1, 51, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(79)90035-3 . [all data]

Clouthier, Ramsay, et al., 1983
Clouthier, D.J.; Ramsay, D.A.; Birss, F.W., Singlet--triplet perturbations in the A 1A2 (v=0) state of thioformaldehyde, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 79, 12, 5851, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.445755 . [all data]

Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991
Dunlop, J.R.; Karolczak, J.; Clouthier, D.J.; Ross, S.C., Pyrolysis jet spectroscopy: the S1-S0 band system of thioformaldehyde and the excited-state bending potential, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 8, 3045, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100161a020 . [all data]

Clouthier, Huang, et al., 1994
Clouthier, D.J.; Huang, G.; Adam, A.G.; Merer, A.J., Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of thioformaldehyde: Excited state perturbations and evidence for rotation-induced vibrational mixing in the ground state, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 9, 7300, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468287 . [all data]

Fung and Ramsay, 1996
Fung, K.H.; Ramsay, D.A., Mol. Phys., 1996, 88, 997. [all data]

Ulrich and Huttner, 2000
Ulrich, W.; Huttner, W., The Mechanism of Magnetically Tuned Singlet--Triplet Avoided Crossings in the Ã1A2--1A1 410 Band of Thioformaldehyde H2C«58875»S, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 2000, 200, 2, 182, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.2000.8063 . [all data]

Judge, Moule, et al., 1980
Judge, R.H.; Moule, D.C.; King, G.W., The absorption spectrum of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1980, 81, 1, 37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(80)90328-8 . [all data]

Clouthier and Kerr, 1982
Clouthier, D.J.; Kerr, C.M.L., Gas-phase phosphorescence of thioformaldehyde, Chem. Phys., 1982, 70, 1-2, 55, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(82)85104-5 . [all data]

Glinski, Getty, et al., 1985
Glinski, R.J.; Getty, J.N.; Birks, J.W., Phosphorescence spectra of thioformaldehyde and thioformaldehyde-d2 by chemiluminescence: Identification of the 411 band, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 117, 4, 359, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(85)85244-1 . [all data]

Dunlop, Karolczak, et al., 1991, 2
Dunlop, J.R.; Karolczak, J.; Clouthier, D.J.; Ross, S.C., Pyrolysis jet spectroscopy: laser-induced phosphorescence of thioformaldehyde and the triplet excited-state bending potential, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 8, 3063, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100161a021 . [all data]

Glinski, Taylor, et al., 1991
Glinski, R.J.; Taylor, C.D.; Martin, H.R., Chemiluminescence spectra of thioformaldehyde and selenoformaldehyde, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 16, 6159, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100169a021 . [all data]

Suzuki, Saito, et al., 1983
Suzuki, T.; Saito, S.; Hirota, E., Laser excitation spectrum and microwave optical double resonance spectrum of the 310 band in the a 3A2--X 1A1 system of H2CS: The hyperfine structure of the a 3A2 state, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 79, 4, 1641, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.446008 . [all data]

Jensen and Bunker, 1982
Jensen, P.; Bunker, P.R., The geometry and the out-of-plane bending potential function of thioformaldehyde in the and electronic states, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1982, 95, 1, 92, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(82)90241-7 . [all data]

Johns and Olson, 1971
Johns, J.W.C.; Olson, W.B., The infrared spectrum of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1971, 39, 3, 479, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(71)90219-0 . [all data]

Turner, Halonen, et al., 1981
Turner, P.H.; Halonen, L.; Mills, I.M., Fourier transform infrared spectra of H2CS and D2CS, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1981, 88, 2, 402, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(81)90190-9 . [all data]

Jacox and Milligan, 1975
Jacox, M.E.; Milligan, D.E., Matrix isolation study of the infrared spectrum of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1975, 58, 1, 142, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(75)90162-9 . [all data]

Torres, Safarik, et al., 1982
Torres, M.; Safarik, I.; Clement, A.; Strausz, O.P., The generation and vibrational spectrum of matrix isolated thioformaldehyde and dideuterothioformaldehyde, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 10, 1187, https://doi.org/10.1139/v82-176 . [all data]

Clouthier, Kerr, et al., 1981
Clouthier, D.J.; Kerr, C.M.L.; Ramsay, D.A., Single rotational level resonance fluorescence of thioformaldehyde, Chem. Phys., 1981, 56, 1, 73, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(81)85101-4 . [all data]

McNaughton and Bruget, 1993
McNaughton, D.; Bruget, D.N., Far-Infrared and «nu»2 Vibration-Rotation Spectrum of Thioformaldehyde and Infrared Spectrum of Thioglyoxal, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1993, 159, 2, 340, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.1993.1132 . [all data]

Bedwell and Duxbury, 1980
Bedwell, D.J.; Duxbury, G., Laser Stark spectroscopy of thioformaldehyde in the 10-«mu»m region: The «nu»3, «nu»4, and the «nu»6 fundamentals, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1980, 84, 2, 531, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(80)90042-9 . [all data]

Flaud, Lafferty, et al., 2008
Flaud, J.-M.; Lafferty, W.J.; Perrin, A.; Kim, Y.S.; Beckers, H.; Willner, H., The first high-resolution analysis of the 10-«mu»m absorption of thioformaldehyde, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 2008, 109, 6, 995, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.11.004 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]

Johnson, Powell, et al., 1971
Johnson, D.R.; Powell, F.X.; Kirchhoff, W.H., Microwave spectrum, ground state structure, and dipole moment of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1971, 39, 1, 136, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(71)90284-0 . [all data]

Beers, Klein, et al., 1972
Beers, Y.; Klein, G.P.; Kirchhoff, W.H.; Johnson, D.R., Millimeter wave spectrum of thioformaldehyde, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1972, 44, 3, 553, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(72)90263-9 . [all data]

Johnson, Lovas, et al., 1972
Johnson, D.R.; Lovas, F.J.; Kirchhoff, W.H., Microwave Spectra of Molecules of Astrophysical Interest: 1. Formaldehyde, Formamide, and Thioformaldehyde, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1972, 1, 4, 1011, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3253107 . [all data]

Duxbury, Kato, et al., 1981
Duxbury, G.; Kato, H.; Le Lerre, M.L., Laser Stark and interferometric studies of thioformaldehyde and methyleneimine, Discuss. Faraday Soc., 1981, 71, 97, https://doi.org/10.1039/dc9817100097 . [all data]

Kawasaki, Kasatani, et al., 1983
Kawasaki, M.; Kasatani, K.; Ogawa, Y.; Sato, H., Spectra and emission lifetimes of H2CS(Ã 1A2), Chem. Phys., 1983, 74, 1, 83, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(83)80010-X . [all data]

Kawasaki, Kasatani, et al., 1985
Kawasaki, M.; Kasatani, K.; Sato, H., Fluorescence lifetimes of the single vibrational levels of H2CS1, D2CS, and Cl2CS in the A1A2 state, Chem. Phys., 1985, 94, 1-2, 179, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(85)85075-8 . [all data]

Petersen and Ramsay, 1987
Petersen, J.C.; Ramsay, D.A., Doppler-limited dye laser excitation spectroscopy of the 401 band of the system of D2CS, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1987, 126, 1, 29, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(87)90073-7 . [all data]

Maeda, Medvedev, et al., 2008
Maeda, A.; Medvedev, I.R.; Winnewisser, M.; DeLucia, F.C.; Herbst, E.; Muller, H.S.P.; Koerber, M.; Endres, C.P.; Schlemmer, S., High-Frequency Rotational Spectrum of Thioformaldehyde, H, Astrophys. J. Suppl., 2008, 176, 2, 543, https://doi.org/10.1086/528684 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References