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Chloromethylene

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   A


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 12280.411 ± 0.002 gas A-X 470 900 Merer and Travis, 1966
Qiu, Zhou, et al., 1987
Xu, Beran, et al., 1994
Chang and Sears, 1995
Chang and Sears, 1995, 2
Chen, Tsai, et al., 2001
Fan, Ionescu, et al., 2004
Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Wang, Bird, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
To Ar A-X 570 750 Jacox and Milligan, 1967


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a' 1 CH stretch 2980 T gas LF Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
2 Bend 873.0 gas AB Merer and Travis, 1966
Chang and Sears, 1995, 2
2 Bend 855 ± 50 Ar AB Jacox and Milligan, 1967
3 CCl stretch 926.17 gas AB Wang, Bird, et al., 2006

State:   a


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 2163.28 ± 0.05 gas Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a' 1 CH stretch 3082.99 ± 0.23 gas LF SEP Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
2 Bend 964.0 gas LF SEP Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
3 CCl stretch 886.2 gas LF SEP Murray, Leopold, et al., 1988
Gilles, Ervin, et al., 1992
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a' 1 CH stretch 2795.3 ± 0.3 gas LF SEP Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
2 Bend 1195.5 gas LF SEP Chen, Tsai, et al., 2001
Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
2 Bend 1201 w m Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1967
Fridgen, Zhang, et al., 2000
2 Bend 1201 Kr IR Fridgen, Zhang, et al., 2000
3 CCl stretch 811.60 gas DL SEP Chang, Fei, et al., 1997
Chen, Tsai, et al., 2001
Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
3 CCl stretch 815 s Ar IR Jacox and Milligan, 1967
Fridgen, Zhang, et al., 2000
3 CCl stretch 817 Kr IR Fridgen, Zhang, et al., 2000

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 42; Jacox, 1998, page 149; Jacox, 2003, page 37; Kakimoto, Saito, et al., 1983; Yamamoto, Habara, et al., 2001; Lee, Liu, et al., 2002; Lin, Kobayashi, et al., 2002; Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2007

Notes

wWeak
mMedium
sStrong
TTentative assignment or approximate value
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.

References

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Merer and Travis, 1966
Merer, A.J.; Travis, D.N., ABSORPTION SPECTRA OF HCCl AND DCCl, Can. J. Phys., 1966, 44, 3, 525, https://doi.org/10.1139/p66-047 . [all data]

Qiu, Zhou, et al., 1987
Qiu, Y.; Zhou, S.; Shi, J., Laser-induced fluorescence of HCF and HCCl, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1987, 136, 1, 93, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(87)87304-9 . [all data]

Xu, Beran, et al., 1994
Xu, S.; Beran, K.A.; Harmony, M.D., Production of Halomethylenes in Free-Jet Expansions from a Hot Nozzle: Identification and Characterization of HCBr and DCBr by Laser-Induced Fluorescence Excitation Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 11, 2742, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100062a008 . [all data]

Chang and Sears, 1995
Chang, B.-C.; Sears, T.J., Frequency-modulation transient absorption spectrum of the HCCl A[sup 1]A´´(0,0,0)<--X[sup 1]A´(0,0,0) transition, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 16, 6347, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1703016 . [all data]

Chang and Sears, 1995, 2
Chang, B.-C.; Sears, T.J., Rotationally Resolved Near-Infrared Spectrum of the HCCI Ã1A´´ <-- X1A´ Transition, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1995, 173, 2, 391, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.1995.1243 . [all data]

Chen, Tsai, et al., 2001
Chen, C.-W.; Tsai, T.-C.; Chang, B.-C., Dispersed fluorescence spectrum of the vibronic transition, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2001, 347, 1-3, 73, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(01)01011-9 . [all data]

Fan, Ionescu, et al., 2004
Fan, H.; Ionescu, I.; Annesley, C.; Cummins, J.; Bowers, M.; Reid, S.A., Fluorescence excitation spectroscopy of the system of jet-cooled HCCl in the region 5150--6050Å, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 2004, 225, 1, 43, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2004.02.013 . [all data]

Lin, Chen, et al., 2004
Lin, C.-S.; Chen, Y.-E.; Chang, B.-C., New electronic spectra of the HCCl and DCCl A-X vibronic bands, J. Chem. Phys., 2004, 121, 9, 4164, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1779572 . [all data]

Wang, Bird, et al., 2006
Wang, Z.; Bird, R.G.; Yu, H.-G.; Sears, T.J., Hot bands in jet-cooled and ambient temperature spectra of chloromethylene, J. Chem. Phys., 2006, 124, 7, 074314, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2172238 . [all data]

Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2006
Tao, C.; Mukarakate, C.; Reid, S.A., Fluorescence excitation and single vibronic level emission spectroscopy of the A [sup 1]A[sup ´´]<--X [sup 1]A[sup ´] system of CHCl, J. Chem. Phys., 2006, 124, 22, 224314, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2204916 . [all data]

Jacox and Milligan, 1967
Jacox, M.E.; Milligan, D.E., Matrix-Isolation Study of the Reaction of Carbon Atoms with HCl. The Infrared Spectrum of the Free Radical HCCl, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 5, 1626, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1712143 . [all data]

Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008
Tao, C.; Mukarakate, C.; Judge, R.H.; Reid, S.A., High resolution probe of spin-orbit coupling and the singlet-triplet gap in chlorocarbene, J. Chem. Phys., 2008, 128, 17, 171101, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2918727 . [all data]

Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2008, 2
Tao, C.; Mukarakate, C.; Terranova, Z.; Ebben, C.; Judge, R.H.; Reid, S.A., High resolution study of spin-orbit mixing and the singlet-triplet gap in chlorocarbene: Stimulated emission pumping spectroscopy of CH[sup 35]Cl and CD[sup 35]Cl, J. Chem. Phys., 2008, 129, 10, 104309, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2977686 . [all data]

Murray, Leopold, et al., 1988
Murray, K.K.; Leopold, D.G.; Miller, T.M.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of the Halocarbene Anions HCF-, HCCl-, HCBr-, HCI-, CF2-, and CCl2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 89, 9, 5442, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.455596 . [all data]

Gilles, Ervin, et al., 1992
Gilles, M.K.; Ervin, K.M.; Ho, J.; Lineberger, W.C., Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy of HCF-, HCCl-, HCBr-, and HCI- - Photoelectron Angular Distributions and Neutral Triplet Excitation, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 3, 1130, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100182a021 . [all data]

Fridgen, Zhang, et al., 2000
Fridgen, T.D.; Zhang, X.K.; Parnis, J.M.; March, R.E., Isomerization and Fragmentation Products of CH, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2000, 104, 16, 3487, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp993162u . [all data]

Chang, Fei, et al., 1997
Chang, B.-C.; Fei, R.; Sears, T.J., Mid-Infrared Diode Laser Spectroscopy of1A´ HC35Cl, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1997, 183, 2, 341, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.1997.7291 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]

Kakimoto, Saito, et al., 1983
Kakimoto, M.; Saito, S.; Hirota, E., Doppler-limited dye laser excitation spectroscopy of HCCl, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1983, 97, 1, 194, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(83)90345-4 . [all data]

Yamamoto, Habara, et al., 2001
Yamamoto, S.; Habara, H.; Kim, E.; Nagasaka, H., J. Cnem. Phys., 2001, 115, 6007. [all data]

Lee, Liu, et al., 2002
Lee, C.-L.; Liu, M.-L.; Chang, B.-C., Experimental study of the DCCl X[sup 1]A[sup ´] state vibrational structure by dispersed fluorescence spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 2002, 117, 7, 3263, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1485768 . [all data]

Lin, Kobayashi, et al., 2002
Lin, A.; Kobayashi, K.; Yu, H.-G.; Hall, G.E.; Muckerman, J.T.; Sears, T.J.; Merer, A.J., Axis-Switching and Coriolis Coupling in the Ã(010)--X(000) Transitions of DCCl and HCCl, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 2002, 214, 2, 216, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.2002.8594 . [all data]

Tao, Mukarakate, et al., 2007
Tao, C.; Mukarakate, C.; Reid, S.A., Electronic spectroscopy of the system of CDCl, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 2007, 241, 2, 143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2006.12.001 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References