Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Pyridine

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil388.5 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 80 out of 84 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus232. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 26 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple231.48KN/AHelm, Lanum, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; measured in calorimeter at USBM, Bartlesville, OK; TRC
Ttriple231.480KN/AMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; by extrapolation of 1/f to zero; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc619. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc56.60barN/ABrunner, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0565 bar; Visual, optical cell 30cm high. P transducer cal. vs PB.; TRC
Pc56.40barN/AKobe, Ravicz, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.034 bar; TRC
Pc60.795barN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8106 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.253l/molN/AKobe, Ravicz, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap40.3 ± 0.3kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 out of 11 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.09388.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
39.3324.N/AUkraintseva, Soldatov, et al., 1997Based on data from 289. - 358. K.; AC
37.6354.N/ABlanco, Beltran, et al., 1994Based on data from 346. - 362. K.; AC
39.9310.EBLencka, 1990Based on data from 295. - 388. K.; AC
39.7311.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 296. - 353. K.; AC
37.3363.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 348. - 434. K.; AC
35.0446.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 431. - 558. K.; AC
34.0567.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 552. - 620. K.; AC
37.6355.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 340. - 426. K. See also McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2.; AC
39.6313.CMichou-Saucet, Jose, et al., 1986Based on data from 298. - 333. K.; AC
39.4313.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
38.5328.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
37.7343.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
36.3368.N/AMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
37.5 ± 0.1346.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2AC
36.4 ± 0.1366.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2AC
35.1 ± 0.1388.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2AC
38.4335.MGHerington and Martin, 1953Based on data from 320. - 388. K.; AC
44.4273.N/AMeulen and Mann, 1931Based on data from 258. - 389. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 388.55.430.2536620.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
340.5 - 426.044.162721371.358-58.496McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.2785231.49McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2Includes energy of anomaly at about 210 K.; DH
8.28231.5Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
8.272231.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH
3.100230.38Pearce and Bakke, 1936DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
35.76231.49McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2Includes; DH
35.79231.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH
13.46230.38Pearce and Bakke, 1936DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Helm, Lanum, et al., 1958
Helm, R.V.; Lanum, W.J.; Cook, G.L.; Ball, J.S., Purification and Properties of Pyrrole, Pyrrolidine, Pyridine and 2-Methylpyridine, J. Phys. Chem., 1958, 62, 858. [all data]

McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957
McCullough, J.P.; Douslin, D.R.; Messerly, J.F.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Waddington, G., Pyridine: Experimental and Calculated Chemical Thermodynamic Prop- erties Between 0 and 1500 K; A Revised Vibrational Assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 4289. [all data]

Brunner, 1987
Brunner, E., Fluid mixtures at high pressures VI. Phase separation and critical phenomina in 18 binary mixtures containing either pyridine or ethanoic acid, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 823. [all data]

Kobe, Ravicz, et al., 1956
Kobe, K.A.; Ravicz, A.E.; Vohra, S.P., Critical Properties and Vapor Pressures of Some Ethers and Heterocyclic Compounds, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1956, 1, 50. [all data]

Herz and Neukirch, 1923
Herz, W.; Neukirch, E., On Knowldge of the Critical State, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1923, 104, 433-50. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Ukraintseva, Soldatov, et al., 1997
Ukraintseva, E.A.; Soldatov, D.V.; Dyadin, Yu.A., Pyridine vapor pressure and thermodynamic parameters of clathrate and complex formation in the pyridine-zinc nitrate system, Zh. Neorg. Khim., 1997, 42, 2, 283. [all data]

Blanco, Beltran, et al., 1994
Blanco, Beatriz; Beltran, Sagrario; Cabezas, Jose Luis; Coca, Jose, Vapor-liquid equilibria of coal-derived liquids. 3. Binary systems with tetralin at 200 mm mercury, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 1, 23-26, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00013a007 . [all data]

Lencka, 1990
Lencka, Malgorzata, Measurements of the vapour pressures of pyridine, 2-methylpyridine, 2,4-dimethylpyridine, 2,6-dimethylpyridine, and 2,4,6-trimethylpyridine from 0.1 kPa to atmospheric pressure using a modified Swietoslawski ebulliometer, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1990, 22, 5, 473-480, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(90)90139-H . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2
McCullough, J.P.; Douslin, D.R.; Messerly, J.F.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Waddington, G., Pyridine: experimental and calculated chemical thermodynamic properties between 0 and 1500 K., a revised vibrational assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 4289-4295. [all data]

Michou-Saucet, Jose, et al., 1986
Michou-Saucet, Marie-Annie; Jose, Jacques; Michou-Saucet, Christian, Equilibre liquide-vapeur isotherme des systemes pyridine-n-hexane et pyridine-n-heptane, Thermochimica Acta, 1986, 102, 271-279, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(86)85335-7 . [all data]

Majer, Svoboda, et al., 1984
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V.; Lencka, M., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies of pyridine and isomeric methylpyridines, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1984, 16, 1019-1024. [all data]

Herington and Martin, 1953
Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., Vapour pressures of pyridine and its homologues, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1953, 49, 154, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9534900154 . [all data]

Meulen and Mann, 1931
Meulen, P.A. van der.; Mann, Russell F., THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF PYRIDINE, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 2, 451-453, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01353a006 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S.; Moore, W.A., Thermal data on organic compounds. XVI. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for typical benzene derivatives and heterocyclic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 398-401. [all data]

Pearce and Bakke, 1936
Pearce, J.N.; Bakke, H.M., The heat capacity and the free energy of formation of pyridine, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci., 1936, 43, 171-174. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References