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germanium dichloride


Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
J - Marilyn E. Jacox
Shim - Takehiko Shimanouchi

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Td = 31630 gas Hastie, Hauge, et al., 1969
Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993

State:   A


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 30622 ± 2 gas A-X 300 423 Hastie, Hauge, et al., 1969
Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993
Ibuki and Kamamoto, 1996
Lin, Chen, et al., 2006


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 Sym. stretch 354 gas LF Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993
2 Bend 104 gas AB LF Hastie, Hauge, et al., 1969
Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993

State:   a


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 22315 ± 2 gas a-X 400 490 Tewarson and Palmer, 1967
Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993
Ibuki and Kamamoto, 1996


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 Sym. stretch 393 gas LF Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993
2 Bend 118 gas CL LF Tewarson and Palmer, 1967
Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 Sym. stretch 409 ± 5 gas Ra LF Tewarson and Palmer, 1967
Beattie and Perry, 1970
Lin, Chen, et al., 2006
1 Sym. stretch 398.6 Ar IR Andrews and Frederick, 1970
Guillory and Smith, 1970
Mal'tsev, Svyatkin, et al., 1976
Miller and Andrews, 1981
1 Sym. stretch 390 N2 Ra Ozin and Vander Voet, 1972
2 Bend 160 gas CL AB Tewarson and Palmer, 1967
Hastie, Hauge, et al., 1969
2 Bend 160 gas Ra LF Beattie and Perry, 1970
Lin, Chen, et al., 2006
2 Bend 163 N2 Ra Ozin and Vander Voet, 1972
b2 3 Asym. stretch 352 ± 5 gas LF Lin, Chen, et al., 2006
3 Asym. stretch 373.5 Ar IR Andrews and Frederick, 1970
Guillory and Smith, 1970
Mal'tsev, Svyatkin, et al., 1976
Miller and Andrews, 1981
3 Asym. stretch 362 N2 Ra Ozin and Vander Voet, 1972

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 102; Jacox, 1998, page 198; Jacox, 2003, page 141; Schultz, Tremmel, et al., 1979; Ibuki, 1990; Tsuchiya, Honjou, et al., 1995

Notes

oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.
dPhotodissociation threshold

References

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hastie, Hauge, et al., 1969
Hastie, J.W.; Hauge, R.; Margrave, J.L., Ultraviolet spectra and electronic structure of group IVA dichlorides, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1969, 29, 1-3, 152, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(69)90095-2 . [all data]

Karolczak, Zhuo, et al., 1993
Karolczak, J.; Zhuo, Q.; Clouthier, D.J.; Davis, W.M.; Goddard, J.D., Direct laser-induced emission detection of the S1 and T1 states of germanium dichloride: Pyrolysis jet spectroscopy and ab initio studies, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 98, 1, 60, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.464603 . [all data]

Ibuki and Kamamoto, 1996
Ibuki, T.; Kamamoto, A., Photoabsorption cross section and radiative processes of GeCl4 in the valence region of 6--31 eV, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1996, 260, 1-2, 314, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(96)00909-8 . [all data]

Lin, Chen, et al., 2006
Lin, Y.-S.; Chen, C.-C.; Chang, B.-C., Dispersed fluorescence spectroscopy of the GeCl[sub 2] A--X transition, J. Chem. Phys., 2006, 124, 22, 224322, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2206179 . [all data]

Tewarson and Palmer, 1967
Tewarson, A.; Palmer, H.B., Chemiluminescent emission spectrum of germanium dichloride, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1967, 22, 1-4, 117, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(67)90155-5 . [all data]

Beattie and Perry, 1970
Beattie, I.R.; Perry, R.O., J. Chem. Soc. A, 1970, 2429. [all data]

Andrews and Frederick, 1970
Andrews, L.; Frederick, D.L., Infrared spectra of the germanium, tin, and lead dichloride molecules in solid argon, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1970, 92, 4, 775, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00707a006 . [all data]

Guillory and Smith, 1970
Guillory, W.A.; Smith, C.E., Vacuum-Ultraviolet Photolysis of GeCl4, HGeCl3, and H2GeCl2; The Matrix-Isolated Infrared Spectra of GeCl3 and GeCl2, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 53, 5, 1661, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1674241 . [all data]

Mal'tsev, Svyatkin, et al., 1976
Mal'tsev, A.K.; Svyatkin, V.A.; Nefedov, O.M., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1976, 227, 1151. [all data]

Miller and Andrews, 1981
Miller, J.H.; Andrews, L., Matrix spectroscopy of the argon resonance photolysis products of group IV chlorides, J. Mol. Struct., 1981, 77, 1-2, 65, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2860(81)85267-2 . [all data]

Ozin and Vander Voet, 1972
Ozin, G.A.; Vander Voet, A., Matrix Isolation Laser Raman Spectroscopy. I. Vibrational Raman Spectra and Depolarization Measurements for Matrix Isolated Group IVa Dihalides, MX2 and MXY (where M = Ge, Sn, Pb and X, Y = Cl, Br), in Solid Argon and Nitrogen, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 10, 4768, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1676950 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]

Schultz, Tremmel, et al., 1979
Schultz, G.; Tremmel, J.; Hargittai, I.; Berecz, I.; Bohatka, S.; Kagramanov, N.D.; Mal'tsev, A.K.; Nefedov, O.M., Combined electron diffraction/mass-spectrometric investigation of the molecular structure of germanium dichloride, J. Mol. Struct., 1979, 55, 207, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2860(79)80212-4 . [all data]

Ibuki, 1990
Ibuki, T., Vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of (CH3)nGeCl4-n (n=0--2) molecule. Observation of the GeCl2(B, Ã --> X) transitions, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1990, 169, 1-2, 64, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(90)85165-9 . [all data]

Tsuchiya, Honjou, et al., 1995
Tsuchiya, M.J.; Honjou, H.; Tanaka, K.; Tanaka, T., Millimeter-wave spectrum of germanium dichloride GeCl2. Equilibrium structure and anharmonic force field, J. Mol. Struct., 1995, 352/353, 407, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2860(95)08830-O . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References